John Evelyn's Diary 1671

1667 Treaty of Breda

1671 Woodcock and Flatfoot Race at Newmarket

1671 Raid on Panama

1671 Blood Steals the Crown Jewels

John Evelyn's Diary 1671 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1670s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 10 January 1671

10 Jan 1671. Mr. Bohun, my son's (15) tutor, had been five years in my house, and now Bachelor of Laws, and Fellow of New College, went from me to Oxford to reside there, having well and faithfully performed his charge.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 January 1671

18 Jan 1671. This day I first acquainted his Majesty (40) with that incomparable young man, Gibbon (22), whom I had lately met with in an obscure place by mere accident, as I was walking near a poor solitary thatched house, in a field in our parish, near Sayes Court. I found him shut in; but looking in at the window, I perceived him carving that large cartoon, or crucifix, of Tintoretto, a copy of which I had myself brought from Venice, where the original painting remains. I asked if I might enter; he opened the door civilly to me, and I saw him about such a work as for the curiosity of handling, drawing, and studious exactness, I never had before seen in all my travels. I questioned him why he worked in such an obscure and lonesome place; he told me it was that he might apply himself to his profession without interruption, and wondered not a little how I found him out. I asked if he was unwilling to be made known to some great man, for that I believed it might turn to his profit; he answered, he was yet but a beginner, but would not be sorry to sell off that piece; on demanding the price, he said £100. In good earnest, the very frame was worth the money, there being nothing in nature so tender and delicate as the flowers and festoons about it, and yet the work was very strong; in the piece was more than one hundred figures of men, etc. I found he was likewise musical, and very civil, sober, and discreet in his discourse. There was only an old woman in the house. So, desiring leave to visit him sometimes, I went away.
Of this young artist (22), together with my manner of finding him out, I acquainted the King (40), and begged that he would give me leave to bring him and his work to Whitehall Palace, for that I would adventure my reputation with his Majesty (40) that he had never seen anything approach it, and that he would be exceedingly pleased, and employ him. The King (40) said he would himself go see him. This was the first notice his Majesty (40) ever had of Mr. Gibbon (22).

John Evelyn's Diary 20 January 1671

20 Jan 1671. The King (40) came to me in the Queen's (32) withdrawing-room from the circle of ladies, to talk with me as to what advance I had made in the Dutch History. I dined with the Treasurer (40), and afterward we went to the Secretary's (53) Office, where we conferred about divers particulars.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 January 1671

21 Jan 1671. I was directed to go to Sir George Downing (46), who having been a public minister in Holland, at the beginning of the war, was to give me light in some material passages.
This year the weather was so wet, stormy, and unseasonable, as had not been known in many years.

John Evelyn's Diary February 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 09 February 1671

09 Feb 1671. I saw the great ball danced by the Queen (32) and distinguished ladies at Whitehall Theater. Next day; was acted there the famous play, called, "The Siege of Granada", two days acted successively; there were indeed very glorious scenes and perspectives, the work of Mr. Streeter (50), who well understands it.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 February 1671

19 Feb 1671. This day dined with me Mr. Surveyor, Dr. Christopher Wren (47), and Mr. Pepys (37), Clerk of the Acts, two extraordinary, ingenious, and knowing persons, and other friends. I carried them to see the piece of carving which I had recommended to the King (40). Note. Those of Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721 (22) - see 18 Jan 1671.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 February 1671

25 Feb 1671. Came to visit me one of the Lords Commissioners of Scotland for the Union.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 February 1671

28 Feb 1671. The Treasurer (40) acquainted me that his Majesty (40) was graciously pleased to nominate me one of the Council of Foreign Plantations, and give me a salary of £500 per annum, to encourage me.

28 Feb 1671. [Note. Original entry stated 29 Feb 1671 which is clearly incorrect since 1671 isn't a leap year.] I went to thank the Treasurer (40), who was my great friend and loved me; I dined with him and much company, and went thence to my Lord Arlington (53), Secretary of State, in whose favor I likewise was upon many occasions, though I cultivated neither of their friendships by any mean submissions. I kissed his Majesty's (40) hand, on his making me one of the new-established Council.

John Evelyn's Diary March 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 01 March 1671

01 Mar 1671. I caused Mr. Gibbon (22) to bring to Whitehall his excellent piece of carving, where being come, I advertised his Majesty (40), who asked me where it was; I told him in Sir Richard Browne's (66) (my father-in-law) chamber, and that if it pleased his Majesty (40) to appoint whither it should be brought, being large and though of wood, heavy, I would take care for it. "No", says the King (40), "show me the way, I'll go to Sir Richard's (66) chamber", which he immediately did, walking along the entries after me; as far as the ewry, till he came up into the room, where I also lay. No sooner was he entered and cast his eyes on the work, but he was astonished at the curiosity of it; and having considered it a long time, and discoursed with Mr. Gibbon (22), whom I brought to kiss his hand, he commanded it should be immediately carried to the Queen's (32) side to show her. It was carried up into her bedchamber, where she (32) and the King (40) looked on and admired it again; the King (40), being called away, left us with the Queen (32), believing she would have bought it, it being a crucifix; but, when his Majesty (40) was gone, a French peddling woman, one Madame de Boord, who used to bring petticoats and fans, and baubles, out of France to the ladies, began to find fault with several things in the work, which she understood no more than an ass, or a monkey, so as in a kind of indignation, I caused the person who brought it to carry it back to the chamber, finding the Queen (32) so much governed by an ignorant Frenchwoman, and this incomparable artist had his labor only for his pains, which not a little displeased me; and he was fain to send it down to his cottage again; he not long after sold it for £80, though well worth £100, without the frame, to Sir George Viner (32).
His Majesty's (40) Surveyor, Mr. Wren (47), faithfully promised me to employ him (22). I having also bespoke his Majesty (40) for his work at Windsor Castle, which my friend, Mr. May (49), the architect there, was going to alter, and repair universally; for, on the next day, I had a fair opportunity of talking to his Majesty (40) about it, in the lobby next the Queen's (32) side, where I presented him with some sheets of my history. I thence walked with him through St. James's Park to the garden, where I both saw and heard a very familiar discourse between ... and Mrs. Nelly (21), as they called an impudent comedian, she looking out of her garden on a terrace at the top of the wall, and ... [Note. the elipsis here is John Evelyn being coy about the King's (40) conversation with Nell Gwyn.] standing on the green walk under it. I was heartily sorry at this scene. Thence the King (40) walked to the Duchess of Cleveland (30), another lady of pleasure, and curse of our nation.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 March 1671

05 Mar 1671. I dined at Greenwich, to take leave of Sir Thomas Linch, going Governor of Jamaica.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 March 1671

10 Mar 1671. To London, about passing my patent as one of the standing Council of Plantations, a considerable honor, the others in the Council being chiefly noblemen and officers of state.

John Evelyn's Diary April 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 02 April 1671

02 Apr 1671. To Sir Thomas Clifford (40), the Treasurer, to condole with him on the loss of his eldest son, who died at Florence.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 02 May 1671

02 May 1671. The French King (32), being now with a great army of 28,000 men about Dunkirk, divers of the grandees of that Court, and a vast number of gentlemen and cadets, in fantastical habits, came flocking over to see our Court and compliment his Majesty (40). I was present, when they first were conducted into the Queen's (32) withdrawing-room, where saluted their Majesties the Dukes of Guise [Note. Possibly Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé 1643-1709 (27) who ], Longueville, and many others of the first rank.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 May 1671

Blood Steals the Crown Jewels

10 May 1671. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's (40), in company with Monsieur De Grammont (50) and several French noblemen, and one Blood (53), that impudent, bold fellow who had not long before attempted to steal the imperial crown itself out of the Tower of London, pretending only curiosity of seeing the regalia there, when, stabbing the keeper, though not mortally, he boldly went away with it through all the guards, taken only by the accident of his horse falling down. How he came to be pardoned, and even received into favor, not only after this, but several other exploits almost as daring both in Ireland and here, I could never come to understand. Some believed he became a spy of several parties, being well with the sectaries and enthusiasts, and did his Majesty (40) services that way, which none alive could do so well as he; but it was certainly the boldest attempt, so the only treason of this sort that was ever pardoned. This man had not only a daring but a villanous, unmerciful look, a false countenance, but very well-spoken and dangerously insinuating.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 May 1671

11 May 1671. I went to Eltham, to sit as one of the commissioners about the subsidy now given by Parliament to his Majesty (40).

John Evelyn's Diary 17 May 1671

17 May 1671. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's (40) with the Earl of Arlington (53), Carlingford, Lord Arundel of Wardour (64), Lord Almoner to the Queen, a French Count and two abbots, with several more of French nobility; and now by something I had lately observed of Mr. Treasurer's (40) conversation on occasion, I suspected him a little warping to Rome.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 May 1671

25 May 1671. I dined at a feast made for me and my wife (36) by the Trinity House, for our passing a fine of the land which Sir R. Browne (66), my wife's (36) father, freely gave to found and build their college, or almshouses on, at Deptford, it being my wife's (36) after her father's decease. It was a good and charitable work and gift, but would have been better bestowed on the poor of that parish, than on the seamen's widows, the Trinity House being very rich, and the rest of the poor of the parish exceedingly indigent.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 May 1671

26 May 1671. The Earl of Bristol's (58) house in Queen's Street was taken for the Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, and furnished with rich hangings of the King's (40). It consisted of seven rooms on a floor, with a long gallery, gardens, etc. This day we met the Duke of Buckingham (43), Earl of Lauderdale (55), Lord Culpeper, Sir George Carteret (61), Vice-Chamberlain, and myself, had the oaths given us by the Earl of Sandwich (45), our President. It was to advise and counsel his Majesty (40), to the best of our abilities, for the well-governing of his Foreign Plantations, etc., the form very little differing from that given to the Privy Council. We then took our places at the Board in the Council-Chamber, a very large room furnished with atlases, maps, charts, globes, etc. Then came the Lord Keeper, Sir Orlando Bridgeman (65), Earl of Arlington (53), Secretary of State, Lord Ashley, Mr. Treasurer (40), Sir John Trevor (34), the other Secretary, Sir John Duncomb (49), Lord Allington (30), Mr. Grey, son to the Lord Grey, Mr. Henry Broncher, Sir Humphrey Winch (49), Sir John Finch, Mr. Waller (65), and Colonel Titus (48), of the bedchamber, with Mr. Slingsby, Secretary to the Council, and two Clerks of the Council, who had all been sworn some days before. Being all set, our Patent was read, and then the additional Patent, in which was recited this new establishment; then, was delivered to each a copy of the Patent, and of instructions: after which, we proceeded to business.
The first thing we did was, to settle the form of a circular letter to the Governors of all his Majesty's (40) Plantations and Territories in the West Indies and Islands thereof, to give them notice to whom they should apply themselves on all occasions, and to render us an account of their present state and government; but, what we most insisted on was, to know the condition of New England, which appearing to be very independent as to their regard to Old England, or his Majesty (40), rich and strong as they now were, there were great debates in what style to write to them; for the condition of that Colony was such, that they were able to contest with all other Plantations about them, and there was fear of their breaking from all dependence on this nation; his Majesty (40), therefore, commended this affair more expressly. We, therefore, thought fit, in the first place, to acquaint ourselves as well as we could of the state of that place, by some whom we heard of that were newly come from thence, and to be informed of their present posture and condition; some of our Council were for sending them a menacing letter, which those who better understood the peevish and touchy humor of that Colony, were utterly against.
A letter was then read from Sir Thomas Modiford (51), Governor of Jamaica; and then the Council broke up.
Having brought an action against one Cocke, for money which he had received for me, it had been referred to an arbitration by the recommendation of that excellent good man, the Chief-Justice Hale (61), but, this not succeeding, I went to advise with that famous lawyer, Mr. Jones, of Gray's Inn, and, 27th of May, had a trial before Chief Justice of the King's Bench Hale; and, after the lawyers had wrangled sufficiently, it was referred to a new arbitration. This was the very first suit at law that ever I had with any creature, and oh, that it might be the last!.

John Evelyn's Diary June 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 01 June 1671

01 Jun 1671. An installation at Windsor Castle.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 June 1671

06 Jun 1671. I went to Council, where was produced a most exact and ample information of the state of Jamaica, and of the best expedients as to New England, on which there was a long debate; but at length it was concluded that, if any, it should be only a conciliating paper at first, or civil letter, till we had better information of the present face of things, since we understood they were a people almost upon the very brink of renouncing any dependence on the Crown.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 June 1671

19 Jun 1671. To a splendid dinner at the great room in Deptford Trinity House, Sir Thomas Allen [Note. Possibly Thomas Allen 1st Baronet 1633-1690 (38), Thomas Allen 1603-1681 (68).] chosen Master, and succeeding the Earl of Craven (63).

John Evelyn's Diary 20 June 1671

20 Jun 1671. To carry Colonel Middleton to Whitehall (63), to my Lord Sandwich (45), our President, for some information which he was able to give of the state of the Colony in New England.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 June 1671

21 Jun 1671. To Council again, when one Colonel Cartwright, a Nottinghamshire man, (formerly in commission with Colonel Nicholls) gave us a considerable relation of that country; on which the Council concluded that in the first place a letter of amnesty should be dispatched.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 June 1671

24 Jun 1671. Constantine Huygens (74), Signor of Zuylichem, that excellent learned man, poet, and musician, now near eighty years of age, a vigorous, brisk man, came to take leave of me before his return into Holland with the Prince (20), whose Secretary he was.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 June 1671

26 Jun 1671. To Council, where Lord Arlington (53) acquainted us that it was his Majesty's (41) proposal we should, every one of us, contribute £20 toward building a Council chamber and conveniences somewhere in Whitehall, that his Majesty (41) might come and sit among us, and hear our debates; the money we laid out to be reimbursed out of the contingent moneys already set apart for us, viz, £1,000 yearly. To this we unanimously consented. There came an uncertain bruit from Barbadoes of some disorder there. On my return home I stepped in at the theater to see the new machines for the intended scenes, which were indeed very costly and magnificent.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 June 1671

29 Jun 1671. To Council, where were letters from Sir Thomas Modiford (51), of the expedition and exploit of Colonel Morgan (36), and others of Jamaica, on the Spanish Continent at Panama.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 04 July 1671

04 Jul 1671. To Council, where we drew up and agreed to a letter to be sent to New England, and made some proposal to Mr. Gorges, for his interest in a plantation there.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 July 1671

24 Jul 1671. To Council. Mr. Surveyor brought us a plot for the building of our Council chamber, to be erected at the end of the Privy garden, in Whitehall.

John Evelyn's Diary August 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 03 August 1671

03 Aug 1671. A full appearance at the Council. The matter in debate was, whether we should send a deputy to New England, requiring them of the Massachusetts to restore such to their limits and respective possessions, as had petitioned the Council; this to be the open commission only; but, in truth, with secret instructions to inform us of the condition of those Colonies, and whether they were of such power, as to be able to resist his Majesty (41) and declare for themselves as independent of the Crown, which we were told, and which of late years made them refractory. Colonel Middleton (63), being called in, assured us they might be curbed by a few of his Majesty's (41) first-rate frigates, to spoil their trade with the islands; but, though my Lord President (46) was not satisfied, the rest were, and we did resolve to advise his Majesty (41) to send Commissioners with a formal commission for adjusting boundaries, etc., with some other instructions.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 August 1671

1671 Raid on Panama

19 Aug 1671. To Council. The letters of Sir Thomas Modiford (51) were read, giving relation of the exploit at Panama, which was very brave; they took, burned, and pillaged the town of vast treasures, but the best of the booty had been shipped off, and lay at anchor in the South Sea, so that, after our men had ranged the country sixty miles about, they went back to Nombre de Dios, and embarked for Jamaica. Such an action had not been done since the famous Drake.
I dined at the Hamburg Resident's, and, after dinner, went to the christening of Sir Samuel Tuke's (56) son, Charles, at Somerset House, by a Popish priest, and many odd ceremonies. The godfathers were the King (41), and Lord Arundel of Wardour (64), and godmother, the Countess of Huntingdon (58). [Note. This must refer to the Dowager Countess of Huntingdon wife of Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon 1608-1656 since his successor Theophilus Hastings 7th Earl Huntingdon 1650-1701 (20) didn't marry until 1672.].

John Evelyn's Diary 29 August 1671

29 Aug 1671. To London, with some more papers of my progress in the Dutch War, delivered to the Treasurer (41).

John Evelyn's Diary September 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 01 September 1671

01 Sep 1671. Dined with the Treasurer (41), in company with my Lord Arlington (53), Halifax (37), and Sir Thomas Strickland [Note. Possibly Thomas Strickland 1621-1694 (49) or Thomas Strickland 2nd Baronet Strickland 1639-1684 (32).]; and next day, went home, being the anniversary of the late dreadful fire of London.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 September 1671

13 Sep 1671. This night fell a dreadful tempest.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1671

15 Sep 1671. In the afternoon at Council, where letters were read from Sir Charles Wheeler (51), concerning his resigning his government of St. Christopher's.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 September 1671

21 Sep 1671. I dined in the city, at the fraternity feast in Ironmongers' Hall, where the four stewards chose their successors for the next year, with a solemn procession, garlands about their heads, and music playing before them; so, coming up to the upper tables where the gentlemen sat, they drank to the new stewards; and so we parted.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 September 1671

22 Sep 1671. I dined at the Treasurer's (41), where I had discourse with Sir Henry Jones (now come over to raise a regiment of horse), concerning the French conquests in Lorraine; he told me the King (41) sold all things to the soldiers, even to a handful of hay.
Lord Sunderland (30) was now nominated Ambassador to Spain.
After dinner, the Treasurer (41) carried me to Lincoln's Inn, to one of the Parliament Clerks, to obtain of him, that I might carry home and peruse, some of the Journals, which were, accordingly, delivered to me to examine about the late Dutch War. Returning home, I went on shore to see the Custom House, now newly rebuilt since the dreadful conflagration.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 09 October 1671

Woodcock and Flatfoot Race at Newmarket

09 Oct 1671 and 10 Oct 1671. I went, after evening service, to London, in order to a journey of refreshment with Mr. Treasurer (41), to Newmarket, where the King (41) then was, in his coach with six brave horses, which we changed thrice, first, at Bishop-Stortford, and last, at Chesterford; so, by night, we got to Newmarket, where Mr. Henry Jermain (35) (nephew to the Earl of St. Alban (66)) lodged me very civilly. We proceeded immediately to Court, the King (41) and all the English gallants being there at their autumnal sports. Supped at the Lord Chamberlain's; and, the next day, after dinner, I was on the heath, where I saw the great match run between Woodcock and Flatfoot, belonging to the King (41), and to Mr. Eliot, of the bedchamber, many thousands being spectators; a more signal race had not been run for many years.
This over, I went that night with Mr. Treasurer (41) to Euston, a palace of Lord Arlington's (53), where we found Monsieur Colbert (46) (the French Ambassador), and the famous new French Maid of Honor, Mademoiselle Querouaille (22), now coming to be in great favor with the King (41). Here was also the Countess of Sunderland (25), and several lords and ladies, who lodged in the house.
During my stay here with Lord Arlington (53), near a fortnight, his Majesty (41) came almost every second day with the Duke (37), who commonly returned to Newmarket, but the King (41) often lay here, during which time I had twice the honor to sit at dinner with him (41), with all freedom. It was universally reported that the fair lady —— [Note. Probably Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (22)], was bedded one of these nights, and the stocking flung, after the manner of a married bride; I acknowledge she was for the most part in her undress all day, and that there was fondness and toying with that young wanton; nay, it was said, I was at the former ceremony; but it is utterly false; I neither saw nor heard of any such thing while I was there, though I had been in her chamber, and all over that apartment late enough, and was myself observing all passages with much curiosity. However, it was with confidence believed she was first made a Miss, as they called these unhappy creatures, with solemnity at this time.
On Sunday, a young Cambridge divine preached an excellent sermon in the chapel, the King (41) and the Duke of York (37) being present.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 October 1671

16 Oct 1671. Came all the great men from Newmarket, and other parts both of Suffolk and Norfolk, to make their court, the whole house filled from one end to the other with lords, ladies, and gallants; there was such a furnished table, as I had seldom seen, nor anything more splendid and free, so that for fifteen days there were entertained at least 200 people, and half as many horses, besides servants and guards, at infinite expense.
In the morning, we went hunting and hawking; in the afternoon, till almost morning, to cards and dice, yet I must say without noise, swearing, quarrel, or confusion of any sort. I, who was no gamester, had often discourse with the French Ambassador, Colbert (46), and went sometimes abroad on horseback with the ladies to take the air, and now and then to hunting; thus idly passing the time, but not without more often recess to my pretty apartment, where I was quite out of all this hurry, and had leisure when I would, to converse with books, for there is no man more hospitably easy to be withal than my Lord Arlington (53), of whose particular friendship and kindness I had ever a more than ordinary share. His house is a very noble pile, consisting of four pavilions after the French, beside a body of a large house, and, though not built altogether, but formed of additions to an old house (purchased by his Lordship (53) of one Sir T. Rookwood) yet with a vast expense made not only capable and roomsome, but very magnificent and commodious, as well within as without, nor less splendidly furnished. The staircase is very elegant, the garden handsome, the canal beautiful, but the soil dry, barren, and miserably sandy, which flies in drifts as the wind sits. Here my Lord was pleased to advise with me about ordering his plantations of firs, elms, limes, etc., up his park, and in all other places and avenues. I persuaded him to bring his park so near as to comprehend his house within it; which he resolved upon, it being now near a mile to it. The water furnishing the fountains, is raised by a pretty engine, or very slight plain wheels, which likewise serve to grind his corn, from a small cascade of the canal, the invention of Sir Samuel Morland (46). In my Lord's (53) house, and especially above the staircase, in the great hall and some of the chambers and rooms of state, are paintings in fresco by Signor Verrio (35), being the first work which he did in England.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 October 1671

17 Oct 1671. My Lord Henry Howard (43) coming this night to visit my Lord Chamberlain, and staying a day, would needs have me go with him to Norwich, promising to convey me back, after a day or two; this, as I could not refuse, I was not hard to be pursuaded to, having a desire to see that famous scholar and physician, Dr. T. Browne (65), author of the "Religio Medici" and "Vulgar Errors", now lately knighted. Thither, then, went my Lord and I alone, in his flying chariot with six horses; and by the way, discoursing with me of several of his concerns, he acquainted me of his going to marry his eldest son (43) to one of the King's (41) natural daughters [Note. Either Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (10) or Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (7).], by the Duchess of Cleveland (30); by which he reckoned he (43) should come into mighty favor. He (43) also told me that, though he kept that idle creature, Mrs. B—— [Note. Jane Bickerton Duchess Norfolk 1643-1693 (28)], and would leave £200 a year to the son [Note. Henry Howard and Jane Bickerton had three sons; not clear which is being referred to since the eldest may have died and the reference may be to a surviving son.] he had by her (28), he would never marry her (28), and that the King (41) himself had cautioned him against it. All the world knows how he kept his promise [Note. meaning he didn't keep his promise since Henry Howard did marry Jane Bickerton - this a case of John Evelyn writing his diary retrospectively?], and I was sorry at heart to hear what now he confessed to me; and that a person and a family which I so much honored for the sake of that noble and illustrious friend of mine, his grandfather, should dishonor and pollute them both with those base and vicious courses he of late had taken since the death of Sir Samuel Tuke (56), and that of his own virtuous lady (my Lady Anne Somerset, sister to the Marquis); who, while they lived, preserved this gentleman by their example and advice from those many extravagances that impaired both his fortune and reputation.
Being come to the Ducal palace, my Lord (43) made very much of me; but I had little rest, so exceedingly desirous he was to show me the contrivance he had made for the entertainment of their Majesties, and the whole Court not long before, and which, though much of it was but temporary, apparently framed of boards only, was yet standing. As to the palace, it is an old wretched building, and that part of it newly built of brick, is very ill understood; so as I was of the opinion it had been much better to have demolished all, and set it up in a better place, than to proceed any further; for it stands in the very market-place, and, though near a river, yet a very narrow muddy one, without any extent.
Next morning, I went to see Sir Thomas Browne (65) (with whom I had some time corresponded by letter, though I had never seen him before); his whole house and garden being a paradise and cabinet of rarities; and that of the best collection, especially medals, books, plants, and natural things. Among other curiosities, Sir Thomas (65) had a collection of the eggs of all the fowl and birds he could procure, that country (especially the promontory of Norfolk) being frequented, as he said, by several kinds which seldom or never go further into the land, as cranes, storks, eagles, and variety of water fowl. He led me to see all the remarkable places of this ancient city, being one of the largest, and certainly, after London, one of the noblest of England, for its venerable cathedral, number of stately churches, cleanness of the streets, and buildings of flint so exquisitely headed and squared, as I was much astonished at; but he told me they had lost the art of squaring the flints, in which they so much excelled, and of which the churches, best houses, and walls, are built. The Castle is an antique extent of ground, which now they call Marsfield, and would have been a fitting area to have placed the Ducal palace in. The suburbs are large, the prospects sweet, with other amenities, not omitting the flower gardens, in which all the inhabitants excel. The fabric of stuffs brings a vast trade to this populous town.
Being returned to my Lord's, who had been with me all this morning, he advised with me concerning a plot to rebuild his house, having already, as he said, erected a front next the street, and a left wing, and now resolving to set up another wing and pavilion next the garden, and to convert the bowling green into stables. My advice was, to desist from all, and to meditate wholly on rebuilding a handsome palace at Arundel House, in the Strand, before he proceeded further here, and then to place this in the Castle, that ground belonging to his Lordship.
I observed that most of the church yards (though some of them large enough) were filled up with earth, or rather the congestion of dead bodies one upon another, for want of earth, even to the very top of the walls, and some above the walls, so as the churches seemed to be built in pits.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 October 1671

18 Oct 1671. I returned to Euston, in Lord Henry Howard's (43) coach, leaving him at Norwich, in company with a very ingenious gentleman, Mr. White, whose father and mother (daughter to the late Lord Treasurer Weston, Earl of Portland) I knew at Rome, where this gentleman was born, and where his parents lived and died with much reputation, during their banishment in our civil broils.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 October 1671

21 Oct 1671. Quitting Euston, I lodged this night at Newmarket, where I found the jolly blades racing, dancing, feasting, and reveling; more resembling a luxurious and abandoned rout, than a Christian Court. The Duke of Buckingham (43) was now in mighty favor, and had with him that impudent woman, the Countess of Shrewsbury (29), with his band of fiddlers, etc.
Next morning, in company with Sir Bernard Gascoyne (57), and Lord Hawley (63), I came in the Treasurer's coach to Bishop Stortford, where he gave us a noble supper. The following day, to London, and so home.

John Evelyn's Diary November 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 14 November 1671

14 Nov 1671. To Council, where Sir Charles Wheeler (51), late Governor of the Leeward Islands, having been complained of for many indiscreet managements, it was resolved, on scanning many of the particulars, to advise his Majesty (41) to remove him; and consult what was to be done, to prevent these inconveniences he had brought things to. This business staid me in London almost a week, being in Council, or Committee, every morning till the 25th.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 November 1671

1667 Treaty of Breda

27 Nov 1671. We ordered that a proclamation should be presented to his Majesty (41) to sign, against what Sir Charles Wheeler (51) had done in St. Christopher's since the war, on the articles of peace at Breda. He (51) was shortly afterward recalled.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1671

John Evelyn's Diary 06 December 1671

06 Dec 1671. Came to visit me Sir William Haywood, a great pretender to English antiquities.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 December 1671

14 Dec 1671. Went to see the Duke of Buckingham's (43) ridiculous farce and rhapsody, called the "The Recital" [Note. This is an error by Evelyn - he means the play The Rehearsal.] buffooning all plays, yet profane enough.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 December 1671

23 Dec 1671. The Councillors of the Board of Trade dined together at Cock, in Suffolk street.