Beheaded is in Executions.
On 22 Jun 209 (or 251 or 304) St Alban -209 was beheaded.
On 20 May 794 Æthelberht II King East Anglia -794 was beheaded on the orders of Offa King Mercia -796.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle William The Conqueror. 1076. This year also was Earl Waltheof beheaded at Winchester, on the mass-day of St. Petronilla; (99) and his body was carried to Croyland, where he lies buried. King William (48) now went over sea, and led his army to Brittany, and beset the castle of Dol; but the Bretons defended it, until the king (23) came from France; whereupon William (48) departed thence, having lost there both men and horses, and many of his treasures.
99. This notice of St. Petronilla, whose name and existence seem scarcely to have been known to the Latin historians, we owe exclusively to the valuable MS. "Cotton Tiberius" B lv. Yet if ever female saint deserved to be commemorated as a conspicuous example of early piety and christian zeal, it must be Petronilla.
On 31 May 1076 Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl of Northampton 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076 was beheaded at St Gile's Hill Winchester. His daughter Maud Northumbria 3rd Countess Huntingdon and Northampton Queen Consort Scotland 1074-1131 (2) succeeded 3rd Earl Huntingdon 1C 1065.
On 18 Jan 1256 Maria Reginar Duchess Bavaria 1226-1256 (30) was beheaded having been accused of adultery by her husband Louis "Strict" Wittelsbach II Duke Upper Bavaria 1229-1294 (26) although there was no proof.
On 12 Aug 1270 Alan Zouche 1203-1270 (67) was beheaded at Winchester.
In 1276 Pope Gregory X 1230-1276 (46) was beheaded.
On 19 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) was taken to Blacklow Hill Leek Wooton where he was beheaded. Blacklow Hill Leek Wooton being outside of the Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315's lands. Gaveston's body was left where it lay eventually being recovered by Dominican friars who took it to Oxford.
On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) was beheaded at Pontefract Castle.
On 14 Apr 1322 Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) was tried by Henry Cobham 1st Baron Cobham 1260-1339 (62) at Canterbury.
Sentenced to death Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) was drawn for three miles behind a horse to Blean, where he held property, where he was beheaded. His head was displayed on the Burgh Gate at Canterbury and the rest of his body left hanging at Blean. He was buried at Whitefriars.
On 17 Nov 1326 Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (41) was beheaded with a blunt sword requiring twenty-two strokes at Hereford. His son Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (20) succeeded 10th Earl Arundel Sussex.
On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle. His son Edmund Plantagenet 2nd Earl Kent 1326-1331 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Kent 5C 1321. The executioner was a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. Edmund had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). King Edward III England (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65).
Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.
On 14 Jun 1381 Robert Hales 1325-1381 (56) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.
Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.
Alexander Neville Archbishop of York 1341-1392 (47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle. He fled to Louvain where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.
On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian Chief Justice -1388 was hanged naked and his throat cut.
On 25 Mar 1388 Nicholas Brembre Lord Mayor of London -1388 was hanged. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars.
On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley (46).
On 12 May 1388 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp 1319-1388 (69) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral.
Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted.
On 21 Sep 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was tried at Westminster.
He was beheaded at Tower Hill immediately thereafter. His son Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (15) succeeded 10th Earl Surrey 1C 1088, 12th Earl Arundel Sussex.
On 29 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49), Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy Speaker of the House of Commons -1399 were beheaded at Bristol Castle Bristol.
On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Baron Lumley 1C 1384 forfeit.
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (26) was beheaded. His brother Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (16) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 6C 1360, 5th Baron Holland.
John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) was captured, tried and beheaded.
Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured.
On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) was beheaded at Bristol.
On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was tried, and condemned to death, by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London for his role in the Epiphany Rising having been captured in Cirencester.
On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was beheaded at Tyburn. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.
On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31).
Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) were killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.
John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.
On 08 Jun 1405 before a great crowd at York ...
Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) was beheaded. Possibly the only execution of an Archbishop that occurred in England.
Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded. His brother John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Norfolk 3C 1312, 3rd Earl Nottingham 2C 1383, 8th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 9th Baron Segrave 2C 1295.
On 20 Jul 1405 John Fauconberg -1405 was beheaded in Durham.
On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) and Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were beheaded at the North Gate aka Bargate for their roles in the Southampton Plot.
Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.
On 24 May 1425 Murdoch Stewart 2nd Duke Albany 1362-1425 (63),Walter Stewart 1394-1425 (31),Alexander Stewart -1425 and Duncan Lennox 8th Earl Lennox 1345-1425 (80) were beheaded at Heading Hill Stirling Castle
In 1437 Walter Stewart 1st Earl Atholl 1360-1437 (77) was beheaded at Edinburgh Castle.
On 24 Nov 1440 William Crichton -1454 arranged a dinner of reconciliation at the Great Hall, Edinburgh Castle. During the course of the dinner the young brothers William Douglas 3rd Duke Touraine 1424-1440 (16) and David Douglas 1430-1440 (10) was beheaded in front of the young James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (10).
In 1447 Gruffudd Vychan 1395-1447 (52) was beheaded at Powis Castle.
On 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. On 01 May 1450 His son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 5th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.
On 04 Jul 1450 the rebels were beheaded at the Standard Cheapside.
James Fiennes 1st Baron Saye and Sele 1395-1450 (55) was beheaded. His son William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (22) succeeded 2nd Baron Saye and Sele.
His son in law William Cromer 1416-1450 (34) was beheaded.
On 07 Jun 1450 Humphrey Stafford 1400-1450 (50) was killed at Sevenoaks. William Tresham -1450 was indicted for treason. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (31) joined the rebellion.
On 25 Jun 1460 Osbert Mountfort -1460 and two of his associates were beheaded on the sands at the foot of the Rysbank Tower by Yorkist sailors.
On 29 Jul 1460 Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (58) was beheaded at Tyburn.
On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was killed. His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (30), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.
Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed.
Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed on Wakefield Bridge by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".
On 02 Feb 1461 following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place Hereford. He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church Hereford in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2). Somewhat curious that his other son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) didn't contribute although the political situation may have made it difficult to do so.
Memorial to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) in the Market Place Hereford. Somewhat icongruously between a toddlers merry-go-round and a baked potato stall on the day of our visit.
On 17 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 4th or 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26), Henry Roos -1504 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33).
Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39). After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) was beheaded. His great granddaughter Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded 7th Baron Harington, 2nd Baron Bonville.
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded.
On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod 1433-1461 (28), Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton 1436-1461 (25) and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.
Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (30), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440-1484 (21) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45), Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86), Andrew Trollope -1461 and his son David Trollope -1461 were killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.
On 01 May 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) was beheaded at Newcastle upon Tyne having been captured at, or after, the Battle of Towton. His brother John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) succeeded 6th Earl Ormonde 1C 1328.
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54), John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36).
Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle. His brother Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (25) succeeded 4th Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He Edmund is frequently referred as the 4th Duke. His father's (58) Dukedom was, however, a new creation.
Philip Wentworth 1424-1464 (40) was executed at Middleham.
On 26 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) was beheaded at Sandhills Newcastle upon Tyne having been captured at the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at Greyfriar's Church Newcastle upon Tyne. His son Robert Tailboys 8th Baron Kyme 1450-1495 (14) de jure 8th Baron Kyme. Elizabeth Heron Baroness Kyme 1453-1495 (11) by marriage Baroness Kyme.
In 1468 Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Desmond -1468 and Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Kildare 1421-1478 (47) attended Parliament in Drogheda to answer charges of treason. Both were found guilty and attain. Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Desmond -1468 sought sanctuary in Drogheda Priory where he was captured by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40). On 14 Feb 1468 Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Desmond -1468 was summarily beheaded. He was buried initially in St Peter's Church Drogheda then Christ Church Cathedral Dublin. Some accounts claim John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) also murdered two of his young sons. Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Kildare 1421-1478 (47) escaped and was subsequently pardoned and attainder reversed when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) found Ireland was ungovernable without him. In 1470 Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Kildare 1421-1478 (49) was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland under George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) which position he held until the Duke's death in 1478.
On 17 Jan 1469 Warwick's supporters were executed in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26):
Thomas Hungerford -1469 was beheaded. His father Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (38) had been executed five years previously after the Battle of Hexham.
Henry Courtenay -1469 was beheaded.
On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor. The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (34) and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (46).
Thomas Vaughan 1400-1469 (69), John Wogan -1469, Henry Neville 1437-1469 (32), John Conyers 1433-1469 (36) and Oliver Dudley 1437-1469 (32) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (30), John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (58) and William Parr KG 1434-1483 (35) fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and John Woodville 1445-1469 (24) were captured.
Richard Herbert 1423-1469 (46) was beheaded.
On 12 Aug 1469 Woodvilles father and son were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle by supporters of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40).
Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) was beheaded. His son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (29) succeeded 2nd Earl Rivers 1C 1466. Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers -1473 by marriage Countess Rivers.
John Woodville 1445-1469 (24) was beheaded.
On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.
On 12 Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (42) and Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 (42) were beheaded at Queen's Cross Stamford. Note. Some sources say on battlefield immediately prior to the battle.
On 19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470 was beheaded at Doncaster. He was buried at Whitefriars Doncaster. His sister Joan Welles 9th Baroness Willoughby Eresby -1475 succeeded 9th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1433-1503 (37) by marriage Baron Willoughby de Eresby. He, Hastings, a favourite of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27), younger brother of Edward's (27) great friend William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (39).
On 18 Oct 1470 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (43) was beheaded at Tower Green Tower of London. On 14 Apr 1471 His son Edward Tiptoft 2nd Earl Worcester 1470-1485 succeeded 2nd Earl Worcester 4C 1449, 3rd Baron Tiptoft.
In 1471 Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (61) was beheaded at Chepstow aka Striguil.
On 19 Dec 1475 Louis Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol 1418-1475 (57) was beheaded at Paris. His son Peter Luxemburg II Count Saint Pol and Soissons 1440-1482 (35) succeeded II Count Saint Pol. Margaret Savoy Countess Saint Pol 1439-1483 (36) by marriage Countess Saint Pol.
On 04 Aug 1477 Jacques Armagnac Duke Nemours 1433-1477 (44) was beheaded.
On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63), Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28). During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46).
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green Tower of London. He was buried in North Aisle St George's Chapel Windsor Castle next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (41). His son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings Baron Botreaux 1466-1506 (16) succeeded 2nd Baron Hastings 2C 1430.
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.
On 25 Jun 1483 supporters of the Woodviles were executed at Pontefract Castle ...
Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded. His brother Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) succeeded 3rd Earl Rivers 1C 1466.
Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26) and Thomas Vaughan (73) were beheaded.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion. His son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded 8th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 9th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 12 Mar 1491 Robert Chamberlayne 1438-1491 (53) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 16 Feb 1495 William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (60) and Simon Montfort -1495 were beheaded at Tower Hill for their part in the Perkin Warbeck Plot.
On 28 Jun 1497 James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 (34) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Blackfriars Church Holborn. His head was placed on a spike at London Bridge. His lands and titles were forfeit.
On 21 Aug 1497 Lorenzo Tornabuoni 1465-1497 (32) was beheaded for scheming with France against Florence.
On 17 Aug 1510 Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 (48) and Richard Empson 1450-1510 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill for constructive treason for having carried out King Henry VII's (53) rigorous and arbitrary system of taxation. The new King Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (19) attempting to distance himself from his father's policies.
On 30 Apr 1513 Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 (42) was beheaded at Tower Hill after having been imprisoned for seven years.
On 22 Jun 1535 John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (65) was beheaded on Tower Hill.
On 06 Jul 1535 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) was beheaded on Tower Hill.
On 17 May 1536 George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (33), Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (54), Francis Weston 1511-1536 (25), William Brereton -1536 and Mark Smeaton 1512-1536 (24) were beheaded at Tower Hill. They were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London.
On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (35) was beheaded at Tower Green Tower of London. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52), Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (12) and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16).
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul.
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London.
Around May 1537 John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (72) was beheaded at Lincoln.
On 30 Jun 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 (70) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 08 Dec 1538 Edward Neville 1471-1538 (67) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 03 Mar 1539 Nicholas Carew of Beddington in Surrey KG 1496-1539 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 09 Dec 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (47) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (43), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (36) and their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (12) were attainted. His son was subsequently created 1st Earl Devon 5C 1553 in 1553. Marquess Exeter 1C 1525, Earl Devon 3C 1485 and Earl Devon 4C 1511 subject to attainder.
On 28 Jul 1540 Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford Heytesbury 1503-1540 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He, together with his chaplain, a Wiltshire clergyman named William Bird, Rector of Fittleton and Vicar of Bradford, who was suspected of sympathising with the pilgrims of grace of the north of England, was attainted by act of parliament. Hungerford was charged with employing Bird in his house as chaplain, knowing him to be a traitor; with ordering another chaplain, Hugh Wood, and one Dr. Maudlin to practise conjuring to determine the king's length of life, and his chances of victory over the northern rebels; and finally with committing offences forbidden by the 1533 Buggery Act.
On 13 Feb 1542 Queen Catherine Howard (19) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (37) were beheaded at Tower Green. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended. They were both buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London.
On 19 Jan 1547 Henry Howard 1516-1547 (31) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. He had foolishly added the arms of Edward the Confessor to his own arms. He was charged with treasonably quartering the royal arms. His father survived sentence since the King died the day before it was due to take place.
On 26 Feb 1552 Miles Partridge Courtier -1552 and Ralph Fane -1552 were hanged. Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) and Michael Stanhope 1507-1552 (45) were beheaded at Tower Hill for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (48).
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London.
On 22 Aug 1553 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (49) was beheaded at Tower Hill. His son John Dudley 2nd Earl Warwick 1527-1554 (26) succeeded 2nd Earl Warwick 2C 1547, 2nd Viscount Lisle 5C 1543. Anne Seymour Viscountess Lisle 1538-1588 (15) by marriage Viscountess Lisle.
On 12 Feb 1554 Guildford Dudley (19) was beheaded at Tower Hill. An hour later his wife Lady Jane Grey (18) was beheaded at Tower Green by order of Queen Mary I (37). They were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London.
On 23 Feb 1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
Dean Hugh Weston 1505-1558 (49) acted as Confessor.
On 11 Apr 1554 Thomas Wyatt 1521-1554 (33) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
Dean Hugh Weston 1505-1558 (49) acted as Confessor.
Diary of Henry Machyn April 1554. 28 Apr 1554. The xxviij day of Aprell was heddyd on Towre hyll, betwyn ix and x of the cloke a-for none, my lord Thomas Gray, the duke of Suffoke-Dassett (37) brodur, and bered at Allalow's Barkyng, and the hed (unfinished)
On 28 May 1557 Thomas Stafford 1533-1557 (24) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 22 Aug 1572 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 (44) was beheaded at The Pavement in York. His brother Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585 (40) succeeded 8th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 10th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 18th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick 2C 1577, 11th Baron Poynings 1C 1337.
Diary of Henry Machyn May 1557. 28 May 1577. [The xxviij day of May Thomas Stafford (44) was beheaded on Tower hill, by nine of the clock, master Wode being his] gostly father; and after ther wher iij more [drawn from the To] wre, and thrugh London unto Tyburne, and ther [they were] hangyd and quartered; and the morow after was master [Stafford] quartered, and hangyd on a care, and so to Nuwgatt to [boil.]
On 08 Feb 1587 Mary Queen of Scots (44) was beheaded in the Great Hall at Fotheringay Castle.
George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59), Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), Richard Knightley 1533-1615 (54) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624 (13) witnessed her execution.
There are few extant original sources describing Mary's execution. Those that do exist are somewhat contradictory. They include The letter-books of Sir Amias Poulet, Keeper of Mary Queen of Scots, the Calendar of State Papers, Spain (known as the Simancas), Volume 4, 1587-1603 and Beale's sketch of the execution. The most reliable primary source appears to be Jebb's De vita et rebus gestis serenissimæ principis Mariæ Scotorum Reginæ published in Paris in 1589 in French; there doesn't appear to be an extant translation.
On 18 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) was beheaded for their part in the Essex Rebellion.
On 14 May 1631 Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 (38) was beheaded at Tower Hill for the unnatural crime of sodomy in accordance with the 1533 Buggery Act, committed with his page Laurence (or Florence) FitzPatrick, who confessed to the crime and was executed; and assisting Giles Browning (alias Broadway), who was also executed, in the rape of his wife Anne, Countess of Castlehaven (51), in which Lord Castlehaven was found to have participated by restraining her. His son James Tuchet 3rd Earl Castlehaven 1617-1686 (14) succeeded 3rd Earl Castlehaven, 3rd Baron Audley of Orier. He didn't succeed to his father's English titles as a result of his father's attainder.
On 12 May 1641 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1593-1641 (48) was beheaded at Tower Hill. His execution was attended by an enormous crowd.
Wenceslaus Hollar Engraver 1607-1677 (33). Engraving of the execution of Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1593-1641 (48) marked as C with James Ussher Primate of Ireland 1581-1656 (60) marked as A.
On 19 Jul 1644 John Gordon 1st Baronet Gordon 1610-1644 (34) was beheaded for treason. On 19 Jul 1644 His son John Gordon 2nd Baronet Gordon 1632-1665 (12) succeeded 2nd Baronet Gordon of Haddo for suppressing the Conventers.
On 19 Nov 1644 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (35) was tried for treason, for attempting to betray the Parliamentary cause, by court-martial and convicted at Guildhall.
On 23 Dec 1644 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (35) was beheaded at Tower Hill. His son John Carew 3rd Baronet Carew 1635-1692 (9) succeeded 3rd Baronet Carew of Antony in Cornwall.
In Dec 1644 Parliament decided to execute the Hothams, father and son, John Hotham 1st Baronet Hotham 1589-1645 (55) and John Hotham 1610-1645 (34).
On 01 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1610-1645 (35) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians at Tower Hill. His father was executed the next day.
On 02 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1st Baronet Hotham 1589-1645 (55) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians; his son having been executed the previous day. His grandson John Hotham 2nd Baronet Hotham 1632-1689 (12) succeeded 2nd Baronet Hotham of Scorborough in Yorkshire.
On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I (48) was beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands.
On 09 Mar 1649 at the Old Palace Yard three Royalist Lords were beheaded ...
Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649 (41) was beheaded. His son Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex 1632-1683 (17) succeeded 2nd Baron Capell Hadham.
Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 (58) was beheaded. His son Robert Rich 5th Earl Warwick 1619-1675 (30) succeeded 2nd Earl Holland.
James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton 1606-1649 (42) was beheaded. His brother William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton 1616-1651 (32) succeeded 2nd Duke Hamilton by special remainder.
John Owen 1600-1666 (49) had been sentenced to death but was subsequently pardoned.
On 08 Jun 1658 Henry Slingsby 1st Baronet Scriven 1602-1658 (56) was beheaded on Tower Hill for being a Royalist. His son Thomas Slingsby 2nd Baronet Scriven 1636-1688 (21) succeeded 2nd Baronet Slingsby Scriven.
On 27 May 1661 Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess Argyll 1607-1661 (54) was beheaded for his perceived treason on the restoration of Charles II at Edinburgh. He was buried at Kilmun Church.
On 14 Jun 1662 Henry Vane "The Younger" 1613-1662 (49) was beheaded at Tower Hill for treason against King Charles II (32). He had been sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, however, King Charles II (32) commuted the sentence to beheading.
On 29 Dec 1680 William Howard 1st Viscount Stafford 1614-1680 (66) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was attainted; Viscount Stafford extinct. His son Henry Stafford-Howard 1st Earl Stafford 1648-1719 (32) de jure 2nd Baron Stafford 5C 1640.
On 21 Jul 1683 William Russell 1639-1683 (43) was beheaded by Jack Ketch -1686 at Lincoln's Inn for his involvement in the Rye House Plot. The executioner was so inept that he took four axe blows to separate the head from the body. After the first failed blow his victim looked up and said "You dog, did I give you 10 guineas to use me so inhumanely?".
On 30 Jun 1685 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (56) was beheaded on the Maiden (an early gullotine) in Edinburgh for his part in Argyll's Rising. His son Archibald Campbell 1st Duke Argyll 1658-1703 (26) succeeded 10th Earl Argyll. Elizabeth Tollemache Duchess Argyll 1659-1735 (25) by marriage Countess Argyll.
On 15 Jul 1685 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (36) was beheaded at Tower Hill. Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) acted a Chaplain.
On 28 Jan 1697 John Fenwick 3rd Baronet 1645-1697 (52) was beheaded for his part in the 1696 Plot to Assassinate King William III.
The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:
George Seton 5th Earl of Winton 1678-1749. The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.
On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure 1672-1716 was beheaded on Tower Hill.
William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale 1676-1744. On 09 Feb 1716 he was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (35) effected his escape from the Tower of London by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart 1688-1766 (26) was.
James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater 1689-1716 (25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater 1692-1723 (23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave 1695-1719 (20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond 1671-1722 (44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (74) appealed to George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) in person without success. On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater 1689-1716 (25) was beheaded on Tower Hill.
William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne 1665-1726 was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.
On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh -1716 was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.
The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper 1665-1723 (50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.