Charges

Charges is in Terms.

Annulet

Annulet. Rings.

Around 1400. Window in the Chicheley Chapel at St Andrew's Church Wimpole from the late 14th early 15th Century depicting alliances of the Ufford family (who are thought to have owned the manor of Wimpole before the Chicheleys) and the Plantagenets through the marriage of Ralph Ufford 1302-1346 and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377, daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 .
From top to bottom, left to right:
Tiptoft Arms. The Tiptoft family owned the nearby manor of Harleston.
Bardolf Arms.
Avenell Arms. The Avenell family once held a manor in Wimpole.
Telemache Arms.
Ufford Arms. Believed to be the arms of William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382. Note the difference of an annulet argent (white) in the top left corner.
Bohun Arms. Possibly William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281 1345 Arms. Possibly Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 although the label doesn't appear to have the fleur de lys of France.
Bassingbourne Arms.
Engaine Arms. John de Engaine lived in Huntingdonshire.
Lisle Arms. Possibly Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344. Robert settled at nearby Rampton.
Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 who married Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk 1286-1368 whose father Walter Norwich 1274-1329 owned the manor of Cobbs in Wimpole.
England Edward III Arms
Ufford Arms with a label three points. Believed to be Robert Ufford who predeceased his father Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369.
Bassingbourne Arms.
The figure in the middle is believed to represent William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382.
From an original description by James C Powell 1903.

Avenell. Argent, a fess between five annulets gules. Modified from source.

Conway. Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first. Source.

Dawnay. Argent on a bend cotised sable three annulets of the field. Source.

Lucas. Argent, a fess between six annulets gules.

Saunderson. Paly of six argent and azure, a bend sable three annulets or. Source.

Battering Ram

Bertie. Argent, three battering rams, barwise in pale proper, armed and garnished azure. Source.

Bars

Bars. A horizontal line smaller than a fess.

Palmer. Or, two bars gules each charged with three trefoils of the first in chief a greyhound currant sable. Source.

Bayning. Or two bars sable on each as many escallops of the first. Source.

Parr. Argent, two bars azure a bordure engrailed sable. Source.

Harcourt. Gules two bars or. Source.

Multon. Argent, three bars. Source.

Broughton. Argent, two bars gules a canton gules cross argent. Source.

Halswell. Azure, three bars wavy argent over all a bend gules. Source

Temple. Argent two bars sable each charged with three martlets or.

Throckmorton. Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Source.

Wake. Or, two bars gules in chief three torteaux. Source.

Constable. Or three bars. Source.

Billet

Billet. A small rectangle.

Buckles

Jerningham. Argent, three buckles lozengy gules. Source.

Leslie. Argent, on a bend azure three buckles or. Source.

John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380 1429. Capet Arms within a bordure gules charged with eight buckles or. Awarded in 1427 by King Charles VII of France. Source.

Castle

Caerleon. Gules three castles argent. Source.

Portugal 1248. Portugal Arms a bordure gules charged with fourteen golden triple-towered castles. Source.

Portugal 1385. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with ten golden triple-towered castles and four fleur de lys in cross vert. Source.

Portugal 1481. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with seven golden triple-towered castles. Source.

Castile. Gules a castle or.

Chaplet

Chaplet. A garland typically with four leaves.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

Chronica Majora: The ceremonies at the marriage of Henry the Third. 14 Jan 1236. There were assembled at the king's (28) nuptial festivities such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of religious men, such crowds of the populace, and such a variety of actors, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The whole city was ornamented with flags and banners, chaplets and hangings, candles and lamps, and with wonderful devices and extraordinary representations, and all the roads were cleansed from mud and dirt, sticks, and everything offensive. The citizens, too, went out to meet the king (28) and queen, dressed out in their ornaments, and vied with each other in trying the speed of their horses. On the same day, when they left the city for Westminster, to perform the duties of butler to the king (which office belonged to them by right of old, at the coronation), they proceeded thither dressed in silk garments, with mantles worked in gold, and with costly changes of raiment, mounted on valuable horses, glittering with new bits and saddles, and riding in troops arranged in order. They carried with them three hundred and sixty gold and silver cups, preceded by the king's trumpeters and with horns sounding, so that such a wonderful novelty struck all who beheld it with astonishment. The archbishop of Canterbury (61), by the right especially belonging to him, performed the duty of crowning, with the usual solemnities, the bishop of London assisting him as a dean, the other bishops taking their stations according to their rank. In the same way all the abbats, at the head of whom, as was his right, was the abbat of St. Alban's (for as the Protomartyr of England, B. Alban, was the chief of all the martyrs of England, so also was his abbat the chief of all the abbats in rank and dignity), as the authentic privileges of that church set forth. The nobles, too, performed the duties, which, by ancient right and custom, pertained to them at the coronations of kings. In like manner some of the inhabitants of certain cities discharged certain duties which belonged to them by right of their ancestors. The earl of Chester (29) carried the sword of St. Edward, which was called " Curtein", before the king, as a sign that he was earl of the palace, and had by right the power of restraining the king if he should commit an error. The earl was attended by the constable of Chester (44), and kept the people away with a wand when they pressed forward in a disorderly way. The grand marshal of England, the earl of Pembroke (39), carried a wand before the king and cleared the way before him both, in the church and in the banquet-hall, and arranged the banquet and the guests at table. The Wardens of the Cinque Ports carried the pall over the king, supported by four spears, but the claim to this duty was not altogether undisputed. The earl of Leicester (28) supplied the king with water in basins to wash before his meal; the Earl Warrenne performed the duty of king's Cupbearer, supplying the place of the earl of Arundel, because the latter was a youth and not as yet made a belted knight. Master Michael Belet was butler ex officio; the earl of Hereford (32) performed the duties of marshal of the king's household, and William Beauchamp (51) held the station of almoner. The justiciary of the forests arranged the drinking cups on the table at the king's right hand, although he met with some opposition, which however fell to the ground. The citizens of London passed the wine about in all directions, in costly cups, and those of Winchester superintended the cooking of the feast; the rest, according to the ancient statutes, filled their separate stations, or made their claims to do so. And in order that the nuptial festivities might not be clouded by any disputes, saving the right of any one, many things were put up with for the time which they left for decision at a more favourable opportunity. The office of chancellor of England, and all the offices connected with the king, are ordained and assized in the Exchequer. Therefore the chancellor, the chamberlain, the marshal, and the constable, by right of their office, took their seats there, as also did the barons, according to the date of their creation, in the city of London, whereby they each knew his own place. The ceremony was splendid, with the gay dresses of the clergy and knights who were present. The abbat of Westminster sprinkled the holy water, and the treasurer, acting the part of sub-dean, carried the Paten. Why should I describe all those persons who reverently ministered in the church to God as was their duty? Why describe the abundance of meats and dishes on the table & the quantity of venison, the variety of fish, the joyous sounds of the glee-men, and the gaiety of the waiters? Whatever the world could afford to create pleasure and magniiicence was there brought together from every quarter.

Clotworthy. Azure, a chevron ermine between three chaplets or. Source.

Greystoke. Barry argent and azure three chaplets of roses gules. Source.

Morrison. Or, on a chief gules three chaplets of the first. Source.

Chequy

Acland. Chequy argent and sable, a fess gules. Source.

Beaumont. Chequy or and azure a chevron ermine. Source.

Chichester. Chequy or and gules, a chief vair. Source.

Clifford. Chequy or and azure, a fess gules. Source.

Fitzwilliam. Chequy gules and argent. Source.

Vaux. Chequy argent and gules, on a chevron azure, three roses or. Source.

Warenne. Chequy or and azure. Source.

Chevron

Chief

Clarion

Clarion. Unclear as to origin. Possibly a spear rest?.

Crancelin

Crancelin. A Crown.

Saxe Coburg Gotha. Barry of ten sable and or, a crancelin vert. Source.

Crescent

Cross

Delve

Delve. A sod of earth.

Delves. Argent, a chevron gules fretty or between three delves sable. Source.

Escallop

Escutcheon

Escutcheon. Little shield. Sometimes used as a Difference when it is known as an inescutcheon.

George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660 1727. Quartered 1 Plantagenet Arms impaled Dunkeld Arms 2 Capet Arms 3 Ireland Arms 4. 1&2 Brunswick Luneburg Arms, 3 Hanover Arms, an inescutcheon over all three, gules the Crown of Charlemagne Proper (As Archtreasurer of the Holy Roman Empire).

Hay. Argent three inescutcheons gules. Source.

James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649 1685. James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566 1625 Arms differenced with a baton sinister argent overall an inescutcheon of pretence of Scott Arms.

Spencer Churchill. Quartered 1&4 Churchill Arms a canton of St George, 2&3 Despencer Arms a bend sable three escallops, overall an escutcheon St George overall an escutcheon Capet Arms.

Brownlow. Or an escutcheon within an orle of martlets sable. Source

Maxwell. Argent, a two headed eagle displayed sable beaked and membered gules on an inescutcheon argent a saltire sable charged with a hedgehog or. Source.

Mortimer. Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent. Source.

Esme Stewart 1st Duke Lennox 1542 1583. Quartered 1&4 John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380 1429 Arms, 2&3 Stewart Arms a Bordure Engrailed gules for difference, overall an inescutcheon of Lennox Arms the heiress of whom was Elizabeth Lennox Count Évreux 1370-1429 wife of John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429. Source.

Duke Atholl. Earl Atholl Arms overall, an inescutcheon en surtout azure three mullets argent within a double tressure flory or ensigned of a Marquess's coronet. Source.

Fer de Moline

Fer de Moline. A mill wheel.

Fess

Fers de Moline

Fers de Moline. A mill wheel.

Turner Baronets. Sable, a chevron ermine between three fers de moline or on a chief argent a lion passant gules. Source.

Fountain

Stourton. Sable, a bend or between six fountains. Source.

Flaunche

Flaunche. A flank, sometimes flasque. Always in pairs.

Fleur de lys

Fleur de lys. The Lily. Typically representing the House of France.

Around 1400. Window in the Chicheley Chapel at St Andrew's Church Wimpole from the late 14th early 15th Century depicting alliances of the Ufford family (who are thought to have owned the manor of Wimpole before the Chicheleys) and the Plantagenets through the marriage of Ralph Ufford 1302-1346 and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377, daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 .
From top to bottom, left to right:
Tiptoft Arms. The Tiptoft family owned the nearby manor of Harleston.
Bardolf Arms.
Avenell Arms. The Avenell family once held a manor in Wimpole.
Telemache Arms.
Ufford Arms. Believed to be the arms of William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382. Note the difference of an annulet argent (white) in the top left corner.
Bohun Arms. Possibly William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281 1345 Arms. Possibly Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 although the label doesn't appear to have the fleur de lys of France.
Bassingbourne Arms.
Engaine Arms. John de Engaine lived in Huntingdonshire.
Lisle Arms. Possibly Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344. Robert settled at nearby Rampton.
Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 who married Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk 1286-1368 whose father Walter Norwich 1274-1329 owned the manor of Cobbs in Wimpole.
England Edward III Arms
Ufford Arms with a label three points. Believed to be Robert Ufford who predeceased his father Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369.
Bassingbourne Arms.
The figure in the middle is believed to represent William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382.
From an original description by James C Powell 1903.

Capet. Azure, three Fleur de lys or. Source.

Belasyse. Argent a chevron gules between three fleur de lys azure. Source.

Godolphin. Gules, an eagle with two heads, displayed between three fleur de lys, two and one, argent.

Digby. Azure, a fleur de lys argent. Source.

Lewis. Sable a chevron or three fleur de lys or. Source.

Cranfield. Argent, in pale three fleur de lys argent. Source.

Fanshawe. Or a chevron between three fleur de lys sable. Source.

Fox. Ermine, on a chevron azure three fox's heads and necks erased or on a canton of the second a fleur de lys of the third. The canton is an augmentation of honour to his paternal arms, granted out of the Royal Arms as a mark of esteem to him and his heirs forever, by King Charles II following the Restoration of the Monarchy. Source.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Portugal 1385. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with ten golden triple-towered castles and four fleur de lys in cross vert. Source.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500 1552. Or, on a pile gules between six fleur de lys azure three lions of England. Augmentation of honour granted to Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 when his sister Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 married Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547. Source.

1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537.1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Beresford. Argent, crusilly fitchée sable, three fleurs-de-lis within a bordure engrailed of the second. Source.

ffolkes. Per pale vert and gules, a fleur de lys argent. Source.

Foils aka Leaves

Trefoil

Trefoil. Having three leaves. From French feuille = leaf (ie foliage), cinque = five.

Cinquefoil

Cinquefoil. Having five leaves frequently with the centre pierced. From French feuille = leaf (ie foliage), cinque = five.

Bardolf. Azure three cinquefoils buttoned gules. Source.

Chicheley. Or, a chevron between three cinquefoils gules. Source.

Clifton. Sable semée of cinquefoils and a lion rampant argent. Source.

Darcy. Azure semée of cross crosslets argent, three cinquefoils of the last. Source.

Pierrepoint. Argent, semée of cinquefoils gules, a lion rampant sable. Source.

Umfraville. Gules crusilly of crosses crosslet a cinquefoil or. Source.

Wodehouse. Sable a chevron or between three cinquefoils. Source.

Fret

Fret. Two narrow bendlets placed in saltire, and interlaced with a mascle. A fishing-net?.

Fretty. A continuous fret, and forms a pattern for diapering the field, or some ordinary.

Spencer. Quarterly 1&4: Argent, 2&3: Gules, a fret or, over all a bend sable.

Harrington. Argent, fret sable.

Dutton. Quarterly argent and gules, in the 2&3 a fret or. Source.

Tollemache. Argent, a fret sable.

Verdun. Or, a fret gules.

Despencer. Quarterly 1&4: Argent, 2&3: Gules, a fret or, over all a bend sable. Source.

Cosin. Azure, a fret or.

Fretty

Fretty. A continuous fret, and forms a pattern for diapering the field, or some ordinary.

Noel. Or, fretty gules a canton ermine. Source.

Marquess Donegal. Quartering Chichester Arms and Etchingham azure fretty argent. Source.

Delves. Argent, a chevron gules fretty or between three delves sable. Source.

Marmion. Vairy, a fess gules, fretty or. Source.

Bugge. Or fretty azure. Source.

St Leger. Azure fretty argent, a chief or. Source.

Vernon. Argent, fretty sable. Source.

Willoughby. Or fretty azure. Source.

Audley. Gules, fretty. Source.

Fusil

Fusil. An elongated lozenge.

Garb

Garb. A wheat-sheaf. When a sheaf of any other grain is borne the name of the grain must be expressed. When the stalks are of one tincture and the ears of another, the term eared must be used.

Cholmondeley. Gules, in chief two esquire's helmets argent in base a garb or. Source.

Grosvenor. Azure a garb or. Source.

Gemelles

Gemelles. Twin narrow horizontal lines.

Badlesmere. Argent, a fess between two gemelles gules. Source.

Throckmorton. Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Source.

Heart

Brunswick Luneburg. Per pale, I gules two lions passant guardant or (for Brunswick), II or a semy of hearts gules a lion rampant azure (for Lunenburg).

Earl Douglas. Lord Douglas Arms a heart gules imperially crowned or.

Lozenge

Lozenge. Lozenges are frequently conjoined in the form of ordinaries, and in all such cases the number of the lozenges should be given.

Fusil. An elongated lozenge.

Maunch

Maunch. A sleeve of the type typically worn in the 13th and 14th Centuries.

Calthorpe. Ermine, a maunch gules. Source.

Conyers. Azure, a maunch or. Source.

Hastings. Argent, a maunch gules. Source.

Tosny. Argent, a maunch. Source.

Mascle

Mascle is a diamond shape.

Fret. Two narrow bendlets placed in saltire, and interlaced with a mascle. A fishing-net?.

Morion Cap

Morion Cap. A cap made of steel usually worn by foot soldiers.

Pheon

Pheon. A broad arrow head.

Sidney. Or, a pheon azure.

Flowers

Barbed and Seeded Proper

Boscawen. Ermine, a rose gules barbed and seeded proper. Source.

Duke Montrose. Quarterly, 1&4 Graham Arms 2&3 Argent three roses gules barbed and seeded proper (Montrose).

Knollys. Gules, on a chevron argent, three roses gules, barbed and seeded proper. Source.

Lily

Fleur de lys. The Lily. Typically representing the House of France.

Primrose

Earl Roseberry. Quarterly, 1&4 vert, three primroses within a double tressure flory counter-flory or (for Primrose); 2&3 argent, a lion rampant double queued sable (for Cressy). Source.

Rose

Baron Annaly. Argent, on a chevron engrailed gules, between three roses of the last, a cross crosslet or. Source.

Greystoke. Barry argent and azure three chaplets of roses gules. Source.

Boscawen. Ermine, a rose gules barbed and seeded proper. Source.

Knollys. Gules, on a chevron argent, three roses gules, barbed and seeded proper. Source.

Duke Montrose. Quarterly, 1&4 Graham Arms 2&3 Argent three roses gules barbed and seeded proper (Montrose).

Carey. Argent, a bend sable, three roses of the first. Source.

Dunbar. Gules a lion rampant argent on a bordure of the same eight roses of the field. Source.

Lennox. Argent, a saltire between four roses gules. Source.

Oldham. Sable, a chevron or between three owls argent on a chief of the second three roses gules. Possibly an example of canting arms where owl represents owl-dam. Source.

Vaux. Chequy argent and gules, on a chevron azure, three roses or. Source.

Conway. Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first. Source.

Roundel

Roundel. A circular charge of solid colour. Depending on the colour different names are used.

Bezant

Bezant. A roundel or.

Rolle. Or, a fess dancetté between three billets azure each charged with a lion rampant of the first three bezants. Source.

Weston. Ermine, on a chief azure five bezants.

Yorke. Argent on a saltire azure a bezant. Source.

Zouche. Azure, ten bezants 4, 3, 2, 1.

Hurt

Hurt. A roundel azure. From the hurtleberry ie blueberry.

Walmesley. Gules a chief ermine two hurts.

Plate

Plate. A roundel argent.

Bridgeman. Sable, ten plates, four, three, two, and one, on a chief argent a lion passant ermines. Source

Torteau

Torteau. A roundel gules; from the French Torteau meaning tart.

Babington. Argent, ten torteau in chief a label three points azure. Source.

York. England Edward III Arms a label three points argent on each point three torteau. Source.

Three Torteaux

Courtenay. Or, three torteaux. Source.

Dagworth. Ermine, a fess gules three torteaux. Source.

Devereux. Argent, a fess gules three torteaux in chief. Source.

Grey. Barry of six argent and azure, in chief three torteaux. Source.

Wake. Or, two bars gules in chief three torteaux. Source.

Saltire

Fret. Two narrow bendlets placed in saltire, and interlaced with a mascle. A fishing-net?.

Portugal 1481. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with seven golden triple-towered castles. Source.

Denny. Gules, a saltire argent between twelve crosses pattee or. Source.

Tailboys. Argent, a saltire gules in chief gules three escallops argent. Source.

Neville. Gules, a saltire argent.

Portugal 1385. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with ten golden triple-towered castles and four fleur de lys in cross vert. Source.

Hampden. Argent, a saltire gules between four eagles displayed azure. Source.

Maxwell. Argent, a two headed eagle displayed sable beaked and membered gules on an inescutcheon argent a saltire sable charged with a hedgehog or. Source.

Tiptoft. Argent, a saltire engrailed gules.

Wotton. Argent, a saltire engrailed sable. Source.

Yorke. Argent on a saltire azure a bezant. Source.

Lennox. Argent, a saltire between four roses gules. Source.

Stars

Estoile

Estoile. A six pointed star.

Baux. Gules an estoile argent. Source.

Hobart. Sable, an estoile of six points or between two flaunches ermine.

Water Bougets

Water Bougets. A yoke with two large skins appended to it, formerly used for the conveyance of water to an army.

In 1528 Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (77) was buried at St Leonard's Church Wollaton. A fine chest tomb monument in sandstone (rather than alabaster), somewhat damaged, with his four wives, two each side.Lancastrian Esses Collar somehwat unusual given the 1528 date of his death.Sphinx Crest. Cadaver Underneath. Henry Willoughby's Arms including Willoughby top left hand corner (Water Bougets from Willoughy family original name Bugge). Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Lancastrian Esses and Inter twined Knots Collar.

Bourchier. Argent, argent a cross engrailed gules between four water bougets sable. Source.

Ros. Gules, three water bougets argent.