Coefficient of Inbreeding

Coefficient of Inbreeding is in General Things.

Coefficient of Inbreeding describes the probability that an individual will have homozygous genes ie the gene will have the same two alleles.

COI 37.5 and Higher

COI 37.5 and Higher. If a man has a daughter, then has a daughter with that daughter, then has a child with that daughter the child will have a COI of 37.5. Similarly if a brother and sister have a son and a daughter and they have a child, the child will have a coefficient of inbreeding of 37.5%.

In 69BC Cleopatra VII Philopator 69BC 30BC was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes Pharoah of Egypt 117BC 51BC (48) and Cleopatra V Tryphaena 57BC.

COI 25 and Higher

COI 25 and Higher. An individual who is the child of brother and sister, or father and daughter, or mother and son, or equivalent to.
The best known case of individuals with a COI higher than 25 is the five children of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 and Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 who had a COI of 25.39% going back ten generations with fifty-three common ancestors (see study undertaken by the University of Santiago de Compostela in Jan 2010). Taking their ancestry back further to eighteen generations they have a COI of 25.89% with two hundred and sixty four common ancestors.
Of the five children one died after 14 days, one died aged nearly four years old, one died aged nine months. Two, Charles "Bewitched" II King Spain 1661-1700 and Margaret Theresa Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1651-1673, grew to adulthood.
Only one had children, Margaret Theresa Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1651-1673, who married her uncle and cousin Leopold Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1640-1705. They had four children of which one died the day they were born, one died after fourteen days, one died aged three months and one, Maria Antonia of Spain 1669-1692, who had a COI of 30.98 died aged nearly twenty-three years having given birth to three children two of whom died at birth and one died aged seven years.

1623. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665.1621 to 1623. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 in Brown and Silver.1644. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665.1656. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665.Around 1628. Gaspar de Crayer Painter 1584-1669. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 in armour.Between 1683 and 1693. Alonso Sánchez Coello Painter 1531-1588. Portrait of Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696.1652. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696.Around 1685. Juan Carreño de Miranda Painter 1614-1685. Portrait of Charles "Bewitched" II King Spain 1661-1700.

In 1669 Maria Antonia of Spain 1669-1692 was born to Leopold Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1640-1705 (28) and Margaret Theresa Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1651-1673 (17).

On 12 Jul 1651 Margaret Theresa Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1651-1673 was born to Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (46) and Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 (16).

On 06 Nov 1661 Charles "Bewitched" II King Spain 1661-1700 was born to Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (56) and Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 (26).

On 28 Nov 1657 Philip Prospero Habsburg Spain Prince Asturias 1657-1661 was born to Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (52) and Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 (22). He died four years later.

On 23 Dec 1658 Ferdinand Thomas Charles Habsburg Spain 1658-1659 was born to Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (53) and Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 (24). He died ten months later.

On 07 Dec 1655 Maria Ambrosia Habsburg Spain 1655-1655 was born to Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (50) and Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 (20). She died 14 days later.

Margaret Basset Countess Essex Countess Hereford -1347 was born to Ralph Basset 2nd Baron Basset Drayton 1278-1343 and Hawise Grey Baroness Basset Drayton 1255-1353.

Around 1341BC Tutankhamun 1341BC 1323BC was born to Akhenaten KV55 1336BC and The Younger Lady.

COI 18.75 and Higher

On 03 Apr 1578 Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 was born to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (50) and Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580 (28).

Around 1580 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621.1606. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621. Around 1617. Andrés López Polanco Painter -1641. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621.Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola Painter 1532-1625. Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598.Around 1560 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598.Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598.Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598.Around 1594. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598. Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola Painter 1532-1625. Portrait of Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580.Around 1570 Alonso Sánchez Coello Painter 1531-1588. Portrait of Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580.Around 1571 Alonso Sánchez Coello Painter 1531-1588. Portrait of Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580.

On 04 Dec 1571 Ferdinand King Asturias 1571-1578 was born to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (44) and Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580 (22).

On 15 Aug 1575 Diego King Asturias 1575-1582 was born to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (48) and Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580 (25).

On 20 Jan 1554 Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 was born to John Manuel Aviz Prince Portugal 1537-1554 (16) and Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573 (18). He was named after Saint Sebastian on whose Feast Day he was born. At birth he was heir apparent to the throne of Portugal since his father had died two weeks before his birth. Soon after his birth his mother Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573 (18) left Portugal to become Regent of Spain for her father serving in the same capacity for her brother after her father's abdication. She never saw him.

Around 1552 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of John Manuel Aviz Prince Portugal 1537-1554.Around 1557 Alonso Sánchez Coello Painter 1531-1588. Portrait of Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573.Around 1567 Alonso Sánchez Coello Painter 1531-1588. Portrait of Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573.

In 1638 Maximilian Philipp Hieronymus Wittelsbach Duke Leuchtenberg 1638-1705 was born to Maximilian "The Great" Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria I Elector Bavaria 1573-1651 (64) and Maria Anna Habsburg Spain Duchess Bavaria 1610-1665 (27).

COI 12.5 and Higher

COI 12.5 and Higher. An individual who is the child of an uncle and niece, or aunt and nephew, or half-siblings.

On 10 Oct 1830 Isabella II Queen Spain 1830-1904 was born to Ferdinand VII King Spain 1784-1833 (45) and Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies Queen Consort Spain 1806-1878 (24).

1844. Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz Painter 1815-1894. Portrait of Isabella II Queen Spain 1830-1904.

On 08 Sep 1633 Ferdinand King Bohemia IV King Romans 1633-1654 was born to Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 (25) and Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (27) at Vienna.

1630. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646.

On 22 Dec 1634 Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1634-1696 was born to Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 (26) and Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (28).

On 09 Jun 1640 Leopold Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1640-1705 was born to Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 (31) and Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (33).

On 01 Nov 1661 Louis "Le Grand Dauphin" Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1661-1711 was born to Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (23) and Maria Theresa of Spain Queen Consort France 1638-1683 (23) at Palace of Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau, Seine et Marne.

Around 1660. Jean Nocret Painter 1615-1672. Portrait of Maria Theresa of Spain Queen Consort France 1638-1683.1651 to 1654. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Maria Theresa of Spain Queen Consort France 1638-1683.1653. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Maria Theresa of Spain Queen Consort France 1638-1683.

On 25 Dec 1584 Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 was born to Charles Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria 1540-1590 (44) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach 1551-1608 (33) at Graz.

1606. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611.

On 09 Jul 1578 Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1578-1637 was born to Charles Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria 1540-1590 (38) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach 1551-1608 (27).

On 04 Oct 1585 Anna of Austria Holy Roman Empress 1585-1618 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria 1529-1595 (56) and Anna Caterina Gonzaga Archduchess Austria 1566-1621 (19).

In 1622 Penelope O'Brien Countess Peterborough 1622-1702 was born to Barnabas Obrien 6th Earl Thomond -1657 and Anne Obrien Countess Thomond -1645.

Around 1620 Henry Obrien 7th Earl Thomond 1620-1691 was born to Barnabas Obrien 6th Earl Thomond -1657 and Anne Obrien Countess Thomond -1645.

On 29 Jun 1725 Charles Cocks 1st Baron Somers 1725-1806 was born to John Cocks of Castleditch in Eastnor in Herefordshire and Mary Cocks.

COI 9.375 and Higher

On 13 Jul 1608 Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1578-1637 (30) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress 1574-1616 (33).

On 13 Jan 1610 Maria Anna Habsburg Spain Duchess Bavaria 1610-1665 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1578-1637 (31) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress 1574-1616 (35).

On 28 Nov 1857 Alfonso XII King Spain 1857-1885 was born to Francisco de Asís King Consort Spain 1822-1902 (35) and Isabella II Queen Spain 1830-1904 (27).

On 15 Oct 1527 Maria Aviz Queen Consort Spain 1527-1545 was born to John III King Portugal 1502-1557 (25) and Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal 1507-1578 (20).

Around 1552 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal 1507-1578.

On 21 Feb 1462 Joanna "La Beltraneja" Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal 1462-1530 was born to Henry IV King Castile 1425-1474 (37) and Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1439-1475 (22). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. Her nickname "La Beltraneja" a reference to her supposed illegitimacy; she was suspected of being the child of Beltrán de la Cueva 1st Duke of Alburquerque 1443-1492 (19). She was Henry and Joan's only child.

On 21 May 1527 Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 was born to Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (27) and Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain 1503-1539 (23).

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Equestrian Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558.1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541. Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558. 1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain 1503-1539.

On 21 Jun 1528 Maria Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 was born to Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (28) and Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain 1503-1539 (24) at Madrid.

1557. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Maria Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603.

On 22 Sep 1601 Anne of Austria Spain Queen Consort France 1601-1666 was born to Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (23) and Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 (16).

Around 1625. Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of Anne of Austria Spain Queen Consort France 1601-1666. Around 1625. Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of Anne of Austria Spain Queen Consort France 1601-1666 in her coronation robes. 1616. Frans Pourbus the Younger Painter 1569-1622. Portrait of Anne of Austria Spain Queen Consort France 1601-1666.

On 18 Aug 1606 Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 was born to Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (28) and Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 (21).

On 08 Apr 1605 Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 was born to Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (27) and Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 (20).

On 24 Feb 1557 Matthias I Holy Roman Emperor 1557-1619 was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (29) and Maria Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (28).

1579. Lucas van Valckenborch the Elder Painter 1535-1597. Portrait of Matthias I Holy Roman Emperor 1557-1619.1583. Lucas van Valckenborch the Elder Painter 1535-1597. Portrait of Matthias I Holy Roman Emperor 1557-1619.Around 1544. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576.Around 1566. Nicolas Neufchatel Painter 1527-1590. Portrait of Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576.

On 01 Nov 1549 Anna of Austria Queen Consort Spain 1549-1580 was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (22) and Maria Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (21).

On 05 Jul 1554 Elisabeth of Austria Queen Consort France 1554-1592 was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (26) and Maria Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (26).

In 1571 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Elisabeth of Austria Queen Consort France 1554-1592.

On 18 Jul 1552 Rudolf II Holy Roman Emperor 1552-1612 was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (24) and Maria Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (24).

Around 1567 Alonso Sánchez Coello Painter 1531-1588. Portrait of Rudolf II Holy Roman Emperor 1552-1612.

On 31 May 1469 Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 was born to Ferdinand Aviz 2nd Duke Viseu 1433-1470 (35) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Viseu 1430-1506 (38). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

COI 6.25 and Higher

COI 6.25 and Higher. An individual who is the child of first cousins.

On 04 Sep 1755 Mary O'Brien 4th Countess Orkney 1755-1831 was born to Murrough Obrien 1st Marquess Thomond 1726-1808 (29) and Mary Obrien 3rd Countess Orkney Countess Inchquin 1721-1790 (34).

In 1191 Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Castile 1191-1242 was born to Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 (19) and Theresa of Portugal Queen Consort Leon 1176-1250 (15).

On 24 Jan 1712 Frederick "The Great" I King Prussia 1712-1786 was born to Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia 1688-1740 (23) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1687-1757 (24). He a grandson of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 05 Jan 1425 Henry IV King Castile 1425-1474 was born to John II King Castile 1405-1454 (19) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Castile 1396-1445 (29). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 07 Jun 1502 John III King Portugal 1502-1557 was born to Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 (33) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal 1482-1517 (20).

Around 05 Sep 1680 Thomas Hamilton 6th Earl Haddington 1680-1735 was born to Charles Hamilton 5th Earl Haddington 1650-1685 (30) and Margaret Leslie 8th Countess Rothes Countess Haddington -1700.

In 1679 John Hamilton-Leslie 9th Earl of Rothes 1679-1722 was born to Charles Hamilton 5th Earl Haddington 1650-1685 (29) and Margaret Leslie 8th Countess Rothes Countess Haddington -1700.

On 07 Dec 1697 Peter August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1697-1775 was born to Frederick Louis Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1653-1728 (44) and Louise Charlotte Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1658-1740 (39).

On 18 Jun 1687 Frederick William Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1687-1749 was born to Frederick Louis Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1653-1728 (34) and Louise Charlotte Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1658-1740 (29).

On 13 Feb 1457 Mary Valois Duchess Burgundy 1457-1482 was born to Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (23) and Isabella Bourbon 1436-1465 (21). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 03 Mar 1455 John II King Portugal 1455-1495 was born to Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 (23) and Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Portugal 1432-1455 (23). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 24 Nov 1394 Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 was born to Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (22) and Valentina Visconti 1371-1408 (23).

Around 22 Jun 1394 Philip Valois Orléans Count Vertus 1394-1420 was born to Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (22) and Valentina Visconti 1371-1408 (23).

On 23 Nov 1402 Jean "Bastard of Orléans" Valois Count Dunois Count Longueville 1402-1468 was born to Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (30) and Valentina Visconti 1371-1408 (31).

Around 1721 Mary Obrien 3rd Countess Orkney Countess Inchquin 1721-1790 was born to William Obrien 4th Earl Inchiquin 1700-1777 (21) and Anne Hamilton 2nd Countess Orkney Countess Inchiquin -1756.

On 09 Apr 1873 Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor Duchess Teck 1873-1929 was born to Hugh Lupus Grosvenor 1st Duke Westminster 1825-1899 (47) and Constance Leveson-Gower Duchess Westminster 1834-1880 (38).

On 11 Oct 1856 Elizabeth Harriet Grosvenor Marchioness Ormonde 1856-1928 was born to Hugh Lupus Grosvenor 1st Duke Westminster 1825-1899 (30) and Constance Leveson-Gower Duchess Westminster 1834-1880 (22).

Around 1690 William Kerr 3rd Marquess Lothian 1690-1767 was born to William Kerr 2nd Marquess Lothian 1661-1722 (29) and Jean Campbell Marchioness Lothian.

On 14 Oct 1784 Ferdinand VII King Spain 1784-1833 was born to Charles IV King Spain 1748-1819 (35) and Maria Luisa of Parma 1751-1819 (32).

1765. Anton Raphael Mengs Painter 1728-1779. Portrait of Charles IV King Spain 1748-1819.1789. Francisco Goya Painter 1746-1828. Portrait of Charles IV King Spain 1748-1819.

Gruffydd ap Rhys Dinefwr Prince Deheubarth -1201 was born to Rhys ap Gruffydd "The Lord Rhys" Dinefwr 1132-1197 and Gwenllian ferch Madog Mathrafal.

On 11 Dec 1709 Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain 1709-1742 was born to Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans 1674-1723 (35) and Françoise Marie Bourbon Duchess Orléans 1677-1749 (32). She a great x 3 granddaughter of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

1724.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain 1709-1742.1700.Pierre Gobert Painter 1662-1744. Portrait of Françoise Marie Bourbon Duchess Orléans 1677-1749.

On 20 Aug 1695 Marie Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Duchess Berry 1695-1719 was born to Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans 1674-1723 (21) and Françoise Marie Bourbon Duchess Orléans 1677-1749 (18). She a great x 3 granddaughter of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

On 03 Aug 1703 Louis Bourbon Duke Orléans 1703-1752 was born to Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans 1674-1723 (29) and Françoise Marie Bourbon Duchess Orléans 1677-1749 (26). He a great x 3 grandson of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 at Palace of Versailles, Versailles.

On 20 Oct 1767 Marie Sophie Hesse Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1767-1852 was born to Charles Hesse Kassel 1744-1836 (22) and Louise Oldenburg 1750-1831 (17). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 28 Sep 1789 Louise Caroline Hesse Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg 1789-1867 was born to Charles Hesse Kassel 1744-1836 (44) and Louise Oldenburg 1750-1831 (39). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 11 Jul 1771 Karoline Amalie Hesse Kassel Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg 1771-1848 was born to William Elector of Hesse 1743-1821 (28) and Electress Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg 1747-1820 (24). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

1795. Wilhelm Bottner Painter 1752-1810. Portrait of William Elector of Hesse 1743-1821.

On 31 May 1868 Victor Christian William Cavendish 9th Duke Devonshire 1868-1938 was born to Edward Cavendish 1838-1891 (30) and Emma Elizabeth Lascelles -1920.

On 08 May 1587 Victor Amadeus I Duke of Savoy 1587-1637 was born to Charles Emmanuel Savoy I Duke Savoy 1562-1630 (25) and Catherine Habsburg Spain Duchess Savoy 1567-1597 (19).

On 08 Aug 1779 Henry Howard 13th Earl Suffolk 6th Earl Berkshire 1779-1779 was born to Henry Howard 12th Earl Suffolk 5th Earl Berkshire 1739-1779 (40) and Charlotte Finch Countess Suffolk Countess Berkshire 1754- (25).

On 28 Apr 1676 Frederick I King Sweden 1676-1751 was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse Kassel 1654-1730 (21) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse Kassel 1653-1711 (22).

On 10 Mar 1682 William Hesse Kassel 1682-1760 was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse Kassel 1654-1730 (27) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse Kassel 1653-1711 (28).

On 16 Jul 1678 Sophie Charlotte Hesse Kassel Duchess Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1678-1749 was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse Kassel 1654-1730 (23) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse Kassel 1653-1711 (25).

On 07 Feb 1688 Marie Louise Hesse Kassel Princess Nassau Dietz 1688-1765 was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse Kassel 1654-1730 (33) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse Kassel 1653-1711 (34).

On 02 Jul 1903 Olav Glücksburg V King Norway 1903-1991 was born to Haakon VII King Norway 1872-1957 (30) and Maud Windsor Queen Consort Norway 1869-1938 (33). He a grandson of Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910.

In 1710 Susannah Noel Countess Shaftesbury 1710-1758 was born to Baptist Noel 3rd Earl Gainsborough 1684-1714 (26) and Dorothy Manners Countess Gainsborough 1690-1734 (20).

In 1708 Baptist Noel 4th Earl Gainsborough 1708-1751 was born to Baptist Noel 3rd Earl Gainsborough 1684-1714 (24) and Dorothy Manners Countess Gainsborough 1690-1734 (18).

On 07 Jul 1771 Louise Auguste possible father Johann Friedrich Struensee Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg 1771-1843 was born to Christian VII King Denmark and Norway 1749-1808 (22) and Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1751-1775 (19). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 28 Jan 1768 Frederick VI King Denmark and Norway 1768-1839 was born to Christian VII King Denmark and Norway 1749-1808 (18) and Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1751-1775 (16). He a great grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 07 Apr 1853 Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha 1st Duke Albany 1853-1884 was born to Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (33) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (33) at Buckingham Palace.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861.Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861.Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children.Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861.1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

On 09 Nov 1841 Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 was born to Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (22) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (22).

1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910.Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.

On 21 Nov 1840 Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 was born to Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (21) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (21).

Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901.Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901.Around 1865. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901.

On 18 Mar 1848 Princess Louise Caroline Alberta Windsor Duchess Argyll 1848-1939 was born to Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (28) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (28).

1915. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta Windsor Duchess Argyll 1848-1939 widowed.

On 01 May 1850 Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 was born to Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (30) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (30) at Buckingham Palace.

1937. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942.In 1908 John Singer Sargent Painter 1856-1925. Portrait of Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942.

On 11 Feb 1694 Henrietta Cavendish Holles Countess Oxford and Countess Mortimer 1694-1755 was born to John Holles 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1662-1711 (32) and Margaret Cavendish Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1661-1716 (32).

On 25 Dec 1650 Philippe Carteret 2nd Baronet Saint Owen 1650-1693 was born to Philippe Carteret 1st Baronet 1620-1672 (30) and Anne Dumaresq Baroness Carteret 1627-1700 (23) at St Ouen Jersey.

On 27 Aug 1669 Anne Marie Bourbon Queen Consort Sardinia 1669-1728 was born to Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans 1640-1701 (28) and Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 (25). She a granddaughter of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

Around 1662 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670. One of the Windsor Beauties.Around 1672 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Postumous portrait of Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

On 26 Mar 1662 Marie Louise Bourbon Queen Consort Spain 1662-1689 was born to Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans 1640-1701 (21) and Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 (17). She a granddaughter of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

Madog Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog -1236 was born to Owain Fychan ap Madog Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog 1152-1191 and Angharad Aberffraw.

In 1428 Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1428-1496 was born to Prince John Aviz Constable Portugal 1400-1442 (27) and Isabella of Braganza 1402-1466 (25). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1652 Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham 1652-1684 was born to Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick 1611-1659 (40) and Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick 1620-1652 (32).

Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham 1652-1684.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham 1652-1684.Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of sisters Essex Cheeke Countess Manchester -1658 and Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick 1620-1652.

On 01 Jul 1752 Thomas Pelham Clinton 3rd Duke Newcastle under Lyme 1752-1795 was born to Henry Fiennes Pelham Clinton 2nd Duke Newcastle under Lyme 1720-1794 (32) and Catherine Pelham Duchess Newcastle under Lyne 1727-1760 (25).

On 01 Jun 1804 Alexander Murray 6th Earl Dunmore 1804-1845 was born to George Murray 5th Earl Dunmore 1762-1836 (42) and Susan Hamilton Countess Dunmore 1774-1846 (30).

On 11 Apr 1834 Charles Douglas-Home 12th Earl of Home 1834-1918 was born to Cospatrick Alexander Douglas-Home 11th Earl of Home 1799-1881 (34) and Lucy Elizabeth Montagu Scott Countess Home.

In 1722 Anatasia Stafford-Howard 6th Baroness Stafford 1722-1807 was born to William Stafford-Howard 2nd Earl Stafford 1690-1734 (32) and Anne Holman Countess Stafford -1725.

In 1718 William Mathias Stafford-Howard 3rd Earl Stafford 1718-1751 was born to William Stafford-Howard 2nd Earl Stafford 1690-1734 (28) and Anne Holman Countess Stafford -1725.

On 18 Sep 1862 George Godolphin Osborne 10th Duke Leeds 1862-1927 was born to George Godolphin Osborne 9th Duke Leeds 1828-1895 (34) and Fanny Georgiana Pitt Rivers Duchess Leeds 1836-1896 (25).

On 18 Jan 1863 Charles Hepburn Stuart Forbes Trefusis 21st Baron Clinton 1863-1957 was born to Charles Hepburn Stuart Forbes Trefusis 20th Baron Clinton 1834-1904 (28) and Harriet Williamina Hepburn Forbes Baroness Clinton 1835-1869 (28).

On 28 Dec 1801 Armar Lowry-Corry 3rd Earl Belmore 1801-1845 was born to Somerset Lowry-Corry 2nd Earl Belmore 1774-1841 (27) and Juliana Butler Countess Belmore 1783-1861 (18).

Around 1800. Hugh Douglas Hamilton Painter 1740-1808. Portrait of Somerset Lowry-Corry 2nd Earl Belmore 1774-1841.

On 18 Nov 1668 Frederick William Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg 1668-1714 was born to Ernest Günther Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg 1609-1689 (59) and Auguste Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg 1633-1701 (35).

On 13 Apr 1658 Louise Charlotte Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1658-1740 was born to Ernest Günther Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg 1609-1689 (48) and Auguste Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg 1633-1701 (24).

On 30 Sep 1755 John Murray 4th Duke Atholl 1755-1830 was born to John Murray 3rd Duke Atholl 1729-1774 (26) and Charlotte Murray Duchess Atholl 1731-1805 (23).

In 1825. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of John Murray 4th Duke Atholl 1755-1830.

On 02 Jun 1822 John Winston Spencer-Churchill 7th Duke Marlborough 1822-1883 was born to George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke Marlborough 1793-1857 (28) and Jane Stewart Duchess Marlborough 1798-1844 (24).

On 27 Jul 1690 Charles Tracy 5th Viscount Tracy 1690-1756 was born to William Tracy 4th Viscount Tracy 1657-1712 (33) and Jane Leigh Viscountess Tracy 1665-1708 (25).

Around 1562 Edmund Butler 2nd Viscount Mountgarret 1562-1602 was born to Richard Butler 1st Viscount Mountgarret 1500-1571 (62) and Eleanor Butler Viscountess Mountgarret.

In 1790 Diana Herbert Countess Normanton 1790-1841 was born to George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery 1759-1827 (30) and Elisabeth Beauclerk 1766-1793 (23). She a great x 3 granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 19 Sep 1791 Robert Henry Herbert 12th Earl Pembroke 9th Earl Montgomery 1791-1862 was born to George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery 1759-1827 (32) and Elisabeth Beauclerk 1766-1793 (25). He a great x 3 grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 11 Jun 1721 Thomas Howard 14th Earl Suffolk 7th Earl Berkshire 1721-1783 was born to Henry Bowes Howard 4th Earl Berkshire 11th Earl Suffolk 1686-1757 (35) and Catherine Graham Countess Berkshire Countess Suffolk.

On 31 Jul 1785 John James Waldegrave 6th Earl Waldegrave 1785-1835 was born to George Waldegrave 4th Earl Waldegrave 1751-1789 (33) and Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave 1760-1816 (25). He a great x 3 grandson of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

On 27 Oct 1788 William Waldegrave 8th Earl Waldegrave 1788-1859 was born to George Waldegrave 4th Earl Waldegrave 1751-1789 (36) and Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave 1760-1816 (28). He a great x 3 grandson of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

On 20 Aug 1859 Humphrey Napier Sturt 2nd Baron Alington 1859-1919 was born to Henry Gerard Sturt 1st Baron Alington 1825-1904 (34) and Augusta Bingham Baroness Alington.

John William Egerton 7th Earl Bridgewater -1823 was born to John Egerton Bishop of Bangor Lichfield Durham 1721-1787 and Anne Sophia Grey -1780.

On 11 Nov 1756 Francis Henry Egerton 8th Earl Bridgewater 1756-1829 was born to John Egerton Bishop of Bangor Lichfield Durham 1721-1787 (34) and Anne Sophia Grey -1780.

On 28 May 1840 Frederick Dutton 5th Baron Sherborne 1840-1920 was born to James Henry Legge Dutton 3rd Baron Sherborne 1804-1883 (35) and Elizabeth Howard Baroness Sherborne 1803-1845 (37) at Bibury.

On 11 Jul 1766 John Grey Egerton 8th Baronet 1766-1825 was born to Philip Egerton of Oulton 1738-1786 (28) and Mary Eyles-Styles 1745-1821 (21). He was born John Egerton. He adopted the name Grey when he succeeded to the Baronetcy in 1814.

Around 1675 William Douglas 2nd Baronet Kelhead 1675-1733 was born to James Douglas 1st Baronet Kelhead 1639-1708 (35) and Catherine Douglas Lady Kelhead.

On 23 Apr 1831 Edward Lenox Dutton 4th Baron Sherborne 1831-1919 was born to James Henry Legge Dutton 3rd Baron Sherborne 1804-1883 (26) and Elizabeth Howard Baroness Sherborne 1803-1845 (28).

On 06 Jul 1767 Philip Egerton 9th Baronet 1767-1829 was born to Philip Egerton of Oulton 1738-1786 (29) and Mary Eyles-Styles 1745-1821 (22).

On 12 Oct 1815 William Thomas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 6th Earl Fitzwilliam 1815-1902 was born to Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 5th Earl Fitzwilliam 1786-1857 (29) and Mary Dundas 1787-1830 (28).

Around 1495 James Fitzgerald 10th Earl Desmond 1495-1529 was born to Maurice Fitzgerald 9th Earl Desmond -1520 and Ellen Roche Countess Desmond 1466-1535 (29).

On 03 Sep 1829 Albreda Elizabeth Wentworth-Fitzwilliam Baroness Lyveden 1829-1891 was born to Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 5th Earl Fitzwilliam 1786-1857 (43) and Mary Dundas 1787-1830 (42).

On 03 Jun 1816 Walter Charles James 1st Baron Northbourne of Betteshanger 1816-1893 was born to John James -1818 and Emily Jane Stewart 1789-1865 (27).

On 26 Mar 1687 Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1687-1757 was born to George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (26) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 1666-1726 (20).

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 30 Oct 1683 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 was born to George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (23) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 1666-1726 (17) at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Lower Saxony.

In 1724 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 1744 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.In 1744 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 10 Nov 1847 Edward Guiness 1st Earl Iveagh 1847-1927 was born to Benjamin Lee Guiness 1st Baronet Guiness 1798-1868 (49) and Elizabeth Guiness 1813-1865 (33) at Clontarf, Dublin.

On 24 Jun 1777 Mary Chester Countess of Liverpool 1777-1846 was born to Charles Bagot Chester 1730-1793 (46) and Catherine Legge 1741-1819 (36).

On 20 May 1714 Henry Bathurst 2nd Earl Bathurst Sussex 1714-1794 was born to Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst Sussex 1684-1775 (29) and Catherine Apsley Countess Bathurst Sussex.

On 12 May 1840 George Cadogan 5th Earl Cadogan 1840-1915 was born to Henry Cadogan 4th Earl Cadogan 1812-1873 (28) and Mary Sarah Wellesley Countess Cadogan 1808-1873 (32).

On 15 Oct 1396 John Armagnac IV Count Armagnac 1396-1450 was born to Bernard Armagnac VII Count Armagnac 1363-1418 (33) and Bonne Valois Countess Armagnac and Savoy 1365-1435 (31).

On 24 Jul 1801 Ferdinand Dalberg-Acton 7th Baronet 1801-1837 was born to John Acton 6th Baronet 1736-1811 (65) and Mary-Ann Acton Lady Acton 1782-1873 (19).

On 19 Sep 1399 Bonne Armagnac Duchess Orléans 1399-1430 was born to Bernard Armagnac VII Count Armagnac 1363-1418 (36) and Bonne Valois Countess Armagnac and Savoy 1365-1435 (34).

COI 3.125 and Higher

In 1331 Blanche Évreux Queen Consort France 1331-1398 was born to Philip "Noble" III King Navarre 1306-1343 (24) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 (18). She a great x 3 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

On 10 Oct 1332 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre 1332-1387 was born to Philip "Noble" III King Navarre 1306-1343 (26) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 (20). He a great x 3 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Around 1329 Maria Évreux Queen Consort Aragon 1329-1347 was born to Philip "Noble" III King Navarre 1306-1343 (22) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 (16). She a great x 3 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

In Dec 1473 Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484 was born to Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) at Middleham Castle.

On 25 Feb 1475 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (25) and Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence 1451-1476 (23) at Warwick Castle. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 14 Aug 1473 Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (23) and Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence 1451-1476 (21) at Farleigh Hungerford Castle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1535 Unknown Painter. Portrait of unknown woman thought to be Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541. She holding a wine butt on a thread between her fingers which may refer to her father's death.

On 29 May 1421 Charles "Viana" IV King Navarre 1421-1461 was born to John II King Aragon 1398-1479 (22) and Blanche Évreux Queen Consort Aragon 1388-1441 (33).

In 1424 Blanche Trastámara II Queen Navarre 1424-1464 was born to John II King Aragon 1398-1479 (25) and Blanche Évreux Queen Consort Aragon 1388-1441 (36).

On 02 Feb 1426 Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Navarre 1426-1479 was born to John II King Aragon 1398-1479 (27) and Blanche Évreux Queen Consort Aragon 1388-1441 (38).

On 02 Jun 1940 Constantine II King Hellenes 1940- was born to Paul I King Greece 1901-1964 (38) and Frederica Hanover Queen Consort Greece 1917-1981 (23). He a great x 2 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.

In 1938 Sophia Glücksburg Queen Consort Spain 1938- was born to Paul I King Greece 1901-1964 (36) and Frederica Hanover Queen Consort Greece 1917-1981 (20). She a great x 2 granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.

On 27 Apr 1806 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies Queen Consort Spain 1806-1878 was born to Francis I of the Two Sicilies 1777-1830 (28) and Maria Isabel Queen Consort of the Two Sicilies 1789-1848 (16).

On 26 Apr 1319 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 was born to Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (25) and Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France 1293-1349 (25).

On 14 Oct 1499 Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France 1499-1524 was born to Louis XII King France 1462-1515 (37) and Anne of Brittany (22).

On 16 Jan 1409 René Valois Anjou I Duke Anjou 1409-1480 was born to Louis King Naples 1377-1417 (31) and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples.

In 1412 Yolande Valois Anjou Duchess Brabant Duchess Brittany 1412-1440 was born to Louis King Naples 1377-1417 (34) and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples at Arles.

In 1414 Charles Valois Anjou Count Maine 1414-1472 was born to Louis King Naples 1377-1417 (36) and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples.

On 25 Sep 1403 Louis Valois Anjou III Duke Anjou 1403-1434 was born to Louis King Naples 1377-1417 (25) and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples.

On 14 Oct 1404 Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 was born to Louis King Naples 1377-1417 (27) and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples.

On 08 Jan 1707 Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany 1707-1712 was born to Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1682-1712 (24) and Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712 (21). He a great x 2 grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

1710.Pierre Gobert Painter 1662-1744. Portrait of Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712.

On 25 Aug 1707 Louis I King Spain 1707-1724 was born to Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (23) and Maria Luisa Savoy 1688-1714 (18). He a great x 2 grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

1723.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746.1723.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746.

On 25 Jun 1704 Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany 1704-1705 was born to Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1682-1712 (21) and Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712 (18). He a great x 2 grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

On 23 Sep 1713 Ferdinand VI King Spain 1713-1759 was born to Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (29) and Maria Luisa Savoy 1688-1714 (25) at the Royal Alcázar of Madrid. He a great x 2 grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

1723.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Ferdinand VI King Spain 1713-1759.

On 15 Feb 1710 Louis XV King France 1710-1774 was born to Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1682-1712 (27) and Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712 (24). He a great x 2 grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

1715.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Louis XV King France 1710-1774.

On 27 Apr 1701 Charles Emmanuel III King Sardinia 1701-1773 was born to Victor Amadeus King Sardinia 1666-1732 (34) and Anne Marie Bourbon Queen Consort Sardinia 1669-1728 (31) at Turin. He a great grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

On 31 Mar 1519 Henry II King France 1519-1559 was born to Francis I King France 1494-1547 (24) and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France 1499-1524 (19).

1559. Studio of François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Henry II King France 1519-1559.

On 05 Jun 1523 Margaret Valois Angoulême Duchess Berry and Savoy 1523-1574 was born to Francis I King France 1494-1547 (28) and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France 1499-1524 (23).

On 22 Dec 1572 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Margaret Valois Angoulême Duchess Berry and Savoy 1523-1574.

In 1414 Charles Valois I Count Nevers 1414-1464 was born to Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (24) and Bonne Artois Duchess Burgundy 1396-1425 (18).

Before 1415 John Valois II Count of Nevers, Etampes, Rethel and Eu 1414-1491 was born to Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 and Bonne Artois Duchess Burgundy 1396-1425.

On 28 Jan 1312 Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 was born to Louis X King France I Navarre 1289-1316 (22) and Margaret of Burgundy Queen Consort France 1290-1315 (22). There was some doubt over her paternity since her mother had been embroiled in the Aunay Brothers Affair in which one of the brothers admitted under torture to having been Margaret's (22) lover. Her father (22), however, stated she was his legitimate daughter on his deathbed.

Around 1456 Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 was born to John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (46) and Anne Holland Countess Douglas Countess Avondale -1486. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 31 Mar 1439 Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1439-1475 was born to Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (47) and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 18 Sep 1434 Eleanor Aviz Holy Roman Empress 1434-1467 was born to Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (42) and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 15 Jan 1432 Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 was born to Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (40) and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

Around 1370 Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 was born to Charles "Bad" II King Navarre 1332-1387 (37) and Joan Valois Queen Consort Navarre 1343-1373 (26) at Pamplona.

Peter Évreux Count Mortain was born to Charles "Bad" II King Navarre 1332-1387 and Joan Valois Queen Consort Navarre 1343-1373.

In 1361 Charles III King Navarre 1361-1425 was born to Charles "Bad" II King Navarre 1332-1387 (28) and Joan Valois Queen Consort Navarre 1343-1373 (17).

Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal was born to Ferdinand I King Aragon 1380-1416 and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1374-1465.

On 29 Jun 1398 John II King Aragon 1398-1479 was born to Ferdinand I King Aragon 1380-1416 (17) and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1374-1465 (24).

In 1396 Alfonso V King Aragon 1396-1458 was born to Ferdinand I King Aragon 1380-1416 (15) and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1374-1465 (22).

In 1396 Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Castile 1396-1445 was born to Ferdinand I King Aragon 1380-1416 (15) and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1374-1465 (22).

On 23 Sep 1434 Yolande Valois Duchess Savoy 1434-1478 was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (31) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (29).

On 03 Jul 1423 Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (20) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (18).

On 04 May 1435 Joan Valois Duchess Bourbon 1435-1482 was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (32) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (30).

On 01 Dec 1443 Magdalena Valois Countess Foix 1443-1495 was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (40) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (39).

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (62) and Margaret of France Queen Consort England 1279-1318 (22) at Woodstock Palace.

On 01 Jun 1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (60) and Margaret of France Queen Consort England 1279-1318 (21) at Brotherton.

On 09 Aug 1914 Alastair Windsor 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1914-1943 was born to Prince Arthur of Connaught 1883-1938 (31) and Princess Alexandra Duff Duchess Fife 1891-1959 (23) at 54 Mount Street Grosvenor Square. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. He was baptised on 01 Sep 1914 at his parent's home. His godparents were his maternal great-uncle George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (49), Alfonso XIII King Spain 1886-1941 (28), his maternal great-grandmother Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925 (69), his grandfather Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (64), his great-aunt Princess Louise Caroline Alberta Windsor Duchess Argyll 1848-1939 (66) and his cousin Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood 1897-1965 (17).

1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936.1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925.1933. Simon Elwes Painter 1902-1975. Portrait of Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood 1897-1965.

On 19 Jun 1566 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 was born to Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 (20) and Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 (23) at Edinburgh Castle. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

In 1374 Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1374-1465 was born to Sancho Alfonso Ivrea 1331- (43) and Beatrice Burgundy 1354-1381 (20).

On 08 Apr 1320 Peter I King Portugal 1320-1367 was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal 1291-1357 (29) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1293-1359 (27).

In 1313 Maria Burgundy Queen Consort Castile 1313-1357 was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal 1291-1357 (21) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1293-1359 (20).

In 1328 Eleanor Burgundy Queen Consort Aragon 1328-1348 was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal 1291-1357 (36) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1293-1359 (35).

In 1307 Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1307-1359 was born to Ferdinand IV King Castile IV King Leon 1285-1312 (21) and Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313 (16).

On 13 Aug 1311 Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 was born to Ferdinand IV King Castile IV King Leon 1285-1312 (25) and Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313 (21).

On 09 Feb 1323 Margaret Brabant Countess Nevers and Flanders 1323-1380 was born to John Brabant III Duke Brabant 1300-1355 (23) and Marie Évreux Duchess of Brabant 1303-1335 (20). She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1322 Joanna Reginar Duchess Brabant 1322-1406 was born to John Brabant III Duke Brabant 1300-1355 (21) and Marie Évreux Duchess of Brabant 1303-1335 (19). She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 13 Mar 1372 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 was born to Charles V King France 1338-1380 (33) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (34).

On 03 Dec 1368 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 was born to Charles V King France 1338-1380 (30) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (30).

Mary Campbell Countess Breadalbaine and Holland was born to Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess Argyll 1607-1661 and Margaret Douglas Marchioness Argyll 1610-1678.

On 26 Feb 1629 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 was born to Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess Argyll 1607-1661 (21) and Margaret Douglas Marchioness Argyll 1610-1678 (19) at Dalkeith.

In 1199 Ferdinand III King Castile III King Leon 1199-1252 was born to Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 (27) and Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 (20). He a great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

In 1467 Charles Egmont 3rd Duchess Guelders 1467-1538 was born to Adolf Egmont 2nd Duke Guelders 1438-1477 (28) and Catherine Bourbon Duchess Guelders 1440-1469 (27).

In 1467 Philippa Egmont Duchess of Bar Duchess Lorraine 1467-1547 was born to Adolf Egmont 2nd Duke Guelders 1438-1477 (28) and Catherine Bourbon Duchess Guelders 1440-1469 (27).

On 17 Nov 1293 Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 was born to Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (23) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois 1273-1299 (20).

Around 1294 Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault 1294-1342 was born to Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (23) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois 1273-1299 (21).

In 1295 Margaret Valois 1295-1342 was born to Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (24) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois 1273-1299 (22).

In 1297 Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 was born to Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (26) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois 1273-1299 (24).

In 1292 Isabelle Valois Duchess Brittany 1292-1309 was born to Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (21) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois 1273-1299 (19).

In 1337 Charles Valois Archbishop Lyons 1337-1375 was born to Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (40) and Maria de la Cerda Y Lara Countess Alençon 1319-1375 (18).

In 1340 Peter Valois II Count Alençon 1340-1404 was born to Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (43) and Maria de la Cerda Y Lara Countess Alençon 1319-1375 (21).

In 1339 Cardinal Philippe Valois 1339-1397 was born to Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (42) and Maria de la Cerda Y Lara Countess Alençon 1319-1375 (20).

On 24 Feb 1413 Louis Savoy I Count Savoy 1413-1465 was born to Amadeus Savoy VIII Count Savoy 1383-1451 (29) and Mary Valois Countess Savoy 1386-1422 (26).

On 29 Nov 1422 Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 was born to Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (29) and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 (25) at Leconfield. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 07 Apr 1428 William Percy Bishop of Carlisle 1428-1462 was born to Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (35) and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 (31). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 25 Jul 1421 Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 was born to Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (28) and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 (24). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (38) at Bordeaux. He a grandson of King Edward III England. He became the Heir to the Throne of England.

On 10 May 1491 Suzanne Bourbon Duchess Bourbon 1491-1521 was born to Peter Bourbon II Duke Bourbon 1438-1503 (52) and Anne Valois Duchess Bourbon 1461-1522 (30).

On 04 Sep 1454 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 was born to Humphrey Stafford 1425-1458 (29) and Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 (17). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.