Executed is in Executions.
In 29BC Mariamne the Hasmonean 29BC was executed on the orders of her husband Herod The Great 72BC 4BC (43).
In 304 Julian Martyr -304 was executed.
In 304 Aaron Martyr -304 was executed.
In 792 Osred King of Northumbria -792 was executed.
In 844 Bernard Poitiers Duke Septimania 795-844 (49) was executed.
In 853 Gauzbert Rorgonide I Count Maine -853 was executed.
In 891 al Mutarrif Umayyad -891 was executed.
In 921 al Asi Umayyad -921 was executed.
In 941 Órlaith íngen Cennétig Queen Consort Ireland -941 was executed apparently as a consequence of her having a relationshoip with her stepson Óengus mac Donnchad Donn -945.
On 19 Apr 1012 Archibishop Ælfheah 953-1012 (59) was executed.
In 1017 Eadwig Ætheling Wessex -1017 was executed by Canute King England 995-1035 (22). He was buried at Tavistock Abbey Tavistock.
In 1214 Baldwin Rouerge 1165-1214 (49) was executed.
On 02 May 1230 William Braose 1204-1230 (26) was executed by Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 (58) for having been found in the bedchamber of his wife Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 (39). His daughter Eva Braose 1227-1255 (3) succeeded 10th Baron Bergavenny (Feudal Creation). William Cantilupe -1254 by marriage Baron Bergavenny Feudal Creation.
Before May 1322 John Giffard 2nd Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1287-1322 was executed by King Edward II of England for being a rebel.
In 1350 Raoul Brienne II Count Eu II Count Guînes 1315-1350 (35) was executed.
On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.
Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.
Alexander Neville Archbishop of York 1341-1392 (47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle. He fled to Louvain where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.
On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian Chief Justice -1388 was hanged naked and his throat cut.
On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley (46).
On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle. His son John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon 4C 1388. He was captured by Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 (53) whose brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (54) John Holland had had executed three years before. She arranged for the children of her dead brother to witness the execution of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) at Pleshy Castle; her primary seat.
On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) lay in wait at Homildon Hill for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (44) fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (43).
William Stewart of Jedworth and Teviotdale 1356-1402 (46) was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) having been captured.
John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies 1370-1420 (32) fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.
On 01 May 1455 the Douglas rebellion was brought to an end at the Battle of Arkinholm near Langholm. Archibald Douglas Earl Moray 1426-1455 (29) was killed. Hugh Douglas 1st Earl Ormonde -1455 was executed. John Douglas 1433-1463 (22) escaped.
On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future King Edward IV (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.
King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.
The battle was fought south of the Northampton River Nene in the grounds of Delapré Abbey.
On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne XIII 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for King Edward IV (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by King Edward IV (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod 1433-1461 (28), Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton 1436-1461 (25) and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.
Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (30), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440-1484 (21) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45), Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86), Andrew Trollope -1461 and his son David Trollope -1461 were killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill.
On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36).
Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle. His brother Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (25) succeeded 4th Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He Edmund is frequently referred as the 4th Duke. His father's (58) Dukedom was, however, a new creation.
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (33) was executed at Newcastle upon Tyne having been captured at the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at the Hungerford Chapel at Salisbury Cathedral. His daughter Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings 4th Baroness Hungerford 5th Baroness Botreaux 2nd Baroness Moleyns 1466-1553 became the ward of William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (33) whose son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings Baron Botreaux 1466-1506 she subsequently married.
On 27 Jul 1469 William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (46) was executed. His son William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Pembroke 8C 1468, 2nd Baron Herbert Raglan, 2nd Baron Herbert Powis. Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke 1456-1481 (13) by marriage Countess Pembroke.
On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by his brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485 (48), Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30), William Parr 1434-1483 (37), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley of Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40), John Scott Comptroller 1423-1485 (48) and Thomas Strickland -1494.
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed. His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought.
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (51) escaped but was subsequently captured and executed on 06 May 1471.
On 20 Jun 1483 Fernando II Duke of Braganza 1430-1483 (53) was executed by John II King Portugal 1455-1495 (28) who then confiscated the assets of the House of Braganza and the family fled to Castile.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) was executed at Exeter Castle.
Around Apr 1486 the Stafford and Lovell Rebellion was an armed uprising against Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (29). With the failure of the plot Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (30) fled to Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (39) in Flanders.
On 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill.
Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (13) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's (25) attempted escape with Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end.
On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children. He was buried at St Peter's Church Britford. Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444 extinct.
In Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 (23) was executed by Henry VIII (40) for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armourin London.
On 03 Feb 1537 the six Fitzgeralds, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl Kildare 1513-1537 (24), James Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Oliver Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Richard Fitzgerald -1537, John Fitzgerald -1537 and Walter Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41) were executed at Tyburn.
On 10 Jul 1539 Adrian Fortescue 1476-1539 (63) was executed at Tower Hill for treason. He doesn't appear to have had a trial. Neither is it clear what his crime was supposed to have been. Probably dis-agreeing with Henry VIII over religion. The Order of St. John of Jerusalem has advocated devotion to Blessed Adrian as a martyr since the 17th century and Pope Leo XIII beatified him on 13 May 1895.
On 15 Jun 1541 John Neville of Chevet 1488-1541 (53) was executed for having failed to report a conspiracy.
On 28 Jul 1541 Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 (62) was executed at the Tower of London for having allowed Gerald "Wizard Earl" Fitzgerald 11th Earl Kildare 1525-1585 (16), his sister Elizabeth's (44) son, to escape capture at Tower of London.
On 13 Dec 1548 John Melville of Raith -1548 was executed in Edinburgh.
On 27 Jan 1550 Humphrey Arundell of Helland 1513-1550 (37) was executed.
On 01 Mar 1554 Anthony Knyvet 1517-1554 (37) was executed.
On 27 Apr 1554 Thomas Grey -1554 was executed at Tower Hill.
On 16 Mar 1557 Charles Stourton 8th Baron Stourton 1520-1557 (37) and four of his servants were executed at Salisbury for the murder of William Hartgill -1557 and John Hartgill -1557.
In 1562 John Gordon -1562 was executed during the Battle of Corrichie: Earl Huntly's Forces.
In 1578 Egremont Radclyffe -1578 was executed at Namur.
In 1583 James Leybourne -1583 was executed for being a "Catholic Traitor".
In 1603 Mary Pannal -1603 was executed for witchcraft. The last person in England to be executed fro witchcraft. Her maiden name may have been Tailer.
In 1628 Richard Blount of London and Williton in Somerset 1564-1628 (64) was executed at Tower Hill.
On 03 Dec 1678 Edward Coleman Courtier 1636-1678 (42) was executed.
On 23 Dec 1690 John Johnston 3rd Baronet Caskiebean 1648-1690 (42) was executed at Tyburn for having assisted Captain James Campbell 1660-1713 (30) in the abduction and forced marriage of Mary Wharton 1677-1726 (13).
In Apr 1696 John Friend Jacobite -1696 and William Parkyns 1649-1696 (47) were executed for taking part in the 1696 Plot to Assassinate King William III.
On 14 Mar 1757 John Byng 1704-1757 (52) was executed by firing squad for having been found guilty of his perceived failure to relieve the garrison at Menorca caused public outrage among fellow officers and the country at large.
On 17 Jul 1918 Anastasia Holstein Gottorp Romanov -1918 was executed.
On 17 Jul 1918 Alexei Holstein Gottorp Romanov -1918 was executed.
On 17 Jul 1918 Nicholas Holstein Gottorp Romanov 1868-1918 (50) was executed.
On 17 Jul 1918 Olga Holstein Gottorp Romanov 1895-1918 (22) was executed.
On 17 Jul 1918 Tatiana Holstein Gottorp Romanov 1897-1918 (21) was executed.
On 17 Jul 1918 Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov 1899-1918 (19) was executed.
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 was killed. His son John Devereux 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1464-1501 succeeded 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
John Iwardby 1449-1485 was killed.
William Butler was executed.
Thomas Cheadle was executed for having killed Richard Bulkeley -1650.
Rebel in Cyprus was executed on the orders of his half-brother Ptolemy II Philadelphus Pharoah of Egypt 309BC 246BC.