Fluted Period

Fluted Period is in Church Monument Periods.

Fluted Period. Armour characterised by the Sallet with a Bevor (these aren't usually included in effgies) and a breastplate in two pieces. Male effigies of this period are characterised by having no facial hair, and short haircuts not dis-similar to a "Bob" haircut.
The photos are of a harness based on the effigy at Church of St Michael and All Angels Thornhill commissioned by Mark Dowling from armourer Fred Ryall. Photos by permission of Mark Dowling.

In 1406 John Curzon -1406 died. Monument in All Saints Church Kedleston. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Reset in tomb recess with depressed crocketed and pinnacled ogee arch, with shields above.

In 1436 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (47) died. He was buried at St Andrew's Church Greystoke. His son Ralph Greystoke 5th Baron Greystoke 1414-1487 (22) succeeded 5th Baron Greystoke. Monument in St Andrew's Church Greystoke. Fluted Period. His Pauldrons are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat After John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

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Around 1442. Monument to Richard Dalton of Apethorpe -1442. Unusual floor slab effigy. Armour later than 1442 circa 1500. Fluted Period. Church of St Leonard Church Apethorpe.

After 1443. St Peter's Church Chillingham. Alabaster effigies of Ralph Grey 1406-1443 and Elizabeth Fitzhugh on sandstone base. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

Around 1456 John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) died. Monument in All Saints Church Kedleston to John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) and Joan Bagot 1400- (56). Fluted Period. Eagle Crest. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Couters. Pauldrons. Sabatons.

In 1459 Robert Hungerford 2nd Baron Hungerford 1400-1459 (59) died. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral. His son Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (28) succeeded 3rd Baron Hungerford. Eleanor Moleyns Baroness Hungerford 1426-1476 (32) by marriage Baroness Hungerford. Fluted Period. Salisbury Cathedral.

After 30 Mar 1461. Monument in Church of St Oswald Methley to Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 and Joan or Cecily Waterton. He with bobbed hair typical of the period resting on great helm, livery collar of linked chain, standard (the chain mail around the neck), wearing a coat of arms (or (gold) a lion sable (black)), leg garter at the knee, fluted period with tassets that protect the thighs, his feet on a lion. She wearing a horned headdress, her head resting on a cushion supported by angels, small linked collar. Both with hands clasped in prayer with lots of rings. Little dog chewing at her dress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Angels Supporting Pillow.

Around 1465. All Saints Church Harewood. Monument to William Gascoigne 1409-1465 (56) and Margaret Clarell Lady of the Garter 1397-1462 (68). Fluted Period. Suns and Roses Collar. His bare head, with finely detailed hair, no facial hair, rests on an unusual helm which appears to be a Maiden's Face, with an orle. Below the waist faulds and tassets under which mail may be seen. Both rest on a chest tomb with finely detailed weepers on each side. She, on his right, with a Widow's Barbe drawn up to her chin at the finely carved end of her dress two dogs, one pulling at the folds. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Dress Folds at Feet.

Around 1470. Church of St John the Baptist Dronfield. Monument to Richard Barley. Alabaster. Fluted Period. Large Tassets overlaying lames. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

On 19 Nov 1473 Nicholas Fitzherbert 1400-1473 (73) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury. Fluted Period. Fine set of weepers. Two wives shown on one end. Clenched Fist Crest usually left-handed; probably a mistake by the sculptor. Suns and Roses Collar. Feet resting on a Lion. Chunky Lions Mane. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Weepers holding Shields. Suns and Roses Collar.

After 12 Oct 1477. Church of St John The Baptist Kinlet. Monument to Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 and Elizabeth Winnington. Fluted Period. He wearing a Suns and Roses Collar. She wearing a fine Horned Headdress with large flap as also detailed in the weepers. Dress Folds at Feet. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

On 02 Mar 1484 Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 (56) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury.
On 20 Oct 1490 Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490 (53) died. She was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury.
Monument to Ralph and Elizabeth. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the Yorkist Boar Pendant (boar of Richard III) on his Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Suns and Roses Collar. Fine Sabatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Horned Headdress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Swirling Tail. Chunky Lions Mane. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

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On 12 Mar 1487 William Gascoigne 1452-1487 (35) died at Gawthorpe Hall. All Saints Church Harewood. Monument to William Gascoigne 1452-1487 (35) and Margaret Percy 1447- (40). Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a variation of the Lancastrian Esses Collar collar being SOSOS. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard.  The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Angels Supporting Pillow.

After 1488. All Saints Church Youlgreave. Monument to Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488. An unusual monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Fluted Period. Suns and Roses Collar. Cockayne Cockerel Crest. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

In 1499 Henry Pierrepoint 1430-1499 (69) died. Fluted Period. Finely carved. Lots of rings on fingers. Suns and Roses Collar. Tomb chest possibly not original. Church of St Edmund Holme Pierrepoint.

On 30 May 1499 John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (57) died. Fluted Period. Salisbury Cathedral.

After 22 Jan 1502 John Strelley 1456-1502 was buried at All Saints' Church Strelley. Monument to John Strelley 1456-1502 and Sanchia Willoughby 1452-1533. Fluted Period. Described as the finest alabaster monument in the country. Chellaston alabaster. Bobbed hair to the shoulder. Feet resting on a Lion, two fine Bedesmen, one male, one female;possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, strangled as denoted by the tongue out. Extended mantling. Four arms above the effigies represent, from left to right: Strelley impaled Kempe - his father Robert Strelley 1423-1488 and his mother Isabel Kempe -1459, Strelley Arms impaled Willoughby - John and his wife, Strelley impaled Pierrepoint - John's paternal great-grandfather Nicholas Strelley -1430 and great-grandmother Elizabeth Pierrepoint.

After 1503. Monument to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 in St Andrew's Church Wingfield. Finely made Fluted Period alabaster monument. Both wearing their ducal coronets. He wearing a Leg Garter. His head resting on a great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, feet resting on a Lion. Chunky Lions Mane.

After 1503. Effigies believed to be of Thomas Sapcote of Burley 1440-1503 and his wife Joan Fraunceys. Fluted Period. Note the small dogs chewing at her dress suggesting the work undertaken by Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Holy Cross Church Burley-on-the-Hill.

After 11 Sep 1504. All Saints Church Turvey. Monument to John Mordaunt 1455-1504 and Edith Latimer 1450-1504.
Fluted Period. Angels Supporting Pillow. Dress Folds at Feet. Misericorde. Tassets. Crespine Headress. Lancastrian Esses Collar with Big Esses. Screaming Man crest, possibly Saracen's Head Crest. Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Dogs chewing at her dress. Some uncertainty about the attribution. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Swirling Tail. Chunky Lions Mane.

After 29 Jul 1509. St Mary the Virgin Church Chipping Norton. Monument to Richard "The Elder" Croft -1509 and Eleanor Cornwall 1428-1519. Finely made in alabaster. Fluted Period. Two complete effigies,still Gothic in line and detail, on a crocketed niched chest with angels and shields. Chunky Lions Mane. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Gabled Headress with Lappets.

After 1515. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Henry Vernon 1445-1515 and Anne Talbot 1445-1494 in a wide Burgundian arch between the south aisle and the Golden Chapel. Fluted Period. Angels Supporting Pillow.

After 1517. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Richard Vernon 1477-1517 and Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545. Fluted Period. Angels Supporting Pillow. The alabaster chest was once used as the altar. He with an Lancastrian Esses Collar and Tudor Rose Pendant. Chest with Bedesmen. Note the swirling tail at his feet which may indicate the work of Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.

Unknown. Monument in St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Fluted Period.