John Evelyn's Diary 1660

1649 Rump Parliament

1660 Trial and Execution of the Regicides

1660 Charles II Proclaimed

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1660s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 01 January 1660

01 Jan 1660. Annus Mirabilis. Begging God's blessings for the following year, I went to Exeter Chapel, when Mr. Gunning (46) began the year on Galatians iv. 3-7, showing the love of Christ in shedding his blood so early for us.

John Evelyn's Diary 12 January 1660

12 Jan 1660. Wrote to Colonel Morley (43) again to declare for his Majesty (29).

John Evelyn's Diary 22 January 1660

22 Jan 1660. I went this afternoon to visit Colonel Morley (43). After dinner I discoursed with him; but he was very jealous, and would not believe that Monk (51) came in to do the King (29) any service; I told him that he might do it without him, and have all the honor. He was still doubtful, and would resolve on nothing yet, so I took leave.

John Evelyn's Diary February 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 03 February 1660

03 Feb 1660. Kept the Fast. General Monk (51) came now to London out of Scotland; but no man knew what he would do or declare; yet he was met on his way by the gentlemen of all the counties which he passed with petitions that he would recall the old long-interrupted Parliament, and settle the nation in some order, being at this time in most prodigious confusion, and under no government, everybody expecting what would be next and what he would do.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 February 1660

10 Feb 1660. Now were the gates of the city broken down by General Monk (51); which exceedingly exasperated the city, the soldiers marching up and down as triumphing over it, and all the old army of the fanatics put out of their posts and sent out of town.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 February 1660

Rump Parliament

11 Feb 1660. A signal day. Monk (51), perceiving how infamous and wretched a pack of knaves would have still usurped the supreme power, and having intelligence that they intended to take away his commission, repenting of what he had done to the city, and where he and his forces were quartered, marches to Whitehall, dissipates that nest of robbers, and convenes the old Parliament, the Rump Parliament (so called as retaining some few rotten members of the other) being dissolved; and for joy whereof were many thousands of rumps roasted publicly in the streets at the bonfires this night, with ringing of bells, and universal jubilee. This was the first good omen.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 February 1660

17 Feb 1660 to 05 Apr 1660, I was detained in bed with a kind of double tertian, the cruel effects of the spleen and other distempers, in that extremity that my physicians, Drs. Wetherborn, Needham, and Claude, were in great doubt of my recovery; but it pleased God to deliver me out of this affliction, for which I render him hearty thanks: going to church the 8th, and receiving the blessed eucharist.
During this sickness came divers of my relations and friends to visit me, and it retarded my going into the country longer than I intended; however, I wrote and printed a letter in defense of his Majesty (29), against a wicked forged paper, pretended to be sent from Brussels to defame his Majesty's (29) person and virtues and render him odious, now when everybody was in hope and expectation of the General (51) and Parliament recalling him, and establishing the Government on its ancient and right basis. The doing this toward the decline of my sickness, and sitting up long in my bed, had caused a small relapse, out of which it yet pleased God also to free me, so as by the 14th I was able to go into the country, which I did to my sweet and native air at Wotton.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 03 May 1660

03 May 1660. Came the most happy tidings of his Majesty's (29) gracious declaration and applications to the Parliament, General (51), and people, and their dutiful acceptance and acknowledgment, after a most bloody and unreasonable rebellion of near twenty years. Praised be forever the Lord of Heaven, who only doeth wondrous things, because his mercy endureth forever.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 May 1660

Charles II Proclaimed

08 May 1660. This day was his Majesty (29) proclaimed in London, etc.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 May 1660

09 May 1660. I was desired and designed to accompany my Lord Berkeley (32) with the public address of the Parliament, General, etc., to the King (29), and invite him to come over and assume his Kingly Government, he being now at Breda; but I was yet so weak, I could not make that journey by sea, which was not a little to my detriment, so I went to London to excuse myself, returning the 10th, having yet received a gracious message from his Majesty (29) by Major Scot and Colonel Tuke (45).

John Evelyn's Diary 24 May 1660

24 May 1660. Came to me Colonel Morley (44), about procuring his pardon, now too late, seeing his error and neglect of the counsel I gave him, by which, if he had taken it he had certainly done the great work with the same ease that Monk did it, who was then in Scotland, and Morley (44) in a post to have done what he pleased, but his jealousy and fear kept him from that blessing and honor. I addressed him to Lord Mordaunt (33), then in great favor, for his pardon, which he obtained at the cost of £1,000, as I heard. Oh, the sottish omission of this gentleman! what did I not undergo of danger in this negotiation, to have brought him over to his Majesty's (29) interest, when it was entirely in his hands!.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 May 1660

Charles II Proclaimed

29 May 1660. This day, his Majesty (30), Charles II came to London, after a sad and long exile and calamitous suffering both of the King (30) and Church, being seventeen years. This was also his birthday, and with a triumph of above 20,000 horse and foot, brandishing their swords, and shouting with inexpressible joy; the ways strewn with flowers, the bells ringing, the streets hung with tapestry, fountains running with wine; the Mayor, Aldermen, and all the companies, in their liveries, chains of gold, and banners; Lords and Nobles, clad in cloth of silver, gold, and velvet; the windows and balconies, all set with ladies; trumpets, music, and myriads of people flocking, even so far as from Rochester, so as they were seven hours in passing the city, even from two in the afternoon till nine at night.
I stood in the Strand and beheld it, and blessed God. And all this was done without one drop of blood shed, and by that very army which rebelled against him: but it was the Lord's doing, for such a restoration was never mentioned in any history, ancient or modern, since the return of the Jews from their Babylonish captivity; nor so joyful a day and so bright ever seen in this nation, this happening when to expect or effect it was past all human policy.

John Evelyn's Diary June 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 04 June 1660

04 Jun 1660. I received letters of Sir Richard Browne's (55) landing at Dover, and also letters from the Queen (50), which I was to deliver at Whitehall, not as yet presenting myself to his Majesty (30), by reason of the infinite concourse of people. The eagerness of men, women, and children, to see his Majesty (30), and kiss his hands, was so great, that he had scarce leisure to eat for some days, coming as they did from all parts of the nation; and the King (30) being as willing to give them that satisfaction, would have none kept out, but gave free access to all sorts of people.
Addressing myself to the Duke (26), I was carried to his Majesty (30), when very few noblemen were with him, and kissed his hands, being very graciously received. I then returned home, to meet Sir Richard Browne (55), who came not till the 8th, after nineteen years exile, during all which time he kept up in his chapel the Liturgy and Offices of the Church of England, to his no small honor, and in a time when it was so low, and as many thought utterly lost, that in various controversies both with Papists and Sectaries, our divines used to argue for the visibility of the Church, from his chapel and congregation.
I was all this week to and fro at court about business.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 June 1660

16 Jun 1660. The French, Italian, and Dutch Ministers came to make their address to his Majesty (30), one Monsieur Stoope pronouncing the harangue with great eloquence.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 June 1660

18 Jun 1660. I proposed the embassy to Constantinople for Mr. Henshaw (42); but my Lord Winchelsea (32) struck in.
Goods that had been pillaged from Whitehall Palace during the Rebellion were now daily brought in, and restored upon proclamation; as plate, hangings, pictures, etc.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 June 1660

22 Jun 1660. The Warwickshire gentlemen (as did all the shires and chief towns in all the three nations) presented their congratulatory address. It was carried by my Lord Northampton.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 June 1660

30 Jun 1660. The Sussex gentlemen presented their address, to which was my hand. I went with it, and kissed his Majesty's (30) hand, who was pleased to own me more particularly by calling me his old acquaintance, and speaking very graciously to me.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 03 July 1660

03 Jul 1660. I went to Hyde Park, where was his Majesty (30), and abundance of gallantry.

John Evelyn's Diary 04 July 1660

04 Jul 1660. I heard Sir Samuel Tuke (45) harangue to the House of Lords, in behalf of the Roman Catholics, and his account of the transaction at Colchester in murdering Lord Capel, and the rest of those brave men, that suffered in cold blood, after articles of rendition.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 July 1660

05 Jul 1660. I saw his Majesty (30) go with as much pomp and splendor as any earthly prince could do to the great city feast, the first they had invited him to since his return; but the exceeding rain which fell all that day much eclipsed its lustres. This was at Guildhall, and there was also all the Parliament men, both Lords and Commons. The streets were adorned with pageants, at immense cost.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 July 1660

06 Jul 1660. His Majesty (30) began first to TOUCH FOR THE EVIL! according to custom, thus: his Majesty (30) sitting under his state in the Banqueting House, the chirurgeons cause the sick to be brought, or led, up to the throne, where they kneeling, the King (30) strokes their faces, or cheeks with both his hands at once, at which instant a chaplain in his formalities says, "He put his hands upon them, and he healed them". This is said to every one in particular. When they have all been touched, they come up again in the same order, and the other chaplain kneeling, and having angel gold strung on white ribbon on his arm, delivers them one by one to his Majesty (30), who puts them about the necks of the touched as they pass, while the first chaplain repeats, "That is the true light who came into the world". Then follows, an Epistle (as at first a Gospel) with the Liturgy, prayers for the sick, with some alteration; lastly the blessing; and then the Lord Chamberlain and the Comptroller of the Household bring a basin, ewer, and towel, for his Majesty (30) to wash.
The King received a congratulatory address from the city of Cologne, in Germany, where he had been some time in his exile; his Majesty (30) saying they were the best people in the world, the most kind and worthy to him that he ever met with. I recommended Monsieur Messary to be Judge Advocate in Jersey, by the Vice-Chamberlain's mediation with the Earl of St. Albans; and saluted my excellent and worthy noble friend, my Lord Ossory (25), son to the Marquis of Ormond (49), after many years' absence returned home.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1660

08 Jul 1660. Mr. Henchman (68) preached on Ephes. v. 5, concerning Christian circumspection. From henceforth, was the Liturgy publicly used in our churches, whence it had been for so many years banished.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 July 1660

15 Jul 1660. Came Sir George Carteret (50) and lady (58) to visit us: he was now Treasurer of the Navy.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 July 1660

28 Jul 1660. I heard his Majesty's (30) speech in the Lords' House, on passing the Bills of Tonnage and Poundage; restoration of my Lord Ormond (49) to his estate in Ireland; concerning the commission of sewers, and continuance of the excise. In the afternoon I saluted my old friend, the Archbishop of Armagh, formerly of Londonderry (Dr. Bramhall (66)). He presented several Irish divines to be promoted as Bishops in that kingdom, most of the Bishops in the three kingdoms being now almost worn out, and the Sees vacant.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 July 1660

31 Jul 1660. I went to visit Sir Philip Warwick (50), now secretary to the Lord Treasurer (51), at his house in North Cray.

John Evelyn's Diary August 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 19 August 1660

19 Aug 1660. Our vicar read the Thirty-nine Articles to the congregation, the national assemblies beginning now to settle, and wanting instruction.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 August 1660

23 Aug 1660. Came Duke Hamilton (25), Lord Lothian (55), and several Scottish Lords, to see my garden.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 August 1660

25 Aug 1660. Colonel Spencer, colonel of a regiment of horse in our county of Kent, sent to me, and intreated that I would take a commission for a troop of horse, and that I would nominate my lieutenant and ensigns; I thanked him for the honor intended me; but would by no means undertake the trouble.

John Evelyn's Diary September 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 04 September 1660

04 Sep 1660. I was invited to an ordination by the Bishop of Bangor (75), in Henry VII.'s chapel, Westminster, and afterward saw the audience of an Envoyée from the Duke of Anjou, sent to compliment his Majesty's (30) return.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 September 1660

05 Sep 1660. Came to visit and dine with me the Envoyée of the King (30) of Poland, and Resident of the King (30) of Denmark, etc.

John Evelyn's Diary 07 September 1660

07 Sep 1660. I went to Chelsea to visit Mr. Boyle (33), and see his pneumatic engine perform divers experiments. Thence, to Kensington, to visit Mr. Henshaw (42), returning home that evening.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 September 1660

13 Sep 1660. I saw in Southwark, at St. Margaret's fair, monkeys and apes dance, and do other feats of activity on the high rope; they were gallantly clad á la monde, went upright, saluted the company, bowing and pulling off their hats; they saluted one another with as good a grace as if instructed by a dancing master; they turned heels over head with a basket having eggs in it, without breaking any; also, with lighted candles in their hands, and on their heads, without extinguishing them, and with vessels of water without spilling a drop. I also saw an Italian wench dance, and perform all the tricks on the high rope to admiration; all the Court went to see her. Likewise, here was a man who took up a piece of iron cannon of about 400lb. weight with the hair of his head only.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 September 1660

17 Sep 1660. Went to London, to see the splendid entry of the Prince de Ligne (41), Ambassador extraordinary from Spain; he was general of the Spanish King's horse in Flanders, and was accompanied with divers great persons from thence, and an innumerable retinue. His train consisted of seventeen coaches, with six horses of his own, besides a great number of English, etc. Greater bravery had I never seen. He was received in the Banqueting House, in exceeding state, all the great officers of Court attending.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 September 1660

23 Sep 1660. In the midst of all this joy and jubilee, the Duke of Gloucester died of the smallpox, in the prime of youth, and a prince of extraordinary hopes.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 September 1660

27 Sep 1660. The King (30) received the merchant's addresses in his closet, giving them assurances of his persisting to keep Jamaica, choosing Sir Edward Massey Governor (41). In the afternoon, the Danish Ambassador's condolences were presented, on the death of the Duke of Gloucester. This evening, I saw the Princess Royal (28), mother to the Prince of Orange (28), now come out of Holland in a fatal period.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 03 October 1660

03 Oct 1660. Arrived the Queen-Mother (50) in England, whence she had been banished for almost twenty years; together with her illustrious daughter, the Princess Henrietta, divers princes and noblemen, accompanying them.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 October 1660

06 Oct 1660. I paid the great tax of poll money, levied for disbanding the army, till now kept up. I paid as an Esquire £10, and one shilling for every servant in my house.

John Evelyn's Diary 07 October 1660

07 Oct 1660. There dined with me a French count, with Sir George_Tuke, who came to take leave of me, being sent over to the Queen-Mother (50), to break the marriage of the Duke (26) with the daughter (23) of Chancellor Hyde (51). The Queen (50) would fain have undone it; but it seems matters were reconciled, on great offers of the Chancellor's (51) to befriend the Queen (50), who was much in debt, and was now to have the settlement of her affairs go through his hands.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 October 1660

Trial and Execution of the Regicides

11 Oct 1660. The regicides who sat on the life of our late King, were brought to trial in the Old Bailey, before a commission of oyer and terminer.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 October 1660

Trial and Execution of the Regicides

14 Oct 1660. Axtall (38), Carew (38), Clement (66), Hacker, Hewson [Note. Evelyn possibly wrong here since John Hewson Regicide -1662 died in 1662], and Peters (62), were executed.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 October 1660

15 Oct 1660. I kissed the Queen-Mother's (50) hand.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 October 1660

Trial and Execution of the Regicides

17 Oct 1660. Scot, Scroop, Cook, and Jones, suffered for reward of their iniquities at Charing Cross, in sight of the place where they put to death their natural prince, and in the presence of the King (30) his son, whom they also sought to kill. I saw not their execution, but met their quarters, mangled, and cut, and reeking, as they were brought from the gallows in baskets on the hurdle. Oh, the miraculous providence of God!

John Evelyn's Diary 20 October 1660

20 Oct 1660. I dined at the Clerk Comptroller's of the Green Cloth (33), being the first day of the re-establishment of the Court diet, and settling of his Majesty's (30) household.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 October 1660

23 Oct 1660. Being this day in the bedchamber of the Princess Henrietta, where were many great beauties and noblemen, I saluted divers of my old friends and acquaintances abroad; his Majesty (30) carrying my wife (25) to salute the Queen (50) and Princess, and then led her into his closet, and with his own hands showed her divers curiosities.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 October 1660

25 Oct 1660. Dr. Rainbow (52) preached before the King (30), on Luke II 14, of the glory to be given God for all his mercies, especially for restoring the Church and government; now the service was performed with music, voices, etc., as formerly.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 October 1660

28 Oct 1660. His Majesty (30) went to meet the Queen-Mother (50).

John Evelyn's Diary 29 October 1660

29 Oct 1660. Going to London, my Lord Mayor's show stopped me in Cheapside; one of the pageants represented a great wood, with the royal oak, and history of his Majesty's (30) miraculous escape at Boscobel.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 October 1660

31 Oct 1660. Arrived now to my fortieth year, I rendered to Almighty God my due and hearty thanks.

John Evelyn's Diary November 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 01 November 1660

01 Nov 1660. I went with some of my relations to Court, to show them his Majesty's (30) cabinet and closet of rarities; the rare miniatures of Peter Oliver, after Raphael, Titian, and other masters, which I infinitely esteem; also, that large piece of the Duchess of Lennox (13), done in enamel, by Petitot, and a vast number of agates, onyxes, and intaglios, especially a medallion of Cæsar, as broad as my hand; likewise, rare cabinets of pietra-commessa, a landscape of needlework, formerly presented by the Dutch to King Charles I. Here I saw a vast book of maps, in a volume near four yards large; a curious ship model; and, among the clocks, one that showed the rising and setting of the sun in the zodiac; the sun represented by a face and rays of gold, upon an azure sky, observing the diurnal and annual motion, rising and setting behind a landscape of hills,—the work of our famous Fromantil,—and several other rarities.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 November 1660

27 Nov 1660. Came down the Clerk Comptroller (33) [of the Green Cloth] by the Lord Steward's appointment, to survey the land at Sayes Court, on which I had pretense, and to make his report.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1660

John Evelyn's Diary 06 December 1660

06 Dec 1660. I waited on my brother (43) and sister Evelyn to Court. Now were presented to his Majesty (30) those two rare pieces of drollery, or rather a Dutch Kitchen, painted by Dowe, so finely as hardly to be distinguished from enamel. I was also shown divers rich jewels and crystal vases; the rare head of Jo. Bellino, Titian's master; Christ in the Garden, by Hannibal Caracci; two incomparable heads, by Holbein; the Queen-Mother (51) in a miniature, almost as big as the life; an exquisite piece of carving; two unicorn's horns, etc. This in the closet.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 December 1660

13 Dec 1660. I presented my son, John (5), to the Queen-Mother (51), who kissed him, talked with and made extraordinary much of him.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 December 1660

14 Dec 1660. I visited my Lady Chancellor, the Marchioness of Ormond (45), and Countess of Guildford, all of whom we had known abroad in exile.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 December 1660

18 Dec 1660. I carried Mr. Spellman, a most ingenious gentleman, grandchild to the learned Sir Henry, to my Lord Mordaunt (34), to whom I had recommended him as secretary.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 December 1660

21 Dec 1660. This day died the Princess of Orange (29), of the smallpox, which entirely altered the face and gallantry of the whole Court.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 December 1660

22 Dec 1660. The marriage of the Chancellor's (51) daughter (23) being now newly owned, I went to see her, she being Sir Richard Browne's (55) intimate acquaintance when she waited on the Princess of Orange (29); she was now at her father's, at Worcester House, in the Strand. We all kissed her hand, as did also my Lord Chamberlain (58) (Manchester) and Countess of Northumberland (52). This was a strange change—can it succeed well?—I spent the evening at St. James's, whither the Princess Henrietta was retired during the fatal sickness of her sister, the Princess of Orange (29), now come over to salute the King (30) her brother. The Princess gave my wife (25) an extraordinary compliment and gracious acceptance, for the "Character" she had presented her the day before, and which was afterward printed.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 December 1660

25 Dec 1660. Preached at the Abbey, Dr. Earle (59), Clerk of his Majesty's Closet, and my dear friend, now Dean of Westminster, on Luke II 13, 14, condoling the breach made in the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 December 1660

30 Dec 1660. I dined at Court with Mr. Crane, Clerk of the Green Cloth.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 December 1660

31 Dec 1660. I gave God thanks for his many signal mercies to myself, church, and nation, this wonderful year.