Diary of Henry Machyn July 1553

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1553 is in Diary of Henry Machyn 1553.

Death of Edward VI

06 Jul 1553. The vj day of July, as they say, dessessyd the nobull Kyng Edward the vj (15). and the vij yere of ys rayne, and sune and here to the nobull kyng Henry the viij; and he was poyssoned, as evere body says, wher now, thanke be unto God, ther be mony of the false trayturs browt to ther end, and j trust in God that mor shall folow as thay may be spyd owt.

07 Jul 1553. The vij day of July was a proclamasyon that all pentiss shuld be no lower but x fott, and alle preve lyghts damnyd.
The sam day was a nold man sett on the pelere [pillory] for conterffett falles wrytynges.
[The same day there came to the Tower the lord Treasurer, the earl of Shrewsbury (53), and the lord Admiral, with others; and there they discharged sir James Croft (35) of the] constabullshype of the Towre, and ther thay put [in the said lord] Admerall, and toke ys othe and charge of the Towre, and [the morrow] after he convayd in-to all plasys of the Towre and ... grett gunnes, as the Whyt Towre on hee.

09 Jul 1553. The ix day of July was sworne unto the qwen Jane (17) alle the hed offesers and the gard as qwen of England ... doythur of the duke of Suffoke (36), and servyd as qwen of ..

10 Jul 1553. The x day of July was reseyvyd in to the Towre [the Queen Jane (17)] with a grett compeny of lords and nobulls of .... after the qwen, and the duches of Suffoke (35) her mother, bering her trayn, with mony lades, and ther was a shot of gunnes and chamburs has nott be sene oft be-tweyn iiij and v of [the clock]; by vj of the cloke be-gane the proclamasyon the same [after-]non (of) qwen Jane with ij harold(s) and a trompet blohyng, [declaring] that my lade Mare (37) was unlafully be-gotten, and so [went through] Chepe to Fletstrett, proclamyng qwen Jane; and ther was a yong man taken that tym for spykyng of serten wordes of qwen Mare (37), that she had the ryght tytle.

11 Jul 1553. The xj day of July, at viij of the cloke in the mornyng, the yonge man for spykyng was sett on the pelere [pillory], and boyth ys heres cutt off; for ther was a harold, and a trompeter blohyng; and [in-] contenent he was taken downe, and cared to the [Counter]; and the same day was the yong man('s) master dwellyng [at] saint John('s) hed, ys nam was Sandur Onyone, and a-nodur, master Owen a gone-maker at Lundun bryge, drounyd, dwellyng at Ludgatt.

12 Jul 1553. The xij day [of] July by nyght, was cared to the Towre iij carts [full of all] maner of ordenans, as gret gune and smalle, bowes, bylls, speres, mores-pykes, arnes, arowes, gunpowther, and wetelle, monay, tentes, and all maner of ordenans, gunstones a gret nombur, and a grett nombur of men of armes; and yt had been for a gret army toward Cambryge; and ij days after the duke, and dyvers lordes and knyghts whent with him, and mony gentylmen and gonnars, and mony men of the gard and men of armes toward my lade Mare grace, to destroye here grace, and so to Bury, and alle was agayns ym-seylff, for ys men forsok hym .... and of dyvers maters, and so in dyvers plases .... contres was her grace proclamyd quen of [England.]

06 Jun 1553. The same day, wyche was the xvj day of July, was Raff Warren (67) knyght, mercer and alderman, and twysse [lord mayor of] London, and marchand of the stapull and marchand ven[turer, buried] with standard and v pennons of armes, a cott armur, ... a helmett, mantyll and crest, and sword, and a xij dosen of schochyons; and ther wher my lord mere morner .... berer, the iiij sqyre mornars, and mony aldermen at ys beryng; [there] wher mony mornars in blake, and in blake cotes, and ther wher L. gownes gyffyn unto L. men, of rats coler, of a m ... a yerd; and ther dynyd my lord mayre and mony aldermen, [and] ther wher a gret dener as I have sene.

02 Jul 1553. The ij day of July was bond unto the sam post .. man for stryffyng at the condytt, with the sam coler [about] ys neke, al the day long, and ij rods ted g to the tope of .. for yt was a-pon a Sonday,—the vij king Edward vj.

19 Jul 1553. The xix day of July was qwene Mare (37) proclamyd qwene of England, France, and Yrland, and alle domy(ni)ons, [as the] syster of the late kyng Edward the vj. and doythur unto the nobull kyng Henry the viij. be-twyn v and vj of the cloke at nyght, and ther wher at proclamasyon iiij trumpeters and ij harold(s) of armes, and the erle of Arundell (41), the erle of Shrossbery (53), th'erle Penbroke (52), my lord Tressorer (70), my lord of Preveselle, my lord Cobham (56), my lord Warden, master Masun, and my lord Mare, and dyvers odur nobull men; and thys was done at the crosse in Chepe, and from that plasse thay whent unto Powlls and ther was Te Deum Laudamus, with song, and the organes playhyng, and all the belles ryngyng thrugh London, and bone-fyres, and tabuls in evere strett, and wyne and bere and alle, and evere strett full of bonfyres, and ther was money cast a-way.

21 Jul 1553. The xxj day of July was taken in Cambryg the duke of Northumberland (49), with dyvers lordes and knyghts; and that day qwen Mare (37) was proclamyd in Cambryg, and [in-]contenent thrugh England.

26 Jul 1553. The xxix day of July was a felow s[et in the pillory] for spykyng agaynst the good qwen Mare (37).
The sam day cam rydyng thrugh London my lade Elssabeth (19) grace, and thrugh Fletstrett, and so to my [lord of] Somersett('s) place that was, and yt ys my lade grasys [place; attended] with ij Ml. horse, with speres and bowes and gunes, and odur .... and spesyall sir John Wylliam, sir John Brygys, master Chamb[urlain,] all in gren gardyd with whytt welvett saten taffaty ...

25 Jul 1553. The xxv day of July, the wyche was Saynt James, [there] cam in-to London, and so to the Towre, serten traturs; the first was doctur Sandes, a prest; and next hym ser Thomas Palmer, ser Hare Gattes, ser John Gattes, ser Andrew Dudley (46), lord H[are Dudley] (22), lord Ambrose Dudlay (23), lord Hastynges, the erle of Huntingdon (39), the erle of Warwyke (26), the duke of Northumber land (49) [attended by] iiij M1. men be-syd the garde with gettenes and trompeters, [and] with speres and gunnes to the Towre.

26 Jul 1553. The xxvj day of July cam unto the Towre my lord marqwes of Northamton (41), by and my lord Robart Dudley (21), and the bysshop of London (53), and ser Recherd Corbett; and after cam in to the Towre my lord cheyffe justes Chamley (58), the lord Montyguw (24), at v of the cloke at nyght.

27 Jul 1553. The xxvij day of July the duke of Suffoke (36), maister [Cheke] (39) the kynges scolmaster, maister Coke, (and) ser John Yorke (43), to the Towre.

31 Jul 1553. The xxxj day of July was delevered owt of the Towre the duke of Suffoke (36); and the sam day rod thrugh London my lade Elssabeth (19) to Algatt, and so to the qwens (37) grace her sester, with a M1. hors with a C. velvett cotes.
The sam tyme cam to the Flett the yerle of Ruttland (26) and my lord Russell (68), in hold. The qwen('s) (37) grace mad [sir Thomas] Jarnyngham [Note. Thomas a mistake for Henry] vyce-chamburlayn and captayne of the garde, and ser Edward Hastyngs (32) her grace mad ym the maister of the horsse the sam tym.

Death of Edward VI

06 Jul 1553. KING EDWARD (15) died at Greenwich, on the 6th July 1553, "towards night."a The event was kept perfectly secret during the next day;b but measures were taken to occupy and fortify the Tower of London.c On "the 8. of July the lord maior of London was sent for to the court then at Greenwich, to bring with him sixe aldermen, as many merchants of the staple, and as many merchant adventurers, unto whom by the Councell was secretly declared the death of king Edward, and also how hee did ordaine for the succession of the Crowne by his letters pattents, to the which they were sworne, and charged to keep it secret."d
a. Letter of the council to sir Philip Hoby (48), ambassador with the emperor, printed in Strype's Memorials, 1721, ii. 430. It was not written until the 8th of the month, and is silent regarding the successor to the throne. Mary (37), in her letter to the lords of the council, dated from Kenynghall on the 9th of July (printed in Foxe's Actes and Monuments), also states that she had learned from some advertisement that the king her brother had died on Thursday (the 6th) at night last past.
b. Northumberland's (49) intention was to keep the death of the king (15) a secret, until he should have obtained possession of the person of the lady Mary (37), who had been summoned to visit her brother, and was at no further distance from London than the royal manor of Hunsdon in Hertfordshire. But there were not wanting about the court those who from attachment to Mary, or from self-interest, ventured to incur the hazard of conveying to her this momentous intelligence ; whereupon she immediately took alarm, and rode off towards the eastern coast, from which she might have escaped to the continent, had such a step become necessary. Many writers assert that it was the earl of Arundel (41) who made a private communication to her. I have not found any contemporary authority for this statement ; but sir Nicholas Throckmorton (38), in his poetical autobiography (MS. Cole, vol xl. p. 272, verses 111, 112, 113, 114), claims the credit of having been the officious person. He had been a favourite servant of king Edward ; and on his royal master's death,
" Mourning, from Greenwich I didd strayt departe
To London, to an house which bore our name.
My bretheren guessed by my heavie hearte
The King was dead, and I confess'd the same:
The hushing of his death I didd unfolde,
Their meaninge to proclaime queene Jane I tolde.
And, though I lik'd not the religion
Which all her life queene Marye hadd profest,
Yett in my mind that wicked motion
Right heires for to displace I did detest.
Causeless to proffer any injurie,
I meant it not, but sought for remedie.
Wherefore from four of us the newes was sent,
How that her brother hee was dead and gone;
In post her goldsmith then from London went,
By whome the message was dispatcht anon.
Shee asked, ' If wee knewe it certainlie ? '
Whoe said, ' Sir Nicholas knew it verilie.'
The author bred the errand's greate mistrust:
Shee fear'd a traine to leade her to a trapp.
Shee saide, ' If Robert had beene there shee durst
Have gag'd her life, and hazarded the happ.'
Her letters made, shee knewe not what to doe:
Shee sent them oute, butt nott subscrib'd thereto."
By "Robert" the lady Mary meant sir Robert Throckmorton, one of the four brothers.
c. See the Diary of Henry Machyn, p. 35. for 07 July 1553.
d. It appears most probable that this was the first intimation which the citizens had received of the existence of the letters patent : and that it was on this occasion that, being " sworn to them," they affixed their signatures, although the document had been previously executed on the 21st of June. No fewer than thirty-two signatures follow that of the lord mayor, but the parties were perhaps not all citizens, and from the arrangement of their names in the existing transcript (mentioned in the following note b ) it would be difficult to distinguish which were the aldermen, which the merchants of the staple, and which the merchant adventurers.

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