Great Helms and Male Headwear

Great Helms and Male Headwear is in Church Monument Details.

African Woman's Head

On 16 Sep 1562 John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (82) was buried at All Saints Church Turvey.
A curious monument to John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (82) and Elizabeth Vere Baroness Mordaunt -1561 with effigies that appear correct for the time of death, Elizabethan Period, whereas the surrounding monument appears a hundred years later. The carving of his head and torso also appear somewhat out of date. No explanation for his missing right foot. The Mordaunt Crest has changed to an African Woman's Head. The table supported by bare breasted woman that becomes the Mordaunt crest. Sculpted by T Kirkby Sculptor.

In 1571 John Mordaunt 2nd Baron Mordaunt 1508-1571 (63) died. He was buried at All Saints Church Turvey. His son Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601 (32) succeeded 3rd Baron Mordaunt.
On 02 Jun 1543 Ellen Fitzlewis 1522-1543 (21) died. In Apr 1592 Joan Fermor 1516-1592 (76) died.
Elizabethan Period monument with eight Doric Columns with John Mordaunt 2nd Baron Mordaunt 1508-1571 (63) in an elevated position with a wife either side, each lying on a rush mat. All three wearing ruffs. The Mordaunt crest an African Woman's Head. Man with Two Wives.

Ass's Head Crest

In 1399 William Mainwaring 1345-1399 (54) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Acton. Monument Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Ass's Head Crest. Orle.

After 1456. St Lawrence's Church Over Peover. Monument to Randle Mainwaring of Over Peover 1363-1456 and Margery Venables 1369-1459. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. He with a Lancastrian Esses Collar and Orle with IHC NASARE Lettering his head resting on an Ass's Head Crest. She wearing a mitred crespine headress. Possiby Sutton and Prentys Sculptor.

Bare Breasted Woman

On 16 Sep 1562 John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (82) was buried at All Saints Church Turvey.
A curious monument to John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (82) and Elizabeth Vere Baroness Mordaunt -1561 with effigies that appear correct for the time of death, Elizabethan Period, whereas the surrounding monument appears a hundred years later. The carving of his head and torso also appear somewhat out of date. No explanation for his missing right foot. The Mordaunt Crest has changed to an African Woman's Head. The table supported by bare breasted woman that becomes the Mordaunt crest. Sculpted by T Kirkby Sculptor.

On 20 Jul 1601 Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601 (62). He was buried at All Saints Church Turvey.
Black-painted alabaster pall and black marble slab. The Mordaunt crest changed to a Bare Breasted Woman.

Bearded Man

After 09 Aug 1396 Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1349-1396 was buried at St James' Church Spilsby with his third wife Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer Corby Baroness Neville Raby Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1357-1395. Early Plate Bascinet Period. Remarkable helm on which the Baron's head rests with a Bearded Man crest. Excellent orle around the Baron's bascinet.

Calf's Head Crest

On 23 Apr 1394 Hugh Calverley 1324-1394 (70) died. He was probably buried in St Boniface's Church Bunbury. Monument Early Plate Bascinet Period. Finely carved Calf's_Head on the breastplate representing Hugh Calveley's canting arms. Calf's Head Crest. Hip Belt. Basinet with unusual decorated Orle.

Clenched Fist Crest

On 19 Nov 1473 Nicholas Fitzherbert 1400-1473 (73) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury. Fluted Period. Fine set of weepers. Two wives shown on one end. Clenched Fist Crest usually left-handed; probably a mistake by the sculptor. Suns and Roses Collar. Feet resting on a Lion. Chunky Lions Mane. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Weepers holding Shields. Suns and Roses Collar.

On 02 Mar 1484 Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 (56) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury.
On 20 Oct 1490 Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490 (53) died. She was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury.
Monument to Ralph and Elizabeth. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the Yorkist Boar Pendant (boar of Richard III) on his Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Suns and Roses Collar. Fine Sabatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Horned Headdress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Swirling Tail. Chunky Lions Mane. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

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Cockerel Crest

After 21 Jul 1403 Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 was buried at St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Monument to Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 and his first wife Margaret Longford. Camail and Jupon Period. Cockerel Crest. St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

After 07 Jun 1438. Monument to John Cockayne 1370-1438 at St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Cockerel Crest (most of which is missing). Horned Headdress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Possibly Sutton and Prentys Sculptor.

After 1488. All Saints Church Youlgreave. Monument to Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488. An unusual monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Fluted Period. Suns and Roses Collar. Cockayne Cockerel Crest. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

Dogs Head Crest

After 10 May 1490 Alice Southill 1460-1490 was buried at Church of St Peter and St Paul Exton. After 05 Nov 1524 John Harrington 1480-1524 was buried with his wife. Monument Tudor Period. Dogs Head Crest. Bedesman and Lion at his feet. Esses and Roses Collar. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Probably Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Gabled Headress with Lappets. Chunky Lions Mane. Swirling Tail.

On 27 Sep 1510 Edward Redman Lord Harewood 1455-1510 (55) died. All Saints Church Harewood. Monument to Edward Redman Lord Harewood 1455-1510 (55) and Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood 1450-1526 (60). Tudor Period. Esses and Roses Collar. Dogs Head Crest. She wearing a simple headdress with veil falling low on the shoulders. The carving somewhat reminiscent of Alice Chaucer's. Monument in Ewelme,Oxfordshire. Angels Supporting Pillow. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Chest with Weepers.

Around 10 Nov 1530 Randle Brereton of Malpas 1480-1530 (50) died. he was buried in St Oswald's Church Malpas. Monument to Randle Brereton of Malpas 1480-1530 (50) and Eleanor Dutton 1484-1522 (46). Alabaster. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar with Big Esses. Dogs Head Crest. Dogs chewing at her dress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Gabled Headress with Lappets. Angels Supporting Pillow. Swirling Tail. Chest with Weepers.

Eagle Crest

Around 1456 John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) died. Monument in All Saints Church Kedleston to John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) and Joan Bagot 1400- (56). Fluted Period. Eagle Crest. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Couters. Pauldrons. Sabatons.

Eagle and Baby Crest

After 1423. St Peter's Church Elford. Monument to John Stanley 1423-1474. Early Plate Bascinet Period. Maiden's Face Buckle. Eagle and Baby Crest; the legend associated with Sir John's descent from his ancestor, Sir Thomas Latham, whose wanted his barren wife to adopt his illegitimate son so he placed the baby in a nearby eagle's nest. His wife was delighted with this 'miracle' and took the child as her own.
Historic England states ... "Knight of circa 1370, alabaster, with bogus Gothic inscription by Richardson to Sir John Stanley, died 1474".
Mark Downing, President of the Church Monuments Society states on FB ... My research concludes c.1410. On a modern alabaster tomb-chest in the north-east corner of the south aisle. Stebbing Shaw quotes the inscription and expenses by Humphrey Stanley who probably acquired the effigy from a dissolved monastic house, with the inscription added c.1540 by possibly a Burton-on-Trent workshop. Restored and re-cut by Richardson in 1848/49. He states that he renewed the eagle crest, parts of the basinet, aventail, left arm, gauntlets, grip of the dagger, rowel spurs, spur straps, first part of the inscription and tomb-chest. Inscription on the right side of the slab: Orate pro aia d’ni Joh’is Stanley milit quondam d’ni de pype clyfton caumpuyle elforde et stotfolde et hui’ Cantarie et capelle fundator’ Anno d’ni Mil’simo CCCCMO Septuagesimo quarto. It is worth commenting that the rapier sword was not introduced until the sixteenth century and that this sword was cut into the slab when the inscription was added.

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Elephant Crest

Before 1596 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 with the Knollys with Elephant Crest on her right.

Before 1596 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 with the Knollys Arms with Elephant Crest on her right.

Before 1596 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Elizabeth Knollys 1549-1605 with Elephant Crest the Knollys on her right.

Before 1596 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Elizabeth Knollys 1549-1605 with Elephant Crest the Knollys Arms on her right.

Elephant and Castle Crest

On 07 May 1592 Christopher Wray Chief Justice 1524-1592 (68) died. He was was buried in St Michael's Church Glentworth. Monument to Sir Chistopher and his wife Anne Girlington. Elizabethan Recumbent. Elephant and Castle Crest. Pink, white and blue-grey marble. Two recumbent effigies, Sir Christopher above and a little behind his wife, he in red robes, black cap and thick ruff; she in black robes, large ruff and hood. Four kneeling white marble daughters below. Ornate tomb recess above with flanking pink marble columns with white and gold Corinthian Capitals. Undersurface of Recess decorated with white and gold bay leaves. Plaque inscribed above with raised plaque above with Sir Christopher's son at prayer flanked by coats of arms and obelisks.

In 1582 Seventtenth Century copy.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Christopher Wray Chief Justice 1524-1592.

Feathered Crest

On 26 Jul 1375 Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (55) died. Hereford Cathedral. Alabaster altar-tomb and effigy, altar-tomb with moulded base and capping, sides and ends panelled with alternate quatrefoils enclosing shields of his arms and trefoil-headed panels; effigy in bascinet, Camail and Jupon Period. His jupon with same arms as his shield. Hip Belt, Leg Garter, right leg modern, head on helm crested with a Feathered Crest, feet on hound.

On 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion 1343-1387 (44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin 1347-1400 (53) died.
Monument in St Nicholas Church West Tanfield. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm. Angels Supporting Pillow. His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be Marmion or a variation of.

After 31 Aug 1401. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Nicholas III Longford 1351-1401. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.

After 17 Jan 1425. Monument in Church of St Oswald Methley to Robert Waterton Constable 1360-1425 and Cecily Fleming.
York School of Carving. Crocketed arch. He in Early Plate Bascinet Period armour. Large Orle highly decorated with head resting on great helm with feathered crest. Beard with spiral twists. Collar Esses and Crowns Alternating. Misericorde. Hip Belt with decorated buckle. She wearing a squared crespine headress and small Esses_collar. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Chunky Lions Mane.

On 06 Jun 1441 William Phelip 1383-1441 (58) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Dennington. Monument to William Phelip 1383-1441 (58) and Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 (50). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Feathered Crest. Detail of the Wyvern on which her feet rest. Detail of Eagle, possibly hawk, on which his feet rest. Crespine Headress covering her hair. He wearing a bascinet with orle with IHC lettering. Both wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar. Leg Garter below the left knee.

Goat Crest

On 29 Jul 1558 Henry Sacheverell 1526-1558 (32) died at Ratcliffe on Soar. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar.
On 10 Feb 1554 Lucie Pole 1528-1554 (26) died.
She wearing a puffed sleeve gown with triple chain with French Hood. His head on a great helm with Goat Crest. Possibly Richard Parker of Burton on Trent with Dogs chewing at her dress.

In 1580 Henry Sacheverell 1547-1580 (33) died at Ratcliffe on Soar. Tomb in Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar. His head on a great helm with Goat Crest. She wearing a Bongrace.

Horses Head Crest

On 11 Apr 1418 John Harrington 4th Baron Harington 1384-1418 (34) died. He was buried in the Lady Chapel of St Dubricius Church Porlock. His brother William Harrington 5th Baron Harington 1390-1457 (28) succeeded 5th Baron Harington. 18 Oct 1471 Elizabeth Courtenay Baroness Bonville and Harington -1471 died. She was buried at St Dubricius Church Porlock.
Monument to John Harrington 4th Baron Harington 1384-1418 (34) and Elizabeth Courtenay Baroness Bonville and Harington -1471. Finely carved alabaster. Monument of the Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Note the decorated orle and the plate gorget (throat protection), Hip Belt and the Horses Head Crest. She wearing a Crespine Headress. Chunky Lions Mane. Angels Supporting Pillow.

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After 22 Mar 1426. All Saints Church Harewood. Monument to Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 and Elizabeth Aldeburgh 1362-1417. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses and Inter-twined Knots Collar. Horses Head Crest. Elaborate Crespine Headress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

After 1451. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Richard Vernon aka Pembridge 1389-1451 and Benedicta Ludlow 1391-1427. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. He with an Lancastrian Esses Collar. Chest of sandstone with twenty-three niches containing, alternatively, twelve angels with shields, and eleven apostles. His head rests on the Vernon Horses Head Crest. She wearing Esses_Collar and mitred Crespine Headress. Scabbard with IHS. Possibly the work of Sutton and Prentys Sculptor.

Maiden's Face

Around 1465. All Saints Church Harewood. Monument to William Gascoigne 1409-1465 (56) and Margaret Clarell Lady of the Garter 1397-1462 (68). Fluted Period. Suns and Roses Collar. His bare head, with finely detailed hair, no facial hair, rests on an unusual helm which appears to be a Maiden's Face, with an orle. Below the waist faulds and tassets under which mail may be seen. Both rest on a chest tomb with finely detailed weepers on each side. She, on his right, with a Widow's Barbe drawn up to her chin at the finely carved end of her dress two dogs, one pulling at the folds. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Dress Folds at Feet.

Peacock Crest

On 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 (44) died. His son John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (17) succeeded 7th Baron Ros Helmsley. He was buried in the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Monument of the Early Plate Bascinet Period. The Ros Peacock Crest surmounting his Great Helm. Orle. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Scabbard with IHS. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Possibly Sutton and Prentys Sculptor.

After 23 Mar 1421 John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 was buried in the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Early Plate Bascinet Period. The Ros Peacock Crest did surmount his Great Helm; only the feet remain. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Orle with IHC NASARE Lettering. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

Saracen's Head Crest

In 1390 Sampson Strelley -1390 was buried at All Saints' Church Strelley. Monument to Sampson and Elizabeth Hercy -1405. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster. The detail of the mail incomplete. Bascinet, no orle, moustache. Great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, strangled as denoted by the tongue out. Extended mantling. She wearing an early form of Crespine Headress. Holding Hands. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Angels Supporting Pillow. Bedesmen. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar.

After 22 Jan 1502 John Strelley 1456-1502 was buried at All Saints' Church Strelley. Monument to John Strelley 1456-1502 and Sanchia Willoughby 1452-1533. Fluted Period. Described as the finest alabaster monument in the country. Chellaston alabaster. Bobbed hair to the shoulder. Feet resting on a Lion, two fine Bedesmen, one male, one female;possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, strangled as denoted by the tongue out. Extended mantling. Four arms above the effigies represent, from left to right: Strelley impaled Kempe - his father Robert Strelley 1423-1488 and his mother Isabel Kempe -1459, Strelley Arms impaled Willoughby - John and his wife, Strelley impaled Pierrepoint - John's paternal great-grandfather Nicholas Strelley -1430 and great-grandmother Elizabeth Pierrepoint.

After 1503. Monument to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 in St Andrew's Church Wingfield. Finely made Fluted Period alabaster monument. Both wearing their ducal coronets. He wearing a Leg Garter. His head resting on a great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, feet resting on a Lion. Chunky Lions Mane.

After 11 Sep 1504. All Saints Church Turvey. Monument to John Mordaunt 1455-1504 and Edith Latimer 1450-1504.
Fluted Period. Angels Supporting Pillow. Dress Folds at Feet. Misericorde. Tassets. Crespine Headress. Lancastrian Esses Collar with Big Esses. Screaming Man crest, possibly Saracen's Head Crest. Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Dogs chewing at her dress. Some uncertainty about the attribution. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Swirling Tail. Chunky Lions Mane.

On 27 Sep 1931 Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford 1854-1931 (77) died. Monument in Church of St Andrew Wickmere sculpted by Esmond Burton Sculptor 1886-1964 (45). The stone brought from St Paul's Island in the Pacific where HMS Magaera, in which the Earl of Orford served as a midshipman, was wrecked in 1871. Armorials include Walpole impaled Barkham. Motto fari quae sentiat. Saracen's Head Crest.

Screaming Man

After 11 Sep 1504. All Saints Church Turvey. Monument to John Mordaunt 1455-1504 and Edith Latimer 1450-1504.
Fluted Period. Angels Supporting Pillow. Dress Folds at Feet. Misericorde. Tassets. Crespine Headress. Lancastrian Esses Collar with Big Esses. Screaming Man crest, possibly Saracen's Head Crest. Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Dogs chewing at her dress. Some uncertainty about the attribution. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Swirling Tail. Chunky Lions Mane.

Sphinx Crest

In 1528 Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (77) was buried at St Leonard's Church Wollaton. A fine chest tomb monument in sandstone (rather than alabaster), somewhat damaged, with his four wives, two each side.Lancastrian Esses Collar somehwat unusual given the 1528 date of his death.Sphinx Crest. Cadaver Underneath. Henry Willoughby's Arms including Willoughby top left hand corner (Water Bougets from Willoughy family original name Bugge). Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Lancastrian Esses and Inter-twined Knots Collar.

Turkish Woman

After 1446. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Fulk de Pembridge of Tong Castle -1409 and Isabel de Lingen 1370-1447. She the foundress of the church. Camail and Jupon Period. His head rests on a Great Helm with his crest of a Turkish Woman with plaited hair. At his feet a lion, at her feet a fawn albeit no longer with its head. She in widow's clothes with a barbe. Note the curious chain attached to the bottom of her dress.