Biography of James IV King Scotland 1473-1513

1460 Siege of Roxburgh

1488 Battle of Sauchieburn

1495 Perkin Warbreck Plot

1503 Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1509 Death of Henry VII

1509 Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1513 Battle of Flodden

Siege of Roxburgh

On 03 Aug 1460 [his grandfather] King James II of Scotland 1430-1460 (29) was killed accidentally when a cannon exploded and he was hit by debris. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. His son King James III of Scotland 1451-1488 (9) succeeded III King Scotland: Stewart.

William Douglas 3rd Lord Drumlanrig 1440-1464 (20) was present.

In Jul 1469 [his father] King James III of Scotland 1451-1488 (17) and Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486 (13) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 17 Mar 1473 James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 was born to [his father] King James III of Scotland 1451-1488 (21) and Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486 (16) at Stirling Castle.

In 1481 [his brother] James Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1476-1504 (4) was created 1st Earl Ross.

On 02 Mar 1486 [his brother] John Stewart 1st Earl Mar 1479-1503 (6) was created 1st Earl Mar 1C 1404.

On 14 Jul 1486 [his mother] Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486 (30) died.

In 1488 [his brother] James Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1476-1504 (11) was created 1st Duke Ross.

Battle of Sauchieburn

On 11 Jun 1488 [his father] King James III of Scotland 1451-1488 (36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (15) succeeded IV King Scotland: Stewart.

On 19 Jun 1488 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (32) was issued a safe conduct by James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (15).

On 28 Jun 1491 [his future brother-in-law] Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia. [his future brother-in-law] He was created as Duke Cornwall.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1493 [his illegitimate son] Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 was born illegitimately to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (19) and Margaret Boyd.

In 1494 [his future brother-in-law] Henry VIII (2) was created 1st Duke York 3C 1494.

Around 1495 [his illegitimate daughter] Catherine Stewart Countess Morton 1495-1554 was born illegitimately to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (21) and Margaret Boyd.

Around 1497 [his illegitimate daughter] Margaret Stewart 1497-1578 was born illegitimately to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (23) and Margaret Drummond 1475-1501 (22).

Around 1499 [his illegitimate son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1499-1544 was born illegitimately to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (25) and Janet Kennedy 1480-1545 (19).

In 1501 [his illegitimate son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1499-1544 (2) was created 1st Earl Moray 3C 1501 by his father James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (27).

On 25 Jan 1502 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell 1452-1508 (50) stood proxy for James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (28) at the betrothal with [his future wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (12).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

On 17 Jul 1502 [his illegitimate daughter] Janet Stewart Lady Fleming 1502-1562 was born illegitimately to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (29) and Isobel Stewart.

On 19 Sep 1502 Mynour, the Inglis payntour (42) delivered four portraits of the English royal family to James IV of Scotland (29) at Stirling Castle.

On 11 Mar 1503 [his brother] John Stewart 1st Earl Mar 1479-1503 (23) died.

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (30) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor (13) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (60) and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran 1475-1529 (28) were present.

Cuthbert Cunningham 3rd Earl Glencairn 1476-1541 (27) was restored 3rd Earl Glencairn.

In Jan 1504 [his brother] James Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1476-1504 (27) died.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 [his brother-in-law] Henry VIII (12) was created Prince of Wales and Earl Chester 8C 1504. John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (24) was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted.

On 21 Feb 1507 [his son] James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1507-1508 was born to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (33) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (17) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

[his son] James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1507-1508 (1) was created 1st Duke Rothesay. A year later on 27 Feb 1508 [his son] he died at Stirling Castle.

On 15 Jul 1508 [his daughter] Unamed Stillborn Stewart 1508- was born to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (35) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (18) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 [his father-in-law] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace. His son Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England.

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 23 Jun 1509 [his brother-in-law] Henry VIII (17) and Catherine of Aragon (23) were married at the Church of the Observant Friars. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.

On 20 Oct 1509 [his son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 was born to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (36) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (19) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Before 26 Apr 1510 [his son-in-law] John Gordon -1517 and Margaret Stewart 1497-1578 were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 14 Jul 1510 [his son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 died at Edinburgh Castle.

On 10 Apr 1512 [his son] King James V of Scotland 1512-1542 was born to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (39) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (22) at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of King James V of Scotland 1512-1542. Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of King James V of Scotland 1512-1542.

In Nov 1512 [his daughter] Unamed Stillborn Stewart 1512- was born to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (39) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (22) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Battle of Flodden

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VIII 1st Year. 1513. This yeare, on the Assension Even, Edmonde de la Pole (42) was beheaded on Tower Hill.

This yeare allso, on the day of th' Exaltation of the Crosse, Te Deum was sungen in Paules Churche for the victorie of the Scottishe feild, where King Jamys of Scotland (39) was slayne. The [his brother-in-law] King of England (21) that tjrme lyenge at seege before Turney in France, and wan it and Turwjm also.

A Parlement kept at Westminster, where was graunted to the [his brother-in-law] King (21) of all men's goodes 6d. in the pownde. A peace betwene the [his brother-in-law] King (21) and French King (52) duringe both their lives; and the [his sister-in-law] Ladie Marie (18), sister to the King, married to the French King, at Abireld, in Picardye, in October.

In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533.

Before 09 Sep 1513 James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 based himself at Ford Castle before the Battle of Flodden.

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden was fought at the Branxton__Northumberland. the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (70), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (35), Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (45), Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (51) and Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (56).

The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (59), William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (44), Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (45).

Randall Babington -1513, John Bigod 1475-1513 (38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 (39) were killed.

Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (33), William Constable 1475-1551 (38), George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston 1497-1558 (16), Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (33), Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (25) and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 (36) were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40).

Christopher Savage -1513, Thomas Venables 1469-1513 (44) and Brian Tunstall 1480-1513 (33) were killed.

Bryan Stapleton of Wighill 1458-1513 (55) was killed. (Some reports have him dying in 1518).

John Booth 1435-1513 (78) was killed.

The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties.

James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (40) was killed. His son [his son] King James V of Scotland 1512-1542 (1) succeeded V King Scotland: Stewart.

[his illegitimate son] Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 (20) was killed.

David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 1470-1513 (43) was killed. His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 1494-1527 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Cassilis. Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis.

William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 (54) was killed. His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness -1529 succeeded 3rd Earl Caithness.

Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 was killed. His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Lennox 2C 1488.

William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513 was killed. His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll 1495-1522 (18) succeeded 5th Earl Erroll.

John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513 was killed. His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 succeeded 3rd Earl Morton, 6th Lord Dalkeith.

Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513 was killed. His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell 1512-1556 (1) succeeded 3rd Earl Bothwell.

Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies 1481-1513 (32) was killed. His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies 1507-1581 (6) succeeded 5th Lord Garlies.

Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513 was killed. His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone 1510-1547 (3) succeeded 2nd Lord Elphinstone.

Thomas Hay -1513, George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513 (59), Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513 (56), Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513,.

William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513 was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 succeeded 7th Lord Drumlanrig.

George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513 was killed. His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton -1549 succeeded 6th Lord Seton.

John Hay 2nd Lord Hay of Yester -1513 was killed. His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay 1490-1543 (23) succeeded 3rd Lord Hay of Yester. Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage Lord Hay of Yester.

Robert Keith Master of Marischal 1483-1525 (30), Guiscard Harbottle 1485-1513 (28), John Erskine -1513, David Home 1491-1513 (22), Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513 (43), Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513 (64), Robert Douglas of Lochleven 1424-1513 (89) were killed.

Henry Sinclair 3rd Lord Sinclair 1465-1513 (48) was killed. His son William Sinclair 4th Lord Sinclair -1570 succeeded 4th Lord Sinclair.

James Stewart 1st Lord of Traquair 1480-1513 (33) was killed. His son William Stewart 2nd Lord Traquair 1506-1548 (7) succeeded 2nd Lord Traquair.

John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell 1456-1513 (57) was killed. His son Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell 1493-1552 (20) succeeded 5th Lord Maxwell.

William Murray 1470-1513 (43), Colin Oliphant 1487-1513 (26), William Ruthven 1480-1513 (33), George Douglas 1469-1513 (44) and William Douglas 1471-1513 (42) were killed.

George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 (38) fought.

Brothers David Lyon of Cossins -1513, William Lyon -1513 and George Lyon -1513 were killed.

William Graham 1st Earl Montrose 1464-1513 (49) was killed. His son William Graham 2nd Earl Montrose 1492-1571 (21) succeeded 2nd Earl Montrose.

Robert Erskine 4th Lord Erskine 16th Earl Mar -1513 was killed. His son John Erskine 17th Earl Mar 1487-1555 (26) de jure 17th Earl Mar 1C 1404, Lord Erskine.

Thomas Stewart 2nd Lord Innermeath 1461-1513 (52) was killed. His son Richard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath 1504-1532 succeeded 3rd Lord Innermeath.

Walter Lindsay of Arden -1513 and Walter Lindsay 1480-1513 (33) were killed.

William Keith of Inverugie 1470-1513 (43) was killed.

David Wemyss of Wemyss 1473-1513 (40) was killed.

John Somerville 1st of Cambusnethan 1458-1513 (55) was killed.

Robert Crichton 2nd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar 1472-1513 (41) was killed. His son Robert Crichton 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar 1491-1520 (22) succeeded 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar

Around 1575. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513. Wearing the clothes he wore at the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots and the French Dauphin on 24 Apr 1558.

On 30 Apr 1514 [his son] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 was born to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (41) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) at Stirling Castle. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 06 Aug 1514 Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (25) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) were married at Kinoul. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [his wife] She by marriage Countess Angus.

On 03 Mar 1528 Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 (33) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (38) were married. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 18 Oct 1541 [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

In 1603 James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (23) was appointed Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to James IV King Scotland 1473-1513.

1624. Unknown Painter. Portrait of James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636.

On 18 Apr 1621 Bridget Chaworth 1542-1621 (79) died. Monument in St Andrew's Church Ufford. Marble with Corinthian Columns and reclining effigy. Corinthian Columns. Jacobean Hooded Monument.

The inscription reads "Dame Bridget, Lady Carr, widow, daughter of Sir John Chaworth of Wiverton, Nottingham, late wife to Sir William Carr of Old Sleaford in the county of Lincoln, who served the late Queen Elizabeth (87) of most famous memory, being one of the gentlewomen of her Majesty's Privy Chamber for the space of five and twenty years, and afterwards served the most renowned Queen Anne (46), wife to our most gracious sovereign, King James, for the space of 14 years, being the residue of her life, and died the 18th day of April being of the age of 79 years, the which said Lady Carr, out of her love to her dear sister Katherine, the wife of George Quarles of this town of Ufford, esquire, hath caused her body to be here interred 1612". The date a mistake given she died in 1621.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of Anne of Denmark. 1595. Circle of Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of Anne of Denmark.

History of England by Polydore Vergil Book 26 Henry VII Chapter 37. While these things were happening elsewhere, with great congratulation King Henry gave an audience to those ambassadors of King Charles, whom I have previously recorded were kept back so as not to come to him while the Cornish business was brewing. He received an embassy from Prince Philippe of Flanders with equal friendliness, for they had come in search of friendship and a treaty, which he was most happy to grant, for this was very opportune amidst his domestic troubles. Having thus gained peace with his neighboring nations, he finally wrote a letter giving great thanks to Ferdinand and Isabella for having arranged this recent peace between himself and the King of Scots, and suitably rewarded their representative Pedro. This concord of kings occurred in the year of human salvation 1497, the twelfth of Henry’s reign. But Pedro de Ayala remained at Henry’s court, taking this occasion to arrange a betrothal between his son Arthur Prince of Wales and Ferdinand’s daughter Catherine soon thereafter, at a time and place to be decided after the girl had become nubile. I return to the King of Scots.

Around 1490. Possibly Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504. Around 1502. Possibly Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504. Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII January 1513. SCOTLAND and DENMARK. "Articulorum capita Regis Scotorum commissa Magno Beilde, ut ad illustrissimum Daciæ Regem referet, duodecimo ... anno duodecimo supra millesimum et quingentesimum."

Heads of articles entrusted to the King of Scots by Magnus Beilde, to refer to the most illustrious king of Dacia, twelfth .... year 1513.

James has used every effort, by his ambassadors, for two years, for a universal peace, and to put an end to hostilities of England and Aragon against France. Has not succeeded, the King of England declaring that he cannot make peace without the express consent of the Pope and King of Aragon. Has repeatedly implored his Holiness, by his ambassadors, for briefs, of which he may send copies to Denmark and to England, stating that James was to treat for peace with the French King, that the Pope had recovered the property of the Church, and that the Turk, having obtained the empire by violence, was preparing an expedition against Christendom. He had received letters from France authorising him to mediate with Henry of England. to whom he had frequently sent, in vain, desiring a safe conduct for his ambassadors, to treat for peace according to the order of the Pope. Offered England to forego all claims for redress, and renew the peace, on condition that Henry would apply himself to a universal peace. In spite of all, England has resolved in Parliament not only to carry on the war with France, but also to attack Scotland, pretending that he could not otherwise invade France with safety; and certainly, if he conquered France, Scotland would not be safe. England is raising unheard-of contributions to sustain the war, and boasts that he will occupy both countries; but, as James is informed, the English soldiers, after their experience of Biscay last year, will not be easily induced to visit Spain for the purpose of invading France; neither will they return to Gueldres, where they formerly were severely handled, when invading the country. They will not be eager to attack a country so well fortified, or fight with the French fleet, when they remember the losses of the preceding year. But although the English, anxious for novelty, exclaim against taxgatherers, they are arming by sea and land; they pretend fear of the French, but intend to attack the Scots, who are peaceable, thinking it nothing to seize the Scotch coast for security of their operations against France. Accordingly, as England and Aragon have made a league by which each is bound not to make peace without the other, James has thought it justifiable to renew the old league with France on similar conditions. Sends Beilde to inform Denmark of his requirements. Hopes he will perform the part of an uncle by despatching a fleet for his defence, and send supplies from the Hanse Towns, which will be paid for. Edinburgh, 12 1512.

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James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 and Catherine Stewart Countess Morton 1495-1554 were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Morton.

Perkin Warbreck Plot

History of England by Polydore Vergil Book 26 Henry VII Chapter 38. King James of Scotland did not break his word. Now being dead sure that he had been the victim of a fraud, he summoned Peter Warbeck and, gently reminding him of all the benefits he had conferred, urged him to migrate to some other country where he could live in peace until a better opportunity for conducting his business offered itself. For he himself had been obliged to make peace with the King of England, and because of the affinity he enjoyed with the king and valued so highly, it was scarcely possible that in the future he could take up arms in Peter’s name, as he had gladly done at the beginning when he hoped that Peter would be furnished with timely help by his English friends. But since this expectation had proved to be in vain, he told him he should not take this delay amiss, for it might turn out to be helpful for him in his affliction. Saying these and similar things, he told Peter to go elsewhere. And he, learning the king’s will, was devastated by this desertion, now seeing that there was nothing left for him among the Scots. Although he was not able to requite the many benefits he had received from them, nevertheless, so as not to appear to be an ingrate, he accepted the king’s command calmly, and a few days later took his wife and left for Ireland, with the idea of returning to Margaret in Flanders, or of attaching himself to the Cornishmen.

History of England by Polydore Vergil Book 26 Henry VII Chapter 37. Amidst these things Pedro de Ayala came Scotland a man of great intelligence and prudence, although possessed with no similar education, sent by King Ferdinand of Spain to King James to negotiate a truce between the kings. For Ferdinand and his wife Isabella, a woman all but unmatched in Christendom, enjoyed a great friendship with Henry, and hoped for nothing more than for kinship to obtain between them, since their daughter Catherine had been affianced to his son Arthur Prince of Wales. Likewise, they had equal affinity with James King of Scots. Therefore Ferdinand freely offered himself as an agent for making peace between the two kings. Pedro immediately began to deal earnestly with James to discover by what conditions peace could to made, and, since he was in high hopes, he wrote a letter asking Henry that he send some representative to join him in completing the business. Henry was a lover and (if I may say so) a son of peace, inasmuch as he could be without suffering great inconvenience, and particularly at the time when he was being troubled by his subjects’ seditions, promptly assigned the task to Richard Bishop of Durham, who was near at hand, of joining Pedro as soon as he could. And so Richard and Pedro (the latter serving as an umpire for the peace) met with a Scottish delegation. Here countless conditions were proposed, but after a lengthy debate they all failed to satisfy. The obstacle was that Henry demanded Peter Warbeck be handed over him, being a disturber of the peace of his realm. For his part, King James flatly refused to make any concession which could be held against him afterwards. Although he had already begun to divine the fraud, nevertheless, since Peter was his kinsman, he thought it a very shameful wrong to hand a man over for the killing. And so many days were wasted, and in the end, since no peace could obtain between minds so differently disposed, in lieu of a peace they settled on a truce to last for several years, upon condition that James would immediately banish Peter Warbeck from all of Scotland.

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[his son] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 was created 1st Duke Ross.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII January 1513. JAMES IV to the QUEEN OF DENMARK. Credence for the above Magnus Beilde.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII January 1513. JAMES IV. to [his uncle] JOHN KING OF DENMARK. Credence for Magnus Beilde, a subject of the King of Denmark, who has been for some years in Scotland on James's service. Begs John to show himself an uncle now, as James means for life to act the part of a nephew and circumstances brook no delay.

Etal Castle is a ruined medieval fortification in the village of Etal, Northumberland, England. It was built around 1341 by Robert Manners, and comprised a residential tower, a gatehouse and a corner tower, protected by a curtain wall. The castle was involved both in local feuding and the border wars between England and Scotland. There was a battle between the rival Manners and Heron families outside the walls in 1428, and in 1513 it was briefly captured by King James IV of Scotland during his invasion of England.

[his son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 was created 1st Duke Rothesay.