Biography of James V King Scotland 1512-1542

1488 Battle of Sauchieburn

1503 Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

1513 Battle of Flodden

1536 Funeral of Catherine of Aragon and Anne Bolyen's Miscarriage

1542 Death of King James V of Scotland

Battle of Sauchieburn

On 11 Jun 1488 [his grandfather] James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son [his father] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (15) succeeded IV King Scotland: Stewart.

In 1501 [his illegitimate half-brother] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1499-1544 (2) was created 1st Earl Moray 3C 1501 by his father [his father] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (27).

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 [his father] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (30) and [his mother] Margaret Tudor (13) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (60) and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran 1475-1529 (28) were present.
Cuthbert Cunningham 3rd Earl Glencairn 1476-1541 (27) restored 3rd Earl Glencairn.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

[his brother] James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1507-1508 (1) was created 1st Duke Rothesay. A year later on 27 Feb 1508 [his brother] he died at Stirling Castle.

On 14 Jul 1510 [his brother] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 died at Edinburgh Castle.

On 10 Apr 1512 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 was born to [his father] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (39) and [his mother] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (22). He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow.

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden was fought near Branxton__Northumberland. the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (70), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (35), Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (45), Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (51) and Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (56).
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (59), William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (44), Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (45).
Randall Babington -1513, John Bigod 1475-1513 (38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 (39) were killed.
Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (33), William Constable 1475-1551 (38), George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston 1497-1558 (16), Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (33), Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (25) and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 (36) were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40).
Christopher Savage -1513, Thomas Venables 1469-1513 (44) and Brian Tunstall 1480-1513 (33) were killed.
Bryan Stapleton of Wighill 1458-1513 (55) was killed.(Some reports have him dying in 1518).
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties.
[his father] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (40) was killed. His son James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (1) succeeded V King Scotland: Stewart.
[his illegitimate half-brother] Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 (20) was killed.
David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 1470-1513 (43) was killed. His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 1494-1527 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Cassilis. Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis.
William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 (54) was killed. His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness -1529 succeeded 3rd Earl Caithness.
Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 was killed. His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Lennox 2C 1488.
William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513 was killed. His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll 1495-1522 (18) succeeded 5th Earl Erroll.
John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513 was killed. His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 succeeded 3rd Earl Morton, 6th Lord Dalkeith.
Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513 was killed. His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell 1512-1556 (1) succeeded 3rd Earl Bothwell.
Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies 1481-1513 (32) was killed. His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies 1507-1581 (6) succeeded 5th Master Garlies.
Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513 was killed. His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone 1510-1547 (3) succeeded 2nd Lord Elphinstone.
Thomas Hay -1513, George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513 (59), Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513 (56), Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513,.
William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513 was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 succeeded 7th Lord Drumlanrig.
George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513 was killed. His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton -1549 succeeded 6th Lord Seton.
John Hay 2nd Lord Hay -1513 was killed. His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay -1543 succeeded 3rd Lord Hay of Yester. [his step-aunt] Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage Lord Hay of Yester.
Robert Keith 1483-1525 (30), Guiscard Harbottle 1485-1513 (28), John Erskine -1513, David Home 1491-1513 (22). Henry 03 Lord Sinclair 1465-1513, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513 (43), James Traquair 1480-1513 (33), Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513 (64), Robert Douglas 1424-1513 (89), John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513 was killed. Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell 1493-1552 (20) succeeded 5th Lord Maxwell.
William Murray 1470-1513 (43), Colin Oliphant 1487-1513 (26), William Ruthven -1513, George Douglas 1469-1513 (44) and William Douglas 1471-1513 (42) were killed.
George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 (38) fought.
Brothers David Lyon of Cossins -1513, William Lyon -1513 and George Lyon -1513 were killed.

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On 06 Aug 1514 [his step-father] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (25) and [his mother] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) were married at Kinoul. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [his mother] She by marriage Countess Angus.

On 18 Dec 1515 [his brother] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 (1) died at Stirling Castle.

On 03 Mar 1528 [his step-father] Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 (33) and [his mother] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (38) were married. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1529 [his illegitimate son] James Stewart 1529-1557 was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (16) and Elizabeth Shaw. He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In Aug 1529 [his illegitimate half-brother] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1499-1544 (30) and Elizabeth Campbell Countess Moray Countess Sutherland -1547 were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Moray.

Around 1531 [his illegitimate son] John "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1531-1563 was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (18) and Elizabeth Carmichael. He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1531 [his illegitimate son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (18) and Margaret Erskine 1515-1572 (15). He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1561 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570.In 1568. Unknown Painter. Portrait of James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570.

In 1532 James Hamilton 1st Duke Châtellerault 1516-1575 (16) and [his illegitimate niece] Margaret Douglas Duchess Châtellerault -1579 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his illegitimate niece] She by marriage Countess Arran.

Around 1533 [his illegitimate daughter] Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333-1588 was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (20) and Elizabeth Bethune -1581. She a great granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1533 [his illegitimate son] Robert Stewart 1st Earl Orkney 1533-1615 was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (20) and Euphame Elphinstone (23). He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 28 Oct 1533 [his future brother-in-law] Henry II King France 1519-1559 (14) and Catherine Medici Queen Consort France 1519-1589 (14) were married. She by marriage Queen_Consort_France.

1559. Studio of François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Henry II King France 1519-1559.

On 04 Aug 1534 Louis Valois II Duke Longueville 1510-1537 (24) and [his future wife] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (18) were married. [his future wife] She by marriage Duchess Longueville.

In 1535 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (22) was appointed 297th Knight of the Garter by his uncle [his uncle] Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (43).

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542.Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542.

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575 (15). Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (22).

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542.

Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575 (16). Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (23).

Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542.

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon and Anne Bolyen's Miscarriage

Calendar of State Papers Spain Volume 5 Part 2 1531-1533. 06 Mar 1536. 35. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
His last letter, announcing the death and martyrdom of the queen of England (50), was dated the 30th of January.
Since then he (Ortiz) has received one, dated the 19th of January, [from Chapuys?], informing him that the Princess (20) (Mary) was in good health. The Queen before dying showed well what her whole life had been; for not only did she ask for, and receive, all the sacraments ordained by the Church, but answered the questions put by the priest with such ardour and devotion that all present were edified. Some of those who were by her bedside, having suggested that it was not yet time to receive the sacrament of Extreme Unction, she replied that she wished to hear and understand everything that was said, and make fitting answers. She preserved her senses to the last, &c.
They say that when the [his uncle] king of England (44) heard of the death of his Queen, dressed in mauve silk as he was at the time, and with a white feather in his cap, he went to solace himself with the ladies of the palace. In fact it may well be said of him and of his kingdom what the Prophet Isaias says, cap. lvii., "Justus periet, et non est qui recogitet in corde suo, et viri misericordia colliguntur quia non est qui intelligat."
Her Highness the Queen was buried with the honors of a Princess [dowager], 18 miles from the place where she died, at an abbey called Yperberu (Peterborough), the King having only sent thither some ladies of his Court to attend the funeral. The King and the concubine (35) were not in London, but at a place on the road called Octinton (Huntingdon).
Anne Bolans (35) is now in fear of the King deserting her one of these days, in order to marry another lady.
The King having sent his ambassadors into Scotland to persuade the king (23) of that country to separate from, and refuse obedience to, the Apostolic See, it happened that the very day and moment when the English were delivering their embassy a storm arose, and a most tremendous clap of thunder was heard, at which king James (23) horrified rose from his seat, crossed himself, and exclaimed, "I scarcely know which of the two things has caused me most fear and horror, that thunder and lightning we have just heard, or the proposition you have made me." After which, and in the very presence of the English ambassadors, he ordered unconditional obedience to the Church to be proclaimed throughout his dominions.
Here, at Rome, when the news of the good Queen's death arrived, the Papal bull excommunicating king Henry for his iniquitous conduct, and depriving him of his kingdom, was already sealed and closed. Since then nothing further has been done in the matter, but the executory letters (executoriales) in the principal cause have actually been taken out, though with no small trouble.—Rome, 6 March 1536.
Since the above was written I have had a letter from the Imperial ambassador in France, in date of the 15th ultimo, intimating that, according to news received from England, the King wished to marry the Princess to a gentleman of his kingdom, and that king Francis had told the Imperial ambassador that in consequence of a fall from his horse king Henry had been two hours unconscious without speech1; seeing which Ana Bolans (35) (Boleyn) was so struck that she actually miscarried of a son. Great news these, for which we are bound to thank God, because, were the Princess to be married as reported, she may at once be considered out of danger; for her marriage may hereafter be dissolved and declared null, as it would effectually be owing to the violence used, and the evident fear the Princess has of her life, should she not consent to it. At any rate, it must be owned that though the King himself was not converted like St. Paul after his fall, at least his adulterous wife (35) has miscarried of a son.
Note 1. Que el Rey de Inglaterra auia caitlo con su cavallo, y estado mas de dos horas sin habla, de lo qual la Ana (35) tuvo tan grande alteracion que movió un hijo."
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Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

On 01 Jan 1537 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (24) and [his wife] Madeleine Valois Angoulême 1520-1537 (16) were married at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. They were third cousins once removed. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 09 Jun 1537 Louis Valois II Duke Longueville 1510-1537 (27) died at Rouen. His son [his future step-son] François Valois III Duke Longueville 1535-1551 (1) succeeded III Duke Longueville.

On 02 Jul 1537 [his wife] Madeleine Valois Angoulême 1520-1537 (16) died.

On 17 Jul 1537 [his step-aunt] Janet Douglas 1498-1537 (39) was burned to death for conspiring against the king's (25) life.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 12 Jun Dec 1537. 13 Nov 1537. 1079. [his mother] Queen Margaret (47) to [his uncle] Henry VIII (46).
Rejoices that he has a prince. Hopes he is informed both by her own writings sent with the herald Master Svallo and the information sent to Sir Tomas Qwarton, how she is treated. Trusts Henry will not let her be wronged daily. Would sooner be dead than remain in such trouble as she has been in since Master Sadler's departure. Desires only to "brwk" her lands given her by the King her father and confirmed by the three estates of this realm; of which she is only debarred by [his step-father] lord Meffen (42). Has her sentence of divorce ready to be pronounced written and concluded with forty "famos prewes" (proofs), but the King her son (25) supports [his step-father] Meffen (42), as her husband, in possession of her lands. When she passed to her land the forest of Ettrick the King her son accused her of intending to marry "him that was earl of Angus," which Henry knows she had never a mind to do. Her son will only let her "depart bed and bwred," which is unjust, and fears she will pass into England. Trusts Henry will for his own honor refuse redress on the Borders till she has her due. Is now 49 years old and should not travel like a poor gentlewoman, following her son from place to place as she has done for 20 weeks past. 13 Oct.

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Around Dec 1537 Louis Valois 1537-1537 died.

On 18 Jun 1538 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (26) and [his wife] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) were married. They were third cousins. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. at St Andrew's Cathedral Priory, St Andrew's. [his wife] She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 22 May 1540 [his son] James Stewart 1540-1541 was born to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (28) and [his wife] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (24). He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 12 Apr 1541 [his son] Robert Stewart 1st Earl Albany 1541-1541 was born to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (29) and [his wife] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (25). He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Possibly named Arthur? He died eight days later.

On 20 Apr 1541 [his son] Robert Stewart 1st Earl Albany 1541-1541 died being only eight days old.

On 18 Oct 1541 [his mother] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

On 08 Dec 1542 [his daughter] Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 was born to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (30) and [his wife] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (27). She a great granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

Death of King James V of Scotland

On 14 Dec 1542 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (30) died at Falkland Palace, Falkland, Fife. His daughter [his daughter] Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 succeeded I King Scotland: Stewart. She was six days old.

On 11 Jun 1560 [his wife] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (44) died at Edinburgh Castle.

[his illegitimate son] Robert Stewart 1st Earl Orkney 1533-1615 was created 1st Earl Orkney.

[his illegitimate son] Adam Stewart -1575 was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 and Elizabeth Stewart. He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

[his illegitimate son] James Stewart was born illegitimately to James V King Scotland 1512-1542 and Christine Barclay. He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

[his brother] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 was created 1st Duke Ross.

[his son] Robert Stewart -1581 was born to James V King Scotland 1512-1542. He a great grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

[his brother] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 was created 1st Duke Rothesay.

James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 and [his illegitimate half-sister] Catherine Stewart Countess Morton 1495-1554 were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his illegitimate half-sister] She by marriage Countess Morton.