Biography of Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722

1662 Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

1680 Siege of Tangier

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1685 Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

1690 Storming of Cork

On 29 May 1630 [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to [her grandfather] Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and [her grandmother] Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (20) at St James's Palace. [her father] He was created as Duke Cornwall and Duke Rothesay the same day.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles IIIn 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

On 14 Apr 1659 [her step-father] Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (25) and [her mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (18) were married.

Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne "The Elder" Engraver 1616-1691. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 07 November 1666.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.

On 25 Feb 1661 Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 was born illegitimately to [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) and [her mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (20) at Westminster.

On 12 May 1662 Francis Lennard 14th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1619-1662 (43) died. He was buried at Chevening. His son [her future husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (7) succeeded 14th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1C 1321. Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (1) by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland.

Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

On 21 May 1662 [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) and [her step-mother] Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (23) were married at Portsmouth. He a son of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. [her step-mother] She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

On 14 Feb 1663 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (13) was created 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Earl Doncaster, 1st Baron Scott of Tynedale by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32).

Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.

On 20 Apr 1663 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (14) and Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (12) were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Monmouth.

On 20 Apr 1663 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (14) was created 1st Duke Buccleuch, 1st Earl Dalkeith, 1st Baron Scott of Whitchester and Eskdale. Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (12) by marriage Duchess Buccleuch.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 July 1667. 27 Jul 1667. At the office all the morning; and at noon to the 'Change, where I met Fenn; and he tells me that Sir John Coventry (31) do bring the confirmation of the peace; but I do not find the 'Change at all glad of it, but rather the worse, they looking upon it as a peace made only to preserve the [her father] King (37) for a time in his lusts and ease, and to sacrifice trade and his kingdoms only to his own pleasures: so that the hearts of merchants are quite down. He tells me that the [her father] King (37) and my [her mother] Baroness Castlemayne (26) are quite broke off, and she is gone away, and is with child, and swears the [her father] King (37) shall own it; and she will have it christened in the Chapel at White Hall so, and owned for the King's, as other Kings have done; or she will bring it into White Hall gallery, and dash the brains of it out before the King's face1.
He tells me that the [her father] King (37) and Court were never in the world so bad as they are now for gaming, swearing, whoring, and drinking, and the most abominable vices that ever were in the world; so that all must come to nought. He told me that Sir G. Carteret (57) was at this end of the town; so I went to visit him in Broad Street; and there he and I together: and he is mightily pleased with my Lady Jem's having a son; and a mighty glad man he is. He [Sir George Carteret (57)] tells me, as to news, that the peace is now confirmed, and all that over. He says it was a very unhappy motion in the House the other day about the land-army; for, whether the [her father] King (37) hath a mind of his own to do the thing desired or no, his doing it will be looked upon as a thing done only in fear of the Parliament. He says that the [her uncle] Duke of York (33) is suspected to be the great man that is for raising of this army, and bringing things to be commanded by an army; but he believes that he is wronged, and says that he do know that he is wronged therein. He do say that the Court is in a way to ruin all for their pleasures; and says that he himself hath once taken the liberty to tell the [her father] King (37) the necessity of having, at least, a show of religion in the Government, and sobriety; and that it was that, that did set up and keep up Oliver, though he was the greatest rogue in the world, and that it is so fixed in the nature of the common Englishman that it will not out of him. He tells me that while all should be labouring to settle the Kingdom, they are at Court all in factions, some for and others against my Chancellor (58), and another for and against another man, and the [her father] King (37) adheres to no man, but this day delivers himself up to this, and the next to that, to the ruin of himself and business; that he is at the command of any woman like a slave, though he be the best man to the [her grandmother] Queene (57) in the world, with so much respect, and never lies a night from her: but yet cannot command himself in the presence of a woman he likes. Having had this discourse, I parted, and home to dinner, and thence to the office all the afternoon to my great content very busy. It raining this day all day to our great joy, it having not rained, I think, this month before, so as the ground was everywhere so burned and dry as could be; and no travelling in the road or streets in London, for dust. At night late home to supper and to bed.
Note 1. Charles owned only four children by [her mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (26) - Anne, Countess of Sussex (6), and the Dukes of [her illegitimate brother] Southampton (5), [her illegitimate brother] Grafton (3), and [her illegitimate brother] Northumberland (1). The last of these was born in 1665. The paternity of all her other children was certainly doubtful. See pp. 50,52.

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Before 1670 [her illegitimate brother] Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was created 1st Baron Limerick.

In 1670 [her mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (29) was created 1st Duke Cleveland 1C 1670, 1st Earl of Southampton 3C 1670 and Baron Nonsuch by [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (39) for having given borth to five of the King's illegitimate children.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 October 1671. 17 Oct 1671. My Lord Henry Howard (43) coming this night to visit my Lord Chamberlain (69), and staying a day, would needs have me go with him to Norwich, promising to convey me back, after a day or two; this, as I could not refuse, I was not hard to be pursuaded to, having a desire to see that famous scholar and physician, Dr. T. Browne (65), author of the "Religio Medici" and "Vulgar Errors", now lately knighted. Thither, then, went my Lord and I alone, in his flying chariot with six horses; and by the way, discoursing with me of several of his concerns, he acquainted me of his going to marry his eldest son (43) to one of the [her father] King's (41) natural daughters [Note. Either Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (10) or [her illegitimate sister] Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (7).], by the [her mother] Duchess of Cleveland (30); by which he reckoned he should come into mighty favor. He also told me that, though he kept that idle creature, Mrs. B—— [Note. Jane Bickerton Duchess Norfolk 1643-1693 (28)], and would leave £200 a year to the son [Note. Henry Howard and Jane Bickerton had three sons; not clear which is being referred to since the eldest may have died and the reference may be to a surviving son.] he had by her (28), he would never marry her (28), and that the [her father] King (41) himself had cautioned him against it. All the world knows how he kept his promise [Note. meaning he didn't keep his promise since Henry Howard did marry Jane Bickerton - this a case of John Evelyn writing his diary retrospectively?], and I was sorry at heart to hear what now he confessed to me; and that a person and a family which I so much honored for the sake of that noble and illustrious friend of mine, his grandfather (86), should dishonor and pollute them both with those base and vicious courses he of late had taken since the death of Sir Samuel Tuke (56), and that of his own virtuous lady (my Lady Anne Somerset (40), sister to the Marquis (69)); who, while they lived, preserved this gentleman by their example and advice from those many extravagances that impaired both his fortune and reputation.
Being come to the Ducal palace, my Lord (43) made very much of me; but I had little rest, so exceedingly desirous he was to show me the contrivance he had made for the entertainment of their Majesties, and the whole Court not long before, and which, though much of it was but temporary, apparently framed of boards only, was yet standing. As to the palace, it is an old wretched building, and that part of it newly built of brick, is very ill understood; so as I was of the opinion it had been much better to have demolished all, and set it up in a better place, than to proceed any further; for it stands in the very market-place, and, though near a river, yet a very narrow muddy one, without any extent.
Next morning, I went to see Sir Thomas Browne (65) (with whom I had some time corresponded by letter, though I had never seen him before); his whole house and garden being a paradise and cabinet of rarities; and that of the best collection, especially medals, books, plants, and natural things. Among other curiosities, Sir Thomas (65) had a collection of the eggs of all the fowl and birds he could procure, that country (especially the promontory of Norfolk) being frequented, as he said, by several kinds which seldom or never go further into the land, as cranes, storks, eagles, and variety of water fowl. He led me to see all the remarkable places of this ancient city, being one of the largest, and certainly, after London, one of the noblest of England, for its venerable cathedral, number of stately churches, cleanness of the streets, and buildings of flint so exquisitely headed and squared, as I was much astonished at; but he told me they had lost the art of squaring the flints, in which they so much excelled, and of which the churches, best houses, and walls, are built. The Castle is an antique extent of ground, which now they call Marsfield, and would have been a fitting area to have placed the Ducal palace in. The suburbs are large, the prospects sweet, with other amenities, not omitting the flower gardens, in which all the inhabitants excel. The fabric of stuffs brings a vast trade to this populous town.
Being returned to my Lord's, who had been with me all this morning, he advised with me concerning a plot to rebuild his house, having already, as he said, erected a front next the street, and a left wing, and now resolving to set up another wing and pavilion next the garden, and to convert the bowling green into stables. My advice was, to desist from all, and to meditate wholly on rebuilding a handsome palace at Arundel House, in the Strand, before he proceeded further here, and then to place this in the Castle, that ground belonging to his Lordship.
I observed that most of the church yards (though some of them large enough) were filled up with earth, or rather the congestion of dead bodies one upon another, for want of earth, even to the very top of the walls, and some above the walls, so as the churches seemed to be built in pits.

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On 01 Aug 1672 [her illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (8) was created 1st Earl Euston, 1st Viscount Ipswich, 1st Baron Sudbury. Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (17) by marriage Countess Euston.

In 1756 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 in his Garter Robes.Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723. One of the Hampton Court Beauties.In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723.

On 01 Aug 1672 [her illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (8) and Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (17) were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1673 William Paston 2nd Earl of Yarmouth 1654-1732 and [her illegitimate half-sister] Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth 1650-1684 were married. She a daughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [her illegitimate half-sister] She by marriage Countess of Yarmouth.

Around 1673 [her illegitimate nephew] Charles Scott 1st Earl Doncaster 1672-1674 was created 1st Earl Doncaster.

On 09 Feb 1674 [her illegitimate nephew] Charles Scott 1st Earl Doncaster 1672-1674 (1) died.

On 16 May 1674 [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (20) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (13) were married at Hampton Court Palace. They were first cousins once removed. She a daughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 01 Oct 1674 [her illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (8) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland 4C 1674, 1st Viscount Falmouth, 1st Baron Pontefract by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44).

On 05 Oct 1674 [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (20) was created 1st Earl of Sussex 4C 1674. Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (13) by marriage Countess of Sussex.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 December 1674. 15 Dec 1674. Saw a comedy at night, at Court, acted by the ladies only, among them Lady [her half-sister] Mary (1) and Ann (13), his [her father] Royal Highness' (44) two daughters, and my dear friend Mrs. Blagg (22), who, having the principal part, performed it to admiration. They were all covered with jewels.

In 1675 [her illegitimate brother] Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (12) was created 1st Duke Southampton, 1st Earl Chichester 2C 1644, 1st Baron Newbury by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44).

In 1675 [her illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (11) was created 1st Duke Grafton 1C 1675 by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44). Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (19) by marriage Duchess Grafton.

On 28 Jul 1675 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (18) was created 1st Earl Plymouth 1C 1675, 1st Viscount Totnes, 1st Baron Dartmouth.

On 09 Aug 1675 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (3) was created 1st Duke Richmond 3C 1675, 1st Earl March 4C 1675, 1st Baron Settrington by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (45).

On 12 Jul 1676 [her daughter] Barbara Lennard 1676-1741 was born to [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (22) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (15). She a granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 September 1676. 06 Sep 1676. Supped at the Lord Chamberlain's (58), where also supped the famous beauty and errant lady, the Duchess of Mazarine (30) (all the world knows her story), the [her illegitimate half-brother] Duke of Monmouth (27), Countess of Sussex (15) (both natural children of the [her father] King (46) by the [her mother] Duchess of Cleveland (35)) [Note. A mistake by Evelyn. [her illegitimate half-brother] Jame's Scott's (27) mother was Lucy Walter Mistress 1630-1658 (46), Anne Fitzroy's (15) mother was [her mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (35)], and the Countess of Derby (16), a virtuous lady, daughter to my best friend, the Earl of Ossory (42).

On 21 Dec 1676 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (6) was created 1st Earl Burford, 1st Baron Heddington by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (46).

Around 1690 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726.

On 06 Feb 1677 Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield 1663-1716 (14) and [her illegitimate sister] Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (12) were married. They were third cousins. She a daughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [her illegitimate sister] She by marriage Countess Lichfield.

Before 1718 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718.

On 19 Sep 1678 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (21) and Bridget Osborne Countess Plymouth -1718 were married in Wimbledon. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Countess Plymouth.

In 1679 [her illegitimate brother] Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (16) and Mary Wood Duchess Southampton 1663- (16) were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Southampton.

Siege of Tangier

On 17 Oct 1680 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (23) died of dysentery at Tangier during the Siege of Tangier.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 January 1682. 24 Jan 1682. To the Royal Society, where at the Council we passed a new law for the more accurate consideration of candidates, as whether they would really be useful; also concerning the honorary members, that none should be admitted but by diploma.
This evening I was at the entertainment of the Morocco Ambassador at the Duchess of Portsmouth's (32) glorious apartments at Whitehall, where was a great banquet of sweetmeats and music; but at which both the Ambassador and his retinue behaved themselves with extraordinary moderation and modesty, though placed about a long table, a lady between two Moors, and among these were the [her father] King's (51) natural children, namely, [her illegitimate sister] Lady Lichfield (17) and Sussex (20), the Duchess of Portsmouth (32), Nelly (31), etc., concubines, and cattle of that sort, as splendid as jewels and excess of bravery could make them; the Moors neither admiring nor seeming to regard anything, furniture or the like, with any earnestness, and but decently tasting of the banquet. They drank a little milk and water, but not a drop of wine; they also drank of a sorbet and jacolatt [Note. This may be chocolate?]; did not look about, or stare on the ladies, or express the least surprise, but with a courtly negligence in pace, countenance, and whole behavior, answering only to such questions as were asked with a great deal of wit and gallantry, and so gravely took leave with this compliment, that God would bless the Duchess of Portsmouth (32) and the [her illegitimate half-brother] Prince (9), her son meaning the little Duke of Richmond. The [her father] King (51) came in at the latter end, just as the Ambassador was going away. In this manner was this slave (for he was no more at home) entertained by most of the nobility in town, and went often to Hyde Park on horseback, where he and his retinue showed their extraordinary activity in horsemanship, and flinging and catching their lances at full speed; they rode very short, and could stand upright at full speed, managing their spears with incredible agility. He went sometimes to the theaters, where, upon any foolish or fantastical action, he could not forbear laughing, but he endeavored to hide it with extraordinary modesty and gravity. In a word, the Russian Ambassador, still at Court behaved himself like a clown compared to this civil heathen.

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On 25 May 1682 [her son] Charles Lennard 1682-1684 was born to [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (28) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (21) at Windsor Castle. He a grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

In 1683 [her son] Henry Lennard 1683- was born to [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (28) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (21) at Herstmonceux. He a grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 06 Apr 1683 [her illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (17) was created 1st Duke Northumberland 2C 1683 by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52).

In 1684 [her illegitimate half-sister] Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth 1650-1684 (34) died.

On 05 Jan 1684 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (13) was created 1st Duke St Albans 1C 1684 by his father [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53).

On 17 Aug 1684 [her daughter] Anne Lennard 16th Baroness Dacre Gilsland Baroness Teynham 1684-1755 was born to [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (30) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (23). She a granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace attended by Charles Scarburgh Physician 1615-1694 (69). His brother [her uncle] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland. Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) by marriage Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland. His brother [her uncle] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (83), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.Around 1688 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

On 15 Jul 1685 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (36) was beheaded at Tower Hill. Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) acted a Chaplain.

In 1686 William Moore and [her sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath 1644-1701 (41) were married.

Around 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath 1644-1701.

In Mar 1686 [her illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (20) and Catherine Wheatley -1714 were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.. Soon after the marriage Northumberland and his brother, [her illegitimate brother] Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (22), allegedly attempted to privately convey her abroad to an English convent in Ghent, Belgium.

Storming of Cork

On 09 Oct 1690 [her illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (27) was killed at Cork during the Storming of Cork. His son [her illegitimate nephew] Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (6) succeeded 2nd Duke Grafton 1C 1675, 2nd Earl Euston, 2nd Viscount Ipswich, 2nd Baron Sudbury.

On 08 Jan 1692 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (19) and Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond 1671-1722 (21) were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Richmond.

In 1694 [her illegitimate brother] Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (31) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (30) were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Southampton.

On 17 Apr 1694 [her illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (23) and Diana Vere Duchess St Albans 1679-1742 (15) were married. He a son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess St Albans.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Diana Vere Duchess St Albans 1679-1742. One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 28 Dec 1701 [her sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath 1644-1701 (57) died.

On 25 Nov 1705 [her step-father] Robert "Beau Handsome" Fielding 1650-1712 (55) and [her mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (64) were married bigamously.

In 1706 [her illegitimate nephew] Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine 1676-1730 (30) was created 1st Earl Deloraine.

On 09 Oct 1709 [her mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (68) died at Chiswick Mall Chiswick. Her son [her illegitimate brother] Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (47) succeeded 2nd Duke Cleveland 1C 1670, 2nd Earl of Southampton 3C 1670 and 2nd Baron Nonsuch. Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (45) by marriage Duchess Cleveland.

Before 1710 [her illegitimate nephew] Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine 1676-1730 and Anne Duncombe Countess Deloraine -1720 were married. He a grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Countess Deloraine.

On 13 Feb 1711 James Berkeley 3rd Earl Berkeley 1679-1736 (31) and [her illegitimate niece] Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley 1694-1716 (16) were married. She a granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [her illegitimate niece] She by marriage Countess Berkeley.

On 30 Apr 1713 [her illegitimate nephew] Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (29) and Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton 1690-1726 (22) were married. He a grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Grafton.

On 30 Oct 1715 [her husband] Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (61) died. Earl of Sussex 4C 1674 extinct. Baron Dacre Gilsland 1C 1321 abeyant.

In 1716 [her son-in-law] Richard Barrett Lennard -1716 and [her daughter] Anne Lennard 16th Baroness Dacre Gilsland Baroness Teynham 1684-1755 (31) were married. She a granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 15 Jan 1716 [her illegitimate niece] Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley 1694-1716 (21) died in childbirth.

On 28 Jun 1716 [her illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (50) died at Epsom without legitimate issue. Duke Northumberland 2C 1683, Earl of Northumberland 4C 1674 extinct.

On 14 Jul 1716 Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield 1663-1716 (53) died. His son [her illegitimate nephew] George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield 1690-1743 (26) succeeded 2nd Earl Lichfield 2C 1674. Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769 (19) by marriage Countess Lichfield.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769.

On 17 Feb 1718 [her illegitimate sister] Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (53) died. She a natural daughter of [her father] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (87).

Before 21 May 1718 [her illegitimate nephew] George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield 1690-1743 and Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769 were married. He a grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 04 Dec 1719 [her illegitimate nephew] Charles Lennox 2nd Duke Richmond 1701-1750 (18) and Sarah Cadogan Duchess Richmond 1705-1751 (14) were married at The Hague. He a grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.. He was, apparently, forced into the marriage to pay off his, or his father's debts since she brought a considerable dowry.

Before 21 May 1721 Henry Roper 8th Baron Teynham 1676-1723 (45) and [her daughter] Anne Lennard 16th Baroness Dacre Gilsland Baroness Teynham 1684-1755 (36) were married. They were third cousins once removed. She a granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [her daughter] She by marriage Baroness Teynham of Teynham in Kent.

On 21 Feb 1722 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (19) and [her illegitimate niece] Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (18) were married at Caversham Reading. She a granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [her illegitimate niece] She by marriage Countess Albermarle.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754.Around 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789.Around 1778 George Romney Painter 1734-1802. Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789.

On 16 May 1722 Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (61) died.

Letters of Horace Walpole Earl of Orford Volume 2 Letter 64 To Richard Bentley, Esq. We found the ruins of Bayham Abbey, which the Barrets and Hardings bid us visit. There are small but pretty remains, and a neat little Gothic house built near them by their nephew Pratt. They have found a tomb of an abbot, with a crosier, at length on the stone.
Here our woes increase. The roads row bad beyond all badness, the night dark beyond all darkness, our guide frightened beyond all frightfulness. However, without being at all killed, we got UP, or down,—I forget which, it was so dark,—a famous precipice called Silver Hill, and about ten at night arrived at a wretched village called Rotherbridge. We had still six miles hither, but determined to stop, as it would be a pity to break our necks before we had seen all we intended. But alas! there was only one bed to be had: all the rest were inhabited by smugglers, whom the people of the house called mountebanks; and with one of whom the lady of the den told Mr. Chute he might lie. We did not at all take to this society, but, armed with links and lanthems, set out again upon this impracticable journey. At two o'clock in the morning we got hither to a still worse inn, and that crammed with excise officers, one of whom had just shot a smuggler. However, as we were neutral powers, we have passed safely through both armies hitherto, and can give you a little farther history of our wandering through these mountains, where the young gentlemen are forced to drive their curricles with a pair of oxen. the only morsel of good road we have found, was what even the natives had assured us was totally impracticable: these were eight miles to Hurst Monceaux.(338) It is seated at the end of a large vale, five miles in a direct line to the sea, with wings of blue hills covered with wood, one of which falls down to the in a sweep of a hundred acres. The building, for the convenience of water to the moat, sees nothing at all; indeed it is entirely imagined on a plan of defence, with drawbridges actually in being, round towers, watch-towers mounted on them, and battlements pierced for the passage of arrows from long bows. It was built in the time of Henry VI., and is as perfect as the first day. It does not seem to have been ever quite finished, or at least that age was not arrived at the luxury of white-wash; for almost all the walls, except in the principal chambers, are in their native brickhood. It is a square building, each side about two hundred feet in length; a porch and cloister, very like Eton College; and the whole is much in the same taste, the kitchen extremely so, with three vast funnels to the chimneys going up on the inside. There are two or three little courts for offices, but no magnificence of apartments. It is scarcely furnished with a few necessary beds and chairs: one side has been sashed, and a drawing-room and dining-room and two or three rooms wainscoted by the Earl of Sussex, who married a natural daughter of Charles II. Their arms with delightful carvings by Gibbons-, particularly two pheasants, hang over the chimneys. Over the great drawing-room chimney is the first coat armour of the first Leonard, Lord Dacre, with all his alliances. Mr. Chute was transported, and called cousin with ten thousand quarterings.(339) The chapel is small, and mean: the Virgin and seven long lean saints, ill done, remain in the windows. There have been four more, but seem to have been removed for light; and we actually found St. Catherine, and another gentlewoman with a church in her hand, exiled into the buttery. There remain two odd cavities, with very small wooden screens on each side the altar, which seem to have been confessionals. The outside is a mixture of gray brick and stone, that has a very venerable appearance. The drawbridges are romantic to a degree; and there is a dungeon, that gives one a delightful idea of living in the days of soccage and under such goodly tenures. They showed us a dismal chamber which they called Drummer's-hall, and suppose that Mr. Addison's comedy is descended from it. In the windows of the gallery over the cloisters, which leads all round to the apartments, is the device of the Fienneses, a wolf holding a baton with a scroll, Le roy le veut — an unlucky motto, as I shall tell you presently, to the last peer of that line. The estate is two thousand a year, and so compact as to have but seventeen houses upon it. We walked up a brave old avenue to the church, with ships sailing on our left hand the whole way. Before the altar lies a lank brass knight, knight William Fienis, chevalier, who obiit c.c.c.c.v. that is in 1405. By the altar is a beautiful tomb, all in our trefoil taste, varied into a thousand little canopies and patterns, and two knights reposing on their backs. These were Thomas, Lord Dacre, and his only son Gregory, who died sans issue. An old grayheaded beadsman of the family talked to us of a blot in the scutcheon; and we had observed that the field of the arms was green instead of blue, and the lions ramping to the right, contrary to order. This and the man's imperfect narrative let us into the circumstances of the personage before us; for there is no inscription. He went in a Chevy-chase style to hunt in a Mr. Pelham's (340) park at Lawton: the keepers opposed, a fray ensued, a man was killed. The haughty baron took the death upon himself, as most secure of pardon; but however, though there was no chancellor of the exchequer in the question, he was condemned to be hanged: Le roy le Vouloist.
(338) the ancient inheritance of Lord Dacre of the South.-E.
(339) Chaloner Chute, Esq, of the Vine, married Catherine, daughter of Richard, Lord Dacre.-E.
(340) At the date of this letter Mr. Pelham was prime minister.

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Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1524-1576 with an inset portrait of husband Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541.In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1524-1576 and her son Gregory Fiennes 10th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1539-1594.

William Brabazon 3rd Earl Meath 1635-1684 and Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath 1644-1701 were married. She by marriage Countess Meath.