Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 15 1540

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 15 1540 is in Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 15 10 Jun 1540

After 10 Jun 1540. Burnet, iv. 415. 60. Not printed in the Statutes at Large. [c. 62]. Attainder of Thomas Crumwell, earl of Essex (55), whom the King has raised from a very base and low degree to the state of an earl, and who nevertheless, as is proved by many "personages of great honor, worship, and discretion," has been the most detestable traitor that has been seen during the King's reign, and has of his own authority set at liberty divers persons convicted of misprision of treason and others apprehended upon suspicion of treason; and also has, for sums of money, granted licences for the export of money, corn, &c., contrary to the King's proclamations; and also has appointed commissioners in important affairs without the King's knowledge; and also "being a person of as poor and low degree as few be" within this realm, has said publicly, "That he was sure of you" (i.e. the King), and it is detestable that any subject should speak so of his sovereign; and also has give passports to divers persons to go over sea without search; and also, being a detestable heretic, has dispersed into all shires false and erroneous books, many of which were printed beyond seas, tending to the discredit of the blessed sacrament of the altar and other articles of religion declared by the King by the authority of Parliament, and has caused parts of the said books to be translated into English, and although the report made by the translator thereof has been that the matter was expressly against the sacrament of the altar, has, after reading the translation, affirmed the heresy so translated to be good; and also has obstinately maintained that every Christian may be a minister of the said sacrament as well as a priest; and also, being the King's vicegerent to reform errors and direct ecclesiastical causes, has, without the King's knowledge, licensed heretics to preach and teach, and has actually written to sheriffs in sundry shires, as if it were the King's pleasure, to set at large many false heretics; and also upon complaints being made to him of heretics, has defended the said heretics, and rebuked the credible persons, their accusers, &c.; and moreover, 31 March 30 Hen. VIII., in the parish of St. Peter the Poor in London, upon information made to him against certain new preachers, as Robert Barnes and other, whereof part be now in the Tower for preaching against the King's proclamations, did arrogantly say in defence of their preaching, "That if the King would turn from it, yet I would not turn; and if the King did turn and all his people I would fight in the field in my own person with my sword in my hand against him and all other," and held up his dagger saying, "Or else this dagger thrust me to the heart if I would not die in that quarrel against them all; and I trust if I live one year or two it shall not lie in the King's power to resist or let it if he would," and affirming the words by a great oath, &c.; and moreover by bribery and extortion he obtained innumerable sums of money, and, being so enriched, has held the nobles of the Realm in great disdain, "and being put in remembrance of others of his estate which your Highness hath called him unto offending in like treasons," said, 31 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII., in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, Midd., "That if the lords would handle him so, that he would give them such a breakfast as never was made in England, and that the proudest of them should know." To suffer as a heretic or traitor, at the King's pleasure, and forfeit all property held since 31 March 30 Hen. VIII. Saving clause excepting the deanery of Wells from forfeiture.

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

II. Acts printed in the Statutes at Large, but not entered on the Parliament Roll:—.

Cap. 49 [original no. [The number of the original Act as preserved in the Parliament Office. 46]. The King's general pardon.

Exception is made of heretical opinions touching the sacrament, treason, murder, and some other crimes. It is not to extend to the following persons:—Cromwell, Marg. countess of Salisbury, Arthur lord Lisle, and Honor his wife, Leonard lord Gray, Walter lord Hungerford, Ric. bp. of Chichester, Edw. Courteney son to the late marquis of Exeter, Henry Pole son of Lord Montagew, Nich. Wilson, priest, Wm. Byrde vicar of Bradforde, Giles Heron, Marg. wife of Wm. Tyrrell, Ric. Fetherston, Thos. Abell, Edw. Powell, priest, Laur. Coke late prior of Dancaster, Wm. Horne late lay brother of the Charterhouse, Chr. Joy, Clement Philpot, John Wollar, Edw. Corbet now prisoner, John Browne his servant, Edm. Bryndeholme, priest, Thos. Tytchet, Wm. Stevens, Wm. Hawkyns late of Calais, Robt. Barnes, priest, Thos. Garrard parson of Hony Lane, Wm. Jerome, priest. Ric. Manchester, priest, Wm. More, harper, Darby Gynnyng, Edm. Sexton, Charles Carowe, Ant. Bowgegood, Adam Damplyp, Hen. Goderyk parson of Hothefeld in Kent, and all persons who have been attainted by Act of Parliament, or excepted by name out of previous pardons, or have fled the realm for treason, and also John Gynden. A proviso is added excepting all treasons committed beyond sea and the following heresies: (1) that infants ought not to be baptised or should be re-baptised on reaching lawful age, (2) that a Christian may not bear rule in the commonwealth, (3) "that no man's laws ought to be obeyed," (4) that a Christian may not take oath before a judge, (5) "that Christ took no bodily substance of our blessed Lady," (6) "that sinners after baptism cannot be restored by repentance," (7) that every man's death is predetermined by God, so that neither prince's sword nor man's own wilfulness can change it, (8) "that all things be common and nothing several"; and also excepting Gregory Buttolph, priest, Ric. Farmour of Eston, Ntht., and Robt. Jewet late keeper of Newgate. [This Act was concluded on 16 July.—See Lords' Journals.]

C. 50 [o. n. 78]. The Bill for the Subsidy.