Lancastrian Esses Collar

Lancastrian Esses Collar is in Livery Collars.

On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (23) died at Tutbury Castle. Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was possibly subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar. She was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

On 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion 1343-1387 (44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin 1347-1400 (53) died.

Monument in St Nicholas Church West Tanfield. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm. Angels Supporting Pillow. His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be Marmion or a variation of.

In 1389 Robert de Fouleshurst 1330-1389 (59) died. He was buried at St Bertoline's Church Barthomeley. Camail and Jupon Period. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Hip Belt. Lancastrian Esses Collar. IHC NASARE Lettering.

In 1399 William Mainwaring 1345-1399 (54) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Acton. Monument Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Ass's Head Crest. Orle.

After 31 Aug 1401. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Nicholas III Longford 1351-1401. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.

After 21 Jul 1403 Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 was buried at All Saint's Church Bakewell. Camail and Jupon Period armour. IHC NASARE Lettering. His Coat of Arms just visible. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

In 1406 John Curzon -1406 died. Monument in All Saints Church Kedleston. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Reset in tomb recess with depressed crocketed and pinnacled ogee arch, with shields above.

In 1410 John Mainwaring 1344-1410 (66) died. On 06 Apr 1418 Margaret Stafford 1345-1418 (73) died. Both buried at St Lawrence's Church Over Peover.

Monument at St Lawrence's Church Over Peover. Camail and Jupon Period. IHC NASARE Lettering. Hip Belt. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Woman Esses Collar.

After 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 was buried at Belvoir Priory. At the dissolution of the monasteries his monument was moved to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford on the right side of the High Altar. Alabaster Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Scabbard with IHS. Wire Wrapped Grip. Hip Belt.

Detail of the Ros Family Peacock Crest surmounting his Great Helm.

Detail of decorated Orle and Vervelle Cover.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and face. Note the twisted moustache that is frequently seen on Sutton and Prentys monuments. The fixing of the Esses Collar to the Camail using a small trefoil.

After 23 Mar 1421 John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 was buried at Belvoir Priory. His remains and monument were subsequently relocated to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Early Plate Bascinet Period.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and the trefoil fixing holding the Lancastrian Esses Collar to the bottom of the Camail.

Detail of IHC NASARE Lettering and Decorated Orle and decorated Vervelle Covers. Bascinet with Gorget. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

Detail of the Ros Peacock Crest which surmounted his Great Helm; only the feet remain.

Detail of the Spaulder and Besagew with some early graffiti.

Detail of the Hourglass Gauntlets and graffiti.

After 1423. St John the Baptist Church Tideswell. Thurstan de Bower -1423 and Margaret. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Basinet with decorated IHC NASARE Lettering. She wearing a Crespine Headress.

On 26 Feb 1432 Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (31) died. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (31). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. IHC NASARE Lettering.

In 1435 Richard Delamere died, and Isabel his wife, died 1421. Monument in the North Transept of Hereford Cathedral. Figure of man in plate armour, feet on lion, figure of lady in horned headdress and SS collar, two dogs at feet, double canopy with cinque-foiled and sub-cusped arches and crocketted ogee gables and upper cornice, parts of standards and pinnacles missing, foot inscription and three shields-of-arms (a) Delamere, (b) the same impaling Acton.

In 1436 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (47) died. He was buried at St Andrew's Church Greystoke. Ralph Greystoke 5th Baron Greystoke 1414-1487 (22) succeeded 5th Baron Greystoke. Monument in St Andrew's Church Greystoke. Fluted Period. His Pauldrons are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat After John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

After 07 Jun 1438. Monument to John Cockayne 1370-1438 at St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Cockerel Crest (most of which is missing). Horned Headdress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

After 01 Oct 1440. Monument to William Rhyther 1379-1440 and Sybil Aldeburgh 1363-1439 at All Saints Church Harewood. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Crespine Headress.

On 06 Jun 1441 William Phelip 1383-1441 (58) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Dennington. Monument to William Phelip 1383-1441 (58) and Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 (50). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Feathered Crest. Detail of the Wyvern on which her feet rest. Detail of Eagle, possibly hawk, on which his feet rest. Crespine Headress covering her hair. He wearing a bascinet with IHC NASARE Lettering. Both wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar. Leg Garter below the left knee.

After 1443. St Peter's Church Chillingham. Alabaster effigies of Ralph Grey 1406-1443 and Elizabeth Fitzhugh on sandstone base. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

After 1451. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Richard Vernon aka Pembridge 1389-1451 and Benedicta Ludlow 1391-1427. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. He with an Lancastrian Esses Collar. Chest of sandstone with twenty-three niches containing, alternatively, twelve angels with shields, and eleven apostles. His head rests on the Vernon Horses Head Crest. She wearing Esses_Collar and mitred Crespine Headress. Scabbard with IHS. Possibly the work of Sutton and Prentys.

After 1456. St Lawrence's Church Over Peover. Monument to Randle Mainwaring of Over Peover 1363-1456 and Margery Venables 1369-1459. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. He with a Lancastrian Esses Collar and IHC NASARE Lettering his head resting on an Ass's Head Crest. She wearing a mitred crespine headress. Possiby Sutton and Prentys.

Around 1456 John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) died. Monument in All Saints Church Kedleston to John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) and Joan Bagot 1400- (56). Fluted Period. Eagle Crest. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Couters. Pauldrons. Sabatons.

Around 1470. St Helen's Church Ashby de la Zouch. Believed to be Thomas Hastings otherwise a Pilgrim unusual for wearing and Lancastrian Esses Collar.

On 12 Mar 1487 William Gascoigne 1452-1487 (35) died at Gawthorpe Hall. All Saints Church Harewood. Monument to William Gascoigne 1452-1487 (35) and Margaret Percy 1447- (40). Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with unusual O links. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard.  The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Angels Supporting Pillow.

After 29 May 1495. Monument to Thomas Fitzwilliam 1448-1495 and Lucy Neville 1468-1534 in St Mary's Church Tickhill Doncaster. Originally located in Tickhill Friary the tomb was moved to St Mary's Church at the Dissolution in 1538. Restored in 2012. The alabaster chest tomb believed to be one of the earliest examples of Italianate carving. The Lancastrian Esses Collar highly unusual; unique even but then so is the armour.

On 30 May 1499 John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (57) died. Fluted Period. Alabaster Monument at Salisbury Cathedral.

Fluted armour typified by having no headwear, being clean shaven, a breastplate in two pieces and the neck protected by a standard. Damaged angel, its head removed, holding the cushion on which his head rests. He wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with large Esses. Ringed fingers.

Detail of the heavily graffitied Shoulder Garter.

Detail of the heavily graffitied Leg Garter and poleyn.

Mutilated Lion at his feet with its head missing. The figure beneath his right foot appears to be a Bedesman. That beneath his left foot may be the remains of the means by which a bedesman was originally fixed to the foot. What appears to be a birds foot lying across the lions body is the tail of the lion.

After 1517. St Bartholemew's Church Tong. Monument to Richard Vernon 1477-1517 and Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545. Fluted Period. Angels Supporting Pillow. The alabaster chest was once used as the altar. He with an Lancastrian Esses Collar and Tudor Rose Pendant. Chest with Bedesmen. Note the swirling tail at his feet which may indicate the work of Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.

In 1528 Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (77) was buried at St Leonard's Church Wollaton. A fine chest tomb monument in sandstone (rather than alabaster), somewhat damaged, with his four wives, two each side.Lancastrian Esses Collar somehwat unusual given the 1528 date of his death.Sphinx Crest. Cadaver Underneath. Henry Willoughby's Arms including Willoughby top left hand corner (Water Bougets from Willoughy family original name Bugge). Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Lancastrian Esses and Inter-twined Knots Collar.

After 1554. St Mary the Virgin Church North Aston. Believed to be a. Monument to John Anne -1554 but the armour would suggest it is around a hundred years or so earlier than his death in 1554. Finely carved in alabaster. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Lion Pendant. Fine Bedesmen on the chest. Dogs chewing at her dress. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Angels Supporting Pillow. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Gabled Headress with Lappets.

The Lancastrian Esses Collar first appears in the later 14th Century. Its is believed to represent the last words of his wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 "Souveyne vous de moi" or "Don't forget me". The earliest example being seen on the tomb of John Swynford in Spratton, Northamptonshire, dated to 1368.