Camail and Jupon Period

Camail and Jupon Period is in Church Monument Periods.

Around 1340 the Camail and Jupon Period starts; around the time of the commencement of the Hundred Years War. Knights wear a bascinet with camail and a jupon. The Camail and Jupon Period is also characterised by the heavy belts slung low on the hips from which the sword was slung. Effigies of this period are characterised by having facial hair, and their hands clasped in prayer on the chest. Male effigies of this period have their head resting on Great Helms usually surmounted by their Crest.

After 1358. St John the Baptist Church Tideswell. John Foljambe 1300-1358. Camail and Jupon Period.

After 10 Aug 1358. Monument to Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison -1358. Lady Chapel of Hereford Cathedral. Mid 14th-century, altar-tomb with effigy and canopy, altar-tomb with range of cinquefoil-headed panels in front and panelled buttresses at ends carried up to the cornice of the canopy, effigy in mixed mail and plate-armour with camail and ridged bascinet, hauberk with scalloped lower edge, cyclas, enriched Hip Belt with dagger hanging in front and sword at side, head on cushions and feet on hound; recess with panelled back, moulded jambs and square head enriched with Paterae and trefoiled and sub-cusped pendant tracery below the head; vaulted soffit to canopy; canopy with range of six bays of open arcading with trefoiled and sub-cusped heads, crockets and finials, in arcading two headless figures of the Coronation of the Virgin, headless figure with book, archbishop with cross-staff, St. John the Baptist holding a roundel with the Agnus Dei, and a bishop, last four figures brought from elsewhere; canopy finished with enriched cornice and pierced parapet with quatrefoils and cusped cresting.

After 10 Jul 1359. Monument to William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke 1321-1359 in St Andrew's Church Greystoke. Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the bascinet with a camail. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal.

After 1361. Monument to John Wingfield 1320-1361 in St Andrew's Church Wingfield. Camail and Jupon Period.

In 1369 Richard Willoughby -1369 died. Monument in St Mary & All Saints Church Willoughby-on-the-Wolds. Camail and Jupon Period.

After 23 May 1373. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Nicholas II Longford 1334-1373. Camail and Jupon Period.

On 26 Jul 1375 Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (55) died. Hereford Cathedral. Alabaster altar-tomb and effigy, altar-tomb with moulded base and capping, sides and ends panelled with alternate quatrefoils enclosing shields of his arms and trefoil-headed panels; effigy in bascinet, Camail and Jupon Period. His jupon with same arms as his shield. Hip Belt, Leg Garter, right leg modern, head on helm crested with a Feathered Crest, feet on hound.

On 07 Sep 1384 John Harsick III -1384 died. Brass in Church of St George South Acre of John Harsick III -1384 and his wife Catherine Calthorpe holding hands. Great Helm with Feathers. Camail and Jupon Period. His coat of arms Harsick. Her showing Harsick impaled with Calthorp Arms. At his feet a lion couchant, at hers a dog couchant. Inscription: Hic iacet Dns. Johes. Harsick Miles eiusoem Nominis tertius, qui obiit Serto die Septembris Ano Dni. Mccclxxxiv. cuius anime propicictur Deus Amen, et Domina Katherina Uxor.

Around 1387 Hugh Segrave Lord Treasurer 1296-1387 (91) was buried at Dorchester Abbey. His. Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period.

On 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion 1343-1387 (44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin 1347-1400 (53) died.

Monument in St Nicholas Church West Tanfield. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm. Angels Supporting Pillow. His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be Marmion or a variation of.

In 1389 John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 3rd Baron Monthermer 1330-1389 (59) died. Camail and Jupon Period. Salisbury Cathedral.

In 1389 Robert de Fouleshurst 1330-1389 (59) died. He was buried at St Bertoline's Church Barthomeley. Camail and Jupon Period. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Hip Belt. Lancastrian Esses Collar. IHC NASARE Lettering.

After 31 Aug 1401. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Nicholas III Longford 1351-1401. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.

After 21 Jul 1403 Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 was buried at St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Monument to Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 and his first wife Margaret Longford. Camail and Jupon Period. Cockerel Crest. St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

After 21 Jul 1403 Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 was buried at All Saint's Church Bakewell. Camail and Jupon Period armour. IHC NASARE Lettering. His Coat of Arms just visible. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

In 1410 John Mainwaring 1344-1410 (66) died. On 06 Apr 1418 Margaret Stafford 1345-1418 (73) died. Both buried at St Lawrence's Church Over Peover.

Monument at St Lawrence's Church Over Peover. Camail and Jupon Period. IHC NASARE Lettering. Hip Belt. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Woman Esses Collar.

After 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 was buried at Belvoir Priory. At the dissolution of the monasteries his monument was moved to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford on the right side of the High Altar. Alabaster Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Scabbard with IHS. Wire Wrapped Grip. Hip Belt.

Detail of the Ros Family Peacock Crest surmounting his Great Helm.

Detail of decorated Orle and Vervelle Cover.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and face. Note the twisted moustache that is frequently seen on Sutton and Prentys monuments. The fixing of the Esses Collar to the Camail using a small trefoil.

After 1446. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Fulk de Pembridge of Tong Castle -1409 and Isabel de Lingen 1370-1447. She the foundress of the church. Camail and Jupon Period. His head rests on a Great Helm with his crest of a Turkish Woman with plaited hair. At his feet a lion, at her feet a fawn albeit no longer with its head. She in widow's clothes with a barbe. Note the curious chain attached to the bottom of her dress.

The Early Plate Bascinet Period has similarities with the preceding Camail and Jupon Period. The primary difference being the bascinet being decorated with an orle as a means of further protection.