1500-1509 Death of Prince Arthur and Henry VII

1501 Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

1502 Death of Prince Arthur

1502 Trial of James Tyrrell

1503 Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1503 Funeral Procession of Elizabeth of York

1503 Lying in State of Elizabeth of York

1503 Funeral of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1503 Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

1503 Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1506 Malus Intercursus aka Evil Treaty

1509 Death of Henry VII

1509 Funeral of Henry VII

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1500-1509 Death of Prince Arthur and Henry VII is in 16th Century Events.

Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1501. This yeare, the 14th day of November, Prince Arthure (14) was married at Paules Churche, in London, to the Kinge of Spaynes (48) third daughter, named Katheryne (15). And in Easter weeke followinge the saide Prince Arthure (14) deceased at Ludlowe, in Wales, and was buried at Worcester. See Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon, Death of Prince Arthur.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502.Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.

On 14 Nov 1501 Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) were married at St Paul's Cathedral by Henry Deane Archbishop of Canterbury -1503 assisted by William Warham Bishop of London (51). They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. and a further eighteen bishops.
Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (32) bore the train, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (24) was Chief Answerer. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (18) and Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (23) attended. Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon
Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Immediately after their marriage Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) resided at Tickenhill Manor Bewdley for a month.
Thereafter they travelled to Ludlow.

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Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. After 28 Jun 1529. Vit. B. XII. 70. B. M. 5774. KATHARINE OF ARRAGON.
Cott. App. XXVII. 135. B. M.
9. Deposition of Robert viscount Fitzwater (46). Is 46 years of age, or thereabouts. To the 1st and 2nd articles, agrees with Thomas marquis of Dorset. Was in the service of Henry VII. from the death of prince Arthur to the death of the King. Princes Arthur and Henry were always considered as the natural and lawful sons of Henry and Elizabeth. Was assigned by the King to the service of Arthur as his eldest son, and served him till his death.
To the 3rd and 4th articles, was present at the marriage of prince Arthur and lady Katharine. Believes Arthur was then 15 years of age, as he heard from credible witnesses, and that Katharine was older. Was with the earls of Oxford (58) and Shrewsbury, and others, at the bishop of London's palace, waiting on prince Arthur going from his own chamber to that of the Princess, and left him in the bed, where, he believeth surely, the Princess lay. They dwelled together at Ludlow till the Prince's death. As to public report, agrees with the earl of Shrewsbury. To the 5th article, cannot depose, except as to reputation, cohabitation, and offspring, in which he agrees with the marquis of Dorset. To the 6th, 7th and 8th, cannot depose. The 9th contains the truth. Believes the 10th, 11th and 12th to be true. Has not been influenced by force, fear, or the like.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. After 28 Jun 1529.
Cott. App. XXVII. 141. B. M. 5774. KATHARINE OF ARRAGON.
11. Deposition of William lord Mountjoy (51).
Is 52 years of age or thereabout.
To the 1st and 2nd articles, agrees with lord Darcy. To the 3rd and 4th, was present at the marriage of Arthur and Katharine, at St. Paul's. Believes Arthur was more than 14 years of age. Knows nothing of Katharine's age, nor of the consummation, except from report. To the 5th, agrees with Thos. marquis of Dorset as to cohabitation, offspring, and reputation, but cannot depose about the marriage. To the 6th and 7th, cannot depose. To the 8th, never heard of any great murmur or scandal in consequence of this marriage, among either the clergy or laity. The 9th contains the truth. To the 10th, 11th and 12th, cannot depose. Is not influenced by fear, &c.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. After 28 Jun 1529. Vit. B. XII. 70. B. M. 5774. KATHARINE OF ARRAGON.
Vit. B. XII. 130. B. M.
6. Deposition of Nicholas bishop of Ely (68).
Is 68 years of age.
Princes Arthur and Henry were legitimate sons of Henry VII. and his queen Elizabeth. Was present at the marriage of prince Arthur, but can say nothing as to the words used, on account of the tumult and multitude of people there. Can say nothing as to the consummation, but he doubts of it, because the Queen has often told him, on the testimony of her conscience, "quod [non] fuit carnaliter a dicto Arthuro cognita," [Translation. That she had not known Arthur conjugally] but they were both of sufficient age. As to the 5th article, believes the marriage was contracted both de facto and de jure, by reason of the dispensation; but he cannot depose to the time mentioned in the article. To the 6th article, has always believed that it is true as to jus divinum, and believes that it is also true as to jus ecclesiasticum. The 7th article would be true if there had not been a legitimate dispensation. Can depose nothing to the 8th article. Has heard the archbishop of Canterbury say that he had a dispute with the late bishop of Winchester on the subject. To the 9th, the present King and Queen were lawfully married, as he believes. Believes the 10th to be true, as the Pope affirms it in a rescript. Believes the 11th to be true. To the 12th, does not consider that the legates are competent judges, as an appeal has been made.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. After 28 Jun 1529. Vit. B. XII. 70. B. M. 5774. KATHARINE OF ARRAGON.
A set of depositions as to Katharine's marriage with prince Arthur.
1. Of George earl of Shrewsbury (61), seneschal of the King's household, at the Coldherbar, on Monday, 28 June 1529. Is 59 years of age. Was present at the marriage of Henry VII (72). at Westminster, and at the creation of Arthur prince of Wales and Henry Duke of York. They were always considered as brothers, and he never heard it contradicted. Was present at the marriage of prince Arthur with Katharine, now Queen, at St. Paul's, in Nov. 17 Hen. VII. 1521 (sic). Believes that Arthur was then 14 or more. Saw the queen Elizabeth (63) and him a month after his birth, at Winchester, in 2 Hen. VII. Believes that Catharine was more than 14. Thinks that Arthur must have been nearer 15 than 14. At night, with the lord of Oxford and others, conducted prince Arthur to the lady Catharine's (43) bedchamber, and left him there. Supposes that the Prince consummated the marriage,as he did so, being only 15 years when he was married. They were always considered lawfully married during the life of prince Arthur. Saw the funeral of prince Arthur at Worcester, and the marriage of the King and Queen at Greenwich. Cannot answer the 6th and 7th articles, but leaves them to the laws. Never heard what is contained in the 8th article. As to the 9th, knows that the King and Queen cohabited and treated each other as husband and wife, but cannot say whether lawfully or not. Can say nothing from his own knowledge as to the 10th, 11th, and 12th articles. Has made this deposition without being instructed or corrupted in any way, only for the sake of truth.
Vit. B. XII. 80. B. M.
2. Of Thomas marquis of Dorset (52). Is 52 years of age. The 1st and 2nd articles contain the truth. Was present at the baptism of Arthur and Henry, the former at Winchester, and the latter at Greenwich. Was present at the marriage of prince Arthur with Catharine, now Queen, at St Paul's, on a Sunday in Nov. 1501, 17 Hen. VII. Believes Arthur was about 15, for he has seen in the book in which are written the births of the King's children that he was born 20 Sept. 1486. Was present when prince Arthur went to bed after his marriage, where the lady Catharine (43) lay under the coverlet, "as the manner is of queens in that behalf." Thinks that he used the princess as his wife, for he was of a good and sanguine complexion, and they were commonly reputed as man and wife during prince Arthur's life. As to the 5th article, he can depose nothing to the first part, as he was then prisoner at Calais; but the remainder, touching cohabitation and reputation, is true. Can say nothing to the 6th, 7th, and 8th. The 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th contain the truth, as he believes.
Vit. B. XII. 85. B. M.
3. Of Sir Antony Willoughby. Has lived 15 years in Hampshire, for 12 years previously in Wiltshire. Was five years in the service of prince Arthur, for five years before that in the service of the bishop of Durham, and before that time in his father's household. Believes the 1st and 2nd articles to be true. To the 3rd and 4th, was present at the marriage of prince Arthur and lady Catharine. By favor of his father, lord Broke (57), steward of the King's household, was present when prince Arthur went to bed on his marriage night in the palace of the bishop of London. In the morning the prince, in the presence of Mores St. John, Mr. Cromer, Mr. William Woddall, Mr. Griffith Rice, and others, said to him, "Willoughby, bring me a cup of ale, for I have been this night in the midst of Spain;" and afterward said openly, "Masters, it is good pastime to have a wife." He, therefore, supposes that the marriage was consummated; and he heard that they lay together the Shrovetide following at Ludlow.
Knows that they lived together as man and wife during the remainder of the Prince's life.
Believes the 5th article to be true. Can depose nothing to the 6th, 7th and 8th. Believes the 9th, 10th and 11th to be true. The 12th contains law; to which he is not bound to reply. To the second additional interrogatory he replies, that it contains the truth, for he has been present twenty times at the solemnization of marriage, and the said form of words is always used.

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Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. 15 Jul 1529. Cott. App. XXVII. 147. B. M. 5774. KATHARINE OF ARRAGON.
14. Deposition of Thos. visc. Rocheford (52), 15 July, at the Friars Minors.
Is 52 years of age. To the 1st and 2nd articles, knows that Henry VII. and Elizabeth considered and named Arthur and Henry as their lawful sons, and they were everywhere so considered. To the 3rd and 4th, was present at St. Paul's in Nov. 17 Hen. VII. at the wedding of Arthur and Katharine; Henry VII. was present in the consistory place, and a great number of Englishmen and Spaniards in the church. Believes the marriage was lawful. Arthur was above 15 years of age; which he knew from the books in which the births of the children of the kings of England are entered, and from the report of nobles present at his baptism. Heard from Spaniards that Katharine was more than 16, and she has often told him the same herself. After the marriage they dwelled together as man and wife, to his knowledge, at the King's court and at Ludleye. Believes the marriage was consummated, from their age. Heard from many who were familiar with the Prince, that the day after his marriage he said he had been in the midst of Spain. Believes the 5th, 6th and 7th articles to be true. To the 8th cannot depose. To the 9th, the King and Queen cohabited till about two years ago, when he heard that the King was advised by his confessor to abstain from intercourse with the Queen, so as not to offend his conscience. Believes the 10th, 11th and 12th articles to be true. Has not been subjected to undue influence.
States in answer to a question, that it is customary for brides, especially noble ladies, to be veiled during the blessing of the bed.

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Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539.

Death of Prince Arthur

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1501. This yeare, the 14th day of November, Prince Arthure (14) was married at Paules Churche, in London, to the Kinge of Spaynes (48) third daughter, named Katheryne (15). And in Easter weeke followinge the saide Prince Arthure (14) deceased at Ludlowe, in Wales, and was buried at Worcester. See Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon, Death of Prince Arthur.

On 02 Apr 1502 Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (15) died at Ludlow Castle. See Death of Prince Arthur. The cause of death unknown other than being reported as "a malign vapour which proceeded from the air". Catherine of Aragon (16) had recovered.

After 02 Apr 1502 Prince Arthur's heart was buried in St Laurence's Church Ludlow. See Death of Prince Arthur.

On 23 Apr 1502 Prince Arthur's (15) funeral was held at St Laurence's Church Ludlow presided over by William Smyth Bishop of Lincoln 1460-1514 (42). George Grey 2nd Earl Kent 1454-1505 (48), George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (34), Richard Grey 3rd Earl Kent 1481-1524 (21), John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Powis 1485-1504 (17) and Richard Pole 1462-1504 (40) attended. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (59) was Chief Mourner. Edward Howard 1476-1513 (26) and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (19) carried The Canopy.

Before 25 Apr 1502 Prince Arthur's body was transported from Ludlow to Worcester Cathedral via the River Servern in a special wagon upholstered in black and drawn by six horses, also caparisoned in black.

On 25 Apr 1502 Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (15) was buried in the Chantry Chapel of Prince Arthur in Worcester_Cathedral.Death of Prince Arthur
William Smyth Bishop of Lincoln 1460-1514 (42) presided.
George Grey 2nd Earl Kent 1454-1505 (48) and George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (34) received Arthur's Coat of Arms, Richard Grey 3rd Earl Kent 1481-1524 (21) received Arthur's shield, John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Powis 1485-1504 (17) received Arthur's sword, pommel forwards. Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (24) carried Prince Arthur's banner.
Gerald Fitzgerald 9th Earl Kildare 1487-1534 (15) rode Arthur's courser as the Man at Arms, in Arthur's full armour, carrying Arthur's poleaxe, pointed down, through the Nave to the Altar where he was stripped of Arthur's (15) clothes.
The Chapel is to the right of the High Altar in the Chancel. It is decorated with heraldic carvings symbolising the houses of York, Lancaster, Beaufort and Catherine of Aragon's Pomegranate. His Purbeck marble tomb chest is decorated with the arms of England. Heis buried beneath the cathedral's floor several feet away from the tomb that visitors can see.

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On 25 Apr 1503 Prince Arthur's (16) body was buried at Worcester Cathedral.
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (35) attended.

Trial of James Tyrrell

On 02 May 1502 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (47) confessd to the murder of the Princes in the Tower at Guildhall during the Trial of James Tyrrell attended by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (45) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36).

On 06 May 1502 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (47) was executed.

Death and Funeral of Elizabeth of York

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

On 02 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (46) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) at the Tower of London. She died eight days later on 10 Feb 1503.
On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) died from childbirth.

Grafton's Chronicle Henry VII. The next yere after Queene Elizabeth, liyng within the Tower of London, was brought abed of a fayre daughter on Candlemasse day, which was there christened and named Katheryn, and the xj. day of the same moneth, the sayde most vertuous Princes and gracious Queene there deceassed, and was with all funerall pompe caryed through the Citie of London to Westminster, and there buried, whose daughter also taryed but a small season after her mother.Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

The Antiquarian Repertory Volume 4 Funeral Ceremonies of Queen Elizabeth. REMEMBRANCE for the enterment of the right high right excelent and most Christen Princese Elizabeth Queene of England and of France Lady of Ireland and the Eldest daughter of king Edward the fourth wife to the most hygh most puyssant and most victorious king Henry the viith our most dread Souveraigne Lord the which deceased in childbed in The Tower of London the xith day of Februarye which was upon Saturday and the xviiith yeare of the reigne of our said Soveraigne Lord the king her most dearest husband whose departing was as heveye and dolorous to the kings hcighuess as hath been sene or heard of. And also in likeyse to all the Estates of this Realme as well Citizens as Comnyns for she was one of the most gracious and best, beloved princesses in the world in her tyme beinge.Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort
Then the king of his wisdom ordeyned certaine of his Counsell for the ordering of her buryall to be at Westminster. That is to say The Erle of Surry Treasurer of England and Sr Richard Guilford Comptrowler of his noble household And himselfe tooke with him certain of his secretest and prevely departed to a solitary place to passe his sorrows and would no man should resort to him but such his grace appointed untill such tyme it should please him to showe his pleasure and over yt every Officer to give their Attendance upon the said Councellours And over yt in his Departing ordeyned Incontinent the next day following for vi Hundredth and xxxvi hole masses said in London and by Sr Charles Somerset and Sr Richard Guilford sent the best comfort to all the Queens servants that hath bene sene of a soveraigne Lord with as good words.
Also then were ronngen the bells of London everye one and after that through out the Realme with solomne Dyrgies and Masses of Requiems and everye Religious place collegs and Churches.

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Lying in State of Elizabeth of York

The Antiquarian Repertory Volume 4 Funeral Ceremonies of Queen Elizabeth. Lying in State of Elizabeth of YorkAnd after that the corps (37) was could the Serjeant of the Chandry with such officers that belong to that Office had the Charge of baumeing with other serimonies theirto belonging and were allowed xl. Ells of lynning holland Cloth of Ell bredth with there gomes baumes Spices sweet wines and other as thereto belongeth and was thereto according.
Item after that she was sered by the Kings Plumer Closed her in lead with an Epitaph of lead what she was and then all that was Chested in borcle sufficiently Coverd for bearing of the same which was covered with white and black velvet with a Crosse of white damaske.
Item in the quire of the Chappell of the Tower was ordeyned a hearse of fine prncipills with Renninge lights about the Church and all the windowes rayled about a good heighte furnish'd with burninge tapers and also hanged with black Cloth furnish'd with scochins of her Armes.
The Sunday next following the corps (37) was removed from her Chamber to the Chappcll in manner that followeth.
First there was The Abbott of Westminster (39) in pontificalibus with the Dean of the kings Chappell (63) and the whole company of the same fowr knights bearing the Canapye with great Number of Gentlemen which went two and two together on every syde of the prossion great Number of torches brening borne by the Kings and the Queens servants after them the Officers of Armes and the Greatest estates and other Lords their present layd their hands to the Corps the Lady Elizabeth Stafford (24) was that day principall Mourner and all the other Laides followed her two and two together in such most sadd and simplest Clothing that they had on their heads thredden kierchiefs hanging on their shoulders and close under their Chins and this daily until their slopps mantells hoodes and paris were made and Ordyned. And when the Corps was sett under the hearse in the Chapell Coverd with a rich Cloth of black velvet with a Crosse of Cloth of Gold. And an Officer of Armes in an high voice said for Queen EHzebeth soule and all Xtn souls Pater noster and every ...... and atoremus before the Collect Aminabus inlykewise.
That night and every Night following was ordyned a goodly watch both of men and Gentlewomen at the lest iiij gentlewomen ij officers of Armes and vij yeomen and grooms. The gentlewomen were relieved with vj ladies which continually did knele about the Corps.
Then the kings Chaplin began and Redd the sawter that done to the laudes and Commendations.
After that the Deane of the kings Chappell (63) all the nobles officers of Armes other gentle and honest persons went to the great chamber for the Ladys to the Masse of Requiem.
Then was the Lady Catherin (23) sister of the noble Queene (37) Cheif mourner led by the Earle of Surry (60) and Earle of Essex her train borne by the Lady Elizabeth Stafford (24) accompanied also with all the other Laidies and Gentlewomen of the Court And when they were comen to the quier the foresaid vj Laides gave roome to there betters in tyme masse was done after which they continued their watch.
The Cheif Mourner (23) kneled at the heade alone then an officer of Arms began for the Queene &c And so began the masse songen by the Abbot of Westminster (39) at the Offringe the Lady was led by ij of the greatest Estates there present and the lest gave her the offring having before her the Chamberlain and the Officers of Arms passing always by the Corps did their obeysance as before.
Then offered the other six Laides before any Estate ij and ij together then the greatest estates and all the Laides and Gentlewomen then all the other Laides and knights and squires with other Gentlemen So this order as before was dayly kept as long as she was in the Tower every day in pontificalibus by a Bishop or an Abbott at the least as the next day by the Abbott of Barmsey The iij11 by the Abbott Albones The iiijth by the Abbott of Winchcomb The vth by the Abbott of Towerhill The vj'h by the Abbott of Stratford The vij"1 day there was iij solempne masses The first of our lady sungen by the Abbott of Redyng att that masse offered a piece of Gold of xld for the masse pennye the principle Mourner and no other person The second masse songen by the bishop Landaffe and Likewise at the masse none offered but she and then offered a piece of Gold of 5s. The iijd Masse songen by the bishop of Norwigge and att that Masse she offered a Noble Then offered the Laides and the Nobles as before The viijth day the service was done by the Bishop of Bangor The ixth day by the Bishop of Exeter the xll> day by the Bishop of Lincolne.
That Masse done the Lords and Laides went to breakfast and in meane tyme the Corps was conveyd into the Chaire which was eniparralled as followeth:
First all the bayles sydes and Coffers were covered with black velvett and over all along of a prety depnes a Cloth of black velvett with a Crosse of White Cloth of gould well frindged drawn with vi horses traped with black velvett and all the draught of the same.
And when the Corps was in the Chest there was Ordeyned an Image or a personage like a Queene Clothed in the very Roabes of Estate of the Queene having her very rich Crowne on her Head her heire about her shoulders her septer in her right Hand and her fingers well garnished with Gould and precious Stones.

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Funeral Procession of Elizabeth of York

The Antiquarian Repertory Volume 4 Funeral Ceremonies of Queen Elizabeth. Funeral Procession of Elizabeth of YorkAnd on every end of the Chair on the Coffer kneeled a Gentleman Usher by all the way to Westminster.
On the fore horse and the tyller ij charriott men and on the other vij horses iiij henchmen in black gowns and mourning hood over their heads every horse having iiij lozengs of the quenes Armes beaten in oyle rolled upon sarcenett with fine Gould and the fore horse having one on his forehead and none but he.
And by every horse there was a man of honour a foot with mourning hoods over their heads and at every corner of the Chaire a White banner of our Lady borne by a knight the banners were all White in token that she dyed in Childbed their wereordeyned and appoynted
Certain knights and Esquires to go by the Chaire and the horse to beare the banner and every each to assist other whose names followeth Sr Edward Haward (27) Sr Henery Wylongby (52) Sr Thomas West (46) sonne and heir of the Lord Lavarres Sr Edward Darell (37) Sr John Petche (53) Sr George Manners (33) Sr Richard Carew (34) Sr Edward Wingfield Sr William Sands (68) Srr Raufe Verney (48).
Sir John Hodelston Sr John Rainsford William Denton Richard Wingfuld Raphe Dacre Xtofer Wylongby (22) Edward Guilford (29) William West John Gawge (23)
Also their were ordyned viij palferys saddled traped and empelled with black velvett for the viij Laidesof honour to follow the Chaire that is to say the Lady Katherine (23) The Lady Elizebeth Stafford (24) The Countess of Essex [Note. Possibly Mary Saye Countess Essex and Eu 1474-1535 (29) although she is believed to have married the Earl in 1512. The previous Countess of Essex Isabel York Countess Eu and Essex 1409-1484 (94) died in 1484.] The Lady Harbert (27) The Lady Lucey of Mountagne The Lady Anne Percy (17) The Lady Lisle The Lady Scrope of Upsall.
All these Laides Roode alone in their slopps and mantles every horse led with a man a foote without hood in a demy black gowne The ij Chaire drawn with vi horses trapped with Black Cloth and also covered with the same having iij Charriott men in that Chaire was the Lady Anne The Lady Marquesse The Lady Daubeny and the Lady Clifford following the Chaire the horses empelled with black Cloth The Lady Dacres The Lady Verney The Lady Guilford The Lady Darell The Lady Egrernonnt The Lady Risseley The Lady Petche The Lady Bryan and in like manner the iij Chaire in which was the Lady Gordon The Lady Fitzwater The Lady Monjoy and the Lady Bray following that Chaire Mrs Cromer Mrs Burn Mrs, Stafford Mrs Belknappe Mrs Weston Mrs Anne Browne Mrs Brent Mrs Yon Then iiijth Chaire emparelled as before in the which, was The Lady Pudsey Mrs Catesby Mrs Lary Mrs Tendringe Mrs Florence Bruges Mrs Balstrod Mrs Ffog Mrs Fitzharbert and Mrs Jones in the lyke manner as before was the vtb Chaire apperrelled in the Avhich was Mrs Dany Mrs Skilling Mrs Elizebeth Mrs. ITrancs.
Then after them the honest persons citizens of London on horseback in a great number after them the kings servants after them the Lords Servants in great number And from the foremost horse backward they were C of the Kings servants as Marshells servants yeomen and gromes with mourning hoods over their heads bearing a hundred of staffe torches of pure wax.
Here followeth the ordering before the Chaire through London to Westminster First next before the foremost horse of the first Chaire The Earle of Derby Constable of England Before him Garter andthe Maior of London The Queenes Chamberlain in manner between the Maior and the Lord Constable before them the Queens Confessor and Aumnoer and before them in manner as ensueth on the left syde the pression of London Also first next to the Corps the kings Chappell before them the quier of Poules and so forth on the same syde the generall pression of London in their ould Custome that is to say the Crossed fryers the white the Augustines and the black and in the middes as farr fourth as they might strydeing the cannells one after another in mourning habitt ijC poore men ewych bearing a weyghty torch.
The manner of the right syde next before the Confessor and aulmoner all the great Lords after there Estate ij and ij together and next before them ij of the Cheif Judges and Mtr of the Rovvles before them knights of the Garter not lords before them the great Chapleines that be of dignitye as the secretary to the king almoner the Deane of York The archdeacon of Richmond The Dean of Windsor and such other Before them the Aldermen of London Before them all knights before them the squires for the Body before them Chapleines of dignitye before them gentlemen and squires before them The Esterlings before them the frenchmen before them the portingalls before them the Venetians before them the Jannayes before them the Lewknors before them the trumppetts and mynsterells on horseback without their instruments before them the messengers.
From Mark lane to Temple bar by estimation were beyond iiij or v thousand torches set all the street along of the parish Churches in there best manner with Crosses pressions and singing antam.es and orasons envyroned the Corps.
Att fanchers were set xxxvij Virgins all in White linnen having Chappletts of white and grene on their heads eiiych houlding a breningtap of wax in the honour of our Lady and that the foresaid good quene was in xxxvij'" year.

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Funeral of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

The Antiquarian Repertory Volume 4 Funeral Ceremonies of Queen Elizabeth. Funeral of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort24 Feb 1503. On the morne anon after vi of the Clock began the laudes Sungen by the kings Chappell Then the Deane and the other laides which were rcdy by vii of the Clock.
Then began our lady Masse Songen by the Byshopp of Lincolne th' Abbott of Winchcombe gospeller and doctor Hatton Epistoler in the absence of the priour of Crychurch alt that Masse the lady Katheriu accompanied as before led by the Marquis and th' Earle of Darby And the lady Marqucsse the Elder bare her traine and all th' other ladies accompanied her and none offred but she alone at that Masse a piece of iij5 iiijd in gold.
That done the ladies went to a Chappell ordeyned for the same intent to refresh them then they returned to the second Masse.
The second masse of the Try ny tie Songen by the Byshop of Sailsbury ij Abbotts were gospeller and Epistoler att that Masse none offered but she led accompanied as before And then she offred a piece of Gold v9 an huisher alwaies supporting her traine.
The third Masse of Requiem song by the Byshop of Lincolne an Abbott Gospeller And priour Epistoler And att that masse th' aforesaid lady accompanied with other ladies and all the Nobles offred an noble for the Masse penny And after her sister Anne And she offred for themselfs Then the Lady Marquis And the lady Elizabeth Stafford and so in order all the ladies mourners.
Item to expresse more plainly the Offring of the said 3d Masse that is to wete that the lady Katherine cheif mourner accompanied with divers noble ladies assysted and her trayne borne by the noble persons as aforesaid so going up to the offringe and there offered an Angell for the Masse pennye and in the same order brought dovvne again to the head of the hearse then was her trayne layd downe and none assistance she with the lady Anne her sister went up again and offered for themselves Then the lady Marquesse and the lady Elizebeth Stafford and so in order all the ladyes mourners ij and ij together that is to say groats a piece.
After them the plats went up and the Earles on there left syde the plats offred at the high ater then Temporalls to the Byshop next th' Earles the Maior of London.
Then the Barons.
Then the Cheif Justice.
Then the Knights of the Garter not lords and some other knights for the body and Counsellours.
Then the Aldermen of London in asrnuch as by there gvilege they repsent the state of Barrens.
Then the other knights.
Then the Esquires for the body.
Then the oder Esquires officers.
Then the other gentlemen in great number.
And after th' offring of money there were offered to the Corps by the laides xxxvij palls in manner as followeth first the lady Montjoy a pall delivered to her at the quier dore by a gent huisher and when she came to the feete of the Corps there stood two officers of Armes after that she had done her obey sauce and kissed it and layd it along the Corps In likewise the lady Dacre of the south offred another which the said officers layde a Crosse over that other and lykewise these laides offred palls whose names follow.
The lady Fitzwater.
The lady Gordon.
The lady Scrope,
The lady Powys.
The lady Clifford,
The lady Daubeny.
The lady vicountesse Lisley ij.
The lady Anne Percy.
The lady Lucey of Montague.
The lady Herbard.
The countess of Essex iij.
The lady Elizebeth Stafford iij.
The lady marquisse iiij.
Every of the Queens sisters instead of Dutchesses v which all were layde acrosse over the Corps.
All the Ceremony of that offring doone to the sermon said by the said lord Richard Fitzjames Byshopp of Rochester which tooke to his anteme Misere mei misere mei saltern vos amici mei quia manus Dm tetigit me he spake these wordes in the name of England and the lovers and friends of the same seing the great losse of that vertuous Queene and that noble prince and th' Arch Byshop of Canterbury.
The Masse done a mynister of the Church tooke away the palls.
Then the ladyes depted.
After whose depture the Image with the Crowne and the rich robes were had to a secret place to St Edwards shrine.
Then all the Prelates wilh the kings Chappell came about the hearse and the grave was opened and hallowed by the Byshop of London and after many oraisons and seremonies the Chest layd in the grave.
Incontinent her Chamberlaine brake the staffe of his office and cast it into the grave and so did the gentlemans ushers there then there was weeping and sorrowing and so degted.
On whose soule God have mereye Amen.
That masse season there was a great Dole of groates to every man and woman.
Item grater almes given to bed-rid folks lazars blynde folkes and others.
Item every place of the fryers of London had v marke xx schochins and certain torches.
Item every parish Church of London and the suburbs had vj schochins and a noble some two torches and some one.
Item every colledge hospittall and oder had armes besydes them that were sent and geuen into the Gun try to the nomber in all passed ij thousand Ix and x.
Item Banners in all xxviij.
Item Pencells ij c. and od.
Item the greatest ly very of black gowns that ever was given in our days.
Item the hearse was curiously wrought Avith Imagery wele garnished with banners banner rolles pencells Cloth of Majestye and valence with the fringe accordinge the nomber of lights upon the said hearse passed a thousand a hundred and vj.
Item the vauts and the Crosse of me Church was hanged with black Cloth above the which were ij c. and Ixxiij tags of ij Ib. a piece garnished with scochins and bolles of white and greene.

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On 24 Feb 1503 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (37) was buried in the Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey. Her sister Catherine York Countess Devon 1479-1527 (23) chief mourner.

Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

On 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) left for Scotland at Richmond Palace accompanied by Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (26), Edward Howard 1476-1513 (27), Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (35) and Ralph Ogle 3rd Baron Ogle 1468-1513 (34). Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (30) and Margaret Tudor (13) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (60) and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran 1475-1529 (28) were present.
Cuthbert Cunningham 3rd Earl Glencairn 1476-1541 (27) restored 3rd Earl Glencairn.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

Grafton's Chronicle Henry VII. In which yere the xviij. day of February, the king (47) at his Palace of Westminster, wyth all solemnitie created his onely sonne Henry Prince of Wales (12), Erle of Chester. & c. which noble yonglyng succeded his father, not onely in the inheritaunce and regalitie, but also was to him equall in honour, fame, learnyng and pollicie.Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII (12) was created Prince of Wales and Earl Chester 8C 1504. John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (24) was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted. Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

Malus Intercursus aka Evil Treaty

Around Feb 1506 Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile 1478-1506 (27) was blown off course whilst travelling to Castile to claim his inheritance. He landed in England where he became the guest of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (49) who negociated the Malus Intercursus Treaty as part of the conditions of his release. The Treaty include favourable commercial terms by removing all duties on English exports, and the marriage of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (49) with Philip's sister Margaret Habsburg Princess Asturias 1480-1533 (26) (which didn't take place). Most importantly it secured the return of Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 (35) who was Philip's (27) prisoner. Edmund Pole was immediately imprisoned in the Tower of London and executed seven years later.

Around 1515. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541. Portrait of Margaret Habsburg Princess Asturias 1480-1533.

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace. His son Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms 1488-1534, who wasn't present, made a drawing of the death of Henry VII. The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528.
Two tonsured clerics.
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544.
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541.
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538.
Matthew Baker Governor of Jersey -1513.
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518.
Physician holding urine bottle.
William Tyler.
Hugh Denys.
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 closing the King's eyes. There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagenet with white border ie Holland 2&3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 was the childhood companion of Henry VIII.
Physician holding urine bottle.

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After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms 1488-1534, who wasn't present, made a drawing of the death of Henry VII. The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:<BR>Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528.<BR>Two tonsured clerics.<BR>George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544.<BR>Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541.<BR>Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538.<BR>Matthew Baker Governor of Jersey -1513.<BR>John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518.<BR>Physician holding urine bottle.<BR>William Tyler.<BR>Hugh Denys.<BR>William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 closing the King's eyes. There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.<BR>The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagenet with white border ie Holland 2&3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 was the childhood companion of Henry VIII.<BR>Physician holding urine bottle.

Funeral of Henry VII

On 11 May 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) was buried in the Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey. Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (58) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (22) attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:Funeral of Henry VII
Household of Mary Tudor:
Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (13).
Catherine York Countess Devon 1479-1527 (29).
Elizabeth Stafford Countess Sussex 1479-1532 (30). Possibly Margaret Whetehill.
Anne Percy 1444-1522 (65) or Anne Percy Countess Arundel 1485-1552 (23).
Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent -1516.
Eleanor Pole 1462- (47).
Mary Brandon.
Elizabeth Empson.
Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (33).
Jane Popincourt -1516.
Alice Vaux -1543.
Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:
Catherine of Aragon (23).
Agnes or Inez Vanegas.
María de Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1490-1539 (19).
Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:
Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (65).
Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" 1463-1538 (46).
Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1484- (25).

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In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533.Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.