Biography of Arbella Stewart 1575-1615

1603 Funeral of Elizabeth I

1603 Main and Bye Plots

1605 Christening of Princess Mary Stuart

1608 Masque of Beauty

1610 Tethy's Festival Masque

In 1571 [her father] Charles Stewart 5th Earl Lennox 1557-1576 (13) was created 1st Earl Lennox 3C 1571 by older brother King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (4) who had inherited the Earl Lennox 2C 1488 when he became King.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter. In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1623. Adam de Colone 1572-1651. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1580. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625.

On 04 Sep 1571 [her grandfather] Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox 1516-1571 (54) died at Stirling Castle. On 04 Sep 1571 His son Charles Stewart 5th Earl Lennox 1557-1576 (14) succeeded 5th Earl Lennox 2C 1488.

In 1574 [her father] Charles Stewart 5th Earl Lennox 1557-1576 (16) and Elizabeth Cavendish Countess Lennox 1555-1582 (18) were married. He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She by marriage Countess Lennox.

In 1575 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 was born to [her father] Charles Stewart 5th Earl Lennox 1557-1576 (17) and Elizabeth Cavendish Countess Lennox 1555-1582 (19). She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In Apr 1576 [her father] Charles Stewart 5th Earl Lennox 1557-1576 (18) died.

On 21 Jan 1582 [her mother] Elizabeth Cavendish Countess Lennox 1555-1582 (26) died.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (69) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).

George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.

Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.

Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.

William Segar Painter 1554-1663 (49) carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.

PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Funeral_of_Elizabeth_I.jpgAdmiral_Richard_Leveson_1570_1605 was one of the six knights who carried the canopy.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Before 1623. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623. 1576. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Miniature Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624. Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650. In 1634 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar. Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650. Around 1615 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

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Main and Bye Plots

In Jul 1603 the Main and Bye Plots led by Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham 1564-1618 (38) and Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) sought to replace King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (37) with Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28).

Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) was sentenced to death, attainted, and imprisoned in the Tower of London.

Diary of Anne Clifford Chapter VI The Early Days of Anne. . Later on, the Court seems to have gone to Basingstoke, and Lady Cumberland (43) and her daughter (13) and Lady Bath went to reside at Sir Francis Palme's (49) house, Launce Levell, but they often went to Basingstoke to see the Queen (28) and Lady Arabella (28), who was then with her. On one occasion the Queen (28) went from Basingstoke to dine with Sir Henry Wallop (34)18, where Lady Anne, her mother and her aunt had been two or three nights before, and they helped to entertain the royal party. As they rode home from Lady Wallop's to Launce Levell, quite late in the evening, she records the fact that she saw "a strange comet in the night like a cannopie in the aire," and that it was observed all over England. At that time Lady Bedford (23) was beginning to lose favour with the royal party. "Now was my Lady Ritch (40) growen great with the Queene," she says, " in so much as my Lady of Bedford was somethinge out with hir, and when she came to Hampton Court was entertayned but even indifferentlie and yet continued to be of the bedchamber."

18. Son of Queen Elizabeth's Treasurer (63).

In 1583 Mid-Seventeeth Century copy.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Margaret Russell Countess Cumberland 1560-1616. Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676. Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of Anne of Denmark. 1595. Circle of Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of Anne of Denmark. Around 1606 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. 1612. Studio of Isaac Oliver Painter 1565-1617. Miniature Portrait of (probably) Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. Oliver painted the woman's pearl earrings using Nicholas Hilliard's jewelling technique, which involved laying a raised blob of white lead paint with some shadowing to one side. This form was then crowned with a rounded touch of real silver that was burnished with, to quote Hilliard,

In Aug 1603 during a plague in London the royal court moved to Basing House. Francis Palmes of Lindley 1554-1613 (49) entertained courtiers at his house nearby at Lancelevy, Sherfield on Loddon. The party included Lady Anne Clifford (13), her mother Margaret Clifford (43), Countess of Cumberland and Elizabeth Bourchier, Countess of Bath, who used Lancelevy as a base to visit Anne of Denmark (28) and Arbella Stuart (28).

In 1605 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (54). Portrait of Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (30).

Christening of Princess Mary Stuart

On 05 May 1605 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was christened at the Palace of Placentia. Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (29) carried the child. The infant's clothing, a train of purple velvet, embroidered with gold and furred with Ermines, was supported by two countesses, being so long that it fell to the ground. Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury 1544-1610 (60) performed the christening. The Queen's (30) brother Prince Ulrik Oldenburg 1578-1624 (26), the King's (38) first cousin Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (30) and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (41) were godparents. The King (38) presented Queen Anne (30) (who was not present) with new jewelry.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619.

On 07 Jul 1606 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619 (24) became a Freeman of Worshipful Company of Painter Stainers under the patronage of Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (31) and Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621 (67).

Masque of Beauty

On 10 Jan 1608 the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 (36) Masque of Beauty was performed at the Banqueting House to celebrate the completion of its refurburbishment. King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (41) attended.

The performers included:

Anne of Denmark (33).

Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk 1585-1654 (23).

Catherine Brydges Countess Bedford 1580-1657 (28).

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (32).

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (20).

Lettice Perrot Baroness Chichester 1560-1620 (48).

Audrey Shelton Lady Walsingham 1568-1624 (39).

Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33).

Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676 (17).

Elizabeth Barkham Lady Garrard 1593-1632 (15).

Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (18).

Elizabeth Cecil Lady Hatton 1578-1646 (30).

Mary Neville 7th Baroness Bergavenny 3rd Baroness Despencer 1554-1626 (54).

Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33).

Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (33).

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Tethy's Festival Masque

On 05 Jun 1610 the Tethy's Festival Masque was performed at Whitehall Palace to celebrate the the investiture of Prince Frederick (16) as Prince of Wales. The script was written by Samuel Daniel at the request of the Queen (35), who appeared in person as Tethys a goddess of the sea. Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (36) designed the staging and scenery.

Prince Charles (9) took the part of Zephyrus,.

Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (13) appeared as the companion or daughter of Tethys, the "Nymph of Thames",.

Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) took the part of the "Nymph of Trent",.

Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk 1585-1654 (25) as "Nymph of Arun".

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (34) as "Nymph of Derwent",.

Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset 1590-1632 (20) as "Nymph of Lee",.

Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676 (20) as "Nymph of Air",.

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (23) as "Nymph of Severn",.

Elizabeth Radclyffe Viscountess Haddington -1618 as "Nymph of Rother",.

Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent 1582-1651 (28) as "Nymph of Medway",.

Four sisters, daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (60) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester 1546-1621 (64), danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire:

Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (35) the "Nymph of Usk".

Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 (35) the "Nymph of Olwy".

Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (20) the "Nymph of Dulesse" (Dulas), and.

Mary Wintour the "Nymph of Wye".

Before 1619 Robert After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612. Around 1644. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652. Around 1757 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652. The portrait was commissioned by Edward Littleton MP 4th Baronet Pillaton Hall 1727-1812 when he was refurbishing his house Teddesley Hall. In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. In 1610 Robert In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset 1590-1632. In 1621 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628.

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On 22 Jun 1610 [her husband] William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (22) and Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) were married in secret at Palace of Placentia. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. For having married without permission King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (44) had Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) imprisoned in Sir Thomas Perry's House Lambeth and he in the Tower of London.

On 25 Sep 1615 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (40) died at Tower of London from illnesses exacerbated by her refusal to eat.

On 29 Sep 1615 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (40) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 03 Mar 1617 [her husband] William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (29) and Frances Devereux Duchess of Somerset 1599-1674 (17) were married at Drayton Bassett. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Frances Devereux Duchess of Somerset 1599-1674.

In 1660 [her husband] William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (72) died. His grandson William Seymour 3rd Duke Somerset 1654-1671 (6) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset 4C 1547.