John Evelyn's Diary 1691

1690 Battle of the Boyne

1691 Destruction of Whitehall Palace by Fire

John Evelyn's Diary 1691 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1690s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 04 January 1691

04 Jan 1691. This week a PLOT was discovered for a general rising against the new Government, for which (Henry) Lord Clarendon and others were sent to the Tower. The next day, I went to see Lord Clarendon. The Bishop of Ely (53) searched for. Trial of Lord Preston (41), as not being an English Peer, hastened at the Old Bailey.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 January 1691

18 Jan 1691. Lord Preston (41) condemned about a design to bring in King James (57) by the French. Ashton executed. The Bishop of Ely (53), Mr. Graham, etc., absconded.

John Evelyn's Diary March 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 13 March 1691

13 Mar 1691. I went to visit Monsieur Justell and the Library at St. James's, in which that learned man had put the MSS. (which were in good number) into excellent order, they having lain neglected for many years. Divers medals had been stolen and embezzled.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 March 1691

21 Mar 1691. Dined at Sir William Fermor's (42), who showed me many good pictures. After dinner, a French servant played rarely on the lute. Sir William (42) had now bought all the remaining statues collected with so much expense by the famous Thomas, Earl of Arundel, and sent them to his seat at Easton, near Towcester.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 March 1691

25 Mar 1691. Lord Sidney (42), principal Secretary of State, gave me a letter to Lord Lucas (41), Lieutenant of the Tower, to permit me to visit Lord Clarendon; which this day I did, and dined with him.

John Evelyn's Diary April 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 10 April 1691

Destruction of Whitehall Palace by Fire

10 Apr 1691. This night, a sudden and terrible fire burned down all the buildings over the stone gallery at Whitehall to the water side, beginning at the apartment of the late Duchess of Portsmouth (41) [Note. Not clear why 'late' since Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (41) died in 1734; possibly relates to her fall from grace following the death of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685] (which had been pulled down and rebuilt no less than three times to please her), and consuming other lodgings of such lewd creatures, who debauched both King Charles II and others, and were his destruction.
The King (40) returned out of Holland just as this accident happened—Proclamation against the Papists, etc.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 April 1691

16 Apr 1691. I went to see Dr. Sloane's curiosities, being an universal collection of the natural productions of Jamaica, consisting of plants, fruits, corals, minerals, stones, earth, shells, animals, and insects, collected with great judgment; several folios of dried plants, and one which had about 80 several sorts of ferns, and another of grasses; the Jamaica pepper, in branch, leaves, flower, fruit, etc. This collection with his Journal and other philosophical and natural discourses and observations, indeed very copious and extraordinary, sufficient to furnish a history of that island, to which I encouraged him.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 April 1691

19 Apr 1691. The Archbishop of Canterbury (74), and Bishops of Ely (53), Bath and Wells (53), Peterborough (63), Gloucester (69), and the rest who would not take the oaths to King William (40), were now displaced; and in their rooms, Dr. Tillotson (60), Dean of St. Paul's, was made Archbishop: Patrick (64) removed from Chichester to Ely; Cumberland (59) to Gloucester. Note. A mistake. Edward Fowler Bishop 1632-1714 (59) was made Bishop of Gloucester. Richard Cumberland Bishop 1631-1718 (59) was made Bishop of Peterborough.

John Evelyn's Diary 22 April 1691

22 Apr 1691. I dined with Lord Clarendon in the Tower.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 April 1691

24 Apr 1691. I visited the Earl (49) and Countess of Sunderland (45), now come to kiss the King's (40) hand after his return from Holland. This is a mystery. The King (40) preparing to return to the army.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 07 May 1691

07 May 1691. I went to visit the Archbishop of Canterbury (74) [Sancroft] yet at Lambeth. I found him alone, and discoursing of the times, especially of the newly designed Bishops; he told me that by no canon or divine law they could justify the removing of the present incumbents; that Dr. Beveridge, designed Bishop of Bath and Wells, came to ask his advice; that the Archbishop (74) told him, though he should give it, he believed he would not take it; the Doctor said he would; why then, says the Archbishop (74), when they come to ask, say "Nolo", and say it from the heart; there is nothing easier than to resolve yourself what is to be done in the case: the Doctor seemed to deliberate. What he will do I know not, but Bishop Ken (53), who is to be put out, is exceedingly beloved in his diocese; and, if he and the rest should insist on it, and plead their interest as freeholders, it is believed there would be difficulty in their case, and it may endanger a schism and much disturbance, so as wise men think it had been better to have let them alone, than to have proceeded with this rigor to turn them out for refusing to swear against their consciences. I asked at parting, when his Grace removed; he said that he had not yet received any summons, but I found the house altogether disfurnished and his books packed up.

John Evelyn's Diary June 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 01 June 1691

01 Jun 1691. I went with my son (36), and brother-in-law, Glanville (72), and his son, to Wotton, to solemnize the funeral of my nephew, which was performed the next day very decently and orderly by the herald in the afternoon, a very great appearance of the country being there. I was the chief mourner; the pall was held by Sir Francis Vincent, Sir Richard Onslow (36), Mr. Thomas Howard (son to Sir Robert, and Captain of the King's Guard), Mr. Hyldiard, Mr. James, Mr. Herbert, nephew to Lord Herbert of Cherbury, and cousin-german to my deceased nephew. He was laid in the vault at Wotton Church, in the burying place of the family. A great concourse of coaches and people accompanied the solemnity.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 June 1691

10 Jun 1691. I went to visit Lord Clarendon, still prisoner in the Tower, though Lord Preston (41) being pardoned was released.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 June 1691

17 Jun 1691. A fast.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 11 July 1691

11 Jul 1691. I dined with Mr. Pepys (58), where was Dr. Cumberland (59), the new Bishop of Norwich [Note. Should be John Moore Bishop 1646-1707], Dr. Lloyd (54) having been put out for not acknowledging the Government. Cumberland [Note. John Moore Bishop 1646-1707] is a very learned, excellent man. Possession was now given to Dr. Tillotson (60), at Lambeth, by the Sheriff; Archbishop Sancroft was gone (74), but had left his nephew to keep possession; and he refusing to deliver it up on the Queen's message (29), was dispossessed by the Sheriff, and imprisoned. This stout demeanor of the few Bishops who refused to take the oaths to King William (40), animated a great party to forsake the churches, so as to threaten a schism; though those who looked further into the ancient practice, found that when (as formerly) there were Bishops displaced on secular accounts, the people never refused to acknowledge the new Bishops, provided they were not heretics. The truth is, the whole clergy had till now stretched the duty of passive obedience, so that the proceedings against these Bishops gave no little occasion of exceptions; but this not amounting to heresy, there was a necessity of receiving the new Bishops, to prevent a failure of that order in the Church. I went to visit Lord Clarendon in the Tower, but he was gone into the country for air by the Queen's (29) permission, under the care of his warden.

John Evelyn's Diary 18 July 1691

18 Jul 1691. To London to hear Mr. Stringfellow preach his first sermon in the newly erected Church of Trinity, in Conduit Street; to which I did recommend him to Dr. Tenison (54) for the constant preacher and lecturer. This Church, formerly built of timber on Hounslow-Heath by King James (57) for the mass priests, being begged by Dr. Tenison (54), rector of St. Martin's, was set up by that public-minded, charitable, and pious man near my son's dwelling in Dover Street, chiefly at the charge of the Doctor (54). I know him to be an excellent preacher and a fit person. This Church, though erected in St. Martin's, which is the Doctor's parish, he was not only content, but was the sole industrious mover, that it should be made a separate parish, in regard of the neighborhood having become so populous. Wherefore to countenance and introduce the new minister, and take possession of a gallery designed for my son's family, I went to London, where, [NOTE. Text runs out?].

John Evelyn's Diary 19 July 1691

Battle of the Boyne

19 Jul 1691. In the morning Dr. Tenison (54) preached the first sermon, taking his text from Psalm xxvi. 8. "Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honor dwelleth". In concluding, he gave that this should be made a parish church so soon as the Parliament sat, and was to be dedicated to the Holy Trinity, in honor of the three undivided persons in the Deity; and he minded them to attend to that faith of the church, now especially that Arianism, Socinianism, and atheism began to spread among us. In the afternoon, Mr. Stringfellow preached on Luke vii. 5. "The centurion who had built a synagogue". He proceeded to the due praise of persons of such public spirit, and thence to such a character of pious benefactors in the person of the generous centurion, as was comprehensive of all the virtues of an accomplished Christian, in a style so full, eloquent, and moving, that I never heard a sermon more apposite to the occasion. He modestly insinuated the obligation they had to that person who should be the author and promoter of such public works for the benefit of mankind, especially to the advantage of religion, such as building and endowing churches, hospitals, libraries, schools, procuring the best editions of useful books, by which he handsomely intimated who it was that had been so exemplary for his benefaction to that place. Indeed, that excellent person, Dr. Tenison, had also erected and furnished a public library [in St. Martin's]; and set up two or three free schools at his own charges. Besides this, he was of an exemplary, holy life, took great pains in constantly preaching, and incessantly employing himself to promote the service of God both in public and private. I never knew a man of a more universal and generous spirit, with so much modesty, prudence, and piety.
The great victory of King William's army in Ireland was looked on as decisive of that war. The French General, St. Ruth, who had been so cruel to the poor Protestants in France, was slain, with divers of the best commanders; nor was it cheap to us, having 1,000 killed, but of the enemy 4,000 or 5,000.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 July 1691

26 Jul 1691. An extraordinary hot season, yet refreshed by some thundershowers.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 July 1691

28 Jul 1691. I went to Wotton.

John Evelyn's Diary August 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 02 August 1691

02 Aug 1691. No sermon in the church in the afternoon, and the curacy ill-served.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 August 1691

16 Aug 1691. A sermon by the curate; an honest discourse, but read without any spirit, or seeming concern; a great fault in the education of young preachers. Great thunder and lightning on Thursday, but the rain and wind very violent. Our fleet come in to lay up the great ships; nothing done at sea, pretending that we cannot meet the French.

John Evelyn's Diary September 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 13 September 1691

13 Sep 1691. A great storm at sea; we lost the "Coronation" and "Harwich" above 600 men perishing.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 14 October 1691

14 Oct 1691. A most pleasing autumn. Our navy come in without having performed anything, yet there has been great loss of ships by negligence, and unskillful men governing the fleet and Navy board.

John Evelyn's Diary November 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 07 November 1691

07 Nov 1691. I visited the Earl of Dover (55), who having made his peace with the King, was now come home. The relation he gave of the strength of the French King, and the difficulty of our forcing him to fight, and any way making impression into France, was very wide from what we fancied.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 November 1691

08 Nov 1691 to 30 Nov 1691. An extraordinary dry and warm season, without frost, and like a new spring; such as had not been known for many years. Part of the King's house at Kensington was burned.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1691

John Evelyn's Diary 06 December 1691

06 Dec 1691. Discourse of another PLOT, in which several great persons were named, but believed to be a sham. A proposal in the House of Commons that every officer in the whole nation who received a salary above £500 or otherwise by virtue of his office, should contribute it wholly to the support of the war with France, and this upon their oath.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 December 1691

25 Dec 1691. My daughter-in-law was brought to bed of a daughter.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 December 1691

26 Dec 1691. An exceedingly dry and calm winter; no rain for many past months.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 December 1691

28 Dec 1691. Dined at Lambeth with the new Archbishop (61). Saw the effect of my greenhouse furnace, set up by the Archbishop's son-in-law.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 December 1691

30 Dec 1691. I again saw Mr. Charlton's collection of spiders, birds, scorpions, and other serpents, etc.