John Evelyn's Diary 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 1656 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1650s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 05 January 1656

05 Jan 1656. Came to visit me my Lord Lisle (36), son to the Earl of Leicester, with Sir Charles Ouseley, two of the Usurper's council; Mr. John Hervey, and John Denham (41), the poet.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 January 1656

18 Jan 1656. Went to Eltham on foot, being a great frost, but a mist falling as I returned, gave me such a rheum as kept me within doors near a whole month after.

John Evelyn's Diary February 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 05 February 1656

05 Feb 1656. Was shown me a pretty perspective and well represented in a triangular box, the great Church of Haarlem in Holland, to be seen through a small hole at one of the corners, and contrived into a handsome cabinet. It was so rarely done, that all the artists and painters in town flocked to see and admire it.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 February 1656

10 Feb 1656. I heard Dr. Wilkins (41) preach before the Lord Mayor in St. Paul's, showing how obedience was preferable to sacrifice. He was a most obliging person, who had married the Protector's (56) sister, and took great pains to preserve the Universities from the ignorant, sacrilegious commanders and soldiers, who would fain have demolished all places and persons that pretended to learning.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 February 1656

11 Feb 1656. I ventured to go to Whitehall, where of many years I had not been, and found it very glorious and well furnished, as far as I could safely go, and was glad to find they had not much defaced that rare piece of Henry VII., etc., done on the walls of the King's privy chamber.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 February 1656

14 Feb 1656. I dined with Mr. Berkeley, son of Lord Berkeley (54), of Berkeley Castle, where I renewed my acquaintance with my Lord Bruce, my fellow-traveler in Italy.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 February 1656

19 Feb 1656. Went with Dr. Wilkins (42) to see Barlow (30), the famous painter of fowls, beasts, and birds.

John Evelyn's Diary March 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 04 March 1656

04 Mar 1656. This night I was invited by Mr. Roger L'Estrange (39) to hear the incomparable Lubicer (26) on the violin. His variety on a few notes and plain ground, with that wonderful dexterity, was admirable. Though a young man, yet so perfect and skillful, that there was nothing, however cross and perplexed, brought to him by our artists, which he did not play off at sight with ravishing sweetness and improvements, to the astonishment of our best masters. In sum, he played on the single instrument a full concert, so as the rest flung down their instruments, acknowledging the victory. As to my own particular, I stand to this hour amazed that God should give so great perfection to so young a person. There were at that time as excellent in their profession as any were thought to be in Europe, Paul Wheeler, Mr. Mell, and others, till this prodigy appeared. I can no longer question the effects we read of in David's harp to charm evil spirits, or what is said some particular notes produced in the passions of Alexander, and that King of Denmark.

John Evelyn's Diary April 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 12 April 1656

12 Apr 1656. Mr. Berkeley (7) and Mr. Robert Boyle (29) (that excellent person and great virtuoso), Dr. Taylor (43), and Dr. Wilkins (42), dined with me at Sayes Court, when I presented Dr. Wilkins (42) with my rare burning-glass. In the afternoon, we all went to Colonel Blount's, to see his newly-invented plows.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 April 1656

22 Apr 1656. Came to see Mr. Henshaw (38) and Sir William Paston's son (24), since Earl of Yarmouth. Afterward, I went to see his Majesty's (25) house at Eltham, both palace and chapel in miserable ruins, the noble woods and park destroyed by Rich (68), the rebel.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 06 May 1656

06 May 1656. I brought Monsieur le Franc, a young French Sorbonnist, a proselyte, to converse with Dr. Taylor (43); they fell to dispute on original sin, in Latin, upon a book newly published by the Doctor, who was much satisfied with the young man. Thence, to see Mr. Dugdale (16), our learned antiquary and herald. Returning, I was shown the three vast volumes of Father Kircher's, "Obeliscus Pamphilius" and "Ægyptiacus"; in the second volume I found the hieroglyphic I first communicated and sent to him at Rome by the hands of Mr. Henshaw (38), whom he mentions; I designed it from the stone itself brought me to Venice from Cairo by Captain Powell.

John Evelyn's Diary 07 May 1656

07 May 1656. I visited Dr. Taylor (43), and prevailed on him to propose Monsieur le Franc to the Bishop that he might have Orders, I having sometime before brought him to a full consent to the Church of England, her doctrine and discipline, in which he had till of late made some difficulty; so he was this day ordained both deacon and priest by the Bishop of Meath. I paid the fees to his lordship, who was very poor and in great want; to that necessity were our clergy reduced! In the afternoon I met Alderman Robinson, to treat with Mr. Papillion about the marriage of my cousin, George Tuke, with Mrs. Fontaine.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 May 1656

08 May 1656. I went to visit Dr. Wilkins (42), at Whitehall, when I first met with Sir P. Neal, famous for his optic glasses. Greatorix, the mathematical instrument maker, showed me his excellent invention to quench fire.

John Evelyn's Diary 12 May 1656

12 May 1656. Was published my "Essay on Lucretius", with innumerable errata by the negligence of Mr. Triplet, who undertook the correction of the press in my absence. Little of the Epicurean philosophy was then known among us.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 May 1656

28 May 1656. I dined with Nieuport, the Holland Ambassador, who received me with extraordinary courtesy. I found him a judicious, crafty, and wise man. He gave me excellent cautions as to the danger of the times, and the circumstances our nation was in. I remember the observation he made upon the ill success of our former Parliaments, and their private animosities, and little care of the public.
Came to visit me the old Marquis of Argyle (49) (since executed), Lord Lothian, and some other Scotch noblemen, all strangers to me. Note, the Marquis took the turtle-doves in the aviary for owls.
The Earl of Southampton (49) (since Treasurer) and Mr. Spencer (27), brother to the Earl of Sunderland, came to see my garden.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 07 July 1656

07 Jul 1656. I began my journey to see some parts of the northeast of England; but the weather was so excessively hot and dusty, I shortened my progress.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1656

Siege of Colchester

08 Jul 1656. To Colchester, a fair town, but now wretchedly demolished by the late siege, especially the suburbs, which were all burned, but were then repairing. The town is built on a rising ground, having fair meadows on one side, and a river with a strong ancient castle, said to have been built by King Coilus, father of Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, of whom I find no memory save at the pinnacle of one of their wool-staple houses, where is a statue of Coilus, in wood, wretchedly carved. The walls are exceedingly strong, deeply trenched, and filled with earth. It has six gates, and some watchtowers, and some handsome churches. But what was shown us as a kind of miracle, at the outside of the Castle, the wall where Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle, those valiant and noble persons who so bravely behaved themselves in the last siege, were barbarously shot, murdered by Ireton in cold blood, after surrendering on articles; having been disappointed of relief from the Scotch army, which had been defeated with the King at Worcester. The place was bare of grass for a large space, all the rest of it abounding with herbage. For the rest, this is a ragged and factious town, now swarming with sectaries. Their trading is in cloth with the Dutch, and baize and says with Spain; it is the only place in England where these stuffs are made unsophisticated. It is also famous for oysters and eringo root, growing hereabout, and candied for sale.
Went to Dedham, a pretty country town, having a very fair church, finely situated, the valley well watered. Here, I met with Dr. Stokes, a young gentleman, but an excellent mathematician. This is a clothing town, as most are in Essex, but lies in the unwholesome hundreds.
Hence to Ipswich, doubtless one of the sweetest, most pleasant, well-built towns in England. It has twelve fair churches, many noble houses, especially the Lord Devereux's; a brave quay, and commodious harbor, being about seven miles from the main; an ample market place. Here was born the great Cardinal Wolsey, who began a palace here, which was not finished.
I had the curiosity to visit some Quakers here in prison; a new fanatic sect, of dangerous principles, who show no respect to any man, magistrate, or other, and seem a melancholy, proud sort of people, and exceedingly ignorant. One of these was said to have fasted twenty days; but another, endeavoring to do the like, perished on the 10th, when he would have eaten, but could not.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 July 1656

10 Jul 1656. I returned homeward, passing again through Colchester; and, by the way, near the ancient town of Chelmsford, saw New Hall, built in a park by Henry VII. and VIII., and given by Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Sussex, who sold it to the late great Duke of Buckingham, and since seized on by Oliver Cromwell (57) (pretended Protector). It is a fair old house, built with brick, low, being only of two stories, as the manner then was; the gate-house better; the court, large and pretty; the staircase, of extraordinary wideness, with a piece representing Sir Francis Drake's action in the year 1580, an excellent sea-piece; the galleries are trifling; the hall is noble; the garden a fair plot, and the whole seat well accommodated with water; but, above all, I admired the fair avenue planted with stately lime trees, in four rows, for near a mile in length. It has three descents, which is the only fault, and may be reformed. There is another fair walk of the same at the mall and wilderness, with a tennis-court, and pleasant terrace toward the park, which was well stored with deer and ponds.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 July 1656

11 Jul 1656. Came home by Greenwich ferry, where I saw Sir J. Winter's project of charring sea-coal, to burn out the sulphur, and render it sweet. He did it by burning the coals in such earthen pots as the glass men melt their metal, so firing them without consuming them, using a bar of iron in each crucible, or pot, which bar has a hook at one end, that so the coals being melted in a furnace with other crude sea-coals under them, may be drawn out of the pots sticking to the iron, whence they are beaten off in great half-exhausted cinders, which being rekindled, make a clear, pleasant chamber-fire, deprived of their sulphur and arsenic malignity. What success it may have, time will discover.

John Evelyn's Diary August 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 03 August 1656

03 Aug 1656. I went to London, to receive the Blessed Sacrament, the first time the Church of England was reduced to a chamber and conventicle; so sharp was the persecution. The parish churches were filled with sectaries of all sorts, blasphemous and ignorant mechanics usurping the pulpits everywhere. Dr. Wild preached in a private house in Fleet Street, where we had a great meeting of zealous Christians, who were generally much more devout and religious than in our greatest prosperity. In the afternoon, I went to the French Church in the Savoy, where I heard Monsieur d'Espagne catechize, and so returned to my house.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 August 1656

20 Aug 1656. Was a confused election of Parliament called by the Usurper (57).

John Evelyn's Diary September 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 07 September 1656

07 Sep 1656. I went to take leave of my excellent neighbor and friend, Sir. H. Newton and lady, now going to dwell at Warwick; and Mr. Needham, my dear and learned friend, came to visit me.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 September 1656

14 Sep 1656. Now was old Sir Henry Vane (43) sent to Carisbrook Castle, in Wight, for a foolish book he published; the pretended Protector (57) fortifying himself exceedingly, and sending many to prison.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 02 October 1656

02 Oct 1656. Came to visit me my cousin, Stephens, and Mr. Pierce (since head of Magdalen College, Oxford), a learned minister of Brington, in Northamptonshire, and Captain Cooke (40), both excellent musicians.

John Evelyn's Diary November 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 02 November 1656

02 Nov 1656. There was now nothing practical preached, or that pressed reformation of life, but high and speculative points and strains that few understood, which left people very ignorant, and of no steady principles, the source of all our sects and divisions, for there was much envy and uncharity in the world; God of his mercy amend it! Now, indeed, that I went at all to church, while these usurpers possessed the pulpits, was that I might not be suspected for a Papist, and that, though the minister was Presbyterianly affected, he yet was as I understood duly ordained, and preached sound doctrine after their way, and besides was an humble, harmless, and peaceable man.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1656

John Evelyn's Diary 25 December 1656

25 Dec 1656. I went to London, to receive the Blessed Communion, this holy festival at Dr. Wild's lodgings, where I rejoiced to find so full an assembly of devout and sober Christians.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 December 1656

26 Dec 1656. I invited some of my neighbors and tenants, according to custom, and to preserve hospitality and charity.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 December 1656

28 Dec 1656. A stranger preached on Luke xviii. 7, 8, on which he made a confused discourse, with a great deal of Greek and ostentation of learning, to but little purpose.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 December 1656

30 Dec 1656. Dined with me Sir William Paston's son (25), Mr. Henshaw (38), and Mr. Clayton.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 December 1656

31 Dec 1656. I begged God's blessing and mercies for his goodness to me the past year, and set my domestic affairs in order.