9th Century Events is in 1st Millennium.
Coronation of Charlemgne as Holy Roman Emperor
On 25 Dec 800 Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor 742-814 (58) was crowned Holy Roman Emperor at St Peter's Basilica by Pope Leo III.
Coronation of Charles "Younger" King Franks
On 25 Dec 800 Charles "Younger" King Franks 772-811 (28) was crowned King of the Franks.
Battle of Kempsford
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 800-849. 800. This year was the moon eclipsed, at eight in the evening, on the seventeenth day before the calends of February; and soon after died King Bertric and Alderman Worr. Egbert (27) succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom; and the same day Ethelmund, alderman of the Wiccians, rode over the Thames at Kempsford; where he was met by Alderman Woxtan, with the men of Wiltshire, and a terrible conflict ensued, in which both the commanders were slain, but the men of Wiltshire obtained the victory.
In 802 Æthelmund Alderman Hwicce -802 and Weohstan Alderman Wiltshire were killed.
Death of Charlemagne
On 28 Jan 814 Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor 742-814 (71) died. Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks 778-840 (36) succeeded King of the Franks.
Battle of Ellendun
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 800-849. 823. This year a battle was fought between the Welsh in Cornwall and the people of Devonshire, at Camelford; and in the course of the same year Egbert, king of the West-Saxons (50), and Bernwulf, King of Mercia, fought a battle at Wilton, in which Egbert (50) gained the victory, but there was great slaughter on both sides. Then sent he his son Ethelwulf into Kent, with a large detachment from the main body of the army, accompanied by his bishop, Elstan, and his alderman, Wulfherd; who drove Baldred, the king, northward over the Thames. Whereupon the men of Kent immediately submitted to him; as did also the inhabitants of Surrey, and Sussex, and Essex; who had been unlawfully kept from their allegiance by his relatives. The same year also, the king of the East-Angles, and his subjects besought King Egbert (50) to give them peace and protection against the terror of the Mercians; whose king, Bernwulf, they slew in the course of the same year.
In Sep 825 Beornwulf King Mercia -852 defeated Ecgberht, King of Wessex (52), at the Battle of Ellendun replacing Mercian with Wessex dominance over the Saxon Heptarchy. Sir Frank Stenton described it as 'one of the most decisive battles of English history'. The location of the battle is not known although a number of locations have been suggested: Wroughton, Lydiard Park Swindon and Wilton.
Battle of Charmouth
Battle of Hingston Down
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 800-849. 838. Text 835AD. This year came a great naval armament into West-Wales, where they were joined by the people, who commenced war against Egbert (65), the West-Saxon king. When he heard this, he proceeded with his army against them and fought with them at Hengeston, where he put to flight both the Welsh and the Danes.
Battle of Fontenay
On 25 Jun 841 Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes -852 fought at Fontenay, Yonne during the Battle of Fontenay: Franks.
On 11 May 1745 the allied army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (24) was defeated by a French army at the Battle of Fontenay.
Louis 6th Duke of Gramont 1689-1745 (55) was killed. Antoine 7th Duke Gramont 1722-1801 (23) succeeded 7th Duke Gramont.
Battle of Blain aka Messac
On 24 May 843 the Battle of Blain aka Messac was a battle between Brittany and the County of Nantes over control of Nantes which, at that time, was controlled by the Frankish Kingdom. The Franks were defeated.
Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes -852 commanded the Breton army.
Renaud Count of Herbauges, Poitiers and Nantes 795-843, who commaned the army of Nantes, was killed the following day.
Battle of Ballon
On 22 Nov 845 Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes -852 fought at Redon during the Battle of Ballon.
Battle of Oakley
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849 887 Page 1. 851. After these things, the aforesaid pagan host went into Surrey, which is a district situated on the south bank of the River Thames, and to the west of Kent. And Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons, and his son Ethelbald, with all their army, fought a long time against them at a place called Ac-lea, i.e. the Oak-plain, and there, after a lengthened battle, which was fought with much bravery on both sides, the greater part of the pagan multitude was destroyed and cut to pieces, so that we never heard of their being so defeated, either before or since, in any country, in one day; and the Christians gained an honourable victory, and were triumphant over their graves.
Battle of Ockley
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 851. This year Alderman Ceorl, with the men of Devonshire, fought the heathen army at Wemburg, and after making great slaughter obtained the victory. The same year King Athelstan and Alderman Elchere fought in their ships, and slew a large army at Sandwich in Kent, taking nine ships and dispersing the rest. The heathens now for the first time remained over winter in the Isle of Thanet. The same year came three hundred and fifty ships into the mouth of the Thames; the crew of which went upon land, and stormed Canterbury and London; putting to flight Bertulf, king of the Mercians, with his army; and then marched southward over the Thames into Surrey. Here Ethelwulf and his son Ethelbald, at the head of the West-Saxon army, fought with them at Ockley, and made the greatest slaughter of the heathen army that we have ever heard reported to this present day. There also they obtained the victory.
Battle of Jengland
On 22 Aug 851 Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes -852 fought at Grand Fougeray during the Battle of Jengland.
Battle of the Isle of Thanet
In 853 Alderman Huda -853 was killed at the Battle of the Isle of Thanet.
In 853 Earl Ealhere -853 was killed at the Battle of the Isle of Thanet.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 853. This year Burhred, King of Mercia, with his council, besought King Ethelwulf to assist him to subdue North-Wales. He did so; and with an army marched over Mercia into North-Wales, and made all the inhabitants subject to him. The same year King Ethelwulf sent his son Alfred to Rome (4); and Leo, who was then pope, consecrated him king, and adopted him as his spiritual son. The same year also Elchere with the men of Kent, and Huda with the men of Surrey, fought in the Isle of Thanet with the heathen army, and soon obtained the victory; but there were many men slain and drowned on either hand, and both the aldermen killed. Burhred, the Mercian king, about this time received in marriage the daughter (15) of Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons.
Battle of Winchester
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 860. This year died King Ethelbald, and his body lies at Sherborn. Ethelbert his brother then succeeded to the whole kingdom, and held it in good order and great tranquillity. In his days came a large naval force up into the country, and stormed Winchester. But Alderman Osric, with the command of Hampshire, and Alderman Ethelwulf, with the command of Berkshire, fought against the enemy, and putting them to flight, made themselves masters of the field of battle. The said Ethelbert reigned five years, and his body lies at Sherborn.
Death of King Æthelwulf
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849 887 Page 1. Now king Ethelwulf lived two years after his return from Rome; during which, among many other good deeds of this present life, reflecting on his departure according to the way of all flesh, that his sons might not quarrel unreasonably after their father's death, he ordered a will or letter of instructions to be written, in which he ordered that his kingdom should be divided between his two eldest sons, his private inheritance between his sons, his daughters, and his relations, and the money which he left behind him between his sons and nobles, and for the good of his soul. Of this prudent policy we have thought fit to record a few instances out of many for posterity to imitate; namely, such as are understood to belong principally to the needs of the soul; for the others, which relate only to human dispensation, it is not necessary to insert in this work, lest prolixity should create disgust in those who read or wish to hear my work. For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, either native or foreigner, should be supplied with meat, drink, and clothing, by his successors, until the day of judgment; supposing, however, that the country should still be inhabited both by men and cattle, and should not become deserted. He commanded also a large sum of money, namely, three hundred mancuses, to be carried to Rome for the good of his soul, to be distributed in the following manner: namely, a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Peter, specially to buy oil for the lights of the church of that apostle on Easter eve, and also at the cock-crow: a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Paul, for the same purpose of buying oil for the church of St. Paul the apostle, to light the lamps on Easter eve and at the cock-crow; and a hundred mancuses for the universal apostolic pontiff.
Death of King Æthelwulf
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849 887 Page 1. But when king Ethelwulf was dead, and buried at Stemrugam [Note. Possibly Winchester Old Minster], his son Ethelbald, contrary to God's prohibition and the dignity of a Christian, contrary also to the custom of all the pagans, ascended his father's bed, and married Judith (14), daughter of Charles (34), king of the Franks, and drew down much infamy upon himself from all who heard of it. During two years and a half of licentiousness after his father he held the government of the West-Saxons.Death of King Æthelwulf
On 13 Jan 858 Æthelwulf King Wessex -858 died. Æthelbald King Wessex -860 succeeded King Wessex.
Death of King Æthelbald
In 860 Æthelbald King Wessex -860 died. Æthelberht King Wessex -865 succeeded King Wessex.
Battle of York
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 867. This year the army went from the East-Angles over the mouth of the Humber to the Northumbrians, as far as York. And there was much dissension in that nation among themselves; they had deposed their king Osbert, and had admitted Aella, who had no natural claim. Late in the year, however, they returned to their allegiance, and they were now fighting against the common enemy; having collected a vast force, with which they fought the army at York; and breaking open the town, some of them entered in. Then was there an immense slaughter of the Northumbrians, some within and some without; and both the kings were slain on the spot. The survivors made peace with the army. The same year died Bishop Ealstan, who had the bishopric of Sherborn fifty winters, and his body lies in the town.
On 21 Mar 867 Ælla King of Northumbria -867 was killed during the Battle of York.
On 21 Mar 867 Osberht King of Northumbria -867 was killed during the Battle of York.
Death of King Æthelberht
In 865 Æthelberht King Wessex -865 died. Æthelred King Wessex 847-871 (18) succeeded King Wessex. Wulfthryth Unknown Queen Anglo Saxons by marriage Queen Anglo Saxons.
Battle of Brissarthe
On 02 Jul 866 Ranulf I Duke Aquitaine 820-866 (46) and Robert "Strong" King West Francia 830-866 (36) were killed fighting the joint Breton-Viking army at the Battle of Brissarthe at Brissarthe.
Battle of Englefield
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 871. This year came the army to Reading in Wessex; and in the course of three nights after rode two earls up, who were met by Alderman Ethelwulf (46) at Englefield; where he fought with them, and obtained the victory. There one of them was slain, whose name was Sidrac.
Battle of Reading
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 04 Jan 871. About four nights after this, King Ethered (24) and Alfred (22) his brother led their main army to Reading, where they fought with the enemy; and there was much slaughter on either hand, Alderman Ethelwulf (46) being among the skain; but the Danes kept possession of the field.
On 04 Jan 871 Æthelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred the Great's (22) army attacked, but were repulsed by, the Viking army at Battle of Reading at Reading. Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (46) was killed.
On 09 Dec 1688 the Battle of Reading was fought between supporters of King James II (55) and King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38). King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) was victorious. Thereafter King James II (55) fled to France and King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) acceeded.
Battle of Ashdown
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 08 Jan 871. And about four nights after this, King Ethered (24) and Alfred (22) his brother fought with all the army on Ashdown, and the Danes were overcome. They had two heathen kings, Bagsac and Healfden, and many earls; and they were in two divisions; in one of which were Bagsac and Healfden, the heathen kings, and in the other were the earls. King Ethered (24) therefore fought with the troops of the kings, and there was King Bagsac slain; and Alfred (24) his brother fought with the troops of the earls, and there were slain Earl Sidrac the elder, Earl Sidrac the younger, Earl Osbern, Earl Frene, and Earl Harold. They put both the troops to flight; there were many thousands of the slain, and they continued fighting till night.
On 08 Jan 871 Alfred "The Great" King Wessex 849-899 (22) defeated the Viking army led by Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 at the Battle of Ashdown in Berkshire. Bagsecg Viking -871 was killed.
Battle of Basing
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. Around 22 Jan 871. Within a fortnight of this, King Ethered (24) and Alfred (22) his brother fought with the army at Basing; and there the Danes had the victory.
Battle of Marton
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. Around 22 Mar 871. About two months after this, King Ethered (24) and Alfred (22) his brother fought with the army at Marden. They were in two divisions; and they put them both to flight, enjoying the victory for some time during the day; and there was much slaughter on either hand; but the Danes became masters of the field; and there was slain Bishop Heahmund, with many other good men. After this fight came a vast army in the summer to Reading. And after the Easter of this year died King Ethered (24). He reigned five years, and his body lies at Winburn-minster. Then Alfred (22), his brother, the son of Ethelwulf, took to the kingdom of Wessex.
Around 22 Mar 871 Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 defeated the Wessex army led by Æthelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred "The Great" King Wessex 849-899 (22) at the Battle of Marton. The location of 'Marton' is not known; suggestions include Marden in Wiltshire and Winterborne St Martin in Dorset. Heahmund Wessex Bishop of Sherborne -871 was killed.
On 23 Apr 871 Æthelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) died possibly as a result of wounds received at the Battle of Marton which took place a month earlier.
Battle of Wilton
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. Around Apr 871. And within a month of this, King Alfred (22) fought against all the Army with a small force at Wilton, and long pursued them during the day; but the Danes got possession of the field. This year were nine general battles fought with the army in the kingdom south of the Thames; besides those skirmishes, in which Alfred the king's brother, and every single alderman, and the thanes of the king, oft rode against them; which were accounted nothing. This year also were slain nine earls, and one king; and the same year the West-Saxons made peace with the army.
Battle of Edington
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. Around 12 May 878. Then, in the seventh week after Easter, he rode to Brixton by the eastern side of Selwood; and there came out to meet him all the people of Somersersetshire, and Wiltshire, and that part of Hampshire which is on this side of the sea; and they rejoiced to see him. Then within one night he went from this retreat to Hey; and within one night after he proceeded to Heddington; and there fought with all the army, and put them to flight, riding after them as far as the fortress, where he remained a fortnight. Then the army gave him hostages with many oaths, that they would go out of his kingdom. They told him also, that their king would receive baptism. And they acted accordingly; for in the course of three weeks after, King Guthrum, attended by some thirty of the worthiest men that were in the army, came to him at Aller, which is near Athelney, and there the king became his sponsor in baptism; and his crisom-leasing was at Wedmor. He was there twelve nights with the king (29), who honoured him and his attendants with many presents.
Treaty of Wedmore
Around Aug 878 Guthrum Viking -890 agreed to leave Wessex, to be baptised and to accept Alfred "The Great" King Wessex 849-899 (29) as his adoptive father. Known as Treaty of Wedmore.
Death of Carloman II King West Francia
Death of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 887. This year the army advanced beyond the bridge at Paris; and then upwards, along the Seine, to the Marne. Then upwards on the Marne as far as Chezy; and in their two stations, there and on the Yonne, they abode two winters. This same year died Charles, king of the Franks (47). Arnulf, his brother's son, had six weeks before his death bereft him of his kingdom; which was now divided into five portions, and five kings were consecrated thereto. This, however, was done with the consent of Arnulf; and they agreed that they should hold in subjection to him; because none of them had by birth any claim on the father's side, except him alone. Arnulf, therefore, dwelt in the country eastward of the Rhine; Rodulf took to the middle district; Oda to the western; whilst Berenger and Witha became masters of Lombardy and the Cisalpine territory. But they held their dominion in great discord; fought two general battles, and frequently overran the country in partial encounters, displacing each other several times. The same year also, in which the Danish army advanced beyond the bridge at Paris, Alderman Ethelhelm led the alms of the West-Saxons and of King Alfred to Rome.
On 13 Jan 888 Charles "Fat" King East Francia Holy Roman Emperor III King West Francia King Aquitaine 839-888 (48) died.
Battle of Farnham
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 894. This year, that was about twelve months after they had wrought a work in the eastern district, the Northumbrians and East-Angles had given oaths to King Alfred (45), and the East-Angles six hostages; nevertheless, contrary to the truce, as oft as the other plunderers went out with all their army, then went they also, either with them, or in a separate division. Upon this King Alfred gathered his army, and advanced, so that he encamped between the two armies at the highest point he could find defended by wood and by water, that he might reach either, if they would seek any field. Then went they forth in quest of the wealds, in troops and companies, wheresoever the country was defenceless. But they were also sought after most days by other companies, either by day or by night, both from the army and also from the towns. The king had divided his army into two parts; so that they were always half at home, half out; besides the men that should maintain the towns. The army came not all out of their stations more than twice; once, when they first came to land, ere the forces were collected, and again, when they wished to depart from their stations. They had now seized much booty, and would ferry it northward over Thames into Essex, to meet their ships. But the army rode before them, fought with them at Farnham, routed their forces, and there arrested the booty. And they flew over Thames without any ford, then up by the Colne on an island. Then the king's forces beset them without as long as they had food; but they had their time set, and their meat noted. And the king was advancing thitherwards on his march with the division that accompanied him. But while he was advancing thitherwards, the other force was returning homewards. The Danes, however, still remained behind; for their king was wounded in the fight, so that they could not carry him. Then collected together those that dwell in Northumbria and East-Anglia about a hundred ships, and went south about; and with some forty more went north about, and besieged a fort in Devonshire by the north sea; and those who went south about beset Exeter. When the king heard that, then went he west towards Exeter with all his force, except a very considerable part of the eastern army, who advanced till they came to London; and there being joined by the citizens and the reinforcements that came from the west, they went east to Barnfleet. Hasten was there with his gang, who before were stationed at Milton, and also the main army had come thither, that sat before in the mouth of the Limne at Appledore. Hasten had formerly constructed that work at Barnfleet, and was then gone out on plunder, the main army being at home. Then came the king's troops, and routed the enemy, broke down the work, took all that was therein money, women, and children and brought all to London. And all the ships they either broke to pieces, or burned, or brought to London or to Rochester. And Hasten's wife and her two sons they brought to the king, who returned them to him, because one of them was his godson, and the other Alderman Ethered's. They had adopted them ere Hasten came to Bamfleet; when he had given them hostages and oaths, and the king had also given him many presents; as he did also then, when he returned the child and the wife. And as soon as they came to Bamfleet, and the work was built, then plundered he in the same quarter of his kingdom that Ethered his compeer should have held; and at another time he was plundering in the same district when his work was destroyed. The king then went westward with the army toward Exeter, as I before said, and the army had beset the city; but whilst he was gone they went to their ships. Whilst he was thus busied there with the army, in the west, the marauding parties were both gathered together at Shobury in Essex, and there built a fortress. Then they both went together up by the Thames, and a great concourse joined them, both from the East-Angles and from the Northumbrians. They then advanced upward by the Thames, till they arrived near the Severn. Then they proceeded upward by the Severn. Meanwhile assembled Alderman Ethered, Alderman Ethelm, Alderman Ethelnoth, and the king's thanes, who were employed at home at the works, from every town east of the Parret, as well as west of Selwood, and from the parts east and also north of the Thames and west of the Severn, and also some part of North-Wales. When they were all collected together, they overtook the rear of the enemy at Buttington on the banks of the Severn, and there beset them without on each side in a fortress. When they had sat there many weeks on both sides of the water, and the king meanwhile was in Devonshire westward with the naval force, then were the enemy weighed down with famine. They had devoured the greater part of their horses; and the rest had perished with hunger. Then went they out to the men that sat on the eastern side of the river, and fought with them; but the Christians had the victory. And there Ordhelm, the king's thane, was slain; and also many other king's thanes; and of the Danes there were many slain, and that part of them that came away escaped only by flight. As soon as they came into Essex to their fortress, and to their ships, then gathered the remnant again in East-Anglia and from the Northumbrians a great force before winter, and having committed their wives and their ships and their booty to the East-Angles, they marched on the stretch by day and night, till they arrived at a western city in Wirheal that is called Chester. There the army could not overtake them ere they arrived within the work: they beset the work though, without, some two days, took all the cattle that was thereabout, slew the men whom they could overtake without the work, and all the corn they either burned or consumed with their horses every evening. That was about a twelvemonth since they first came hither over sea.
Odo I King West Francia succeeded by Charles "Simple"
On 01 Jan 898 Odo I King West Franks 857-898 (41) died. Charles "Simple" III King West Francia 879-929 (18) succeeded III King West Francia.
Death of King Alfred the Great