1415-1424 Henry V and Agincourt is in 15th Century Events.
Suppression of the Lollards
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1415. And that yere was Tebayne Breste9, a preste, slayne in London by a squyer that was callyd Yownser and hys men; wherefore the same Yownser with iij of his men for-swore the lond. And that yere was the Parlyment at Layceter.Suppression of the Lollards
Note 9. His name is given as Maister "John Tybbay, clerk," in Harl. 565. It is "Tykey, preest," in Vit. A. xvi.
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 15 Jun 1415. Al so the same yere the kyng (28) toke his jornay and wagyd10 in to Normandy; and the xv day of Juny the kyng roode thorowe London11 whithe sherevys, aldermen, and alle the comeners brought the kynge at Blacke Hethe; and there the mayre ande alle hys aldermen with alle the comyns toke there leve of [th]e kynge, and the kyng bade the mayre goo home and kepe welle hys chambyr in hys absens, and [yave hym]12 Crystysse blessyng and hys, and he sayde "Cryste save London." And he roode forthe hys way tylle he cam to Hampton, and there he mosteryd hys mayne. And there were certayne personys that had caste to slayne oure kynge, but God that knewe alle trougthe, he sende warnynge to oure kyng; and hys enmys, the whiche namys folowythe aftyr, Syr Richarde Camborowe (29)13, Erle of Cambryge, Syr Harry, Lorde Scrope (42), ande Syr Thomas Gray (30), knyght, with moo of hyr assent, [th]e whiche personys were a-restyde and put in the preson, ande do to dethe.
Note 10. So in MS., but apparently a transcriber's error for "viagyd."
Note 11. So in MS.; but doubtless we should supply here, as the beginning of a new sentence, "And the mayor."
Note 12. Omitted in our MS., but supplied from Vit. A. xvi.
Note 13. Camborowe. Conysborughe in Vit.
On 31 Jul 1415, when Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to him (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42), Thomas Grey 1384-1415 (30), and Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were intending to replace Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (76) whereas Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (75).
Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30), Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) sat in judgement.
On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) and Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were beheaded at the North Gate aka Bargate for their roles in the Southampton Plot.
Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.
Siege of Harfleur
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 16 Aug 1415. and the xvj day of the same monythe he londyd at Kytkawys, and the Satyrday he leyde sege unto the towne of Arflewe, and that was the Satyrday nexte aftyr of the Assompsyon of oure Lady; and the sege contynuyd unto the Sonday nexte be fore the feste of Synt Mychelle, on the whiche Sonday the towne of Arflewe was delyveryd uppe to the kyng, that was xxij day of Septembre. But hit ys to wyte that the Tewysday before, that ys to saye the xvj day of the same monythe, at xij of the clocke whytheynne nyght, the lordys that were the capytaynys and governowrys of the towne, that ys to wete the Lorde Gawcorte14, the Lorde Tutvyle, and moo othyr lordys, sende owte herodys of armys unto the Duke of Clarens (26), prayng hym at the reverens of God that he wolde of hys hyghe lordeschippe that he wolde graunte them lyve and leve for to trete whythe what personys that the kyng wolde a-sygne unto hem; and the kyng at the reverens of God and at hyre requeste he assygnyde the Duke of Exceter [Note. Unclear as to who this is? Possibly Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (38) who was created Duke the following year?], the Lorde Fehewe, and Syr Thomas Erpyngham (60), to hyre whatt they wolde say and desyre. And they desyryd that the kyng wolde nought warre on them fro that oure of mydnyght unto the Sonday nexte aftyr the feste of Synt Mychell, and but hyt were rescwyd by batayle by that day by the Frenysche kyng or by the Dolfynne, ellys at that daye to delyver the towne unto the kynge, and they to have hyr lyvys and hyr goodys. Ande the kyng sende hem worde yf that they wolde delivery the towne on the morne aftyr, be the oure of mydnyght a bove sayde, with owte any condyscyon, he wolde accepte hyt, and in non othyr wyse he bade hem for to trete. Ande yette the Fraynysche lordys prayde our lordys that they wolde fochesave to be-seche the kynge at the reverens of God and of oure Lady that he wolde graunte them respyte fro the same Twysday at nyght unto the Sonday nexte aftyr tylle one owre aftyr none; and in the mayne tyme the lordys that were captaynys of the towne to come to the kynge whithe xxiiij knyghtys and squyers with hem, of the moste suffycyent men whithe in the towne, and they to be sworne on Goddys body opynly before alle the pepylle. But yf15 hit soo were that the Fraynysche kynge or the Dolfynne rescwyde hem by that Sonday by the owre of none, othyr ellys a-non aftyr none, they for to delyvery the towne to the kyng and alle hyr bodys and goodys to don whythe hem what so hem evyr lyste, whythe16 any condiscyon. Whythe that the kynge sufferde hem to sende unto Frauns viij personys owte of the towne lettyng hym wytte in what plytte that they stode yn, and the kyng grauntyd hem; and uppe the Wanysday by [th]e mone the lordys come owte, and xxij knyghtys and squyers whythe hem; and thenne come the prosessyon solempny and stately, whithe xxiiij copys of clothe of golde by-fore Goddys body, whythe many worschipfulle lordys, knyhtis, and squyers, and othyr multytude of pepylle from [th]e kyngys tente, solempny and stately as evyr was done suche a thyng be-for tyme. But the kyng was nott here present. And the Franysche lordys made thare hyr othys a-pon the sacrament; and, the othys done, the Fraynysche lordys were brought unto the kyngys tente, and there they dynyd in the kyngys halle, but in alle thys tyme they sawe nought the kynge. And whanne that they hadde etyn they departyd and delyveryd to sartayne for to kepe yn ostage tylle the Sonday on none, as hyt was a cordyment i-made before tyme whenne that they toke hyr othys. And the Sonday at the same owre a-signyd the kyng hadde a tente phyght a-pone a hylle be-fore the towne, and there he sate in his estate, ryally, and alle hys lordys aboute hym. And thenne come the Fraynysche lordys, with lxiiij whythe hem of the moste suffycyentt men that were whythe yn the towne, to the kyngys owne propyr person, and delyveryd uppe the keyes of the towne and hyr boodys and hyr goodys to the kynges grace, whithe owte any condyscyon. And thys was the xxij day of Septembre, the yere of our Lorde Ml cccc xv.
Note 14. Sawcortein our MS. by a misreading; Gawcourte in Vit.
Note 15. But if, i. e. unless.
Note 16. whythe. withoute, Vit.
In Sep 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commenced his invasion of France by undertaking the Siege of Harfleur to provide himself with a port from which to supply future operations. John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (23), John Fastolf 1380-1459 (35) and Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (48) fought. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (18) was wounded. Benedict Nichols Bishop of St David's -1433 was present.
On 17 Sep 1415 Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 (54) died of dysentery. His son Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) succeeded 3rd Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. Elizabeth Mowbray Countess Suffolk 1394-1423 (21) by marriage Countess Suffolk.
On 17 Sep 1415 Nicholas IV Longford 1373-1415 (42) died.
Battle of Agincourt
On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 1377-1415 (38) were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Leigh 1389-1422 (26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais 1320- (95), Roger Vaughan 1345- (70) and his son Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (5). Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John of Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (60) were killed.
Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) was killed. Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.
Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis of Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Count of Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.
Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" 1366-1421 (49) was captured.
Georges de La Trémoille 1382-1446 (33) was captured.
John Evelyn's Diary 06 August 1674. 06 Aug 1674. I went to Groombridge, to see my old friend, Mr. Packer (56); the house built within a moat, in a woody valley. The old house had been the place of confinement of the Duke of Orléans, taken by one Waller (whose house it then was) at the Battle of Agincourt, now demolished, and a new one built in its place, though a far better situation had been on the south of the wood, on a graceful ascent. At some small distance, is a large chapel, not long since built by Mr. Packer's father, on a vow he made to do it on the return of King Charles I (73) out of Spain, 1625, and dedicated to St. Charles, but what saint there was then of that name I am to seek, for, being a Protestant, I conceive it was not Borromeo.
I went to see my farm at Ripe, near Lewes.
Visit of Sigismund Holy Roman Emperor
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. May 1416. Ande thys yere com the Emperowre of Almayne (48)22 in to London be-fore the Feste of Synt Gorge. Ande the feste was deferryde unto hys commynge, and that was done solempny at the castylle of Wyndesore. And at the prosessyon the kynge (29) went a-pone the upper-moste syde of the emperowre, and soo alle the masse tyme he stode a-bove the emperoure. Ande at the mete the kyng sate on the ryght syde of the emperoure, and the Duke of Bedforde (26) sate on the lefte syde, and the Chaunceler of Inglonde and the Byschoppe of Devylyn sate on the left syde, and the Duke of Bryga and a-nothyr duke of the emperours sate on the kyng ys syde; and alle thosse vij satte on oo syde of [th]e table. And the fyrste sotellete of the fyrste cours was howe Oure Lady armyd Syn Gorge and a aungylle doyng on hys sporys. And the secunde sotellete was Syn Gorge rydynge and fyghtyng whythe a dragon whythe hys spere in hys honde. And the iij sotellete was a castelle, and Syn Gorge and the kynges doughter ledyng the lambe in at the castelle gatys. And all thes sotelleteys were servyd be-fore the emperoure and the kyng and noo ferther; ande othyr lordys were servyd with sotelleteys aftyr hyr astate and degre.
Meeting of Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Jun 1416.Meeting of Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy And the Duke of Burgayne (45) and the Counte of Charlys (19) sone come to Gravelynge; and the kynge (29) sende thedyr the Duke of Glouceter (25) hys brother and the Erle of Marche (24) to abyde there in ostage, wylys that the Duke of Burgayne (45) come to Calys to speke with the kynge; and in the myddys of the ryver the lordys mette togedyr. And the dukys sone (19) of Burgayn ressayvyd oure lordys and led hem in to Fraunce, and the Erle of Warwyke (34) ressayvyd the Duke of Burgayne (45) ande brought hym to Calys, and there they hadde a conselle twyne hem two; and thenne he toke hys leve of the kyng (29). And the Erle of Warwyke (34) brought hym unto Gravelyng water and in to the same place there as they mette at the fyrste metynge; and there every party toke hyr leve of othyr. And thenne the kynge retornyd ayenne into Inglonde and the emperoure saylyde unto Holande and so passyd forthe in to Constaunce.
Note 22. Sigismund (48).
Battle of the Seine
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 15 Aug 1416. Alle so that same yere the Duke of Bedforde (27) and the Erle of Marche (24), on oure Lady Day the Assumpsyon, they fought whythe viij grete carykys of Jene and whythe l. othyr shyppys, and they toke hem whythe hyr patronys and drownyde a grette hulke of the contre of Flaundrys.
Battle of Cap-de-la-Hève
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 29 Jun 1417. Ande the same yere, on Syn Petrys eve and Poule, the Erle of Huntyngdon (22) whythe o[th]yr certayne lordys faughtyn whithe carykys of Gene, and dyscomfyte hem, and toke iiij of [th]e grettyste of them and hyr patronys. And the amerelle [admiral] of hem was the Duke of Burbone (36), and he was take whithe hem whythe alle the tresoure that sholde have wagyd hem for halfe a yere.
Execution of Lollard John Oldcastle
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Dec 1417. Alle so the same yere Syr Johnne Oldecastelle was take in the Marche of Walys and brought unto Westemyster in a chare, and there he was juggyde to the dethe; and thys was hys juggement, that he shulde be ladde thorowe London in the same chare unto Towre Hylle, and there to be layde on a hyrdylle and drawe to Syn Gylys galowys, and there to be hanggyd and brent. And so he was hanggyd by a stronge chayne. For there was the Duke of Bedforde (28), the Duke of Exceter (40), and alle the lordys of thys londe that were [th]at tyme a-bowte London, tylle that they hadde sene hys juggement.
Siege of Rouen
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1418.Siege of Rouen The same John Bryan [Sheriff of London] scheryve unto the ix day of Octobre, and thenne he dyde; and thenne John Pernys [J Parnasse] was chose sheryve for the yere. And fro that day of Saynt Edwarde contynuyd the sege of Rone unto the xxiiij53 day of Janyver, as hyt ys by-fore sayde; at the whiche day they of the cytte desyryd to trete. And the kynge (31) commaundyd the Erle of Warwyke, and the Erle of Salysbury, the Lorde Fehewe, Syr Watyr Hungerforde (39), Gylbert Houmfryvyle, John Vasquyes de Almada, and Robert54 Knyght, to trete whythe hem. And for the party of Roone [these folowyng]:55
Fyrste, hyt ys accordyd that Syr Gy Butler, captayne of the cytte of Roone, with the consentte of the nobylle cyttezyns and of othyr dwellynge and beyng in the same cytte and castelle a-bove sayde, whythe owt fraude or malyngnynge, what tyme aftyr the myddys of the xix day of thys present monythe of Janyver, oure sayde lorde the kynge wylle that the cytte and the castelle too hym or to hys be delyveryd undyr maner and in forme whythe ynne wrytte.
Alle so hyt ys accordyd that the day and the howre56 of that of the nobylle cyttezyns and othyr whatt soo evyr they be dwellynge and beynge in the fore sayde cytte and castelle shalle submyt hem in alle thyngys to the grace of oure excellent lorde the kyng.
Alle so hyt ys accordyd that fro thys howre57 unto the reale and effectualle [yeldyng]58 of the sayde cytte and castelle, none of forsayde noble cyttezyns othyr othyr59 being in the same cytte and castelle shalle nought goo owte of the sayde cytte and castelle with owte specyalle lyscens of oure excellente lorde the kynge.60
Alle so hyt ys accordyd that fro thys howre57 unto the delyverans of the cytte any61 of [th]e parteys shalle abstayne hem from alle goodys62 of werre to make a yenste the othyr partys of hem. Alle so hyt ys accordyde that the noble cyttezeyns and othyr beynge in the cytte and castelle shalle paye to oure fore sayde lorde the kynge CCC Ml scwtys of golde, where of alle way ij of hem shalle be worthe an Englysche noble, or in stede of every scwte xxx grete blankys wyte, or xv grotys; of the whyche CCC Ml scwtys that one parte shalle be payde unto oure soverayne lorde the kynge, or unto hys deputys, whythe ynne the cytte of Roone be-fore sayde, the xxij day of thys present mony[th]e of Janyver, and the othyr halfe payde to oure sayde lorde or to hys deputys in the feste of Syn Mathie the Apostylle nexte to come, that shalle be the xxiij63 day of Feverer, whythe owte any delay i-hadde, &c.64
Alle so hyt ys accordyde that every subgett of oure sayde lorde the kynge that nowe ben or were presoners to any person in the sayde cytte or castelle, and hyr pleggys, shall be utterly fre as a-yens thes personnys, and the summys that they ar boundyn ynne, at the day of thys present trete and accorde.
Alle so hyt ys accordyde that alle and every soudyer and stranger beynge in the sayde citte and castelle shalle swere on the Evaungelys of God be-fore there departyng, that they shall not bere armys a-gayne oure sayde lorde the kynge or any of hys, unto the fyrste day of Janyver nexte to come, for no maner maundement [th]at to hem of any maner person in contrary may be done or ennyode.65
Alle so hyt ys accordyde that alle and every jewelle, relykys, and othyr goodys longgyng to the abbaye of Synt Kateryne, whythe ynne the same cytte and castelle, beyng alle hoolly, shalle be delyveryd unto hym whom that the Kyng of Inglonde deputyn or ordeyn hem to ressayve aftyr the delyveraunce of the sayd cytte.
Alle so hyt ys accordyde that the fore sayde noble cyttezyns and othyr whythe in the sayde cytte and castelle beyng, shalle make the same cytte and castelle be-fore the sayde xix daye of this present monythe of Janyver suffycyantly and honestely to be made clene, and alle so honestly and diligently that alle the dede bodys newe dede or to ben dede in to that daye of delyveraunce of the cytte honestely and dylygently shalle ben beryd.
Alle soo hyt ys accordyd that the for sayde noble cyttezyns and alle beynge in the sayde citte and castelle anon shalle receyve66 and don entre in to the same cytte and castelle alle and everyche beynge in the dychys67 of the sayde cytte that for penurye68 went owte of the same cytte whom69 they shalle be holde to fede unto the xix day of Janyver above sayde, as they wylle answere unto Gode and the kyng; and owte takyn them they shalle not ressayve non othyr personnys in to the same cytte or castelle unto the forsayde day with owte specyalle lyssens of oure moste dowtfulle lorde the Kyng of Inglonde. But yf hit happe any massyngere or harowde of armys of the adversy party of the kynge to come to the partys of [th]e gatys or dychys of the sayde castelle and cytte . . . . .70
Whiche71 artyculys and appoyntmentys, as hyt ys before sayde, alle and every chone in maner as hyt ys accordyd, the forsayde captaynys and the noble cyttezyns ande othyr whythe ynne the sayde castelle and citte being, welle and trewly whythe owte any fraude or malygny72 to holdyn ande observe and kepe they be-hote, ande thoo two be kepte and fullefyllyd they bynd them soo, but yf yt be falle oure sayde moste doughtefulle lorde the kynge, that God for bede, to ben ovyr come in the batayle to hym i-made by Charlys hys adversarye of Fraunce or the Duke of Burgayne, be-fore the for-sayde [xix]73 day of thys present monythe of Janyver; for to sen74 alle way that [if]73 hyt be falle the forsayde Charlys adversary, othyr the Duke of Burgayne, or any othyr, to come to the sege of oure kynge to remoeve75 fro the forsayde cytte, that nothyr the fore sayde captayne nor non of the cyttezyns, sowdyers, othyr othyr76 beyng whythe ynne the for sayde cytte or castelle, shalle goo owte, nor noo maner helpe they shalle delyverye nor lene to hem, so azens oure lorde the kynges comyng in nomaner a wyse.
Alle so, that alle thes maner of poynttementysse, covenauntys, and accordys, and every poynte as hyt ys a fore sayde, welle and trewly and unbrokyn to be kepte; and for the more surete of the same covenauntys and accordys, the for sayde captayne, the noble cyttezyns, and othyr above sayde shalle ben takyn in thys tyme anone into the hondys of oure lorde the kynge iiij schore notable plegys, where of xxty shalle be knyghtys and squyers, ande the remenaunte cyttezyns of the same cytte, att hyr owne coste to be sustaynyd. For the party sothely of oure moste doutefulle lorde ande kynge a-fore sayde, gracyusly and benyngly consederynge the meke submyttynge and yeldynge of the sayde citte and castelle above sayde, he hathe grauntyde that alle and everye person of what a-state or degre that he be of condycyon with ynne the sayde castelle [and cite]77 beyng, [excepte]77 sartayne personys with ynne expressyde, that wylle be-come legys and subgetys to oure lorde the kynge, and fro hensforthe wylle dwelle undyr his obessauns, they shalle have there herytagys and goodys, mevablis and unmevablys, whythe ynne hys duche of Normandy constitute; and whiche that benne afore the day and date of thys present letters by oure fore sayde lorde the kynge to78 othyr personys have nought be yovyn and grauntyde, excepte armours artyrlys a-bove sayd; makyng and doyng [for]77 hyr herytagys, and for hyr unmevabylle goodys to oure for sayde lorde the kynge, the services79 ther-of dewe and consuete, or to swere to whom suche maner of servyce of the graunte of oure lorde the kynge ought too long.
Alle so hyt ys agrauntyd of oure lorde the kynge ys be-halve, that alle the cyttezyns and dwellers of the cytte of Roone that nowe be, or in tyme to come shalle be, [and]80 shall have alle ande every franches, lybertes, and prevelegys [th]e whiche of worthely mynde be progenys of oure lorde the kynge, of kyngys of Inglonde, dukys of Normandye, to hem and to hys sayde cytte were grauntyde, in possessyon where [of]81 they were the fyrste day that oure lorde the kynge a-fore sayde come by fore the sayde cytte; and alle so of more large grace of hys benyngnyte hathe grauntyde, that the same cyttezyns and dwellers of the citte shalle have alle the lyberteys, and franches, and prevelegys, where they were in pos sessyons on the fore sayde fyrste day of comynge of oure lorde the kynge before the cytte, of the graunte of hys progenytourys of kyngys of Fraunce that were before tyme of Phylyppe Valeys, adversarye of oure lorde [the kyng].81
[Also it is grauntid and accordid in our lord] the kyngys behalve, that alle the strangers, sowdyers, and othyr in the fore sayde citte and castelle, beynge at thys tyme nought wyllynge to be come leges of oure lorde the kyng, the for-sayde citte so yoldynne as hit ys before sayde, to departe, levynge to oure sayde lorde the kyng all hyr armowrys, hors, artylyrs, and othyr thyngys, harneysse, and goodys, excepte the Normandys that wylle nought be lyges of oure lorde the kynge, [th]at thoo alle shalle a-byde presoners of oure lorde the kyng.
Alle so hyt ys grauntyd in oure lorde the kynges behalve, that the werre and alle so schrewde speche that duryng the sege the folke and pepylle nemnyd, of what condycyon that they ben, ayens hys ryalle soveraynyte, or whythe defame lyppys have spoke, oure moste soverayne lorde the kyng, of strenyger the day of parte82 mekely shalle be forgevynne, owte take the personys that above in specyalle ben exceptyd.83
Alle so hyt ys accordyd in oure lorde the kyngys be halve, that the for sayde soudyers and strongers be-fore thys presentt trete and accorde, wyllyng for to departynne, oure lorde the kyng shalle ordaynne and make a sykyr and saffe condyte in form consuete.
And so the fore sayde cytte was yoldyd to oure soverayne lord the kynge uppon Synt Wolstonys day.84 And aftyr that he gatte many townys and castellys, as hyt shalle aftyr thys be wretyn alle the processe.
Note 53. Should be the 13th.
Note 54. Robert. Robesard, J.
Note 55. [these folowyng]. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J. Nevertheless it is clear there is a further omission, even in J.
Note 56. howre. The hof this word is struck out in all these places.
Note 57. See notee, p. 122.
Note 58. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.
Note 59. So in MS. The first "othyr" seems to mean "or."
Note 60. This clause is repeated in the MS. with the variation, "non of the fore sayde cyttezyns or othyr."
Note 61. any. every, J.
Note 62. goodys. Evidently a transcriber's error for dedys. J. reads dede.
Note 63. xxiij. Should be 24th. See Rymer, ix. 665.
Note 64. Here several articles are omitted which may be seen in Rymer. They are given in the English in J.
Note 65. enjoined.
Note 66. receyve. resome, MS.; receyve, V.; receyven, J.
Note 67. or about diches, J.
Note 68. penurye. femurye, MS.; penurie, J. Vit. reads "fere."
Note 69. whom. whanne, MS.
Note 70. The conclusion of the sentence is omitted not only in our MS. but also in J. and V. In the Latin it is, "ipse in ipsa non recipietur, seu providebitur eidem per dominum nostrum Regem de salvo conductu."
Note 71. Whiche. The MS. has "with the" written as if it were the continuation of the previous sentence.
Note 72. malygny. malengyne, J.
Note 73. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.
Note 74. for to sen, i. e. foreseen, provided.
Note 75. remoeve. remayne, MS., corrected from J.
Note 76. See page 123, notec.
Note 77. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.
Note 78. to. and, MS.; corrected from J.
Note 79. services. sermoys, MS.
Note 80. This word is clearly superfluous.
Note 81. The end of this sentence and the beginning of the next are omitted in our MS., which runs on without a break from the word "lorde" to "the kyngys behalve' as if it were one sentence.
Note 82. of strenyger the day of parte. of steryng the day of pietie, J. These are strange corruptions. The Latin has ex instinctu Divinæ pietatis.
Note 83. They are mentioned in the preceding clause in the original treaty; but their names are omitted in the MS.
Note 84. 19th Jan.
On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (33) fought. John Blount 1388-1418 (30) died. William Harrington 1373-1440 (45), the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.
Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (40) fought.
Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (17). John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (15) succeeded 3rd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.
Murder of John the Fearless
On 10 Sep 1419 Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (16) and John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (48) met on the bridge at Montereau to progress their peace negotiations. During the course of the discussions John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (48) was assassinated. Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy 1396-1467 (23) succeeded III Duke Burgundy. Michelle Valois Duchess Burgundy 1395-1422 (24) by marriage Duchess Burgundy.
Treaty of Troyes
On 21 May 1420 the Treaty of Troyes was signed at Troyes. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (43) and Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (17) negotiated the terms which included the marriage of Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18), daughter of Charles VI (51), and the acknowledgement of Henry V King England 1386-1422 (33) as Charles V's (51) heir disinheriting the Dauphin (17).
Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois
On 02 Jun 1420 Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18) were married at Troyes Cathedral. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.
Funeral of Thomas Fitzgerald
After 10 Aug 1420 Thomas Fitzgerald 5th Earl Desmond 1386-1420 was buried in Paris. Henry V and Charles V were present.
Coronation of Catherine of Valois
On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.
Battle of Baugé
On 23 Mar 1421 the Dauphin's (18) French army and a Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé. On the French side Étienne Vignolles "La Hire" -1443 fought. On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (40) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (41) fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 (37) was killed.
On the English side John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18), Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44), Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) and John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (26) were captured. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18) would be captive for the next seventeen years. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44) was released in 1422. Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) was release around 1427 in a prisoner exchange.
Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (32) was killed in battle. Duke Clarence 2C 1412 extinct.
John Lumley 1383-1421 (38) was killed in battle.
John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (24) was killed in battle. His brother Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (13) succeeded 8th Baron Ros Helmsley.
William Ros 1397-1421 (24), and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed.
John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (37) was killed in battle. His son Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Tankerville 1C 1418.
William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was present.
In 1438 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (35) was released after have been captive for seventeen years following his capture at the Battle of Baugé.
Siege of Meaux
In Dec 1421 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) commenced the Siege of Meaux. John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (57) fought. John Cornwall 1403-1421 (18) was killed; his head being blown off by a cannon ball witnessed by his father. Meaux was eventually captured on 11 May 1422.
Death of Henry V
On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body back to England. His son Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 succeeded VI King England.
Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (45) was appointed Governor to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.
Death of Charles VI
On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (53) died at Hôtel Saint Pol. The succession of the French throne was disputed between:
King Henry VI succeeded II King France: LancasterDeath of Charles VI
Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (19) succeeded VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (18) by marriage Queen Consort France.
Funeral of Henry V
Battle of Cravant
On 31 Jul 1423 the English and Burgundian army defeated the French and Scottish armies at the Battle of Cravant at Cravant, Yonne. On the English side Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (35) commanded. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (38) was second in command.
The French and Scottish army were commanded by John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (43). Louis Bourbon 1st Count Vendôme 1st Count Castres 1376-1446 (47) was second in command. Both were captured; Darnley lost an eye.
Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort
On 12 Feb 1424 James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (29) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) were married at Southwark Cathedral. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.
Coronation of James I of Scotland
On 21 May 1424 James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (29) was crowned I King Scotland: Stewart at Scone Abbey, Scone. Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) was crowned Queen Consort Scotland.
Alexander Lindsay 2nd Earl Crawford -1439 was knighted. Coronation of James I of Scotland
Battle of Verneuil
On 17 Aug 1424 the English forces inflicted a significant defeat on the French and Scottish army at the Battle of Verneuil; a second Agincourt. For the English Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 (15), Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (23), John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (41) and Richard Waller 1395-1462 (29) fought.
On the French and Scottish side Pierre Valois Alençon -1424, Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (52), William Seton -1424, Alexander Home of Home and Dunglas (56) were killed
John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (43) was killed. His brother Robert Stewart Earl Ross 1385-1435 (39) de jure Earl Ross and Earl Buchan 2C 1374 although he didn't claim the title since both titles had reverted to the Crown.
Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (34) fought.