1380-1389 Peasant's Revolt and Lords Appellant is in 14th Century Events.
Around Jun 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was released from Maidstone Prison Maidstone by the Kentish rebels. He then preached to the rebels at Blackheath: "When Adam delved and Eve span, Who was then the gentleman? From the beginning all men by nature were created alike, and our bondage or servitude came in by the unjust oppression of naughty men. For if God would have had any bondmen from the beginning, he would have appointed who should be bond, and who free. And therefore I exhort you to consider that now the time is come, appointed to us by God, in which ye may (if ye will) cast off the yoke of bondage, and recover liberty". When the rebels had dispersed, Ball was taken prisoner at Coventry, given a trial in which, unlike most, he was permitted to speak.
On 11 Jun 1381 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1381 (56) at the Tower of London.
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65).
Patent Rolls Richard II 1381 1385. 15 Jun 1381. Commission of oyer and terminer to William Walleworth, mayor of London, Robert Bealknapp, Robert Knolles, Nicholas Brembre, John Philipot, Robert Launde, and William Cheyne, on information that great crowds of labourers and others have collected together, especially in the counties of Essex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex, and Middlesex, compelled their betters to go with them, killed many of the king's lieges, and burned many houses, entered the city of London, and burned the house of the king's uncle John, duke of Lancaster (41), called the 'Sauveye,' and the priory in Clerkenwelle of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, and killed Simon, archbishop of Canterbury (65) and chancellor, and Robert de Hales (56), prior of the said Hospital. By К. June 15. London.Peasant's Revolt
On 15 Jun 1381 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7).
Battle of North Walsham
Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia and her Coronation
On 20 Jan 1382 King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey by Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404. They were fourth cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort England.
Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.
On 22 Jan 1382 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) was crowned Queen Consort England by William de Courtenay Archbishop Canterbury 1342-1396 (40) (even though he had not received his Pall from the Pope.)
Double Marrige of the Burgundian Court
On 12 Apr 1385 a double wedding of the Burgundian Court was celebrated with brother and sister John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (13) and Margaret Valois Countess Holland 1374-1441 (10) getting married ...
John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (13) and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy 1363-1423 (22) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.
William Wittelsbach IV Count Holland VI Count Hainault V Count Zeeland 1365-1417 (20) and Margaret Valois Countess Holland 1374-1441 (10) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.
Richard II Creates his Two Uncles as Dukes
On 06 Aug 1385 Edmund of Langley (44) was created 1st Duke York 1C 1385 by his nephew King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (18). Isabella of Castile (30) by marriage Duchess York.In 1385 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (29) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385, and around the same time 1st Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (19) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale and Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.
Peter IV King Aragon Dies John I King Aragon Succeeds
On 06 Jan 1387 Peter IV King Aragon 1319-1387 (67) died. John I King Aragon 1350-1396 (36) succeeded I King Aragon.
In 1387 Richard Mitford Bishop -1407 was arrested by Lords Appellant and imprisoned in Bristol Castle. He was then imprisoned in the Tower of London. Thereafter he was released without charge.Lords Appellant
In 1397 Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (58) was imprisoned at Beauchamp Tower Tower of London during the Lords Appellant.
Before 08 Sep 1397 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 was imprisoned in Calais to await trial for treason for being the leader of the Lords Appellant.
Around 08 Sep 1397 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42) was murdered in Calais for his role as leader of the Lords Appellant. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385 extinct. Humphrey Plantagenet 2nd Earl Buckingham 1381-1399 (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Buckingham 3C 1377.
Walter Clopton Chief Justice -1400 was part of the inquiry into his death the outcome of which is not known. A John Hall was executed for the murder.
Battle of Radcot Bridge
On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (20) prevented the forces of King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (20) commanded by Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) from crossing the bridge over the River Thames at Radcot in Oxfordshire. When Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (32) arrived with further Lord Appellant forces the King's men were encircled. The King's men attempted to force the crossing of the bridge at which time the only casualties occurred including Thomas Molyneux Constable Chester Castle 1338-1387 (49) who was killed by Thomas Mortimer 1350-1399 (37). Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) narrowly escaped to France. Around 800 of his men drowned in the marshes whilst trying to escape.
In 1397 Thomas Mortimer 1350-1399 (47) was charged with treason for having killed Thomas Molyneux Constable Chester Castle 1338-1387 (59) at the Battle of Radcot Bridge. Ordered to surrender himself with three months he decided to flee to Scotland.
On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.
Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.
Alexander Neville Archbishop of York 1341-1392 (47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle. He fled to Louvain where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.
On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian Chief Justice -1388 was hanged naked and his throat cut.
Walter Clopton Chief Justice -1400 pronounced the death sentences.
Battle of Otterburn
The Chronicles of Froissart Book 3 Unknown Chapter 2 The Battle of Otterburn. 05 Aug 1388 or 19 Aug 1388. There began a cruel battle and at the first encounter many were overthrown of both parties; and because the Englishmen were a great number and greatly desired to vanguish their enemies, and rested 1 and greatly did put aback the Scots, so that the Scots were near discomfited. Then the earl James Douglas, who was young and strong and of great desire to get praise and grace, and was willing to deserve to have it, and cared for no pain nor travail, came forth with his banner and cried, ‘Douglas, Douglas!’ and sir Henry Percy and sir Ralph his brother, who had great indignation against the earl Douglas because he had won the pennon of their arms at the barriers before Newcastle, came to that part and cried, ‘Percy!’ Their two banners met and their men: there was a sore fight: the Englishmen were so strong and fought so valiantly that they reculed the Scots back. There were two valiant knights of Scots under the banner of the earl Douglas, called sir Patrick of Hepbourn and sir Patrick his son. They acquitted themselves that day valiantly: the earl’s banner had been won, an they had not been: they defended it so valiantly and in the rescuing thereof did such feats of arms, that it was greatly to their recommendation and to their heirs’ for ever after.
1. In French, ‘ilz se arresterent,’ without ‘and.’
On either 05 Aug 1388 or 19 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton -1402 defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn. Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) and his brother Ralph Percy 1359-1397 (29) were captured as was Matthew Redman 1328-1389 (60). The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured. The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.
On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas 1358-1388 (30) was killed. Isabel Douglas Countess Mar 1360-1408 (28) succeeded Earl Mar 1C 1404.
The Chronicles of Froissart Book 3 Unknown Chapter 3 The Battle of Otterburn. Battle of Otterburn. KNIGHTS and squires were of good courage on both parties to fight valiantly: cowards there had no place, but hardiness reigned with goodly feats of arms, for knights and squires were so joined together at hand strokes, that archers had no place of nother party. There the Scots shewed great hardiness and fought merrily with great desire of honour: the Englishmen were three to one: howbeit, I say not but Englishmen did nobly acquit themselves, for ever the Englishmen had rather been slain or taken in the place than to fly. Thus, as I have said, the banners of Douglas and Percy and their men were met each other, envious who should win the honour of that journey. At the beginning the Englishmen were so strong that they reculed back their enemies: then the earl Douglas, who was of great heart and high of enterprise, seeing his men recule back, then to recover the place and to shew knightly valour he took his axe in both his hands, and entered so into the press that he made himself way in such wise, that none durst approach near him, and he was so well armed that he bare well off such strokes as he received1. Thus he went ever forward like a hardy Hector, willing alone to conquer the field and to discomfit his enemies: but at last he was encountered with three spears all at once, the one strake him on the shoulder, the other on the breast and the stroke glinted down to his belly, and the third strake him in the thigh, and sore hurt with all three strokes, so that he was borne perforce to the earth and after that he could not be again relieved. Some of his knights and squires followed him, but not all, for it was night, and no light but by the shining of the moon. The Englishmen knew well they had borne one down to the earth, but they wist not who it was; for if they had known that it had been the earl Douglas, they had been thereof so joyful and so proud that the victory had been theirs. Nor also the Scots knew not of that adventure till the end of the battle; for if they had known it, they should have been so sore despaired and discouraged that they would have fled away. Thus as the earl Douglas was felled to the earth, he was stricken into the head with an axe, and another stroke through the thigh: the Englishmen passed forth and took no heed of him: they thought none otherwise but that they had slain a man of arms. On the other part the earl George de la March and of Dunbar fought right valiantly and gave the Englishmen much ado, and cried, ‘Follow Douglas,’ and set on the sons of Percy: also earl John of Moray with his banner and men fought valiantly and set fiercely on the Englishmen, and gave them so much to do that they wist not to whom to attend.
1. ‘No man was so well armed that he did not fear the great strokes which he gave.’
Scrope vs Grosvenor Case
On 03 Sep 1386 Owain Glyndŵr (27) gave evidence at the Church of John the Baptist Chester.
The Court decided in favour of Scrope.
Neither party was happy with the decision so King Richard II (22) was called upon to give his personal verdict.
On 27 May 1390 he confirmed that Grosvenor could not bear the undifferenced arms.
As a consequence of the case the Grosvenor has for many years used the name Bendor for horses and nicknames.
On 30 Dec 1389 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17) was killed in a tournament during the Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace. He was struck in the groin by the lance of Sir John Des. Earl Pembroke 4C 1339 and Baron Manny extinct. John Hastings de jure 6th Baron Hastings 1328-1393 (61) de jure 6th Baron Hastings. His claim was contested by Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn 1362-1440 (27) who was the son of Elizabeth Hastings Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1295-1352 (94) daughter of John Hastings 13th Baron Bergavenny 1st Baron Hastings 1262-1313 his case being that he was of the full blood whereas John Hastings de jure 6th Baron Hastings 1328-1393 (61) was of the half-blood ie Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn 1362-1440 (27), like John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17), was descended from John Hastings 13th Baron Bergavenny 1st Baron Hastings 1262-1313 and Isabel Valence Baroness Bergavenny Baroness Hastings -1305, whereas John Hastings de jure 6th Baron Hastings 1328-1393 (61) was descended from John Hastings 13th Baron Bergavenny 1st Baron Hastings 1262-1313 and Isabel Despencer Baroness Hastings and Bergavenny -1334.