Biography of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714

1670 Frederick III King Denmark Dies Christian V King Denmark Succeeds

1677 Marriage of William of Orange and Princess Mary Stewart

1683 Marriage of Lady Anne and Prince George

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1688 Abdication of James II

1694 Death of Queen Mary II

1701 Death of King James II

1702 Death of King William III

1702 Queen Anne Accession

1682 Sinking of the Gloucester

1712 Harley's Dozen

1714 Death of Queen Anne

On 14 Oct 1633 [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was born to [her grandfather] Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) and [her grandmother] Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (23) at St James's Palace. [her father] He was created 1st Duke York 5C 1633 at birth by his father.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

After Apr 1646 the articles allowed the garrison of Exeter to return to their dwellings. Daubigny Turberville 1612-1696 went to Wayford and married, but had no children. He began practice at Wayford and Crookhorn (Crewkerne), but got so busy that he moved to London. The city air not suiting him he finally settled in Salisbury; "thence he made several journeys to London. Once he was sent for by the [her mother] Dutchess of York to cure the Princess of Denmnark (Queen Anne), then a child, labouring under a dangerous inflammation in her eyes, and a breaking out in her face the cure for which had been attempted in vain by the Court fysicians." These despised Turberville, looking on him as a country quack. He had a quarrel with them, refused to meet them in consultation and won the day. The [her father] Duke and [her mother] Duchess asked him to undertake the case, which he did successfully. The Duke ordered him a fee of £600, but he appears to have received only half that amount. "Many years afterwards he was called up again by one of the greatest and ancientest Peers of this Kingdom. to whom, after having attentively inspected his eye, he spoke after this manner: 'My Lord, I might bear you in hand,' a western frase, signifying to delay or keep in expectation, 'and feed you with promises, or at least hopes, that 1 should cure vou in some competent time, and so cause your Lordship to be at great expence to no purpose; I cannot cure you, and I believe no man in England can.' The Earl answered, 'Such and such will undertake it for a hundred pounds.' To which the doctor replied, 'I have so great an honour for your Lordship, and so much wish for your welfare, that I will joyfully give a hundred guineas out of my own purse to the person who shall restore your sight in that eye. I confess I am not able to cure it, but I can reduce it to a better figure.' Source. THE BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY SEPTEMBER, 1926.

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Around 1661 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.Around 1662 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. One of the Windsor Beauties.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.

On 03 Sep 1660 [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (26) and [her mother] Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (23) were married. He a son of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. in secret. [her mother] She by marriage Duchess York.

On 06 Feb 1665 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 was born to [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and [her mother] Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27) at St James's Palace at 11:39pm being their fourth child and second daughter. She was baptised Anglican in the Chapel Royal with her elder sister [her sister] Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (2) being Godparent as well as Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (13) and Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury 1598-1677 (66).

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694.Around 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694.

On 03 Sep 1665 [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and [her mother] Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (28) were married. He a son of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. again.

In 1666 [her brother] Charles Stewart 1st Duke Kendal 1666-1667 was created 1st Duke Kendal 1C 1666 by his grandfather [her grandfather] Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (65).

On 03 Dec 1666 [her brother] James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) was created 1st Duke Cambridge 1C 1664 by his father [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33). See Diary of Samuel Pepys 06 December 1666.
Those present included [her uncle] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (36), [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33), Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (46), William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury 1591-1668 (75), George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 (57), Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 (79), Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond 1639-1672 (27), Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester 1602-1671 (64), James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (17).

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Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles IIAround 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray.Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.Around 1672 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682. Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.Around 1668 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond 1639-1672.Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester 1602-1671.Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.

On 22 May 1667 [her brother] Charles Stewart 1st Duke Kendal 1666-1667 died.

On 15 Jun 1667 [her future brother-in-law] Christian V King Denmark and Norway 1646-1699 (21) and Charlotte Amalie Hesse Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1650-1714 (17) were married.

On 20 Jun 1667 [her brother] James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) died at Richmond Palace. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. Duke Cambridge 1C 1664 extinct.

On 07 Oct 1667 [her brother] Edgar Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1667-1671 was created 1st Duke Cambridge 2C 1667 by his uncle [her uncle] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (37).

Around 1670 Edward Lake Chaplain 1641-1704 (28) was appointed Chaplain to [her sister] Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (7) and Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (4).

Frederick III King Denmark Dies Christian V King Denmark Succeeds

On 09 Feb 1670 Frederick III King Denmark 1609-1670 (60) died. His son [her future brother-in-law] Christian V King Denmark and Norway 1646-1699 (23) succeeded V King Denmark and Norway. Charlotte Amalie Hesse Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1650-1714 (19) by marriage Queen Consort Denmark and Norway.

After 19 Oct 1670 Flower Backhouse Countess Clarendon -1700 was appointed First Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 her niece.

On 31 Mar 1671 [her mother] Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (34) died.

On 08 Jun 1671 [her brother] Edgar Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1667-1671 (3) died. Duke Cambridge 2C 1667 extinct.

On 20 Sep 1673 [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (39) and [her step-mother] Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (14) were married. He a son of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.

Before 1677 Barbara Villiers Viscountess Fitzhardinge 1654-1708 became a Maid of Honour to the daughters of [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701: [her sister] Princess Mary and Princess Anne and possibly others.

Marriage of William of Orange and Princess Mary Stewart

On 04 Nov 1677 William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (27) and [her sister] Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (15) were married. They were first cousins. He a grandson of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. [her sister] She by marriage Princess Orange.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 wearing his Garter Collar.

In 1683 Thomas White Bishop 1628-1698 (55) was appointed Chaplain to Princess Anne (17).

John Evelyn's Diary 19 July 1683. 19 Jul 1683. [her future husband] George, Prince of Denmark (30), who had landed this day, came to marry the Lady Anne (18), daughter to the [her father] Duke (49); so I returned home, having seen the young gallant at dinner at Whitehall.

Marriage of Lady Anne and Prince George

On 28 Jul 1683 [her husband] Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (30) and Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (18) were married at Chapel Royal St James's Palace. They were second cousins once removed. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

Before 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708.Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708. Walmer Castle.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 July 1683. 28 Jul 1683. [her husband] He was married to the Lady Anne (18) at Whitehall. Her Court and household to be modeled as the [her father] Duke's, her father (49), had been, and they to continue in England. See Marriage of Lady Anne and Prince George.

On 29 Nov 1683 Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (22) and [her sister] Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (16) were married. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 [her uncle] Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace attended by Charles Scarburgh Physician 1615-1694 (69). His brother [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland. [her step-mother] Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) by marriage Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland. His brother [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (83), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.Around 1688 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

Argyll's Rising

John Evelyn's Diary 22 May 1685. 22 May 1685. In the morning I went with a French gentleman, and my [her uncle] Lord Privy Seale, to the House of Lords, where we were plac'd by his lordship next the Bar, just below yc Bishops, very commodiously both for hearing and seeing. After a short space came in ye [her step-mother] Queene (26) and Princesse of Denmark (20), and stood next above the Archbishops, at the side of the House on the right hand of the throne. In the interim divers of the Lords, who had not finish'd before, tooke the Test and usual Oathes, so that her Ma*, the Spanish and other Ambassadors, who stood behind the throne, heard the Pope and worship of the Virgin Mary, &c. renounc'd very decently, as likewise the prayers which follow'd, standing all the while. Then came in the [her father] King (51), the Crowne on his head, and being seated, the Commons were introduced, and the House being full, he drew forth a paper containing his speech, which he read distinctly enough, to this effect: " That he resolv'd to call a Parliament from the moment of his brother's decease, as the best meanes to settle all the concernes of the Nation, so as to be most easy and happy to himselfe and his subjects; that he would confirme whatever he had said in his declaration at the first Council concerning his opinion of the principles of the Church of England, for their loyaltie, and would defend and support it, and preserve its government as by law now establish'd; that, as he would invade no man's property, so he would never depart from his owne prerogative; and as he had ventur'd his life in defence of the Nation, so he would proceede to do still; that, having given this assurance of his care of our Religion (his word was your Religion) and Property (wch he had not said by chance but solemnly), so he doubted not of suitable returnes of his subjects duty and kindnesse, especialy as to settling his Revenue for life, for yte many weighty necessities of go vernment, weh he would not suffer to be precarious; that some might possibly suggest that it were better to feede and supply him from time to time only, out of their inclination to frequent Parliaments, but that that would be a very improper method to take with him, since the best way to engage him to meete oftener would be always to use him well, and therefore he expected their compliance speedily, that this Session being but short, they might meet againe to satisfaction". At every period of this the House gave loud shouts. Then he acquainted them with that morning's news of Argyle's (56) being landed in the West High lands of Scotland from Holland, and the treasonous declaration he had published, which he would communicate to them, and that he should take the best care he could it should meete with the reward It deserv'd, not questioning the Parliament's zeale and readinesse to assist him as he desir'd; at which there follow'd another Vive le Roi, and so his Ma* retlr'd.
So soone as ye Commons were return'd and had put themselves into a grand Committee, they immediately put the question, and unanimously voted the Revenue to his Ma* for life. Mr. Seymour made a bold speech against many Elections, and would have had those members who (he pretended) were obnoxious, to withdraw, till they had clear'd the matter of their being legally return'd; but no one seconded him. The truth is, there were many of the new members whose Elections and Returns were universally censur'd, many of them being persons of no condition or interest in the Nation, or places for which they serv'd, especially in Devon, Cornwall, Norfolk, &c. said to have ben recommended by the Court and from the effect of the new charters changing ye electors. It was reported that Lord Bath (56) carried down with him [into Cornwall] no fewer than 15 charters, so that some call'd him the Prince Elector; whence Seymour told the House in his speech that if this was digested, they might introduce what religion and lawes they pleas'd, and that tho' he never gave heed to ye feares and jealousies of the people before, he now was really apprehensive of Popery. By the printed list of Members of 505 there did not appeare to be above 135 who had ben in former Parliaments, especialy that lately held at Oxford. In ye Lords House Lord Newport (65) made an exception against two or three young Peeres, who wanted some moneths, and some only four or five daies of being of age.
The Popish Lords who had ben sometime before releas'd from their confinement about the Plot, were now discharg'd of their impeachment, of wch I gave Lord Arundel of Wardour (52) joy.
Oates (35), who had but two dayes before ben pilloried at severall places and whipt at ye carts taile from Newgate to Aldgate, was this day plac'd on a sledge, being not able to go by reason of so late scourging, and dragg'd from prison to Tyburn, and whipt againe all ye way, which some thought to be very severe and extraordinary; but if he was guilty of the perjuries, and so of the death of many innocents, as I feare he was, his punishment was but what he deserv'd. I chanc'd to pass just as execution was doing on him. A strange revolution!

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John Evelyn's Diary 13 December 1685. 13 Dec 1685. Dr Patrick, Dean of Peterborough (59), preach'd at Whitehall before ye Princesse of Denmark (20); who since his [her father] Ma* (52) came to the Crown, allways sate in the [her uncle] King's (55) closet, and had the same bowings and ceremonies applied to the place where she was, as his Ma* had when there in person.
Dining at Mr. Pepys's (52), Dr. Slayer shewed us an experiment of a wonderful nature, pouring first a very cold liquor into a glass, and super-fusing on it another, to appearance cold and cleare liquor also; it first produced a white cloud, then boiling, divers cormscations and actual flames of fire mingled with the liquor, which being a little shaken together, fixed divers sunns and starrs of real fire, perfectly globular, on the sides of the glasse, and which there stuck like so many constellations, burning most vehemently, and resembling starrs and heavenly bodies, and that for a long space. It seemed to exhiblte a theorie of the eduction of light out of the chaos, and the fixing or gathering of the universal light into luminous bodys. This matter or phosphorus was made out of human blood and urine, elucidating the vital flame or heate in animal bodys. A very noble experiment.

In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (20).

In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

In 1687 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (16) was created 1st Duke Berwick by his father [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (53).

John Evelyn's Diary 03 March 1687. 03 Mar 1687. Dr. Meggott, Dean of Winchester, preached before the Princess of Denmark (22), on Matt. xiv. 23. In the afternoon, I went out of town to meet my [her uncle] Lord Clarendon, returning from Ireland.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 March 1687. 10 Mar 1687. His [her father] Majesty (53) sent for the Commissioners of the Privy Seal this morning into his bedchamber, and told us that though he had thought fit to dispose of the Seal into a single hand, yet he would so provide for us, as it should appear how well he accepted our faithful and loyal service with many gracious expressions to this effect; upon which we delivered the Seal into his hands. It was by all the world both hoped and expected, that he would have restored it to my [her uncle] Lord Clarendon; but they were astonished to see it given to Lord Arundel, of Wardour (80), a zealous Roman Catholic. Indeed it was very hard, and looked very unkindly, his [her father] Majesty (53) (as my [her uncle] Lord Clarendon protested to me, on my going to visit him and long discoursing with him about the affairs of Ireland) finding not the least failure of duty in him during his government of that kingdom, so that his recall plainly appeared to be from the stronger influence of the Papists, who now got all the preferments.
Most of the great officers, both in the Court and country, Lords and others, were dismissed, as they would not promise his [her uncle] Majesty (56) their consent to the repeal of the test and penal statutes against Popish Recusants. To this end, most of the Parliament men were spoken to in his [her uncle] Majesty's (56) closet, and such as refused, if in any place of office or trust, civil or military, were put out of their employments. This was a time of great trial; but hardly one of them assented, which put the Popish interest much backward. The English clergy everywhere preached boldly against their superstition and errors, and were wonderfully followed by the people. Not one considerable proselyte was made in all this time. The party were exceedingly put to the worst by the preaching and writing of the Protestants in many excellent treatises, evincing the doctrine and discipline of the reformed religion, to the manifest disadvantage of their adversaries. To this did not a little contribute the sermon preached at Whitehall before the Princess of Denmark (22) and a great crowd of people, and at least thirty of the greatest nobility, by Dr. Ken, Bishop of Bath and Wells (49), on John viii. 46 (the Gospel of the day), describing through his whole discourse the blasphemies, perfidy, wresting of Scripture, preference of tradition before it, spirit of persecution, superstition, legends, and fables of the Scribes and Pharisees, so that all the auditory understood his meaning of a parallel between them and the Romish priests, and their new Trent religion. He exhorted his audience to adhere to the written Word, and to persevere in the Faith taught in the Church of England, whose doctrine for Catholic and soundness he preferred to all the communities and churches of Christians in the world; concluding with a kind of prophecy, that whatever it suffered, it should after a short trial emerge to the confusion of her adversaries and the glory of God.
I went this evening to see the order of the boys and children at Christ's Hospital. There were near 800 boys and girls so decently clad, cleanly lodged, so wholesomely fed, so admirably taught, some the mathematics, especially the forty of the late King's foundation, that I was delighted to see the progress some little youths of thirteen or fourteen years of age had made. I saw them at supper, visited their dormitories, and much admired the order, economy, and excellent government of this most charitable seminary. Some are taught for the Universities, others designed for seamen, all for trades and callings. The girls are instructed in all such work as becomes their sex and may fit them for good wives, mistresses, and to be a blessing to their generation. They sang a psalm before they sat down to supper in the great Hall, to an organ which played all the time, with such cheerful harmony, that it seemed to me a vision of angels. I came from the place with infinite satisfaction, having never seen a more noble, pious, and admirable charity. All these consisted of orphans only. The foundation was of that pious Prince King Edward VI., whose picture (held to be an original of Holbein is in the court where the Governors meet to consult on the affairs of the Hospital, and his statue in white marble stands in a niche of the wall below, as you go to the church, which is a modern, noble, and ample fabric. This foundation has had, and still has, many benefactors.

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Abdication of James II

On 23 Dec 1688 [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55) abdicated II King England Scotland and Ireland. His daughter [her sister] Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland. His nephew William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) succeeded IIi King England Scotland and Ireland.

In 1689 [her husband] Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (35) was created 1st Duke Cumberland 2C 1689 by his father-in-law [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55). Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (23) by marriage Duchess Cumberland.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 January 1689. 15 Jan 1689. I visited the Archbishop of Canterbury (71), where I found the Bishops of St. Asaph (61), Ely (51), Bath and Wells (51), Peterborough (61), and Chichester (65), the Earls of Aylesbury (33) and [her uncle] Clarendon, Sir George Mackenzie (53), Lord-Advocate of Scotland, and then came in a Scotch Archbishop, etc. After prayers and dinner, divers serious matters were discoursed, concerning the present state of the Public, and sorry I was to find there was as yet no accord in the judgments of those of the Lords and Commons who were to convene; some would have the [her sister] Princess (26) made Queen without any more dispute, others were for a Regency; there was a Tory party (then so called), who were for inviting his [her father] Majesty (55) again upon conditions; and there were Republicans who would make the Prince of Orange (38) like a Stadtholder. The Romanists were busy among these several parties to bring them into confusion: most for ambition or other interest, few for conscience and moderate resolutions. I found nothing of all this in this assembly of Bishops, who were pleased to admit me into their discourses; they were all for a Regency, thereby to salve their oaths, and so all public matters to proceed in his [her father] Majesty's (55) name, by that to facilitate the calling of Parliament, according to the laws in being. Such was the result of this meeting.
My Lord of Canterbury (71) gave me great thanks for the advertisement I sent him in October, and assured me they took my counsel in that particular, and that it came very seasonably.
I found by the Lord-Advocate (53) that the Bishops of Scotland (who were indeed little worthy of that character, and had done much mischief in that Church) were now coming about to the true interest, in this conjuncture which threatened to abolish the whole hierarchy in that kingdom; and therefore the Scottish Archbishop (55) and Lord-Advocate (53) requested the Archbishop of Canterbury (71) to use his best endeavors with the [her father] Prince (55) to maintain the Church there in the same state, as by law at present settled.
It now growing late, after some private discourse with his Grace (71), I took my leave, most of the Lords being gone.
The trial of the bishops was now printed.
The great convention being assembled the day before, falling upon the question about the government, resolved that [her father] King James (55) having by the advice of the Jesuits and other wicked persons endeavored to subvert the laws of the Church and State, and deserted the Kingdom, carrying away the seals, etc., without any care for the management of the government, had by demise abdicated himself and wholly vacated his right; they did therefore desire the Lords' concurrence to their vote, to place the crown on the next heir, the Prince of Orange (38), for his life, then to the [her sister] Princess (26), his wife, and if she died without issue, to the Princess of Denmark (23), and she failing, to the heirs of the [her father] Prince (55), excluding forever all possibility of admitting a Roman Catholic.
Note. The reference to Prince is somewhat abiguous. It may refer to William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38).

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John Evelyn's Diary 06 February 1689. 06 Feb 1689. The [her father] King's (55) coronation day was ordered not to be observed, as hitherto it had been.
The Convention of the Lords and Commons now declare the Prince (38) and [her sister] Princess (26) of Orange King and Queen of England, France, and Ireland (Scotland being an independent kingdom), the Prince (38) and [her sister] Princess (26) being to enjoy it jointly during their lives; but the executive authority to be vested in the Prince (38) during life, though all proceedings to run in both names, and that it should descend to their issue, and for want of such, to the Princess Anne of Denmark (24) and her issue, and in want of such, to the heirs of the body of the Prince, if he survive, and that failing, to devolve to the Parliament, as they should think fit. These produced a conference with the Lords, when also there was presented heads of such new laws as were to be enacted. It is thought on these conditions they will be proclaimed.
There was much contest about the King's (38) abdication, and whether he had vacated the government. The Earl of Nottingham (41) and about twenty Lords, and many Bishops, entered their protests, but the concurrence was great against them.
The [her sister] Princess (26) hourly expected. Forces sending to Ireland, that kingdom being in great danger by the Earl of Tyrconnel's (59) army, and expectations from France coming to assist them, but that King was busy in invading Flanders, and encountering the German Princes. It is likely that this will be the most remarkable summer for action, which has happened in many years.

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John Evelyn's Diary 19 July 1689. 19 Jul 1689. The Marshal de Schomberg (73) went now as General toward Ireland, to the relief of Londonderry. Our fleet lay before Brest. The Confederates passing the Rhine, besiege Bonn and Mayence, to obtain a passage into France. A great victory gotten by the Muscovites, taking and burning Perecop. A new rebel against the Turks threatens the destruction of that tyranny. All Europe in arms against France, and hardly to be found in history so universal a face of war.
The Convention (or Parliament as some called it) sitting, exempt the Duke of Hanover (29) from the succession to the crown, which they seem to confine to the present new King (38), his [her sister] wife (27), and Princess Anne of Denmark (24), who is so monstrously swollen, that it is doubted whether her being thought with child may prove a TYMPANY only, so that the unhappy family of the Stuarts seems to be extinguishing; and then what government is likely to be next set up is unknown, whether regal and by election, or otherwise, the Republicans and Dissenters from the Church of England evidently looking that way.
The Scots have now again voted down Episcopacy there. Great discontents through this nation at the slow proceedings of the King (38), and the incompetent instruments and officers he advances to the greatest and most necessary charges.

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On 24 Jul 1689 [her son] Prince William Duke Gloucester 1689-1700 was born to [her husband] Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (36) and Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (24).

William III Creation of New Lords

John Evelyn's Diary 28 February 1692. 28 Feb 1692. Lord Marlborough (41) having used words against the King (41), and been discharged from all his great places, his wife (31) was forbidden the Court, and the Princess of Denmark (27) was desired by the [her sister] Queen (29) to dismiss her from her service; but she refusing to do so, goes away from Court to Sion house. Divers new Lords made: Sir Henry Capel (53), Sir William Fermor (43), etc. Change of Commissioners in the Treasury. The Parliament adjourned, not well satisfied with affairs. The business of the East India Company, which they would have reformed, let fall. The Duke of Norfolk (37) does not succeed in his endeavor to be divorced.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 April 1692. 24 Apr 1692. Much apprehension of a French invasion, and of an universal rising. Our fleet begins to join with the Dutch. Unkindness between the [her sister] Queen (29) and her sister (27). Very cold and unseasonable weather, scarce a leaf on the trees.

Death of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 [her sister] Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House.
On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey. Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) preached the sermon.
She had reigned for five years. Her husband William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (44) continued to reign for a further eight years.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 January 1695. 13 Jan 1695. The Thames was frozen over. The deaths by smallpox increased to five hundred more than in the preceding week. The King (44) and Princess Anne (29) reconciled, and she was invited to keep her Court at Whitehall, having hitherto lived privately at Berkeley House; she was desired to take into her family divers servants of the late [her sister] Queen (32); to maintain them the King (44) has assigned her £5,000 a quarter.

On 26 Mar 1695 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (24) and Honora Burke Duchess Berwick 1674-1698 (21) were married. He a son of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines. She by marriage Duchess Berwick.

On 03 Apr 1695 Piers Butler 1st Earl Newcastle 1652-1740 (43) and [her sister] Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (28) were married. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. [her sister] She by marriage Countess Newcastle in Limerick.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 July 1695. 06 Jul 1695. I dined at Lambeth, making my first visit to the Archbishop (58), where there was much company, and great cheer. After prayers in the evening, my Lord (58) made me stay to show me his house, furniture, and garden, which were all very fine, and far beyond the usual Archbishops, not as affected by this, but being bought ready furnished by his predecessor. We discoursed of several public matters, particularly of the Princess of Denmark (30), who made so little figure.

On 13 Jan 1696 [her illegitimate half-brother] Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Albemarle 1673-1702 (22) was created 1st Duke Albemarle Jacobite 1C 1696.

In 1698 [her illegitimate half-brother] James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (27) and Anne Bulkeley Duchess Berwick -1751 were married. He a son of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. She by marriage Duchess Berwick.

On 25 Aug 1699 [her brother-in-law] Christian V King Denmark and Norway 1646-1699 (53) died. His son Frederick IV King Denmark and Norway 1671-1730 (27) succeeded IV King Denmark and Norway. Louise of Mecklenburg Güstrow Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1667-1721 (31) by marriage Queen Consort Denmark and Norway.

In Oct 1699 James Annesley 3rd Earl Anglesey 1674-1702 (25) and [her illegitimate half-sister] Catherine Darnley Duchess Buckingham and Normandby 1680-1743 (19) were married. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. [her illegitimate half-sister] She by marriage Countess Anglesey.

John Evelyn's Diary 01 July 1700. 01 Jul 1700. I was visited with illness, but it pleased God that I recovered, for which praise be ascribed to him by me, and that he has again so graciously advertised me of my duty to prepare for my latter end, which at my great age, cannot be far off.
The [her son] Duke of Gloucester (10), son of the Princess Anne of Denmark (35), died of the smallpox.

1701 Death of King James II

On 16 Sep 1701 [her father] James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (67) died at Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines. He was buried in the Church of the English Benedictines.

In 1702 Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford 1680-1711 (21) was appointed 511th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (36).

1702 Death of King William III

On 08 Mar 1702 William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (51) died. His first cousin Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland.

After 09 Mar 1702 Barbara Villiers Viscountess Fitzhardinge 1654-1708 was appointed Lady in Waiting to Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

Queen Anne Accession

On 23 Apr 1702 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (65).

On 16 Jun 1702 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 was baptised with Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) as godparent at St Martin's in the Fields.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 June 1702. 27 Jun 1702. I went to Wotton with my family for the rest of the summer, and my son-in-law, Draper, with his family, came to stay with us, his house at Addiscombe being new-building, so that my family was above thirty. Most of the new Parliament were chosen of Church of England principles, against the peevish party. The Queen (37) was magnificently entertained at Oxford and all the towns she passed through on her way to Bath.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 November 1702. 08 Nov 1702. My kinsman, John Evelyn, of Nutfield, a young and very hopeful gentleman, and Member of Parliament, after having come to Wotton to see me, about fifteen days past, went to London and there died of the smallpox. He left a brother, a commander in the army in Holland, to inherit a fair estate.
Our affairs in so prosperous a condition both by sea and land, that there has not been so great an union in Parliament, Court, and people, in memory of man, which God in mercy make us thankful for, and continue! The Bishop of Exeter (52) preached before the Queen (37) and both Houses of Parliament at St. Paul's; they were wonderfully huzzaed in their passage, and splendidly entertained in the city.

In Dec 1702 John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (52) was appointed 512th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37).

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722.Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 known as The Triumph of the John, 1st Duke of Marlborough.In 1702. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722.Before 1744 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 and Colonel John Armstrong.

In Dec 1702 [her illegitimate half-brother] Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Albemarle 1673-1702 (29) died.

1702 Battle of Vigo Bay

John Evelyn's Diary 01 December 1702. 01 Dec 1702. The expectation now is, what treasure will be found on breaking bulk of the galleon brought from Vigo by Sir George Rooke (52), which being made up in an extraordinary manner in the hold, was not begun to be opened till the fifth of this month, before two of the Privy Council, two of the chief magistrates of the city, and the Lord Treasurer (57).
After the excess of honor conferred by the Queen (37) on the Earl of Marlborough (52), by making him a Knight of the Garter and a Duke, for the success of but one campaign, that he should desire £5,000 a year to be settled on him by Parliament out of the Post Office, was thought a bold and unadvised request, as he had, besides his own considerable estate, above £30,000 a year in places and employments, with £50,000 at interest. He had married one daughter (21) to the son (24) of my Lord Treasurer Godolphin (57), another (19) to the Earl of Sunderland (27), and a third (15) to the Earl of Bridgewater (21). He is a very handsome person, well-spoken and affable, and supports his (52) want of acquired knowledge by keeping good company.

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In 1703 Meinhart Schomberg 3rd Duke Schomberg 1641-1719 (61) was appointed 513th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37)..

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711 (43). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37).

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

Sinking of the Gloucester

On 15 Apr 1703 Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun 1681-1742 (22) was created 1st Earl Hopetoun by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (38) in recognitions of his father having given up his seat in a lifeboat to the [her father] Duke of York (69) during the Sinking of the Gloucester; his father subsequently drowned.

In 1704 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (58) was appointed 514th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (38).

John Evelyn's Diary 01 January 1704. 01 Jan 1704. The King of Spain (20) landing at Portsmouth, came to Windsor, where he was magnificently entertained by the Queen (38), and behaved himself so nobly, that everybody was taken with his graceful deportment. After two days, having presented the great ladies, and others, with valuable jewels, he went back to Portsmouth, and immediately embarked for Spain.

1704 Battle of Blenheim

John Evelyn's Diary 07 September 1704. 07 Sep 1704. This day was celebrated the thanksgiving for the late great victory, with the utmost pomp and splendor by the Queen (39), Court, great Officers, Lords Mayor, Sheriffs, Companies, etc. The streets were scaffolded from Temple Bar, where the Lord Mayor presented her [her uncle] Majesty (74) with a sword, which she returned. Every company was ranged under its banners, the city militia without the rails, which were all hung with cloth suitable to the color of the banner. The Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen were in their scarlet robes, with caparisoned horses; the Knight Marshal on horseback; the Foot-Guards; the Queen (39) in a rich coach with eight horses, none with her but the Duchess of Marlborough (44) in a very plain garment, the Queen (39) full of jewels. Music and trumpets at every city company. The great officers of the Crown, Nobility, and Bishops, all in coaches with six horses, besides innumerable servants, went to St. Paul's, where the Dean preached. After this, the Queen (39) went back in the same order to St. James's. The city companies feasted all the Nobility and Bishops, and illuminated at night. Music for the church and anthems composed by the best masters. The day before was wet and stormy, but this was one of the most serene and calm days that had been all the year.

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Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (39).

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

On 16 Mar 1705 John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721 (56) and [her illegitimate half-sister] Catherine Darnley Duchess Buckingham and Normandby 1680-1743 (25) were married at St Martin's in the Fields. She a daughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701. [her illegitimate half-sister] She by marriage Duchess of Buckingham and Normandby.

Around 1704 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745. Portrait of John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721.

In 1706 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (22) was appointed 515th Knight of the Garter by his second cousin once removed Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (40).

In 1724 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 1744 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.In 1744 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 04 Dec 1706 Robert "Beau Handsome" Fielding 1650-1712 (56) was found guilty of bigamy. The marriage between him and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (66) was annulled. He escaped sentence by producing a letter from Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (41) suspending his sentences. He lived out his days with Mary Wadsworth.

Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne "The Elder" Engraver 1616-1691. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 07 November 1666.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.

On 28 Oct 1708 [her husband] Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (55) died without surviving issue. Duke Cumberland 2C 1689 extinct.

On 12 Oct 1709 Anne Hamilton 1709-1748 was born to James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (51) and Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon 1680-1743 (29) in St James' Square. He was named after his godmother Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (44). His other godparents were John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (59) and Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland 1675-1722 (34).

In 1710 John Campbell 2nd Duke Argyll 1680-1743 (29) was appointed 517th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (44).

Around 1723 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731. Portrait of John Campbell 2nd Duke Argyll 1680-1743.

In 1710 William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire 1672-1729 (38) was appointed 516th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (44).

Before 04 Jun 1729 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire 1672-1729.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

In 1712 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1672-1739 (39) was appointed 523rd Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (46).

In 1712 John Paulett 1st Earl Paulett 1668-1743 (44) was appointed 521st Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (46).

Around 1680 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Paulett 1st Earl Paulett 1668-1743.

In 1712 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (27) was appointed 518th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (46).

Around 1707. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714. Powis Castle.

In 1712 Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent 1671-1740 (41) was appointed 520th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (46).

Harley's Dozen

On 01 Jan 1712 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (46), on behalf of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724 (50), created a number of new Baronies to balance power in Parliament, known as Harley's Dozen, ...
Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst Sussex 1684-1775 (27) was created 1st Baron Bathurst.
Charles Bruce 4th Earl Elgin 3rd Earl Ailesbury 1682-1747 (29) was created 1st Baron Bruce.
James Compton 5th Earl of Northampton 1687-1754 (24) by writ of acceleration 6th Baron Compton.
Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley 1673-1733 (38) was created 1st Baron Foley 1C 1712.
George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne 1666-1735 (45) was created 1st Baron Lansdowne of Bideford in Devon. Mary Villiers Baroness Lansdowne -1736 by marriage Baroness Lansdowne of Bideford in Devon.
George Henry Hay 8th Earl Kinnoull 1689-1758 (22) was created 1st Baron Hay of Pedwardine in Herefordshire.
Thomas Mansel 1st Baron Mansel 1668-1723 (44) was created 1st Baron Mansel of Margam. Martha Millington Baroness Mansel by marriage Baroness Mansel of Margam.
Samuel Masham 1st Baron Masham 1679-1758 (33) was created 1st Baron Masham.
Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge 1663-1743 (48) was created 1st Baron Burton.
Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor Bromham 1658-1730 (53) was created 1st Baron Trevor Bromham.
Thomas Willoughby 1st Baron Middleton 1672-1729 (39) was created 1st Baron Middleton. Elizabeth Rothwell Baroness Willoughby Broke Baroness Middleton by marriage Baroness Willoughby Broke, Baron Middleton.
Thomas Windsor 1st Viscount Windsor 1670-1738 (42) was created 1st Baron Mountjoy 3C 1712.

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In 1711 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724.Before 1724 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson Painter 1667-1745. Portrait of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724.Around 1710 Thomas Murray Painter 1663-1735. Portrait of Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor Bromham 1658-1730.

On 25 Oct 1712 Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724 (50) was appointed 522nd Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (47).

Before 12 Nov 1712 James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 was appointed 519th Knight of the Garter by his fifth cousin Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

In 1713 Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735 (55) was appointed 524th Knight of the Garter by Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (47).

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735.

On 01 May 1714 Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge 1663-1743 (51) was appointed Envoy Extraordinary to the Elector of Hanover (53), the future King George I. He requested he be made an Earl but Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (49) declined his request. After George's succession Henry (51) was created 1st Earl Uxbridge 1C 1714 on 19 Oct 1714. Mary Catesby Countess Uxbridge -1734 by marriage Countess Uxbridge.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 20 May 1714 [her nephew] James Waldegrave 1st Earl Waldegrave 1684-1741 (30) and Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave 1695-1719 (19) were married. He a grandson of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

Death of Queen Anne

On 01 Aug 1714 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (49) died at Kensington Palace. Her second cousin George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) succeeded I King Great Britain and Ireland. Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 1666-1726 (47) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 24 Sep 1714 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (49) was buried at South Side Henry VII Chapel Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. The wicked Countess and her lover lived at Clieveden — "the bower of wanton Shrewsbury and of love " — and her spirit is supposed to haunt the beautiful riverside retreat, but I am thankful to say she has never appeared in the old home of her innocent girlhood. Her portrait by Sir Peter Lely hangs in the White Hall at Deene, and is a fine example of the artist's well-known very décolleté style of " robes loosely flowing, hair as free", with the usual mise en scène of a beauty of Charles II's time. The third Earl of Cardigan was Master of the Buckhounds to Queen Anne; he married a daughter of the Earl of Ailesbury, and their fourth son inherited the Ailesbury title and estates. Lord Cardigan's eldest son married the heiress of the Duke of Montagu in 1766 [Note. Married on 07 Jul 1730. He was created Duke in 1766]. He was a friend of Horace Walpole, the influence of whose pseudo-Gothic tastes may still be seen in the south front of Deene, built at this time, and which now incorporates the great ball-room built for me by my dear husband.

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In 1659 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702.Around 1668 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702.Around 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1642-1702.1738.François Harrewijn Painter 1700-1764. Portrait of Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury 1656-1741.Before 1790. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of George Brudenell aka Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1712-1790 in the Windsor Uniform.Around 1735 Gavin Hamilton Painter 1723-1798. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 and Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751, and Mary Montagu Duchess Montagu 1711-1775.Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749.Around 1740 George Knapton Painter 1698-1778. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749.

Elizabeth Hales was appointed Maid of Honour to Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.