1559-1579 Elizabeth I Accedes is in 16th Century Events.
Christian III King Denmark Dies Frederick II Succeeds
Coronation of Elizabeth I
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. Jan 1559. The (blank) day in Crystynmas weyke they begane [to build] skayffold(s) in dyvers plasses in London for pa[geants] agaynst the crounassyon of quen Elesabetth, that [is to be the] xv day of January, and the condut nuw paynted.Coronation of Elizabeth I
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 12 Jan 1559. The xij day the Qwen('s) (25) grace toke her barge at Whytt-halle toward the Towre, and shott the bryge, and my lord mare (50) and the althermen, and all the craftes, in barges with stremars and baners of ther armes.Coronation of Elizabeth I
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 13 Jan 1559. The xiij day of January with-in the Towre the Quen mad Knyghtes of the Baythe x.Coronation of Elizabeth I
Note. The following were made Knights of the Bath ...
John Sheffield 2nd Baron Sheffield 1538-1568 (21)
Roger North 2nd Baron North 1530-1600 (29)
Edward Unton 1534-1582 (25)
George Speke 1530-1584 (29).
On 13 Jan 1559 two new peerages were created ...
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 14 Jan 1559. [The xiv day of January the Queen (25) came in a chariot from] the Towre, with all the lordes and ladies [in crimson] velvet, and and ther horses trapyd with the sam, and [trumpeters in] red gownes blohyng, and all the haroldes in ther cottes armur, and all the strettes stroyd with gravell; and at Grasyus strett a goodly pagantt of kyng [Henry] the viij (67) and quen Ane (58) ys wyff and of ther lenege, and in Cornelle a-nodur goodly pagantt of kyng Henry (67) and kyng Edward the vjth (21); and be-syd Soper lane in [Cheap a]nodur goodly pagantt, and the condyth pentyd; [and] at the lytylle condutt a-nodur goodly pagant of a qwyke tre and a ded, and the quen had a boke gyffyn her ther; and ther the recorder of London and the chamburlayn (38) delevered unto the quen a purse of gold fulle to the waluw of (blank); and so to the Flett strett to the condyt, and ther was a-nodur goodly pagantt of the ij chyrchys; and at Tempylle bare was ij grett gyanttes, the one name was Goott-magott [Gogmagog] a Albaon and the thodur Co(rineus.)Coronation of Elizabeth I
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 15 Jan 1559. The xv day was the crounasyon of quen Elsabeth (25) at Westmynster abbay, and theyr all the trumpettes, and knyghtes, and lordes, and haroldes of armes in ther cotte armurs; and after all they in ther skarlett, and all the bysshopes in skarlett, and the Quen, and all the fottmen waytyng a-pone the quene, to Westmynster hall; ther mett all the byshoppes, and all the chapell with iij crosses, and in ther copes, the byshoppes mytered, and syngyng Salve festa dyes; and all the strett led with gravell, and bluw cloth unto the abbay, and raylled on evere syd, and so to the abbay to masse, and ther her grasse was crounyd; and evere offeser rede against she shuld go to dener to Westmynster hall, and evere offeser to take ys offes at serves a-pone ther landes; and my lord mare (50) and the althermen.Coronation of Elizabeth I
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Archbishop Nicholas Heath 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (51) attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 16 Jan 1559. The xvj day of [January] was gret justes at the tylt-[yard], iiij chalengers, the duke of Northfoke (22) and (unfinished)Coronation of Elizabeth I
Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 17 Jan 1559. The xvij day of January was tornayhyng at the barears at Whythalle.
1559 Creation of Garter Knights
Diary of Henry Machyn April 1559. 23 Apr 1559. [The xxiij day of April, being saint George's day, the Queen (25) went about the hall, and all the knights of the] Garter that [went singing in proces]syon, and a-bowt the cowrt; the sam day at after [noon were] knyghtes electyd of the Garter the duke of Norfok (23), the marques of Northamtun (47) [Note. Restored since he had been degraded in 1553], the erle of Rutland (32), and my lord Robard Dudley (26), the master of the quen('s) horse.1559 Creation of Garter Knights
Diary of Henry Machyn June 1559. 06 Jun 1559. [The vj day of June saint George's feast was kept at Windsor;] the yerle of Pembroke (58) was the [Queen's substitute,] lord Montycutt (30) and my lord of .... ; ther was stallyd at that tyme the duke of [Norfolk] (23), my lord marques of Northamtun (47), and the yerle of [Rutland] (32), and my lord Robart Dudley (26) the master of the quen('s) horse, nuw mad knyghtes of the Garter, and ther was gret [feasting] ther, and ther be-gane the comunion that day and Englys.1559 Creation of Garter Knights
342nd Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (66).
Henry II of France Dies Francis and Mary "Queen of Scots" Succeed
On 10 Jul 1559 Henry II King France 1519-1559 (40) was killed whilst jousting. Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560 (15) succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême. Mary Queen of Scots (16) by marriage Queen Consort France. They would reign for eighteen months only with Francis dying in Dec 1560. Francis and Mary would have no issue.
Diary of Henry Machyn July 1559. 20 Jul 1559. The xx day of July kyng Phelype (32) was mared [married] unto the Frenche kyng('s) (40) dowthur (14), and grett justes mad ther, and the Frenche kyng dyd just [joust], and ther he had on of ys ees stryken owtt with a spyld [splinter] of a spayre, that he ded of the stroke, by one (blank).Henry II of France Dies Francis and Mary "Queen of Scots" Succeed
Funeral of Frances Brandon
Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 05 Dec 1559. The v day (of) Dessember was bered in Westmynster abbay my lade Frances (42) the wyff of Hare duke of Suffolke (42), with a gret baner of armes and viij banar-rolles, and a hersse and a viij dosen penselles, and a viij dosen skockyons, and ij haroldes of armes, master Garter (49) and master Clarenshux (49), and mony morners.Funeral of Frances Brandon
On 05 Dec 1559 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (42) was buried in St Edmund's Chapel in Westminster Abbey at a ceremony conducted by Bishop John Jewel 1522-1571 (37). Her daughter Catherine Grey Countess Hertford 1540-1568 (19) was Chief Mourner. Mary Grey 1545-1578 (14) was present. Her effigy was paid for by Adrian Stokes Master of the Horse 1519-1586 (40): recumbent effigy is dressed in the Ermine robes signifying she was a duchess with a pendant around her neck possibly designed by Cornelius Cure.
Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury
Diary of Henry Machyn December 1559. 16 Dec 1559. The xvj day of Desember was the sam man bered in sant Don stones in the est, master Cottell, that was slayne with (the) falle, and he had a sarmon, and all ys compene in ther clothyng, and a grett dener, for ther was mad mon [moan] for hym, and a dolle.... Parker (55) electyd byshope of Canturbere.Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury
Diary of Henry Machyn December 1559. 17 Dec 1559. The xvij day of Desember was the nuw byshope of [Canterbury,] doctur Parker (55), was mad ther at Lambeth.Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury
1559 Consecration of new Bishops
In 1559 five new Bishops were consecrated including:
Archbishop Edwin Sandys 1519-1588 (40) was consecrated Bishop of Worcester.
Bishop William Barlow 1498-1568 (61) was consecrated Bishop of Chichester.
Archbishop Edmund Grindal 1519-1583 (40) was consecrated Bishop of London.
1560 Consecration of new Bishops
Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley
On 08 Sep 1560, the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart 1532-1560 (28) died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place Abingdon. She was married to Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (28), favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (27), who was with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (27) at Windsor Castle at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.
The inquest into her death concluded ...
PAINTINGS/LETTERS/Amy_Robart_Inquisition.jpgInquisition as indenture held at Cumnor in the aforesaid county [Oxfordshire] on 9 September in the second year of the reign of the most dread Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France, and Ireland, defend of the faith, etc., before John Pudsey, gent, a coroner of the said lady queen in the aforesaid county, on inspection of the body of Lady Amy Dudley, late wife of Robert Dudley, knight of the most noble order of the garter, there lying dead: by oath of Richard Smith, gent., Humphrey Lewis, gent., Thomas Moulder, gent., Richard Knight, Thomas Spyre, Edward Stevenson, John Stevenson, Richard Hughes, William Cantrell, William Noble, John Buck, John Keene, Henry Lanlgey, Stephen Ruffyn, and John Sire: which certain jurors, sworn to tell the truth at our request, were adjourned from the aforesaid ninth day onwards day by day very often; and finally various several days were given to them by the selfsame coroner to appear both before the justices of the aforesaid lady queen at the assizes assigned to be held in the aforesaid county and before the same coroner in order there to return their verdict truthfully and speedily, until 1 August in the third year of the reign of the said lady queen; on which day the same jurors say under oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy on 8 September in the aforesaid second year of the reign of the said lady queen, being alone in a certain chamber within the home of a certain Anthony Forster, esq., in the aforesaid Cumnor, and intending to descend the aforesaid chamber by way of certain steps (in English called 'steyres') of the aforesaid chamber there and then accidentally fell precipitously down the aforesaid steps to the very bottom of the same steps, through which the same Lady Amy there and then sustained not only two injuries to her head (in English called 'dyntes') – one of which was a quarter of an inch deep and the other two inches deep – but truly also, by reason of the accidental injury or of that fall and of Lady Amy's own body weight falling down the aforesaid stairs, the same Lady Amy there and then broke her own neck, on account of which certain fracture of the neck the same Lady Amy there and then died instantly; and the aforesaid Lady Amy was found there and then without any other mark or wound on her body; and thus the jurors say on their oath that the aforesaid Lady Amy in the manner and form aforesaid by misfortune came to her death and not otherwise, as they are able to agree at present; in testimony of which fact for this inquest both the aforesaid coroner and also the aforesaid jurors have in turn affixed their seals on the day.
Death of Francis II King France Charles IX Succeeds
On 05 Dec 1560 Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560 (16) died. Charles IX King France 1550-1574 (10) succeeded IX King France: Capet Valois Angoulême. Mary Queen of Scots (17) no longer Queen of France she returned to Scotland arriving at Leith 19 Aug 1561 after having been in France for thirteen years.
1561 Creation of Garter Knights
Diary of Henry Machyn April 1561. 23 Apr 1561. [The xxiij of April, saint George's day, was kept] holy at the quen['s court , . ] her halle in copes to the nombur of XXX, with [O God^ the father of Hewyn, have merce on .. • . and the owtter cowrt to the gatt, and rond abowt st [rewed with rushes ;] and after cam master Garter (51), and master Norres (51), and master dene of the ch[apel, in copes] of cremesun saten, with a crosse of sant Gorge red, and [eleven knights] of the garter in ther robes, and after the Quen('s) (27) grace in [her robes, and] all the garde in ther ryche cottes ; and so bake to the [Chapel,] after serves done, bake thruge the hall to her graces chambur, and that done her grace and the lord(s) wh[ent to dinner,] and her grace wher goodly servyd ; and after the lordes [sitting on one] syd, and servyd in gold and sylver 5 and after dener [there were] knyghtes of the Garter electyd ij, my lord of Shrewsbere (33) [and my] lord of Hunsdon (35) ; and ther wher all the haroldes in ther cote armurs afor the quen('s) grace, master Clarenshux (51), Lanckostur, Rychemond, Wyndsor, Yorke, Chastur, Blumantyl, Ruge-dragon.1561 Creation of Garter Knights.
Diary of Henry Machyn May 1561. 18 May 1561. The xviij day of May was sant Gorge fest keptt at Wyndsor, and ther was stallyd ther the yerle of Shrowsbere (33) and my lord of Hunsdon (35), and the yerle of Arundell (49) was the quens deputte, and the way my lord Monteguw (32) and my lord Pagett (55), and so they came to cherche ; and after matens done, they whent a prosessyon rond about the cherche, so done the mydes and so rond a-bowt, and a X almes-knyghtes in red kyrtylles, and a-loft a robe of purpull cloth syd with a crosse of sant Gorge, and after the verger, and then the clarkes and prestes a xxiiij syngyng the Englys prossessyon in chopes [copes] xxxiiij, and sum of them in gray ames [amices] and in calabur, and then cam my lord of Hunsdun (35), and after my lord Montyguw (32), and after the yerle of Shrowsbere (33), and after my lord Pagett (55), and after the yerle of Arundell (49), all they in their robes, and master Garter (51) and master Norres (51) and master dene in cremesun saten robes, with red crosses on ther shuldurs, and after rod up to the castylle to dener.
1562 News Years Day Gift Giving
On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation. Queen Elizabeth (28) was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie."
For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge (22), a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it. With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange (30) on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange. She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter Mary Tudor (65). Margaret Clifford (22) was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.
Dukes, Marquises and Earls.
By the Marquis of Winchester (79), High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Oxforde (46), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Northumberlande (34), in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.
Bishops. The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.
By the Archbusshop of York (61), in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Duresme (42), in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Ely (69), in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Wynchester (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of London (43), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Salisbury (39), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Worcester (43), in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lyncoln (42), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chychester (64), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Norwich (50), in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Hereforde (52), in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry (48), in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Rochester (48), in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Saint Davies (55), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Duchesses and Countesses.
By the Duchess of Somerset (65), in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Probably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (62) had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.
By the Countess of Surrey, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.
By the Countess of Oxford (36), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager (62), in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager (51), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon (24), in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Northumberland (24), in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Rutland (29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde North (66), in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Windsor (30), in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By Lorde John Graye (38), a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt. Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate. Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (84).
By the Lorde Shefild (24), in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shandowes (40), in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Baroness Howarde (47), in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Mountejoye (30), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon (33), in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d. With her said Majestie. Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.
1562 Battle of Dreux
On 19 Dec 1562 the Battle of Dreux was fought between Catholics, who were victorious, and Huguenots commanded by Anne I Duke of Montmorency 1493-1567 (69) and Louis Bourbon Prince Condé 1530-1569 (32) respectively.
1563 Talbot Herbert Double Wedding
Diary of Henry Machyn February 1563. 15 Feb 1563. The xv day of Feybruary cam rydyng to London [through Ch]epe unto Cold Harbard my yonge lord Talbott (11) with iij skore [horse].1563 Talbot Herbert Double Wedding
Diary of Henry Machyn February 1563. 17 Feb 1563. The xvij day of Feybruary was a dobull marege at [Baynard's] Castyll at the yerle of Pembroke('s) plase, my lord Talbot (11) unto my lade (Anne) Harbard (13), and my lord Harbard of Cardyff (25) unto my lade (13) the [eldest] syster unto my lord Talbot (11); and after was a grett denner as [has] bene sene, for iiij days, and evere nyght gret mummeres and m[asks.]1563 Talbot Herbert Double Wedding
On 17 Feb 1563 at Castle Baynard a double wedding between two pairs of siblings, Talbot and Herbert, took place ...
Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (25) and Catherine Talbot Countess Pembroke 1550-1576 (13) were married. They were fourth cousins.
Francis Talbot 1551-1590 (11) and Anne Herbert 1550-1592 (13) were married. They were third cousins once removed.
Wreck of The Greyhound
On 19 Mar 1563 the Greyhound was wrecked on its journey to Le Havre with the loss of around two-hundred lives.
Brothers John Wentworth 1538-1563 (25) and James Wentworth 1540-1563 (23) drowned.
Diary of Henry Machyn March 1563. 21 Mar 1563. The xxj day of Marche tydynges cam to the cowrt that on off the quen's shypes callyd the Grahond was lost gohyng to Nuwhavyn; the captayn was ser Thomas Fynche (51) knyghtt of Kent, and ys brodur and on of my lord Cobbam('s) brodur and ij of my lord Whentforth ('s) bredurne [John Wentworth 1538-1563 (25) and James Wentworth 1540-1563 (23)] and mony gentyll men and mynstorels; [one] of my lord of Warwyke('s) newys [nephews], and a good mastur; and mony [good] marenars and sawgears [soldiers] to the nombur of (blank)Wreck of The Greyhound
Diary of Henry Machyn May 1563. May 1563. The (blank) day of May was mayd for a gentyllman of Dovre ys nam (blank) the wyche he was drownyd at Rye [going] with ser Thomas Fynche (51); he had a pennon of armes and a cote armur and a dosen of skochyons.
1563 Creation of Garter Knights
Diary of Henry Machyn April 1563. 22 Apr 1563. The xxij day of Aprell, was sant Gorge's evyn, at v of the cloke the knyghtes of the Garter cam downe from the quen('s) chambur thrugh the halle to here chapell, and yt was strod with gren ryssys, [and all] the haroldes in ther cott armurs, master Perkullys, master Ruges-dragon, master Lanckaster, master Rychmond, and master Somersett, and master Norray (65) and master Clarenshux (53), master Garter (53), and master dene, my lord of Hunsdon (37), my lord Montyguw (34), my lord Robartt (30), my lord of Lughborow (42), the yerle of Shrowsbere (35), my lord admeralle (51), my lord chamburlayn, the yerle of Ruttland (36), the yerle of Darbe (53), the marques of Northamtun (51), the duke of Northfoke (27), (the) yerle of Arundell (50), and the yerle of Penbroke (62), and so evere man to ys own plase in the chapell of ther owne sett.... cam a prosessyon up thrugh the halle to .... furst the serjant of the vestre with a sylver rod, [then the] chylderyn in ther surples, and then the qwyre sy[nging the English] prosessyon in copes of cloth of gold to the nombur of .... haroldes of armes and sergantes of armes, furst Ruges[croix and] Ruge-dragon, and then cam master Lonkastur and master Rychmond and master [Somerset;] furst my lord of Hunsdon, my lord Montyguw, my lord Robartt, my lord of Lowthborow, my lord admeralle, my lord chamburlayn, the yerle of Rutland, the yerle of [Shrewsbury,] the yerle of Darbe, the yerle of Penbroke, the marques of [Northampton,] the yerle of Arundell, the duke of Northfoke; and then [master Garter,] master Norres (65), the dene of the chapell, they iij in cremesun saten v[elvet;] and next the byshope of Wynchestur and ser Wylliam Peter in [robes of] cremesun velvett with red crosses on ther robes, and ser .... and the yerle of Northumberland bare the sword, and the(n) the [Queen] in her robe, and master Knolles bare the quen('s) trayn, and after ....1563 Creation of Garter Knights
Diary of Henry Machyn April 1563. 24 Apr 1563. The sam day was elected knyghtes of the Garter the yerle of Northumberland (35) and the yerle of Warwyke (33).1563 Creation of Garter Knights
Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University
In Aug 1564 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (30) visited Cambridge University accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (54) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43). William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.
John Astley Master of the Jewel House 1507-1595 (57) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.
Marriage of Richard Keyes and Mary Grey
On 19 Aug 1565 Thomas Keyes 1523-1571 (41) and Mary Grey 1545-1578 (20) were married. She a great granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Elizabeth Stafford 1546-1599 (19) and Ursula Stafford 1553- (12) were witnesses.
Murder of David Rizzio
On 09 Mar 1566 at eight o'clock in the evening David Rizzio Courtier 1533-1566 (33) was murdered in the presence of the six months Mary Queen of Scots (23) and her half-sister Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333-1588 (33) at Holyrood Palace by rebels led by Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven 1520-1566. Rizzio was dragged through the bed chamber into the adjacent Audience Chamber and stabbed an alleged 57 times. Mary's husband Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 (20) was suspected of being one of the murderers.
As first hes takin our houss slane our maist [most] speciall servand (33) in our awin [own] presence & thaireftir haldin our propper personis captive tressonneblie, quhairby [whereby] we war constrainit to escaipe straitlie about midnyght out of our palice of halliruidhouss to the place quhair [where] we ar for the present, in the grittest danger feir of our lywis & ewill [ill] estate that evir princes on earth stuid [stood] in.
We thotht to have writtin to you this letter with oure awin [own] hand, that therby ye myght have better onestand all our meaning & takin mair [more] familliarlie therewit. Bot of trewt [truth] we ar so tyrit [tired] & ewill [ill] at eass [ease], quhat [what] throw rydding of twenty millis [miles] in v  horis [hours] of the nyght as wit the frequent seikness & weill dispositioun be th’occasioun of our child/that we could not at this tyme as we was willing to have done…
PAINTINGS/LETTERS/Rizzio.jpgYour richt [right] gud sister and cusignes [cousin] Marie R.
Elizabeth I's visit to Oxford University
Murder of Lord Darnley
On 10 Feb 1567 Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 (21) was murdered at Kirk O Field. Around two in the morning two barrels of gunpowder exploded beneath his room. His body and that of his valet William Taylor were found outside, surrounded by a cloak, a dagger, a chair, and a coat. Darnley was dressed only in his nightshirt. There were no visible marks on the body. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood.
On 24 Feb 1567 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (33) wrote to her cousin Mary Queen of Scots (24) regarding the murder of Mary's husband Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 (21) as follows:
PAINTINGS/LETTERS/Murder_of_Lord_Darnley.jpgMy ears have been so astounded and my heart so frightened to hear of the horrible and abominable murder of your husband (21) and my own cousin that I have scarcely spirit to write: yet I cannot conceal that I grieve more for you than him. I should not do the office of a faithful cousin and friend, if I did not urge you to preserve your honour, rather than look through your fingers at revenge on those who have done you that pleasure as most people say. I counsel you so to take this matter to heart, that you may show the world what a noble Princess and loyal woman you are. I write thus vehemently not that I doubt, but for affection. [Translated from the French; extract – lines 1-12]
On 02 Jun 1581 James Douglas 4th Earl Morton 1516-1581 (65) was executed for his part in the murder of Lord Darnley.
Marriage of Mary "Queen of Scots" and Lord Bothwell
On 15 May 1567 James "Lord Bothwell" Hepburn 1st Duke Orkney 1534-1578 (33) and Mary Queen of Scots (24) were married in the Great Hall Holyrood House They were half third cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Battle of St Denis
On 10 Nov 1567 brothers John Norreys 1547-1597 and William Norreys 1548-1579 (19) were present at St Denis during the Battle of St Denis.
Mary Queen of Scots escapes from Lochleven Castle
On 02 May 1568 Mary Queen of Scots (25) escaped from Lochleven Castle, Kinross with the help of George Douglas of Helenhill (brother of William Douglas 6th Earl Morton 1540-1606 (28), the castle's owner) and Claud Hamilton 1st Lord Paisley 1546-1621 (21).
Battle of Langside
On 13 May 1568 the army of Mary Queen of Scots (25) commanded by Archibald Campbell 5th Earl Argyll 1534-1573 (34) was defeated by the army of the Regent her illegitimate half-brother James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 (37).
John Campbell -1568 was killed.
Claud Hamilton 1st Lord Paisley 1546-1621 (21) and George Seton 7th Lord Seton 1531-1586 (37) fought for the Queen.
Mary Queen of Scots escapes to England
On 16 May 1568 Mary Queen of Scots (25) escaped across the Solway Firth into England. The following day, 17 May 1568 she wrote to her cousin Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (34) from Workington Hall. The letter states ...
describes the treasonable actions of her enemies, who ‘have robbed me of everything I had in the world’ and expresses her confidence in Elizabeth ‘not only for the safety of my life, but also to aid and assist me in my just quarrel’. Describing herself as Elizabeth’s ‘very faithful and affectionate good sister, cousin and escaped prisoner, Mary begs for an audience; ‘I entreat you to send to fetch me as soon as you possibly can’, for ‘I am’, she bemoans, ‘in a pitiable condition, not only for a queen, but for a gentlewoman, for I have nothing in the world but what I had on my person when I made my escape, travelling sixty miles across the country the first day, and not having since ever ventured to proceed except by night, as I hope to declare before you if it pleases you to have pity, as I trust you will, upon my extreme misfortune.’'
Battle of Jarnac
Rising of the North
In 1569 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (27) provided signal service in suppressing the Northern Rebellion of 1569, serving as high marshal of the field under Ambrose Dudley 3rd Earl Warwick 1530-1590 (39) and Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (57).
In 1569 Charles Neville 6th Earl Westmoreland 1542-1601 (26) took part during the Rising of the North.
James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Assassinated by Firearm
On 23 Jan 1570 James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 (39) was assassinated at Linlithgow by James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, a supporter of Mary Queen of Scots (27). Elizabeth Stewart 2nd Countess Moray 1565-1591 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Moray 5C 1562. As he was passing in a cavalcade in the main street below, Hamilton fatally wounded him with a carbine shot from a window of his uncle Archbishop Hamilton's (57) house. He was the first head of government to be assassinated by a firearm.
Around Mar 1571 the Ridolphi Plot was a Catholic plan to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (37) and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots (28) would would marry Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34). Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (37) and Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34) were cousins through their Great Grandmother Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.
On 29 Aug 1571 Norfolk's secretaries William Barker and Robert Higford entrusted to Thomas Browne, a Shrewsbury draper, what was purported to be a bag of silver coin for delivery to Laurence Bannister, one of Norfolk's officials in the north of England. Browne grew suspicious of the bag's weight, opened it, and discovered 600 pounds in gold from the French ambassador, destined for Scotland on Mary's behalf, and ciphered letters. Because he knew Norfolk was under suspicion, Browne reported his find to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (50), the Secretary of State. Higford and Barker were interrogated, the letters were partly deciphered, and a search for the cipher key at Howard House uncovered a ciphered letter from Mary Stuart hidden under a doormat. Ridolphi Plot
On 07 Sep 1571 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (35) was imprisoned at Tower of London for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.
George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (44) was appointed Lord High Steward for the trial.
In 1660 Thomas Howard 5th Duke Norfolk 1627-1677 (32) was restored 5th Duke Norfolk 3C 1483 by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (59) in response to a petition by Parliament it having previusly been forfeited in 1572 by his great-great-grandfather Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 who had been executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.
1571 Triple Wedding
On 16 Dec 1571 a triple wedding was celebrated ...
Edward Dudley 4th Baron Dudley 1525-1586 (46) and Mary Howard Baroness Dudley 1548-1600 (23) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Dudley.
Jul 1575 Rathlin Island Massacre
Before 25 Jul 1575 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 ordered Francis Drake Privateer 1540-1596 and John Norreys 1547-1597 to confront Scottish refugees on Rathlin Island, County Antrim. On 25 Jul 1575 the garrison surrendered.
After 26 Jul 1575 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 wrote to Francis Walsingham Secretary 1532-1590 that Sorley Boy MacDonnell watched the massacre from the mainland helplessly and was "like to run mad from sorrow".
On 26 Jul 1575 the English forces killed more than six hundred Scots and Irish men, women and children. The entire family of Sorley Boy MacDonnell were killed.
Coronation and Marriage of Henry III King France
On 13 Feb 1575 Henry III King France 1551-1589 (23) was crowned III King France: Capet Valois Angoulême at Reims Cathedral.
1577 Oxford Black Assizes
Around Mar 1577 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred in Oxford killing around 300 people.
After 25 Jul 1577 Robert Bell Chief Baron of the Exchequer 1539-1577 (38) died of gaol fever.
In Jul 1577 Thomas D'Oyly -1577 died.
Francis Walsingham's Mission to the Low Countries
Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings
On 04 Aug 1578 Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 (24) was killed at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings. He was succeeded by his great uncle Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portgal 1512-1580.