Biography of Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1385 Richard II Creates his Two Uncles as Dukes

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1397 Murder of Thomas of Woodstock

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

In 1342 [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers [her future brother-in-law] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 12 May 1343 [her future brother-in-law] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

On 25 Nov 1350 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 was born to [her father] Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 (40).

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Reading Abbey. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) by marriage Earl Richmond 5C 1342. [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) by marriage Earl Lancaster, Earl Derby 2C 1337. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry III King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Louis "Lion" VIII King France.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 [her future brother-in-law] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married (he was her half first cousin once removed) at Windsor Castle. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) by marriage Prince of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

In 1362 [her future brother-in-law] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...
Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duke Clarence 1C 1362.
[her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duke Lancaster 2C 1362.

On 21 Sep 1371 [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) by marriage Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. His younger brother [her future brother-in-law] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 11 Jul 1372 [her future brother-in-law] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) were married at Wallingford. Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) by marriage Earl Cambridge 2C 1362. She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (18) who had married Edmund's older brother [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In 1373 [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (22). He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In 1375 [her illegitimate son] Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (34) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (24) at Château de Beaufort. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In 1375 [her future step-son] John Lancaster 1374-1375 (1) died.

Before 1376 [her future brother-in-law] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 and Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 were married (he was her second cousin once removed). He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Louis "Lion" VIII King France.

In 1376 [her future brother-in-law] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (20) was created 1st Earl Essex 4C 1376. Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (10) by marriage Earl Essex 4C 1376.

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 [her future brother-in-law] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral. His son His son Richard (9) succeeded King England. His niece Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (20) succeeded Heir to the Throne of England.

In 1377 [her future brother-in-law] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (21) was created 1st Earl Buckingham 3C 1377. Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (11) by marriage Earl Buckingham 3C 1377.

Around Jan 1377 [her illegitimate son] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (36) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (26). He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In 1379 [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (38) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (28) at Château de Beaufort. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In 1380 [her father] Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 (70) died. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and [her future step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Kenilworth Castle. [her future step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) by marriage Earl Pembroke 4C 1339. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 05 Feb 1381 [her future step-son] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married (he was her second cousin) at Arundel Castle. He a Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Louis "Lion" VIII King France.

Richard II Creates his Two Uncles as Dukes

On 06 Aug 1385 [her future brother-in-law] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (44) was created 1st Duke York 1C 1385 by his nephew Richard II King England 1367-1400 (18). Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (30) by marriage Duke York 1C 1385.In 1385 [her future brother-in-law] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (29) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385, and around the same time 1st Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (19) by marriage Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385 and Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and [her future step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Plymouth. He a Great Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and [her future step-daughter] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married (he was her half fourth cousin). [her future step-daughter] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

Before 17 Sep 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 and [her future step-daughter] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 were married (he was her half second cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. [her future step-daughter] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 by marriage Queen Consort Castile. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée. [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) by marriage Baron Ferrers Wem. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 04 Nov 1393 [her future brother-in-law] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (52) and Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (13) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed). Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (13) by marriage Duke York 1C 1385. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. He a Son of King Edward III England and Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 by marriage Baron Neville Raby 1C 1295. She an illegitimate Grand Daughter of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (53) announced by the king's (30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (30) - considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin [her illegitimate son] Sir John Beaufort (24), son of his [her husband] uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons - had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.
Note. On 10 Feb 1397 [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Murder of Thomas of Woodstock

Around 08 Sep 1397 [her brother-in-law] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42) was murdered in Calais for his role as leader of the Lords Appellant. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385 extinct. His son Humphrey Plantagenet 2nd Earl Buckingham 1381-1399 (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Buckingham 3C 1377. Walter Clopton Chief Justice -1400 was part of the inquiry into his death the outcome of which is not known. A John Hall was executed for the murder.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 ...
His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duke Exeter 1C 1397.
His nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.
His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397  probably for arranging the murder of [her former brother-in-law] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duke Norfolk 1C 1397.
His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397.
His illegitimate first cousin [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marquess Somerset 2C 1397.
His Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397.

On 27 Nov 1397 [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married (he was her half third cousin). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Earl Somerset 2C 1397. He an illegitimate Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [her husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
[her step-son] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld [her step-son] the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving [her step-son] Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of John "Lackland" I King England. She a Grand Daughter of King Edward III England. She a 2 x Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France.

On 01 Aug 1402 [her brother-in-law] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (61) died at King's Langley. His son Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York 1C 1385, 2nd Earl Cambridge 2C 1362. Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York 1367-1431 (35) by marriage Duke York 1C 1385.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [her step-son] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third cousin) at Winchester. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry. He a Grand Son of King Edward III England and 2 x Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry III King England. She a Grand Daughter of John "The Good" II King France.

On 10 May 1403 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

On 20 May 1475 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.  Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ...
1 Roet Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's paternal grandparents.
2 De La Pole Arms impaled Stafford Arms. Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms.
5 Roet Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms.
6 Chaucer Modern Arms.
7 De La Pole Arms.
8 De La Pole Arms impaled England Henry IV Arms signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).
Detail of the North Side of the monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...
1 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms impaled Unknown.
2 De La Pole Arms. Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3 De La Pole Arms quarted Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 Chaucer Arms. Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 Roet Arms. Alice's paternal grandmother [her sister] Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7 Roet Arms impaling England Henry IV Arms probably signifying [her former husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother [her sister] Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400.
8 Roet Arms impaling Chaucer Modern Arms. Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and [her sister] Philippa Roet 1346-1387.