Duelling

1609 Stewart Wharton Duel

1662 Montagu Chomeley Duel

1668 Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

1712 Hamilton–Mohun Duel

Duelling is in General Things.

On 07 Aug 1485 Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Albany 1454-1485 (31) was killed in a duel with Louis XII King France 1462-1515 (23). His son John Stewart 2nd Duke Albany 1484-1536 (1) succeeded 2nd Duke Albany 2C 1458.

Before 1603 Thomas Lucas 1559-1625 was exiled for duelling with a Mr Brooks. He was pardoned by James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 and returned to England in 1603.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

On 01 Aug 1603 Matthew Browne 1563-1603 (40) was killed in a duel with John Townshend 1568-1603 (35) at Hounslow Heath. Matthew Browne 1563-1603 (40) died the following day.

On 20 Apr 1608 John Egerton -1608 was killed in a duel by Edward Morgan 1576- (32).

Stewart Wharton Duel

On 08 Nov 1609 friends George Wharton 1583-1609 (26) and James Stewart -1609were both killed in a duel with each other over a game of cards. They were buried together in the same grave in Islington, by the King's command on 10 Nov 1609.

In 1617 Arthur Wingfield -1617 was killed in a duel.

On 08 Feb 1625 Thomas Beaumont 1st Viscount of Swords 1582-1625 (43) died from wounds received duelling.

In 1640 Ralph Eure of Bishop Middleham 1602–1640 (38) was killed in a duel.

On 13 May 1652 Henry Compton -1652 was killed in a duel with George Brydges 6th Baron Chandos 1620-1655 (31) at Putney.

On 22 Aug 1661 Roger Grosvenor 1628-1661 (33) was killed in a duel by his cousin Hugh Roberts.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 06 August 1662. 06 Aug 1662. Up early, and, going to my office, met Sir G. Carteret (52) in coming through the yard, and so walked a good while talking with him about Sir W. Batten (61), and find that he is going down the wind in every body's esteem, and in that of his honesty by this letter that he wrote to Captn. Allen concerning Alderman Barker's hemp.
Thence by water to White Hall; and so to St. James's; but there found Mr. Coventry (34) gone to Hampton Court.
So to my Lord's; and he is also gone: this being a great day at the Council about some business at the Council before the King (32). Here I met with Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, who told me how Mr. Edward Montagu (27) hath lately had a duell with Mr. Cholmely (30), that is first gentleman-usher to the Queen (23), and was a messenger from the King (32) to her in Portugall, and is a fine gentleman; but had received many affronts from Mr. Montagu (27), and some unkindness from my Lord, upon his score (for which I am sorry). He proved too hard for Montagu, and drove him so far backward that he fell into a ditch, and dropt his sword, but with honour would take no advantage over him; but did give him his life: and the world says Mr. Montagu (27) did carry himself very poorly in the business, and hath lost his honour for ever with all people in it, of which I am very glad, in hopes that it will humble him. I hear also that he hath sent to my Lord to borrow £400, giving his brother Harvey's' security for it, and that my Lord will lend it him, for which I am sorry.
Thence home, and at my office all the morning, and dined at home, and can hardly keep myself from having a mind to my wench, but I hope I shall not fall to such a shame to myself.
All the afternoon also at my office, and did business.
In the evening came Mr. Bland the merchant to me, who has lived long in Spain, and is concerned in the business of Tangier, who did discourse with me largely of it, and after he was gone did send me three or four printed things that he hath wrote of trade in general and of Tangier particularly, but I do not find much in them.
This afternoon Mr. Waith was with me, and did tell me much concerning the Chest, which I am resolved to look into; and I perceive he is sensible of Sir W. Batten's (61) carriage; and is pleased to see any thing work against him. Who, poor man, is, I perceive, much troubled, and did yesterday morning walk in the garden with me, did tell me he did see there was a design of bringing another man in his room, and took notice of my sorting myself with others, and that we did business by ourselves without him. Part of which is true, but I denied, and truly, any design of doing him any such wrong as that. He told me he did not say it particularly of me, but he was confident there was somebody intended to be brought in, nay, that the trayne was laid before Sir W. Pen (41) went, which I was glad to hear him say. Upon the whole I see he perceives himself tottering, and that he is suspected, and would be kind to me, but I do my business in the office and neglect him. At night writing in my study a mouse ran over my table, which I shut up fast under my shelf's upon my table till to-morrow, and so home and to bed.

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1662 Montagu Chomeley Duel

Calendar of State Papers Charles II 18 Aug 1662. 18 Aug 1662. 59. —— to [Lord Conway]. Welcomes him to Dublin. Hopes he has received the tender of his brother Dering’s service. The Doctors are both at Tunbridge, and are going to Italy. The writer’s cousin, Hugh Cholmley (30), has fought a duel with Edw. Montague (27), without harm, and Hen. Jermyn (26) and Giles Rawlins against one of the Howards (31) and Lord Dillon’s son; it was fought in St. James’s Fields, Pall Mall,at 11am. Rawlins is slain, Jermyn wounded, and the other two fled. The King intends to proclaim Tangiers a free port for five years. The London ministers who will not conform have parted from their congregations with great temper. Damaged.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 19 August 1662. 19 Aug 1662. Up betimes and to see how my work goes on. Then Mr. Creed came to me, and he and I walked an hour or two till 8 o'clock in the garden, speaking of our accounts one with another and then things public. Among other things he tells me that my Lord has put me into Commission with himself and many noblemen and others for Tangier, which, if it be, is not only great honour, but may be of profit too, and I am very glad of it.
By and by to sit at the office; and Mr. Coventry (34) did tell us of the duell between Mr. Jermyn (26), nephew to my Lord St. Albans (57), and Colonel Giles Rawlins, the latter of whom is killed, and the first mortally wounded, as it is thought. They fought against Captain Thomas Howard (31), my Lord Carlisle's (33) brother, and another unknown; who, they say, had armour on that they could not be hurt, so that one of their swords went up to the hilt against it. They had horses ready, and are fled. But what is most strange, Howard sent one challenge, but they could not meet, and then another, and did meet yesterday at the old Pall Mall at St. James's, and would not to the last tell Jermyn what the quarrel was; nor do any body know. The Court is much concerned in this fray, and I am glad of it; hoping that it will cause some good laws against it.
After sitting, Sir G. Carteret (52) and I walked a good while in the garden, who told me that Sir W. Batten (61) had made his complaint to him that some of us had a mind to do him a bad turn, but I do not see that Sir George (52) is concerned for him at all, but rather against him. He professes all love to me, and did tell me how he had spoke of me to my Lord Chancellor (53), and that if my Lord Sandwich (37) would ask my Lord Chancellor (53), he should know what he had said of me to him to my advantage, of which I am very glad, and do not doubt that all things will grow better and better every day for me.
Dined at home alone, then to my office, and there till late at night doing business, and so home, eat a bit, and to bed.

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In 1666 Robert Carnegie 3rd Earl Southesk 1649-1688 (17) was imprisoned for wounding George Livingston 3rd Earl Linlithgow 1616-1690 (49) in a duel.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 31 October 1666. 31 Oct 1666. Out with Sir W. Batten (65) toward White Hall, being in pain in my cods by being squeezed the other night in a little coach when I carried Pierce and his wife and my people. But I hope I shall be soon well again. This day is a great day at the House, so little to do with the Duke of York (33), but soon parted. Coming out of the Court I met Colonell Atkins, who tells me the whole city rings to-day of Sir Jeremy Smith's killing of Holmes (44) in a duell, at which I was not much displeased, for I fear every day more and more mischief from the man, if he lives; but the thing is not true, for in my coach I did by and by meet Sir Jer. Smith going to Court.
So I by coach to my goldsmith, there to see what gold I can get, which is but little, and not under 22d. So away home to dinner, and after dinner to my closett, where I spent the whole afternoon till late at evening of all my accounts publique and private, and to my great satisfaction I do find that I do bring my accounts to a very near balance, notwithstanding all the hurries and troubles I have been put to by the late fire, that I have not been able to even my accounts since July last before; and I bless God I do find that I am worth more than ever I yet was, which is £6,200, for which the Holy Name of God be praised! and my other accounts of Tangier in a very plain and clear condition, that I am not liable to any trouble from them; but in fear great I am, and I perceive the whole city is, of some distractions and disorders among us, which God of his goodness prevent! Late to supper with my wife and brother, and then to bed. And thus ends the month with an ill aspect, the business of the Navy standing wholly still. No credit, no goods sold us, nobody will trust. All we have to do at the office is to hear complaints for want of money.
The Duke of York (33) himself for now three weeks seems to rest satisfied that we can do nothing without money, and that all must stand still till the King (36) gets money, which the Parliament have been a great while about; but are so dissatisfied with the King's management, and his giving himself up to pleasures, and not minding the calling to account any of his officers, and they observe so much the expense of the war, and yet that after we have made it the most we can, it do not amount to what they have given the King (36) for the warn that they are backward of giving any more. However, £1,800,000 they have voted, but the way of gathering it has taken up more time than is fit to be now lost: The seamen grow very rude, and every thing out of order; commanders having no power over their seamen, but the seamen do what they please. Few stay on board, but all coming running up hither to towne, and nobody can with justice blame them, we owing them so much money; and their familys must starve if we do not give them money, or they procure upon their tickets from some people that will trust them. A great folly is observed by all people in the King's giving leave to so many merchantmen to go abroad this winter, and some upon voyages where it is impossible they should be back again by the spring, and the rest will be doubtfull, but yet we let them go; what the reason of State is nobody can tell, but all condemn it.
The Prince and Duke of Albemarle (57) have got no great credit by this year's service. Our losses both of reputation and ships having been greater than is thought have ever been suffered in all ages put together before; being beat home, and fleeing home the first fight, and then losing so many ships then and since upon the sands, and some falling into the enemy's hands, and not one taken this yeare, but the Ruby, French prize, now at the end of the yeare, by the Frenchmen's mistake in running upon us. Great folly in both Houses of Parliament, several persons falling together by the eares, among others in the House of Lords, the Duke of Buckingham (38) and my Lord Ossory (32). Such is our case, that every body fears an invasion the next yeare; and for my part, I do methinks foresee great unhappiness coming upon us, and do provide for it by laying by something against a rainy day, dividing what I have, and laying it in several places, but with all faithfulness to the King (36) in all respects; my grief only being that the King (36) do not look after his business himself, and thereby will be undone both himself and his nation, it being not yet, I believe, too late if he would apply himself to it, to save all, and conquer the Dutch; but while he and the Duke of York (33) mind their pleasure, as they do and nothing else, we must be beaten. So late with my mind in good condition of quiet after the settling all my accounts, and to bed.

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Around 30 Jul 1667 Henry Belasyse 1639-1667 (28) was killed in a duel following a drunken quarrel by his friend Thomas Porter over a trivial matter. The event was described by Samuel Pepys: Here Sir Philip Frowde, who sat next to me, did tell me how Sir H.Belasses is dead, and that the quarrel between him and Tom Porter, who is fled, did arise in the ridiculous fashion that I was first told it, which is a strange thing between two so good friends.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 08 August 1667. 08 Aug 1667. Up, and all the morning at the office, where busy, and at noon home to dinner, where Creed dined with us, who tells me that Sir Henry Bellasses (28) is dead of the duell he fought about ten days ago, with Tom Porter; and it is pretty to see how the world talk of them as a couple of fools, that killed one another out of love.
After dinner to the office a while, and then with my wife to the Temple, where I light and sent her to her tailor's. I to my bookseller's; where, by and by, I met Mr. Evelyn (46), and talked of several things, but particularly of the times: and he tells me that wise men do prepare to remove abroad what they have, for that we must be ruined, our case being past relief, the Kingdom so much in debt, and the King (37) minding nothing but his lust, going two days a-week to see my Baroness Castlemayne (26) at Sir D. Harvy's (35).
He gone, I met with Mr. Moore, who tells me that my Lord Hinchingbrooke (19) is now with his mistress (22), but not that he is married, as W. Howe come and told us the other day.
So by coach to White Hall, and there staid a little, thinking to see Sir G. Carteret (57), but missed him, and so by coach took up my wife, and so home, and as far as Bow, where we staid and drank, and there, passing by Mr. Lowther (26) and his lady (16), they stopped and we talked a little with them, they being in their gilt coach, and so parted; and presently come to us Mr. Andrews (35), whom I had not seen a good while, who, as other merchants do, do all give over any hopes of things doing well, and so he spends his time here most, playing at bowles. After dining together at the coach-side, we with great pleasure home, and so to the office, where I despatched my business, and home to supper, and to bed.

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Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

On 16 Jan 1668 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (39) fought a duel at Barn Elms with Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (45) with whose wife Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702 (25) he was conducting a relationship. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (45) was fatally wounded dying two months later. Following the duel George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (39) commenced living with Shrewsbury's wife Anne Maria (25). His wife Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720 (29) returned to live with her parents.
Admiral Robert Holmes 1622-1692 (46) and Jenkins acted as seconds to George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (39). Jenkins was killed.
John Talbot 1630-1714 (37) and Bernard Howard 1641-1717 (27) acted as seconds to Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (45). Note. Bernard Howard a guess based on name and age.
On 16 Mar 1668 Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (45) died from wounds received duelling. He was buried at Albrighton. His son Charles Talbot 1st Duke Shrewsbury 1660-1718 (7) succeeded 12th Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 12th Earl Waterford.

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Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 wearing his Garter Collar.In 1659 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702.Around 1668 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702.Around 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702.After 1659. After John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720.Around 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Freschville Holles 1642-1672 and Admiral Robert Holmes 1622-1692.Before 1718. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Charles Talbot 1st Duke Shrewsbury 1660-1718.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 01 March 1669. 01 Mar 1669. Up, and to White Hall to the Committee of Tangier, but it did not meet. But here I do hear first that my Lady Paulina Montagu (20) did die yesterday; at which I went to my Lord's lodgings, but he is shut up with sorrow, and so not to be spoken with: and therefore I returned, and to Westminster Hall, where I have not been, I think, in some months. And here the Hall was very full, the King (38) having, by Commission to some Lords this day, prorogued the Parliament till the 19th of October next: at which I am glad, hoping to have time to go over to France this year. But I was most of all surprised this morning by my Lord Bellassis (54), who, by appointment, met me at Auditor Wood's, at the Temple, and tells me of a duell designed between the Duke of Buckingham (41) and my Lord Halifax (35), or Sir W. Coventry (41); the challenge being carried by Harry Saville (27), but prevented by my Lord Arlington (51), and the King (38) told of it; and this was all the discourse at Court this day. But I, meeting Sir W. Coventry (41) in the Duke of York's (35) chamber, he would not own it to me, but told me that he was a man of too much peace to meddle with fighting, and so it rested: but the talk is full in the town of the business.
Thence, having walked some turns with my cozen Pepys, and most people, by their discourse, believing that this Parliament will never sit more, I away to several places to look after things against to-morrow's feast, and so home to dinner; and thence, after noon, my wife and I out by Hackneycoach, and spent the afternoon in several places, doing several things at the 'Change and elsewhere against to-morrow; and, among others, I did also bring home a piece of my face cast in plaister, for to make a wizard upon, for my eyes. And so home, where W. Batelier come, and sat with us; and there, after many doubts, did resolve to go on with our feast and dancing to-morrow; and so, after supper, left the maids to make clean the house, and to lay the cloth, and other things against to-morrow, and we to bed.

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In 1677 Charles Mohun 3rd Baron Mohun Okehampton 1645-1677 (32) was killed in a duel. In 1677 His son Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (2) succeeded 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1C 1628.

In 1681 William Carnegie 1662-1681 (19) was killed in a duel with William Tollemache 1649-1691 (32) at Paris.

In 1686 John Talbot 1665-1686 (21) was killed in a duel by Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (22).

In 1756 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 in his Garter Robes.

On 19 Dec 1688 Captain Walter Littleton -1688 was killed in a duel by Captain Charles Adderley, a protestant officer of the Royal Horse Guards.

On 04 Feb 1692 Bourchier Wrey 4th Baronet Wrey 1653-1696 (39) duelled with Thomas Bulkeley 1633-1708 (59) in which of the six men engaged as principals and seconds five were MPs; two of the seconds were slightly wounded at Hyde Park.

In May 1694 Bourchier Wrey 4th Baronet Wrey 1653-1696 (41) duelled with James Praed 1655-1706 (39). He was run through the body, Praed being only hurt slightly in the face at Falmouth.

On 12 Apr 1696 Henry Bourchier Fane -1696 was killed in a duel with Elizeus Burges at Leicester Fields Leicester Square.

On 20 Aug 1698 Henry Hobart 4th Baronet Hobart 1657-1698 (41) was killed in a duel with Oliver Le Neve at Cawston Heath Cawston. His son John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire 1693-1756 (4) succeeded 5th Baronet Hotham of Scorborough in Yorkshire.

On 04 Jun 1699 Popham Seymour Conway 1675-1699 (24) drunkenly duelled with Captain George Kirk of the Royal Horse Guards; he was wounded in the nexk. On 18 Jun 1699 he died from wounds received duelling. His estates were inherited by his younger brother Francis Seymour Conway 1679-1732 (20).

On 09 May 1711 Cholmley Dering 4th Baronet Dering 1679-1711 (31) was killed in a duel with Richard Thornhill -1711 who was subsequently tried for murder but convicted of the lesser offence of manslaughter, in light of the original provocation. His son Sir Edward Dering 5th Baronet Dering 5th Baronet Dering 1705- (6) succeeded 5th Baronet Dering of Pluckley in Kent.

Hamilton–Mohun Duel

On 12 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) duelled with James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) at Hyde Park over a legal dispute about the estate and inheritance of the late Earl Macclesfield 1C 1679.
Mohun had married Charlotte Orby Baroness Mohun Okehampton grand-daughter of Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield 1618-1694 (94). James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) had married Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon 1680-1743 (32).
On 15 Nov 1712 James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) died from wounds received duelling. His son James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (9) succeeded 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 2nd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.
On 15 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) died from wounds received duelling; his father had died the same way.

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On 24 Feb 1752 Captain Thomas Grey 1729-1752 (23) was killed in a duel with George Farmer Lord Lempster at Marylebone Fields. George Farmer Lord Lempster was found guilty of manslaughter but appears to have received no punishment.

On 03 Aug 1769 James Agar 1713-1769 (55) was killed in a duel with Henry Flood.

On 07 May 1771 Edward Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier 1740-1782 (31) duelled at Green Park with Vittorio Amadeo, Count Alfieri, with whom his wife was possibly conducting an affair.

In 1776 Richard Fitzgerald 1733-1776 (43) was killed in a duel by his daughter's father-in-law Edward King 1st Earl Kingston 1726-1797 (49).

On 25 Sep 1777 John Tollemache 1750-1777 (27) was killed in a duel in New York by Lowther Pennington who had written a sonnet derogatory to Tollemache's wife Bridget Henley. Tollemache was run through with a sword. Pennington received seven wounds.

On 26 May 1797 William Brabazon 9th Earl Meath 1769-1797 (27) was killed in a duel with Mr Gore. It isn't clear what the duel was being fought over. His brother John Brabazon 10th Earl Meath 1772-1851 (25) succeeded 10th Earl Meath.

On 30 May 1809, in the morning, on Wimbledon Common Wimbledon, Henry Cadogan 1780-1813 (29) and Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (41) duelled. Both men discharged their pistols, honour was satisfied and the parties left the field uninjured.

In 1818. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854.Around 1800 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854.