Charges

Charges is in Terms.

Annulet

Annulet. Rings.

Around 1400. Window in the Chicheley Chapel at St Andrew's Church Wimpole from the late 14th early 15th Century depicting alliances of the Ufford family (who are thought to have owned the manor of Wimpole before the Chicheleys) and the Plantagenets through the marriage of Ralph Ufford 1302-1346 (98) and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377 (90), daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 .

From top to bottom, left to right:

Tiptoft. The Tiptoft family owned the nearby manor of Harleston.

Bardolf.

Avenell. The Avenell family once held a manor in Wimpole.

Telemache Arms.

Ufford. Believed to be the arms of William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (61). Note the difference of an annulet argent (white) in the top left corner.

Bohun. Possibly William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (90).

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281 1345. Possibly Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 although the label doesn't appear to have the fleur de lys of France.

Bassingbourne Arms.

Engaine Arms. John de Engaine lived in Huntingdonshire.

Lisle. Possibly Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344. Robert settled at nearby Rampton.

Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 who married Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk 1286-1368 whose father Walter Norwich 1274-1329 owned the manor of Cobbs in Wimpole.

England Edward III

Ufford with a label three points. Believed to be Robert Ufford who predeceased his father Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369.

Bassingbourne Arms.

The figure in the middle is believed to represent William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (61).

From an original description by James C Powell 1903.

Avenell. Argent, a fess between five annulets gules. Modified from source.

Conway. Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first. Source.

Dawnay. Argent on a bend cotised sable three annulets of the field. Source.

Lucas. Argent, a fess between six annulets gules.

Saunderson. Paly of six argent and azure, a bend sable three annulets or. Source.

Battering Ram

Bertie. Argent, three battering rams, barwise in pale proper, armed and garnished azure. Source.

Bars

Billet

Billet. A small rectangle.

Buckles

Jerningham. Argent, three buckles lozengy gules. Source.

Leslie. Argent, on a bend azure three buckles or. Source.

John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380 1429. Capet within a bordure gules charged with eight buckles or. Awarded in 1427 by King Charles VII of France. Source.

Castle

Caerleon. Gules three castles argent. Source.

Portugal 1248. Portugal a bordure gules charged with fourteen golden triple-towered castles. Source.

Portugal 1385. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with ten golden triple-towered castles and four fleur de lys in cross vert, Source.

Portugal 1481. Argent, in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire charged with seven golden triple-towered castles. Source.

Castile. Gules a castle or.

Chaplet

Chaplet. A garland typically with four leaves.

Chronica Majora 1236 The ceremonies at the marriage of Henry the Third. 19 Jan 1236. There were assembled at the king's (28) nuptial festivities such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of religious men, such crowds of the populace, and such a variety of actors, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The whole city was ornamented with flags and banners, chaplets and hangings, candles and lamps, and with wonderful devices and extraordinary representations, and all the roads were cleansed from mud and dirt, sticks, and everything offensive. The citizens, too, went out to meet the king (28) and queen (13), dressed out in their ornaments, and vied with each other in trying the speed of their horses. On the same day, when they left the city for Westminster, to perform the duties of butler to the king (which office belonged to them by right of old, at the coronation), they proceeded thither dressed in silk garments, with mantles worked in gold, and with costly changes of raiment, mounted on valuable horses, glittering with new bits and saddles, and riding in troops arranged in order. They carried with them three hundred and sixty gold and silver cups, preceded by the king's trumpeters and with horns sounding, so that such a wonderful novelty struck all who beheld it with astonishment. The archbishop of Canterbury (61), by the right especially belonging to him, performed the duty of crowning, with the usual solemnities, the bishop of London assisting him as a dean, the other bishops taking their stations according to their rank. In the same way all the abbats, at the head of whom, as was his right, was the abbat of St. Alban's (for as the Protomartyr of England, B. Alban, was the chief of all the martyrs of England, so also was his abbat the chief of all the abbats in rank and dignity), as the authentic privileges of that church set forth. The nobles, too, performed the duties, which, by ancient right and custom, pertained to them at the coronations of kings. In like manner some of the inhabitants of certain cities discharged certain duties which belonged to them by right of their ancestors. The earl of Chester (29) carried the sword of St. Edward, which was called "Curtein", before the king, as a sign that he was earl of the palace, and had by right the power of restraining the king if he should commit an error. The earl was attended by the constable of Chester (44), and kept the people away with a wand when they pressed forward in a disorderly way. The grand marshal of England, the earl of Pembroke (39), carried a wand before the king and cleared the way before him both, in the church and in the banquet-hall, and arranged the banquet and the guests at table. The Wardens of the Cinque Ports carried the pall over the king, supported by four spears, but the claim to this duty was not altogether undisputed. The earl of Leicester (28) supplied the king with water in basins to wash before his meal; the Earl Warrenne performed the duty of king's Cupbearer, supplying the place of the earl of Arundel, because the latter was a youth and not as yet made a belted knight. Master Michael Belet was butler ex officio; the earl of Hereford (32) performed the duties of marshal of the king's household, and William Beauchamp (51) held the station of almoner. The justiciary of the forests arranged the drinking cups on the table at the king's right hand, although he met with some opposition, which however fell to the ground. The citizens of London passed the wine about in all directions, in costly cups, and those of Winchester superintended the cooking of the feast; the rest, according to the ancient statutes, filled their separate stations, or made their claims to do so. And in order that the nuptial festivities might not be clouded by any disputes, saving the right of any one, many things were put up with for the time which they left for decision at a more favourable opportunity. The office of chancellor of England, and all the offices connected with the king, are ordained and assized in the Exchequer. Therefore the chancellor, the chamberlain, the marshal, and the constable, by right of their office, took their seats there, as also did the barons, according to the date of their creation, in the city of London, whereby they each knew his own place. The ceremony was splendid, with the gay dresses of the clergy and knights who were present. The abbat of Westminster sprinkled the holy water, and the treasurer, acting the part of sub-dean, carried the Paten. Why should I describe all those persons who reverently ministered in the church to God as was their duty? Why describe the abundance of meats and dishes on the table & the quantity of venison, the variety of fish, the joyous sounds of the glee-men, and the gaiety of the waiters? Whatever the world could afford to create pleasure and magnificence was there brought together from every quarter.

Clotworthy. Azure, a chevron ermine between three chaplets or. Source.

Greystoke. Barry argent and azure three chaplets of roses gules. Source.

Morrison. Or, on a chief gules three chaplets of the first. Source.

Chequy

Acland. Chequy argent and sable, a fess gules. Source.

Beaumont. Chequy or and azure a chevron ermine. Source.

Chichester. Chequy or and gules, a chief vair. Source.

Clifford. Chequy or and azure, a fess gules. Source.

Fitzwilliam. Chequy gules and argent. Source.

Vaux. Chequy argent and gules, on a chevron azure, three roses or. Source.

Warenne. Chequy or and azure. Source.

Chevron

Chevronel

Bagot. Ermine, two chevronels azure. Source.

Cookes. Argent, two chevronels between six martlets 3, 2 and 1 gules. Source.

Hornby. Or, two chevronels between three bugle-horns sable stringed gules on a chief of the second as many eagle's legs erased of the first. Source.

Monson. Or two chevronels gules. Source.

Strutt. Per Pale sable and azure, two chevronels engrailed, between three cross crosslets fitchy or. Source.

Chief

Clarion

Clarion. Unclear as to origin. Possibly a spear rest?.

Crancelin

Crancelin. A Crown.

Saxe Coburg Gotha. Barry of ten sable and or, a crancelin vert, Source.

Crescent

Cross

Delve

Delve. A sod of earth.

Delves. Argent, a chevron gules fretty or between three delves sable. Source.

Escallop

Escutcheon

Fer de Moline

Fer de Moline. A mill wheel.

Fess

Fers de Moline

Fers de Moline. A mill wheel.

Turner Baronets. Sable, a chevron ermine between three fers de moline or on a chief argent a lion passant gules. Source.

Fountain

Stourton. Sable, a bend or between six fountains. Source.

Flaunche

Flaunche. A flank, sometimes flasque. Always in pairs.

Fleur de lys

Foils aka Leaves

Fret

Fret. Two narrow bendlets placed in saltire, and interlaced with a mascle. A fishing-net?.

Fretty. A continuous fret, and forms a pattern for diapering the field, or some ordinary.

Spencer. Quarterly 1&4: Argent, 2&3: Gules, a fret or, over all a bend sable.

Harrington. Argent, fret sable.

Dutton. Quarterly argent and gules, in the 2&3 a fret or. Source.

Tollemache. Argent, a fret sable.

Verdun. Or, a fret gules.

Despencer. Quarterly 1&4: Argent, 2&3: Gules, a fret or, over all a bend sable. Source.

Cosin. Azure, a fret or.

Fretty

Fusil

Fusil. An elongated lozenge.

Garb

Garb. A wheat-sheaf. When a sheaf of any other grain is borne the name of the grain must be expressed. When the stalks are of one tincture and the ears of another, the term eared must be used.

Cholmondeley. Gules, in chief two esquire's helmets argent in base a garb or. Source.

Grosvenor. Azure a garb or. Source.

Gemelles

Gemelles. Twin narrow horizontal lines.

Badlesmere. Argent, a fess between two gemelles gules. Source.

Throckmorton. Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Source.

Grozing Irons

Grozing Irons. A pair of pliers for clipping the edges of pieces of glass.

Keilway. Argent, two grozing irons in saltire sable between four Kelway pears proper. An example of Canting arms Kelway Pear = Keilway. Source

Heart

Brunswick Luneburg. Per pale, I gules two lions passant guardant or (for Brunswick), II or a semy of hearts gules a lion rampant azure (for Lunenburg).

Earl Douglas. Lord Douglas a heart gules imperially crowned or.

Lozenge

Lozenge. Lozenges are frequently conjoined in the form of ordinaries, and in all such cases the number of the lozenges should be given.

Feilding. Argent, on a fess azure three lozenges or. Source.

Joicey. Argent three lozenges Sable within two bendlets invected gules between two miners' picks in bend proper. Source.

Fusil. An elongated lozenge.

Maunch

Maunch. A sleeve of the type typically worn in the 13th and 14th Centuries.

Calthorpe. Ermine, a maunch gules. Source.

Conyers. Azure, a maunch or. Source.

Hastings. Argent, a maunch gules. Source.

Tosny. Argent, a maunch. Source.

Mascle

Mascle is a diamond shape.

Fret. Two narrow bendlets placed in saltire, and interlaced with a mascle. A fishing-net?.

Morion Cap

Morion Cap. A cap made of steel usually worn by foot soldiers.

Pheon

Pheon. A broad arrow head.

Sidney. Or, a pheon azure.

Flowers

Barbed and Seeded Proper

Boscawen. Ermine, a rose gules barbed and seeded proper. Source.

Duke Montrose. Quarterly, 1&4 Graham 2&3 Argent three roses gules barbed and seeded proper (Montrose).

Lily

Fleur de lys. The Lily. Typically representing the House of France.

Primrose

Earl Roseberry. Quarterly, 1&4 vert, three primroses within a double tressure flory counter-flory or (for Primrose); 2&3 argent, a lion rampant double queued sable (for Cressy). Source.

Roundel

Saltire

Stars

Estoile

Estoile. A six pointed star.

Baux. Gules an estoile argent. Source.

Danvers. Gules a chevron or three estoiles. Source.

Hobart. Sable, an estoile of six points or between two flaunches ermine.

Mordaunt. Argent, a chevron between three estoiles sable. Source.

Robartes. Azure, three estoiles and a chief wavy or. Source.

St John. Argent, a chief gules two estoiles or. Source.

Water Bougets

Water Bougets. A yoke with two large skins appended to it, formerly used for the conveyance of water to an army.

In 1528 Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (77) was buried at St Leonard's Church Wollaton. A fine chest tomb monument in sandstone (rather than alabaster), somewhat damaged, with his four wives, two each side.Lancastrian Esses Collar somehwat unusual given the 1528 date of his death. Sphinx Crest. Cadaver Underneath. Henry Willoughby's Arms including Willoughby top left hand corner (Water Bougets from Willoughy family original name Bugge). Lancastrian Esses and Inter-twined Knots Collar.

Bourchier. Argent, argent a cross engrailed gules between four water bougets sable. Source.

Ros. Gules, three water bougets argent.