John Evelyn's Diary 1661

1661 Coronation of Charles II

1661 Execution of Deceased Regicides

1662 Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1660s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 02 January 1661

02 Jan 1661. The Queen-Mother (51), with the Princess Henrietta, began her journey to Portsmouth, in order to her return into France.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 January 1661

05 Jan 1661. I visited my Lord Chancellor Clarendon (51), with whom I had been well acquainted abroad.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 January 1661

06 Jan 1661. Dr. Allestree (39) preached at the Abbey, after which four Bishops were consecrated, Hereford (51), Norwich (61), ...
This night was suppressed a bloody insurrection of some Fifth-Monarchy enthusiasts. Some of them were examined at the Council the next day; but could say nothing to extenuate their madness and unwarrantable zeal.
I was now chosen (and nominated by his Majesty (30) for one of the Council), by suffrage of the rest of the members, a Fellow of the Philosophic Society now meeting at Gresham College, where was an assembly of divers learned gentlemen. This being the first meeting since the King's (30) return; but it had been begun some years before at Oxford, and was continued with interruption here in London during the Rebellion.
There was another rising of the fanatics, in which some were slain.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 January 1661

16 Jan 1661. I went to the Philosophic Club, where was examined the Torricellian experiment. I presented my Circle of Mechanical Trades, and had recommended to me the publishing what I had written of Chalcography.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 January 1661

25 Jan 1661. After divers years since I had seen any play, I went to see acted "The Scornful Lady", at a new theater in Lincoln's-Inn Fields.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 January 1661

Execution of Deceased Regicides

30 Jan 1661. Was the first solemn fast and day of humiliation to deplore the sins which had so long provoked God against this afflicted church and people, ordered by Parliament to be annually celebrated to expiate the guilt of the execrable murder of the late King.
This day (Oh, the stupendous and inscrutable judgments of God!) were the carcasses of those arch-rebels, Cromwell, Bradshawe (the judge who condemned his Majesty (30)), and Ireton (son-in-law to the Usurper), dragged out of their superb tombs in Westminster among the Kings, to Tyburn, and hanged on the gallows there from nine in the morning till six at night, and then buried under that fatal and ignominious. Monument in a deep pit; thousands of people who had seen them in all their pride being spectators. Look back at John Evelyn's Diary 1668 Oct, and be astonished! and fear God and honor the King (30); but meddle not with them who are given to change!

John Evelyn's Diary February 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 06 February 1661

06 Feb 1661. To London, to our Society, where I gave notice of the visit of the Danish Ambassador-Extraordinary, and was ordered to return him their acceptance of that honor, and to invite him the next meeting day.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 February 1661

10 Feb 1661. Dr. Baldero preached at Ely-house, on Matthew vi. 33, of seeking early the Kingdom of God; after sermon, the Bishop (75) (Dr. Wren) gave us the blessing, very pontifically.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 February 1661

13 Feb 1661. I conducted the Danish Ambassador to our meeting at Gresham College, where were shown him various experiments in vacuo, and other curiosities.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 February 1661

21 Feb 1661. Prince Rupert (41) first showed me how to grave in mezzo tinto.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 February 1661

26 Feb 1661. I went to Lord Mordaunt's (34), at Parson's Green.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 February 1661

27 Feb 1661. Ash Wednesday. Preached before the King (30) the Bishop of London (Dr. Sheldon (62)) on Matthew xviii. 25, concerning charity and forgiveness.

John Evelyn's Diary March 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 08 March 1661

08 Mar 1661. I went to my Lord Chancellor's (52), and delivered to him the state of my concernment at Sayes Court.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 March 1661

09 Mar 1661. I went with that excellent person and philosopher, Sir Robert Murray (53), to visit Mr. Boyle (34) at Chelsea, and saw divers effects of the eolipile for weighing air.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 March 1661

13 Mar 1661. I went to Lambeth, with Sir R. Browne's (56) pretense to the Wardenship of Merton College, Oxford, to which, as having been about forty years before a student of that house, he was elected by the votes of every Fellow except one; but the statutes of the house being so that, unless every Fellow agree, the election devolves to the Visitor, who is the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Juxon (79)), his Grace gave his nomination to Sir T. Clayton, resident there, and the Physic Professor: for which I was not at all displeased, because, though Sir Richard (56) missed it by much ingratitude and wrong of the Archbishop (Clayton being no Fellow), yet it would have hindered Sir Richard from attending at Court to settle his greater concerns, and so have prejudiced me, though he was much inclined to have passed his time in a collegiate life, very unfit for him at that time, for many reasons. So I took leave of his Grace, who was formerly Lord Treasurer in the reign of Charles I.
This afternoon, Prince Rupert (41) showed me, with his own hands, the new way of graving, called mezzo tinto, which afterward, by his permission, I published in my "History of Chalcography"; this set so many artists on work, that they soon arrived to the perfection it is since come to, emulating the tenderest miniatures.
Our Society now gave in my relation of the Peak of Teneriffe, in the Great Canaries, to be added to more queries concerning divers natural things reported of that island.
I returned home with my Cousin, Tuke, now going for France, as sent by his Majesty (30) to condole the death of that great Minister and politician, Count Mazarine.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 March 1661

29 Mar 1661. Dr. Heylin (author of the "Geography") preached at the Abbey, on Cant. v. 25, concerning friendship and charity; he was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some years.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 March 1661

31 Mar 1661. This night, his Majesty (30) promised to make my wife (26) Lady of the Jewels (a very honorable charge) to the future Queen (but which he never performed).

John Evelyn's Diary April 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 01 April 1661

01 Apr 1661. I dined with that great mathematician and virtuoso, Monsieur Zulichem, inventor of the pendule clock, and discoverer of the phenomenon of Saturn's annulus: he was elected into our Society.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 April 1661

Coronation of Charles II

19 Apr 1661. To London, and saw the bathing and rest of the ceremonies of the Knights of the Bath, preparatory to the coronation; it was in the Painted Chamber, Westminster. I might have received this honor; but declined it. The rest of the ceremony was in the chapel at Whitehall, when their swords being laid on the altar, the Bishop delivered them.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 April 1661

Coronation of Charles II

22 Apr 1661. Was the splendid cavalcade of his Majesty (30) from the Tower of London to Whitehall, when I saw him in the Banqueting House create six Earls, and as many Barons, viz:
Edward Lord Hyde, Lord Chancellor (52), Earl of Clarendon; supported by the Earls of Northumberland (58) and Sussex (14); the Earl of Bedford (44) carried the cap and coronet, the Earl of Warwick (46), the sword, the Earl of Newport (64), the mantle.
Next, was Capel, created Earl of Essex.
Brudenell, Cardigan;.
Valentia, Anglesea;.
Greenvill, Bath;.
Howard, Earl of Carlisle.
The Barons were: Denzille Holles; Cornwallis; Booth; Townsend; Cooper; Crew; who were led up by several Peers, with Garter and officers of arms before them; when, after obedience on their several approaches to the throne, their patents were presented by Garter King-at-Arms, which being received by the Lord Chamberlain (59), and delivered to his Majesty (30), and by him to the Secretary of State, were read, and then again delivered to his Majesty (30), and by him to the several Lords created; they were then robed, their coronets and collars put on by his Majesty (30), and they were placed in rank on both sides of the state and throne; but the Barons put off their caps and circles, and held them in their hands, the Earls keeping on their coronets, as cousins to the King (30).
I spent the rest of the evening in seeing the several archtriumphals built in the streets at several eminent places through which his Majesty (30) was next day to pass, some of which, though temporary, and to stand but one year, were of good invention and architecture, with inscriptions.
.
Notes:
Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex 1632-1683 (29) was created 1st Earl Essex 9C 1641. Elizabeth Percy Countess Essex 1636-1718 (25) by marriage Earl Essex 9C 1641.
Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan -1664 by marriage Earl Cardigan.
Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Anglesey 1614-1686 (46) was created 1st Earl Anglesey 2C 1661, 1st Baron Annesley Newport Pagnell Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey 1620-1698 (41) by marriage Earl Anglesey 2C 1661.
John Granville 1st Earl Bath 1628-1701 (32) was created 1st Earl Bath 3C 1661.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle 1629-1685 (32) was created 1st Earl Carlisle 3C 1661.
Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles 1599-1680 (61) was created 1st Baron Holles. Jane Shirley Baroness Holles -1666 by marriage Baron Holles.
Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis 1611-1662 (50) was created 1st Baron Cornwallis.
George Booth 1st Baron Delamer 1622-1684 (38) was created 1st Baron Delamer 1C 1661. Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer 1622- by marriage Baron Delamer 1C 1661.
Horatio Townshend 1st Viscount Townsend 1630-1687 (30) was created 1st Baron Townshend of Lynn Regis in Norfolk.
Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683 (39) was created 1st Baron Ashley of Wimborne St Giles.
 1661 John Crew 1st Baron Crew 1598-1679 (63) was created 1st Baron Crew. Jemima Waldegrave Baroness Crew by marriage Baron Crew.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 April 1661

Coronation of Charles II

23 Apr 1661. Was the coronation of his Majesty (30) Charles II in the Abbey-Church of Westminster; at all which ceremony I was present. the King (30) and his Nobility went to the Tower, I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt (34) part of the way; this was on Sunday, the 22d; but indeed his Majesty (30) went not till early this morning, and proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order:
First went the Duke of York's Horse Guards. Messengers of the Chamber. 136 Esquires to the Knights of the Bath, each of whom had two, most richly habited. The Knight Harbinger. Sergeant Porter. Sewers of the Chamber. Quarter Waiters. Six Clerks of Chancery. Clerk of the Signet. Clerk of the Privy Seal. Clerks of the Council, of the Parliament, and of the Crown. Chaplains in ordinary having dignities, 10. King's Advocates and Remembrancer. Council at Law. Masters of the Chancery. Puisne Sergeants. King's Attorney and Solicitor. King's eldest Sergeant. Secretaries of the French and Latin tongue. Gentlemen Ushers. Daily Waiters, Sewers, Carvers, and Cupbearers in ordinary. Esquires of the body, 4. Masters of standing offices, being no Counsellors, viz, of the Tents, Revels, Ceremonies, Armory, Wardrobe, Ordnance, Requests. Chamberlain of the Exchequer. Barons of the Exchequer. Judges. Lord Chief-Baron. Lord Chief-Justice of the Common Pleas. Master of the Rolls. Lord Chief-Justice of England. Trumpets. Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Knights of the Bath, 68, in crimson robes, exceeding rich, and the noblest show of the whole cavalcade, his Majesty (30) excepted. Knight Marshal. Treasurer of the Chamber. Master of the Jewels. Lords of the Privy Council. Comptroller of the Household. Treasurer of the Household. Trumpets. Sergeant Trumpet. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Barons. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Viscounts. Two Heralds. Earls. Lord Chamberlain of the Household (59). Two Heralds. Marquises. Dukes. Heralds Clarencieux and Norroy. Lord Chancellor (52). Lord High Steward of England. Two persons representing the Dukes of Normandy and Acquitaine, viz, Sir Richard Fanshawe and Sir Herbert Price, in fantastic habits of the time. Gentlemen Ushers. Garter. Lord Mayor of London. The Duke of York alone (the rest by twos). Lord High Constable of England. Lord Great Chamberlain of England. The sword borne by the Earl Marshal of England. the King (30), in royal robes and equipage. Afterward, followed equerries, footmen, gentlemen pensioners. Master of the Horse, leading a horse richly caparisoned. Vice-Chamberlain. Captain of the Pensioners. Captain of the Guard. The Guard. The Horse Guard. The troop of Volunteers, with many other officers and gentlemen.
This magnificent train on horseback, as rich as embroidery, velvet, cloth of gold and silver, and jewels, could make them and their prancing horses, proceeded through the streets strewed with flowers, houses hung with rich tapestry, windows and balconies full of ladies; the London militia lining the ways, and the several companies, with their banners and loud music, ranked in their orders; the fountains running wine, bells ringing, with speeches made at the several triumphal arches; at that of the Temple Bar (near which I stood) the Lord Mayor was received by the Bailiff of Westminster, who, in a scarlet robe, made a speech. Thence, with joyful acclamations, his Majesty (30) passed to Whitehall. Bonfires at night.
The next day, being St. George's, he went by water to Westminster Abbey. When his Majesty (30) was entered, the Dean and Prebendaries brought all the regalia, and delivered them to several noblemen to bear before the King (30), who met them at the west door of the church, singing an anthem, to the choir. Then, came the Peers, in their robes, and coronets in their hands, till his Majesty (30) was placed on a throne elevated before the altar. Afterward, the Bishop of London (the Archbishop of Canterbury (79) being sick) went to every side of the throne to present the King (30) to the people, asking if they would have him for their King, and do him homage; at this, they shouted four times "God save King Charles II!" Then, an anthem was sung. His Majesty (30), attended by three Bishops, went up to the altar, and he offered a pall and a pound of gold. Afterward, he sat down in another chair during the sermon, which was preached by Dr. Morley (63), Bishop of Worcester.
After sermon, the King (30) took his oath before the altar to maintain the religion, Magna Charta, and laws of the land. The hymn Véni S. Sp. followed, and then the Litany by two Bishops. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury (79), present, but much indisposed and weak, said "Lift up your hearts"; at which, the King (30) rose up, and put off his robes and upper garments, and was in a waistcoat so opened in divers places, that the Archbishop (79) might commodiously anoint him, first in the palms of his hands, when an anthem was sung, and a prayer read; then, his breast and between the shoulders, bending of both arms; and, lastly, on the crown of the head, with apposite hymns and prayers at each anointing; this done, the Dean closed and buttoned up the waistcoat. After which, was a coif put on, and the cobbium, sindon or dalmatic, and over this a super-tunic of cloth of gold, with buskins and sandals of the same, spurs, and the sword; a prayer being first said over it by the Archbishop (79) on the altar, before it was girt on by the Lord Chamberlain (59). Then, the armill, mantle, etc. Then, the Archbishop placed the crown imperial on the altar, prayed over it, and set it on his Majesty's (30) head, at which all the Peers put on their coronets. Anthems, and rare music, with lutes, viols, trumpets, organs, and voices, were then heard, and the Archbishop put a ring on his Majesty's (30) finger. the King (30) next offered his sword on the altar, which being redeemed, was drawn, and borne before him. Then, the Archbishop delivered him the sceptre, with the dove in one hand, and, in the other, the sceptre with the globe. the King (30) kneeling, the Archbishop (79) pronounced the blessing. His Majesty (30) then ascending again his royal throne, while Te Deum was singing, all the Peers did their homage, by every one touching his crown. The Archbishop (79), and the rest of the Bishops, first kissing the King (30); who received the Holy Sacrament, and so disrobed, yet with the crown imperial on his head, and accompanied with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foot upon blue cloth, which was spread and reached from the west door of the Abbey to Westminster stairs, when he took water in a triumphal barge to Whitehall where was extraordinary feasting.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 April 1661

24 Apr 1661. I presented his Majesty (30) with his "Panegyric" in the Privy Chamber, which he was pleased to accept most graciously; I gave copies to the Lord Chancellor (52), and most of the noblemen who came to me for it. I dined at the Marquis of Ormond's (50) where was a magnificent feast, and many great persons.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 01 May 1661

01 May 1661. I went to Hyde Park to take the air, where was his Majesty (30) and an innumerable appearance of gallants and rich coaches, being now a time of universal festivity and joy.

John Evelyn's Diary 02 May 1661

02 May 1661. I had audience of my Lord Chancellor (52) about my title to Sayes Court.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 May 1661

03 May 1661. I went to see the wonderful engine for weaving silk stockings, said to have been the invention of an Oxford scholar forty years since; and I returned by Fromantil's, the famous clockmaker, to see some pendules, Monsieur Zulichem being with us.
This evening, I was with my Lord Brouncker (50), Sir Robert Murray (53), Sir Patrick Neill, Monsieur Zulichem, and Bull (all of them of our Society, and excellent mathematicians), to show his Majesty (30), who was present, Saturn's annulus, as some thought, but as Zulichem affirmed with his balteus (as that learned gentleman had published), very near eclipsed by the moon, near the Mons Porphyritis; also, Jupiter and satellites, through his Majesty's (30) great telescope, drawing thirty-five feet; on which were divers discourses.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 May 1661

08 May 1661. His Majesty (30) rode in state, with his imperial crown on, and all the peers in their robes, in great pomp to the Parliament now newly chosen (the old one being dissolved); and, that evening, declared in council his intention to marry the Infanta of Portugal (22).

John Evelyn's Diary 09 May 1661

09 May 1661. At Sir Robert Murray's (53), where I met Dr. Wallis, Professor of Geometry in Oxford, where was discourse of several mathematical subjects.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 May 1661

11 May 1661. my wife (26) presented to his Majesty (30) the Madonna she had copied in miniature from P. Oliver's painting, after Raphael, which she wrought with extraordinary pains and judgment. the King (30) was infinitely pleased with it, and caused it to be placed in his cabinet among his best paintings.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 May 1661

13 May 1661. I heard and saw such exercises at the election of scholars at Westminster School to be sent to the University in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic, in themes and extemporary verses, as wonderfully astonished me in such youths, with such readiness and wit, some of them not above twelve or thirteen years of age. Pity it is, that what they attain here so ripely, they either do not retain, or do not improve more considerably when they come to be men, though many of them do; and no less is to be blamed their odd pronouncing of Latin, so that out of England none were able to understand, or endure it. The examinants, or posers, were, Dr. Duport, Greek Professor at Cambridge; Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; Dr. Pierson; Dr. Allestree (39), Dean of Westminster, and any that would.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 May 1661

14 May 1661. His Majesty (30) was pleased to discourse with me concerning several particulars relating to our Society, and the planet Saturn, etc., as he sat at supper in the withdrawing-room to his bedchamber.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 May 1661

16 May 1661. I dined with Mr. Garmus, the Resident from Hamburg, who continued his feast near nine whole hours, according to the custom of his country, though there was no great excess of drinking, no man being obliged to take more than he liked.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 May 1661

22 May 1661. The Scotch Covenant was burnt by the common hangman in divers places in London. Oh, prodigious change!.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 May 1661

29 May 1661. This was the first anniversary appointed by act of Parliament to be observed as a day of general thanksgiving for the miraculous restoration of his Majesty (31): our vicar preaching on Psalm cxviii. 24, requiring us to be thankful and rejoice, as indeed we had cause.

John Evelyn's Diary June 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 04 June 1661

04 Jun 1661. Came Sir Charles Harbord (21), his Majesty's (31) surveyor, to take an account of what grounds I challenged at Sayes Court.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 June 1661

27 Jun 1661. I saw the Portugal ambassador at dinner with his Majesty (31) in state, where was excellent music.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 02 July 1661

02 Jul 1661. I went to see the New Spring-Garden, at Lambeth, a prettily contrived plantation.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 July 1661

19 Jul 1661. We tried our Diving-Bell, or engine, in the water dock at Deptford, in which our curator continued half an hour under water; it was made of cast lead, let down with a strong cable.

John Evelyn's Diary August 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 03 August 1661

03 Aug 1661. Came my Lord Hatton (56), Comptroller of his Majesty's household to visit me.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 August 1661

09 Aug 1661. I tried several experiments on the sensitive plant and humilis, which contracted with the least touch of the sun through a burning glass, though it rises and opens only when it shines on it.
I first saw the famous Queen Pine brought from Barbadoes, and presented to his Majesty (31); but the first that were ever seen in England were those sent to Cromwell four years since.
I dined at Mr. Palmer's in Gray's Inn, whose curiosity excelled in clocks and pendules, especially one that had innumerable motions, and played nine or ten tunes on the bells very finely, some of them set in parts: which was very harmonious. It was wound up but once in a quarter. He had also good telescopes and mathematical instruments, choice pictures, and other curiosities. Thence, we went to that famous mountebank, Jo. Punteus.
Sir Kenelm Digby (58) presented every one of us his "Discourse of the Vegetation of Plants"; and Mr. Henshaw (43), his "History of Saltpeter and Gunpowder". I assisted him to procure his place of French Secretary to the King (31), which he purchased of Sir Henry De Vic (62).
I went to that famous physician, Sir Fr. Prujean (68), who showed me his laboratory, his workhouse for turning, and other mechanics; also many excellent pictures, especially the Magdalen of Caracci; and some incomparable paysages done in distemper; he played to me likewise on the polythore, an instrument having something of the harp, lute, and theorbo; by none known in England, nor described by any author, nor used, but by this skillful and learned Doctor.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 August 1661

15 Aug 1661. I went to Tunbridge Wells, my wife (26) being there for the benefit of her health. Walking about the solitudes, I greatly admired the extravagant turnings, insinuations, and growth of certain birch trees among the rocks.

John Evelyn's Diary September 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 13 September 1661

13 Sep 1661. I presented my "Fumifugium"67 dedicated to his Majesty (31), who was pleased that I should publish it by his special commands, being much gratified with it.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 September 1661

18 Sep 1661. This day was read our petition to his Majesty (31) for his royal grant, authorizing our Society to meet as a corporation, with several privileges.
An exceedingly sickly, wet autumn.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 01 October 1661

01 Oct 1661. I sailed this morning with his Majesty (31) in one of his yachts (or pleasure boats), vessels not known among us till the Dutch East India Company presented that curious piece to the King (31); being very excellent sailing vessels. It was on a wager between his other new pleasure boat, built frigate-like, and one of the Duke of York's (27); the wager £100; the race from Greenwich to Gravesend and back. The King (31) lost it going, the wind being contrary, but saved stakes in returning. There were divers noble persons and lords on board, his Majesty (31) sometimes steering himself. His barge and kitchen boat attended. I brake fast this morning with the King (31) at return in his smaller vessel, he being pleased to take me and only four more, who were noblemen, with him; but dined in his yacht, where we all ate together with his Majesty (31). In this passage he was pleased to discourse to me about my book inveighing against the nuisance of the smoke of London, and proposing expedients how, by removing those particulars I mentioned, it might be reformed; commanding me to prepare a Bill against the next session of Parliament, being, as he said, resolved to have something done in it. Then he discoursed to me of the improvement of gardens and buildings, now very rare in England comparatively to other countries. He then commanded me to draw up the matter of fact happening at the bloody encounter which then had newly happened between the French and Spanish Ambassadors near the Tower, contending for precedency, at the reception of the Swedish Ambassador; giving me orders to consult Sir William Compton (36), Master of the Ordnance, to inform me of what he knew of it, and with his favorite, Sir Charles Berkeley (31), captain of the Duke's life guard, then present with his troop and three foot companies; with some other reflections and instructions, to be prepared with a declaration to take off the reports which went about of his Majesty's (31) partiality in the affairs, and of his officers' and spectators' rudeness while the conflict lasted. So I came home that night, and went next morning to London, where from the officers of the Tower, Sir William Compton (36), Sir Charles Berkeley (31), and others who were attending at this meeting of the Ambassadors three days before, having collected what I could, I drew up a Narrative in vindication of his Majesty (31), and the carriage of his officers and standers-by.
On Thursday his Majesty (31) sent one of the pages of the back stairs for me to wait on him with my papers, in his cabinet where was present only Sir Henry Bennett (43) (Privy-Purse), when beginning to read to his Majesty (31) what I had drawn up, by the time I had read half a page, came in Mr. Secretary Morice with a large paper, desiring to speak with his Majesty (31), who told him he was now very busy, and therefore ordered him to come again some other time; the Secretary replied that what he had in his hand was of extraordinary importance. So the King (31) rose up, and, commanding me to stay, went aside to a corner of the room with the Secretary; after a while, the Secretary being dispatched, his Majesty (31) returning to me at the table, a letter was brought him from Madame out of France;68 this he read and then bid me proceed from where I left off. This I did till I had ended all the narrative, to his Majesty's (31) great satisfaction; and, after I had inserted one or two more clauses, in which his Majesty (31) instructed me, commanded that it should that night be sent to the posthouse, directed to the Lord Ambassador at Paris (the Earl of St. Alban's), and then at leisure to prepare him a copy, which he would publish. This I did, and immediately sent my papers to the Secretary of State, with his Majesty's (31) express command of dispatching them that night for France. Before I went out of the King's (31) closet, he called me back to show me some ivory statues, and other curiosities that I had not seen before.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 October 1661

03 Oct 1661. Next evening, being in the withdrawing-room adjoining the bedchamber, his Majesty (31) espying me came to me from a great crowd of noblemen standing near the fire, and asked me if I had done; and told me he feared it might be a little too sharp, on second thoughts, for he had that morning spoken with the French Ambassador, who it seems had palliated the matter, and was very tame; and therefore directed me where I should soften a period or two, before it was published (as afterward it was). This night also he spoke to me to give him a sight of what was sent, and to bring it to him in his bedchamber; which I did, and received it again from him at dinner, next day. By Saturday, having finished it with all his Majesty's (31) notes, the King (31) being gone abroad, I sent the papers to Sir Henry Bennett (43) (Privy-Purse and a great favorite), and slipped home, being myself much indisposed and harassed with going about, and sitting up to write.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 October 1661

19 Oct 1661. I went to London to visit my Lord of Bristol (48), having been with Sir John Denham (46) his Majesty's (31) surveyor) to consult with him about the placing of his palace at Greenwich, which I would have had built between the river and the Queen's House, so as a large square cut should have let in the Thames like a bay; but Sir John (46) was for setting it on piles at the very brink of the water, which I did not assent to; and so came away, knowing Sir John (46) to be a better poet than architect, though he had Mr. Webb (Inigo Jones's man) to assist him.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 October 1661

29 Oct 1661. I saw the Lord Mayor pass in his water triumph to Westminster, being the first solemnity of this nature after twenty years.

John Evelyn's Diary November 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 02 November 1661

02 Nov 1661. Came Sir Henry Bennett (43), since Lord Arlington, to visit me, and to acquaint me that his Majesty (31) would do me the honor to come and see my garden; but, it being then late, it was deferred.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 November 1661

03 Nov 1661. One Mr. Breton preached his probation sermon at our parish church, and indeed made a most excellent discourse on John i. 29, of God's free grace to penitents, so that I could not but recommend him to the patron.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 November 1661

10 Nov 1661. In the afternoon, preached at the Abbey Dr. Basire, that great traveler, or rather French Apostle, who had been planting the Church of England in divers parts of the Levant and Asia. He showed that the Church of England was, for purity of doctrine, substance, decency, and beauty, the most perfect under Heaven; that England was the very land of Goshen.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 November 1661

11 Nov 1661. I was so idle as to go to see a play called "Love and Honor". Dined at Arundel House; and that evening discoursed with his Majesty (31) about shipping, in which he was exceedingly skillful.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 November 1661

15 Nov 1661. I dined with the Duke of Ormond (51), who told me there were no moles in Ireland, nor any rats till of late, and that in but one county; but it was a mistake that spiders would not live there, only they were not poisonous. Also, that they frequently took salmon with dogs.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 November 1661

16 Nov 1661. I presented my translation of "Naudæus concerning Libraries" to my Lord Chancellor (52); but it was miserably false printed.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 November 1661

17 Nov 1661. Dr. Creighton (22), a Scot, author of the "Florentine Council", and a most eloquent man and admirable Grecian, preached on Cant. vi. 13, celebrating the return and restoration of the Church and King.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 November 1661

20 Nov 1661. At the Royal Society, Sir William Petty (38) proposed divers things for the improvement of shipping; a versatile keel that should be on hinges and concerning sheathing ships with thin lead.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 November 1661

24 Nov 1661. This night his Majesty (31) fell into discourse with me concerning bees, etc.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 November 1661

26 Nov 1661. I saw "Hamlet, Prince of Denmark" played; but now the old plays began to disgust this refined age, since his Majesty's (31) being so long abroad.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 November 1661

28 Nov 1661. I dined at Chiffinch's house-warming, in St. James's Park; he was his Majesty's (31) closet-keeper, and had his new house full of good pictures, etc. There dined with us Russell, Popish Bishop of Cape Verd, who was sent out to negotiate his Majesty's (31) match with the Infanta of Portugal (23), after the Ambassador was returned.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 November 1661

29 Nov 1661. I dined at the Countess of Peterborough's (39) and went that evening to Parson's Green with my Lord Mordaunt (35), with whom I stayed that night.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1661

John Evelyn's Diary 01 December 1661

Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

01 Dec 1661. I took leave of my Lord Peterborough (40), going now to Tangier, which was to be delivered to the English on the match with Portugal.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 December 1661

03 Dec 1661. By universal suffrage of our philosophic assembly, an order was made and registered that I should receive their public thanks for the honorable mention I made of them by the name of Royal Society, in my Epistle dedicatory to the Lord Chancellor (52), before my Traduction of Naudæus. Too great an honor for a trifle.

John Evelyn's Diary 04 December 1661

04 Dec 1661. I had much discourse with the Duke of York (28), concerning strange cures he affirmed of a woman who swallowed a whole ear of barley, which worked out at her side. I told him of the KNIFE SWALLOWED and the pins.
I took leave of the Bishop of Cape Verd, now going in the fleet to bring over our new Queen (23).

John Evelyn's Diary 07 December 1661

07 Dec 1661. I dined at Arundel House, the day when the great contest in Parliament was concerning the restoring the Duke of Norfolk (34); however, it was carried for him. I also presented my little trifle of Sumptuary Laws, entitled "Tyrannus" [or "The Mode"].

John Evelyn's Diary 14 December 1661

14 Dec 1661. I saw otter hunting with the King (31), and killed one.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 December 1661

16 Dec 1661. I saw a French comedy acted at Whitehall.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 December 1661

20 Dec 1661. The Bishop of Gloucester (70) preached at the Abbey at the funeral of the Bishop of Hereford, brother to the Duke of Albemarle (53). It was a decent solemnity. There was a silver miter, with episcopal robes, borne by the herald before the hearse, which was followed by the Duke his brother (53), and all the bishops, with divers noblemen.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 December 1661

23 Dec 1661. I heard an Italian play and sing to the guitar with extraordinary skill before the Duke (28).