1340-1349 Plague and Crecy

1340 Battle of Sluys

1342 Siege of Vannes

1342 Battle of Morlaix

1344 Creation of the Order of the Garter

1345 Battle of Bergerac

1345 Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

1345 Battle of Auberoche

1346 Commencement of the Crécy Campaign

1346 Battle of Caen

1346 Battle of Crécy

1346 Battle of Blanchetaque

1346 Siege of Calais

1346 Battle of Neville's Cross

1347 Tournament at Lichfield

1347 Battle of La Roche Derrien

1347 Capture of Calais

1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak

1349 Creation of Garter Knights

1349 Ordinance of Labourers

1340-1349 Plague and Crecy is in 14th Century Events.

Battle of Sluys

On 24 Jun 1340 King Edward III England (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French. The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (24), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (30), Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (27), William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (10), John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (22), Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (38), Henry of Grosmont (30), Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (30) and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (20).

Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 (38) died from wounds. His daughter Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395 succeeded 3rd Baron Monthermer.

Siege of Vannes

In 1342 Edward Despencer 1310-1342 (32) was killed during the Siege of Vannes.

Battle of Morlaix

On 30 Sep 1342 the French army attacked the English besiegers of Morlaix forcing the English to retreat to the nearby woods. William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (32) commanded, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (30) fought.

Creation of the Order of the Garter

On 23 Apr 1344 King Edward III England (31) created the Order of the Garter. The date nominal as there are different accounts; some sources say 1348.

1 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376

2 Henry of Grosmont.

3 Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386.

4 Jean Grailly 1331-1376.

5 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372.

6 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397.

7 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl Dunbar aka March 1328-1360.

8 John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355.

9 Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369.

10 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360.

11 John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375.

12 Hugh Courtenay -1348.

13 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360.

14 John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Rotherfield 1300-1359.

15 Richard Fitzsimon -1349.

16 Miles Stapleton 1320-1364.

17 Thomas Wale 1303-1352.

18 Hugh Wrottesley 1333-1381.

19 Neil Loring 1320-1386.

20 John Chandos 1320-1369.

21 James Audley 1318-1369.

22 Otho Holland 1316-1359.

23 Henry Eam -1359.

24 Sanchet Abrichecourt 1330-1360.

25 Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375.

Battle of Bergerac

Around 25 Aug 1345 Henry of Grosmont (35) commanded the English forces at Bergerac, Dordogne during the Battle of Bergerac. The English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (35) won a decisive victory over the French with Henri Montigny captured.

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark, or possibly the Hospital Chapel, at a ceremony attended by King Edward III England and his wife Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369. His son Henry of Grosmont subsequently moved had his remains moved to St Mary de Castro Leicester.

Battle of Auberoche

On 21 Oct 1345 Henry of Grosmont (35) commanded an English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (35) at Auberoche, Perigueux during the Battle of Auberoche. The battle was a significant victory for the English with the French forces being heavily defeated. The ransoms alone made a fortune for many of the soldiers in Derby's army, as well as Derby himself, who was said to have made at least £50,000 from the day's captives, and sealed his reputation as 'one of the best warriors in the world'.

Commencement of the Crécy Campaign

On 12 Jul 1346 King Edward III England (33) landed at La Hogue with army of around 10,000 men including John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28).

Battle of Caen

On 26 Jul 1346 the English army attacked and took Caen killing around 5000 French soldiers and militia. Otho Holland 1316-1359 (30) fought.

Battle of Blanchetaque

On 24 Aug 1346 the Battle of Blanchetaque was fought between the English and French. The English had become trapped in an area denuded of supplies and needed to cross the River Somme to access food. The French army had destroyed all the bridges across the River Somme. At the 1800m wide ford at Blanchetaque, ten miles inland from the sea, Edward III's (33) army crossed the river despite resistance from the French. Hugh Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer 1308-1349 (38) led a force of English longbowmen across the ford to engage the French crossbowmen. Following the archery battle a force of English mounted men-at-arms, probably led by William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (36), engaged with the French. Following the battle the whole English army crossed the river then marched to Crécy to prepare for the next battle.

Battle of Crécy

On 22 Aug 1346 Jean IV de Harcourt 1307-1346 (39) was killed in action at the Battle of Crécy.

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of King Edward III England (33) defeated the French army at the Battle of Crécy. The English army was commanded by King Edward III England (33), his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (16), Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (33), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (30).

The English army was included: Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 (16), Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (16), James Audley 1318-1369 (28), Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349, Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355 (59), Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (18), Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (51), John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347 (66), Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (37), Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton 1327-1403 (19), William Scrope 1325-1367 (21), Stephen Scrope 1325- (21), William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (16), John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28), Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (42), Nicholas Longford 1285-1356 (61), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (27), Michael Poynings 1st Baron Poynings 1318-1369 (28), Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (48), John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (34), Thomas West 1312-1386 (34), John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1303-1349 (43), John Wingfield 1320-1361 (26), Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368 (25), Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376 (37), John Devereux 1302-1346 (44), Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369 (26), Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (26) and John Sully 1283-1388 (63).

The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (52) was wounded. William de Coucy 1286-1335 (60) and his son Enguerrand 6th Lord de Coucy 1313-1346 (33) and were killed.

Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (49) was killed. His son Charles Valois Archbishop Lyons 1337-1375 (9) succeeded Count Alençon.

Louis Chatillon II Count Blois I Count Chatillon -1346 was killed. His son Louis Chatillon III Count Blois Count Soissons -1372 succeeded III Count Blois.

Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers I Count Flanders 1304-1346 (42) was killed. His son Louis Dampierre III Count Nevers II Count Flanders 1330-1384 (15) succeeded III Count Nevers, II Count Flanders.

John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 (50) was killed. His son Charles IV King Bohemia Holy Roman Emperor Luxemburg 1316-1378 (30) succeeded IV King Bohemia.

Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 (26) was killed. His son John Metz I Duke Lorraine 1346-1390 succeeded I Duke Lorraine.

Siege of Calais

On 03 Sep 1346 King Edward III England (33) commenced the Siege of Calais. It lasted eleven months with Calais eventually surrendering on 03 Aug 1347.

In or after 03 Sep 1346 John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (21) took part in the Siege of Calais.

Battle of Neville's Cross

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England.

The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (45), Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (34), Ralph Hastings 1291-1346 (55), Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (55), William Zouche Archbishop of York -1352, Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1301-1352 (45) and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (35).

Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22), John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) were captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London.

Neil Bruce -1346, John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (40), David Hay 6th Baron Erroll 1318-1346 (28) and Edward Keith of Sinton 1280-1346 (66) were killed.

John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 was present.

Tournament at Lichfield

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (16) attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28), Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay -1348 ) and Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (38) took part in the Tournament.

Battle of La Roche Derrien

On 20 Jun 1347 Charles "Saint" Chatillon Duke Brittany 1319-1364 (28) was captured by Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth 1276-1352 (71) at La Roche Derrien during the Battle of La Roche Derrien.

Capture of Calais

On 03 Aug 1347 the English captured Calais providing England with a French port for the next two hundred years. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (34) commanded, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (29), Richard Vache -1366 and Henry of Grosmont (37) fought during the year long siege.

1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak

In 1348 John Savoy 1338-1348 (10) died of plague during the 1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak.

In 1348 John Barcelona 1317-1348 (31) died of plague.1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak

In Jun 1348 the 1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak arrived in England. The first of many occurrences. It is estimated to have killed between 25 to 60 percent of the population of around six million. The outbreak lasted through 1349 recurring in 1362, 1369 and regularly thereafter until its last significant outbreak in The Great Plague of 1666.

On 11 Sep 1349 Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 (34) died of plague in Maubisson, Pontoise. 1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak

On 06 Jun 1349 William Harcourt 1300-1349 (49) died of plague at Stanton Harcourt.1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak

On 20 Sep 1349 Simon Islip Archbishop of Canterbury -1366 was elected Archibishop Canterbury. His three predecessors having died in quick succession from the 1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak.

Before 21 Sep 1349 Hugh Fitzhugh Fitzhenry 1334-1349 died. Possibly by plague given the 1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak occurring at this time.

On 29 Sep 1349 Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 (52) died of plague. John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent 1330-1352 (19) inherited her dower lands and the estates she had inherited from her brother Thomas Wake 2nd Baron Wake Liddell 1297-1349 (52).1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak

On 26 Mar 1350 Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 (38) died of plague. His son Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (15) succeeded I King Castile.

Ordinance of Labourers

In 1349 Parlament enacted the Ordinance of Labourers in response to the shortage of labour caused by the 1348 Black Death Plague Outbreak. The Ordinance introduced

  • a requirement for everyone under 60 to work,
  • wages to remain a pre-plague level,
  • food must be reasonably priced, and
  • no-one, under the pain of imprisonment, was to give any thing to able-bodied beggars 'under the color of pity or alms'.
.

1349 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1349 King Edward III England (36) created new Garter Knights:

26th William Fitzwarin 1310-1361 (39). The date may be earlier.

27th. Robert Ufford (50).

28th William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (39).