Biography of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1509 Death of Henry VII

1509 Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1533 Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

1536 Marriage of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1537 Death of Jane Seymour

1540 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

1540 Anne of Cleves Annulment

1540 Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Howard

1542 Battle of Solway Moss

1543 Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

1546 Henry VIII Revises his Will

1547 Death of Henry VIII Accession of Edward VI

1547 Edward VI Appointments

1547 Coronation of Edward VI

1549 Creation of Knights of the Garter

1549 Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

1551 Creation of Knights of the Garter

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1551 Edward VI's 14th Birthday

1551 Arrest of the Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1552 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1552 Creation of Knights of the Garter

1553 Death of Edward VI

1553 Funeral of King Edward VI

1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I

1665 Great Plague of London

On 28 Jun 1491 [his father] Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia. [his father] He was created as Duke Cornwall.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

In 1494 [his father] Henry VIII (2) was created 1st Duke York 3C 1494.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 [his father] Henry VIII (12) was created Prince of Wales and Earl Chester 8C 1504. John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (24) was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted.

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 [his grandfather] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace. Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England.

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 23 Jun 1509 [his father] Henry VIII (17) and Catherine of Aragon (23) were married at the Church of the Observant Friars. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 [his half-brother] Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. [his half-brother] He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.

On 22 Feb 1511 [his half-brother] Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 [his illegitimate half-brother] Henry Fitzroy (6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset by his father Henry VIII (33) at Bridewell Palace.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),

Henry Counrtenay (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter 1C 1525. Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (22) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.

Henry Clifford (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.

Thomas Manners (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (30) by marriage Countess Rutland.

Henry Brandon (2) was created 1st Earl Lincoln 7C 1525. Given the Earldom of Rutland to reflect his descent from Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (85) sister of the previous Earl of Rutland (82). At the same time his arms Manners were augmented with the Manners Augmented

Robert Radclyffe (42) was created 1st Viscount Fitzwalter.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant. Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545. Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542. He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Read More ...

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 [his father] Henry VIII (41) and Queen Anne Boleyn of England (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (46) at Whitehall Palace. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1496-1546 (37), Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (51) witnessed.

Sometime after the marriage Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (38) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Queen Anne Boleyn of England (32). She would go to serve Henry's next three wives.

Around 1534 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Queen Anne Boleyn of England. The attribution is contentious. Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Anne Boleyn of England.

Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

On 28 Nov 1533 [his illegitimate half-brother] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (14) and Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) were married. They were third cousins. He a son of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. She by marriage Duchess of Richmond and Somerset. Another coup for the Howard Family especially in view of Henry Fitzroy being considered by some as a possible heir in view of Anne Boleyn having given birth to a girl.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 [his father] Henry VIII (44) and [his mother] Jane Seymour (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester (53). He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [his mother] She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (41) was appointed Lady in Waiting to [his mother] Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27).

1537. Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 wearing a pendant with the letters IHS ie the first three letters of Christ's name in Greek.

On 23 Jul 1536 [his illegitimate half-brother] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (17) died at St James's Palace. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 12 Oct 1537 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was born to [his father] Henry VIII (46) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) at Hampton Court Palace.

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and [his half-sister] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.

Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (45), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.

[his uncle] Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (34) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.

[his uncle] Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford 2C 1537, 1st Viscount Beauchamp.

Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester 9C 1537.

Nicholas Carew (41), Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.

Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (27), Edward Neville 1471-1538 (66), [his uncle] Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.

Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 and Bishop John Bell -1556 attended.

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. In 1544 Gerlach Flicke Painter 1520-1558. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540. Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539. Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Nicholas Carew of Beddington in Surrey KG 1496-1539.

Read More ...

Death of Jane Seymour

On 24 Oct 1537 [his mother] Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) died at Hampton Court Palace at two in the morning as a result of complications arising childbirth.

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (43). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (2)

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

On 06 Jan 1540 [his father] Henry VIII (48) and [his step-mother] Anne of Cleves (24) were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (50) at Palace of Placentia. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [his step-mother] Anne of Cleves (24) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (45) was appointed Lady in Waiting to [his step-mother] Anne of Cleves (24).

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Anne of Cleves.

Anne of Cleves Annulment

On 09 Jul 1540 [his father] Henry VIII's (49) marriage to Anne of Cleves (24) was annulled. He gave her a generours settlement including Richmond Palace and Hever Castle. Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 signed the delcaration. She was given precedence above all other women other than the King's wife future wives and daughters, referring to her thereafter as The King's Sister. She lived seventeen more years outliving Henry's two next wives Queen Catherine Howard of England 1523-1542 (17) and Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (27), and Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (2).

In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548. Around 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Howard

On 28 Jul 1540 [his father] Henry VIII (49) and [his step-mother] Catherine Howard (17) were married at Oatlands Palace. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [his step-mother] She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (45) was appointed Lady in Waiting to [his step-mother] Queen Catherine Howard of England 1523-1542 (17).

Battle of Solway Moss

On 25 Nov 1542 Thomas Wharton 1st Baron Wharton 1495-1568 (47) commanded the English forces at Battle of Solway Moss at Solway Moss. John Thynne 1515-1580 (27) fought. Of the Scottish army Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming 1494-1547 (48), Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558 (27) and Laurence Oliphant 3rd Lord Oliphant -1566 fought.

William Graham 3rd Earl Menteith 1500-1543 (42) was captured. He was ransomed in 1453.

William Cunningham 4th Earl Glencairn 1493-1548 (49) was captured and committed to the custody of Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (69). He was released on payment of a ransom of a thousand pounds and subscribing by his own hand to support [his father] Henry VIII's (51) project of a marriage between the young Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (5) and the Mary Queen of Scots.

Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1575. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513. Wearing the clothes he wore at the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots and the French Dauphin on 24 Apr 1558.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 [his father] Henry VIII (52) and Catherine Parr (30) were married at Hampton Court Palace some four months after the death of her previous husband They were third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (30) was crowned Queen Consort England. His sixth and last marriage, her third marriage. He would die four years later after which she would marry again. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 (27) attended.

Around 1546 Unknown Painter. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (8).

Henry VIII Revises his Will

On 30 Dec 1546 [his father] Henry VIII (55) made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9), Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (30) and Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (13).

The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (46), Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (57), Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (45), John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (42), William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (45), Edward Montagu Chief Justice 1485-1557 (61), Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564 (50), William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (40), William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 (63), John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (61), [his uncle] Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (46), Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop of Durham 1474-1559 (72) and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton 1505-1550 (41).

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1560 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570. In 1549 Unknown Painter. Flemish. Portrait of William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563. Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 wearing his Garter Collar and Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton 1505-1550.

In 1547 Maurice Berkeley Standard Bearer 1506-1581 (41) was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

Around 1547. Workshop of Master John Painter. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

Death of Henry VIII Accession of Edward VI

On 28 Jan 1547 [his father] Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace. Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) succeeded VI King England.

Thomas Wendy Physician 1500-1560 (46) attended the King. He was one of the witnesses to the King’s last will and testament, for which he received £100.

John Stow's Annales of England Edward VI 1547. 28 Jan 1547. Edward (9) the first borne at Hampton court (by the decease of [his father] k. Henry (55) his father) began his raigne the 28 of January, and was proclaimed k. of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and of the churches of England and also of Ireland the supreme head immedlatly in earth under God, & on the last day of January, in the yere of Christ after the Church of England 1546 but after the accompt of them that begin the yere at Chatfimas 1547 being then of the age of nine yéeres. And the same day in the afternoone the saide young king came to the tower of London from Hertford, and rode into the City at Aldgate, and so along the wall by the crossed Friars to the Tower hill, & entred at the red bulwarke, where be was received by sir John Gage (67) constable of the tower, and the lieutenant on horseback, the Earle of Hertford (47) riding before the king, and sir Anthony Browne (47) riding after him: and on the bridge next the warde gate, the archbishop of Canterbury (57), the lorde Chancellor (41), with other great lords of the Councell received him, and so brought him to his chamber of pretence, there they were sworne to his majesty.

John Stow's Annales of England Edward VI 1547. The first daie of February the [his uncle] earle of Hertford (47) lord protector in the tower of London, endued King Edward (9) with the order of knighthod: and then immediatly the king standing up, under the cloth of estate, Henry Hoblethorne lord Major of London was called, who kneeling downe, the king toke the sword of the lord protector and made him knight, which was the first that ever he made. Then the lords called the judges and communed with them, and then every one of them came before the king, who put forth his hand,and every of them kissed it: then master William Porteman one of the judges of the kings bench was called forth, whom the king made knight, and then the king moving his cap departed to his privie chamber againe.

Edward VI Appointments

After 16 Feb 1547. The date uncertain but likely to be after the funeral of [his father] Henry VIII Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 made a number of new appointments although given Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was only nine years old at the time, the titles were, in effect, bestowed by Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552

[his step-uncle] William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (35) was created 1st Marquess Northampton 1C 1547.

[his uncle] Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley 1508-1549 (39) was created 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley and appointed Lord High Admiral.

New Garter Knights:

318th Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (30).

319th Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (37).

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571. Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572.

Read More ...

Coronation of Edward VI

On 20 Feb 1547 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) was crowned VI King England at Westminster Abbey.

John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (62) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (34) was appointed Lord High Constable.

Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (18), George Vernon "King of the Peak" 1508-1565 (39), Richard Devereux 1513-1547 (34) and William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) were created Knight of the Bath.

Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1560 (33), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, William Sharington 1495-1553 (52), John Shelton 1503-1558 (44) and Walter Buckler -1556 were knighted.

Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (39) attended as the King's Champion.

Alexander Unton 1494-1547 (53) and Edward Rogers Comptroller 1498-1568 (49) were knighted.

In 1550 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 with the motto Invidia Torquet Autorem meaning Let envy torment its author. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Anglo-Netherlandish. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580. In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant. Around 1542 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of William Sharington 1495-1553.

Read More ...

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. . The twentith daie of Februarie, being the Soundaie Quinquagesima, the Kinges Majestie Edward the Sixth (9), of the age of nyne yeares and three monthes, was crowned King (9) of this realme of Englande, France, and Irelande, within the church of Westminster, with great honor and solemnitie, and a great feast keept that daie in Westminster Hall which was rychlie hanged, his Majestic sitting all dynner with his crowne on his head; and, after the second course served, Sir Edward Dymmocke (39), knight, came ridinge into the hall in clene white complete harneis, rychlie gilded, and his horse rychlie trapped, and cast his gauntlett to wage battell against all men that wold not take him for right King (9) of this realme, and then the King (9) dranke to him and gave him a cupp of golde; and after dynner the King (9) made many knightes, and then he changed his apparell, and so rode from thence to Westminster Place.

In Mar 1547 Thomas Wendy Physician 1500-1560 (46) was appointed physician to Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. This yeare, in August, the Kinges Majestie (9), with the advise of my [his uncle] Lord Protector (47) and other of his Counsell, sent out throughe this realme of Englande certaine godlie injunctions for reformation of the cleargie, the true preaching and settingc fourth of Godes wordc, and utter abolishing of idolatrie, which were clene putt downe in everie parish church of this realme of Englande, and also the going in procession was left [off], the gospell and epistle read in Englishe everie holidaie, with divers other, as in the said proclamation or injunction appeareth.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The eight daie of October my [his uncle] Lord Protectors Grace (47) came from North home, and in Finsburie Fields my lord major, with the aldermen in their skarlett gownes, with certaine of the comens in their liveries with their hoodes, mett his Grace, the major and aldermen on horsebacke, and he ever tooke one of them by the handea, and after my lord major rode with him to the pounde in Smythfield, where my Lord Protector tooke his leve of them, and so rode that night to his place at Shene, and the morrowe after to the King (9) at Hampton Court.

Note a. Probably a clerical error for " he tooke every one of them by the hand."

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The 23rd dale of October Sir William [Paulet], Lord Sainct John (64), and Lord Great Master of the Kinges howse, delivered the Great Seale of England to the Kinges Majestie (10) and my Lord Protector, which he had bene custos of synce the dismission of my Lord Wriothesley (41), late Chauncelor; and the same daie Sir Richard Rich (50), Lord Rich, was chosen Lord Chauncelor, and the Kinges great scale delivered unto him; and the 26th daie of October he was sworne Lord Chauncelor in the Chauncerie in Westminster Hall.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 1st Year 1547-1548. The fourth daie of November, 1547, the Kinges Majestie (10) beganne his High Court of Parliament at his cittie of Westminster, his Edward the Majestic ryding from his pallace of Westminster to the church of Saint Peter in his perliament robes, with all his Lordes Spirituall and Temporall riding in their robes also; and afore the masse of the Holic Ghost there was a sermon made before the King by Doctor Ridley, Bishopp of Rochester (47); and after that the masse beganne, Gloria in eacelsis, the Creede, Sanctus, Benedictus, and the Agnus were all songen in Englishe; the masse ended, his Majestie with his Lordes went into the Perliament Chamber, where my Lord Chauncelor (50) made a grete proposition for the assembly of the said Parliament, and, that donne, the King putt of his robes, and went to his pallace at Westminster by water. Sir John Baker, knight, Chauncelor of the Tenthes, was chosen Speaker of the Commens Howse for the said Perliament.

1549 Creation of Knights of the Garter

In 1549 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (11) created new Knights of the Garter:

322nd Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1560 (35).

323rd George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (52).

324th Thomas West 9th Baron De La Warr 6th Baron West 1475-1554 (74).

325th William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (48).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558.

Read More ...

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 16 Jan 1549 [his uncle] Thomas Seymour (41), the King's (11) uncle, was caught trying to break in to the King's (11) apartments at Hampton Court Palace. He entered the privy garden and awoke one of the King's pet spaniels. In response to the dog's barking, he shot and killed it. He was arrested and taken to the Tower of London.

[his uncle] Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (49) was arrested on various charges, including embezzlement at the Bristol mint.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 24 May 1550. The embassadours came to me, presenting the ligier, and also delivering lettres of credaunce from the French king.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 25 May 1550. The embassadours came to the court, where thei saw me take the oth for th’acceptation of the treaty, and afterward dined with me; and after diner saw a pastime of tenne against tenne at the ring, wherof on th’on(e) sid(e) were the duke of Sowthfolk, the vice-dam, the lord Lisle, and seven other gentlemen, appareled in yelow; on the other, the lord Stra(nge), mons. Henadoy, and yeight other, in blew.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 26 May 1550. The embassadours saw the baiting of the bearis and bullis.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 27 May 1550. The embassadours, after thei had hunted, sat with me at souper.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 28 May 1550. The same went to see Hampton court, where thei did hunt, and the same night retourne to Durasme place.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 29 May 1550. The embassadours had a fair souper made them by the [his uncle] duke of Somerset (50), and afterward went into the tems (on the Thames) and saw both the beare hunted in the river, and also wilfier cast out of botis, and many prety conceites.

Diary of Edward VI 1550. 30 May 1550. The embassadours toke ther leve, and the next day departid.

On 04 Jun 1550 Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (17) and Amy Robsart 1532-1560 (17) were married at Sheen Palace. Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (12) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (29) attended.

In 1587 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588. Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588. Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 wearing his Garter Collar. After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

1551 Creation of Knights of the Garter

In Apr 1551 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (13) created new Knights of the Garter:

326th Henry II King France 1519-1559 (32).

327th Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (39).

328th Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (44).

1559. Studio of François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Henry II King France 1519-1559. Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585. In 1583 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 wearing his Garter Collar.

Diary of Edward VI 1551. 15 Apr 1551. A conspiracy opened of the Essex men, who within three dayes after minded to declare the comming of straungers, and so to bring peple together to Chemsford, and then to spoile the riche men’s houses if they could.

Diary of Edward VI 1551. 16 Apr 1551. Also of Londoners, who thought to rise on May day against the straungers of the cité; and both the parties committed to warde.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1551. 03 May 1551. The iij day of May ther was a grett tryhumpe at Grenwyche. The Kyng (13) and alle ys compeny wher alle blacke and whyt, fott men and trumpeters, hats, clokes, and baners blacke and whytt, and speres; and the thodur parte was the [his uncle] yerle of Harfford (51), and a grett compeny of lords and knyghts, alle yonge men, and trompeters, ther hats, baners, and fott men alle in yelow, and so they rayne [at the] rynge, and at tornay with swords—the v yer K. E. vjth.

Diary of Edward VI 1551. 24 May 1551. An earthquake was at Croidon and Blechingliee, and in the most part of Surrey, but no harme was donne.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1551. 06 Jul 1551. The vj day of July the Kynges (13) grace rod thrugh Grenwyche parke unto Blake heth, and my lord of Darbe (42), and my lord of Warwyke (47), and my lord admerall Clyntun (39), and sir Wylliam Harbard (50), and odur lordes and knyghts and gentyllmen, and trumpeters playhyng, and alle the gardes in ther dobelets and ther hosse, with bowes and arowes and halbards ij and ij to-gether, and the Kynges grace in the myds on horsse-bake, and ther the Kynges grace ran at the ryng on Blake heth with lordes and knyghtes. [The earl of Warwick met the King there with a hundred men of arms, and great horses, and gentlemen] in clothe, and brodered the alffe, and the same night the Kyng suppyd at Depforth in a shype with my lord Admyral, [and the lords] of the conselle, and with many gentylmen.

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Diary of Edward VI 1551. 10 Jul 1551. At this time cam the sweat into London, wich was more vehement then the old sweat. For if one toke cold he died within 3 houres, and if he skaped it held him but 9 houres, or 10 at the most. Also if he slept the first 6 houres, as he should be very desirous to doe, then he raved, and should die raving.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1551. 10 Jul 1551. The x day of July the Kynges (13) grace removyd from Westmynster unto Hamtun courte, for ther ded serten besyd the court, and [that] causyd the Kynges grase to be gone so sune, for ther ded in Lo[ndon] mony marchants and grett ryche men and women, and yonge men and [old], of the nuw swett,—the v of K. E. vjth.

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Diary of Edward VI 1551. 11 Jul 1551. It grue so much, for in London the 10 day ther died 70 in the liberties, and this day 120, and also one of my gentlemen, another of my gromes, fell sike and died, that I removed to Ampton court with very few with me. [The epidemic called the sweating sickness, which remains a mystery today, had visited England before but this was the last major outbreak to occur, and thereafter vanished.]

Edward VI's 14th Birthday

11 Oct 1551, the day before his fourteenth birthday, King Edward VI (13) celebrated at Hampton Court Palace by rewarding his guardians; it may have been a case of his guardians rewarding themselves.

John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (47), leader of the Council, was created 1st Duke Northumberland 1C 1551. Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland 1509-1555 (42) by marriage Duchess Northumberland. His son Henry Dudley 1517-1568 (34) was knighted.

Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (34) was created 1st Duke Suffolk 3C 1551 for having married King Edward VI's (13) first cousin Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (34). Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (34) by marriage Duchess Suffolk.

William Paulet (68), Master of the Kings Wards, was created 1st Marquess Winchester. Elizabeth Capell Marchioness Winchester -1558 by marriage Marchioness Winchester.

His guardian William Herbert (50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke 10C 1551. [his step-aunt] Anne Parr Countess Pembroke 1515-1552 (36) by marriage Countess Pembroke 10C 1551.

[his uncle] Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (51), the King's (13) uncle attended.

Henry Dudley 1517-1568 (34) was knighted at Hampton Court Palace.

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of [possibly] Anne Parr Countess Pembroke 1515-1552.

Read More ...

Arrest of the Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

On 16 Oct 1551 the King's (14) uncle [his uncle] Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (51) was arrested for having conspired to commit murder at the banquet. He was acquitted of treason, but convicted of felony for raising a contingent of armed men without a licence. He was executed three months later.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1551. 04 Nov 1551. [The iiij day of November the Queen (35) rode unto the court, attended with a great train of noblemen, gentlemen, and ladies. At the Court gate stood all the guards in their best coats.] Ther the yerle of Pembroke (50) saluted her and brought her] to the hall dore, and ther mett her the duke [of Northumberland] (47) and broyth her into the hall, and ther mett the [King's (14) grace, who salu]tyd her, and dyd inbrasse her and kyssyd her, and [took her by] the hand, and led her up in to the chambur of [presence; and] so ther was a bankett, and so when all was [done, the Queen] toke her horsse and was browght unto the bysshopes palesse to soper, and ther she laye ther tyll the (blank)

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 5th Year 1551-1552. 04 Nov 1551. The 4 of November the sayd Quene (35) rode from the sayd place to the Kinges pallace at Whitehall by Westminster in hir charyot, accompanyed with diuers knightes and gentlemen, carles and lordes, the Lady Margaret Dowglas (36), the Duches of Richmond (32), the Duches of Suffolke (32), the Duches of Northumberland (42), with diuers other noble women of England and ladyes of Scotland followinge after them; the Dukes of Northumberland (47) and Suffolke (16) and the Lord Treasurer (68) receivinge her within the Court gate, all the guard standinge on euery syde of the Court; and at her entringe in at the hall the Kinges Maiestie (14) stode in the upper ende of the hall, the Earle of Warwicke (24) [Note. assumed to be referring to the subsiduary title of the Duke of Northumberland] houldinge the sworde afore the Kinge; she kneelinge downe, the Kinges Maiestie tooke her up and, kissinge her, he tooke her by the hand, she comminge with him, he led her up into the chamber of presence, and so from thence to the Queues chamber of presence, where he kissed all the ladyes of Scotland, and so departed for a while; and that daye she dyned on the Quenes syde with the Kinges Maiestie, the Kinges service and hers comminge both togeather, richely serued in gylt plate; the Kinges seruice on the right hand of the table, and the Quenes on the left hand, she sittinge by the Kinge apart by his cloth of estate; the goodly cupbord of plate of gould and gylte that day there occupyed, with the rich hanginges and costly meates, was wondrous to see. All the ladyes of England and Scotland dyned in the Quenes great chamber, and were serued in siluer all theyr meates; dinner ended, the Kinges Maiestie shewed her his galleries and gardens, with other commodityes of that place; and about foure of the clocke he brought her downe againe by the hand into the hall, where he received her and there kissed hir, and so she departed to the Bishops house againe to Pawles in lyke manner as she went thither.

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580. 1541 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of Henry Brandon 2nd Duke Suffolk 1535-1551.

Read More ...

Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

Diary of Edward VI 1551. 01 Dec 1551. The [his uncle] duke of Somerset (51) cam to his triall at Westmyster halle. [The record mentions three indictments: 1) that he had designed to have seized the King’s person, and to have governed all affairs; 2) that he, with one hundred others, intended to have imprisoned the earl of Warwick, afterwards duke of Northumberland; and 3) that he had designed to have raised an insurrection in the city of London.]

He answered he did not entend to raise London, [...] His assembling of men was but for his owne defence. He did not determin to kill the duke of Northumberland (47), the [his step-uncle] marquis (39), etc., but spake of it and determined after the contrary; and yet seamid to confess he went about there death. The lordis went togither. The duke of Northumberland (47) wold not agree that any searching of his death shuld bee treason. So the lordis acquited him of high treason, and condemned him of treason feloniouse, and so he was adjuged to be hangid. He gave thankis to the lordis for there open trial, and cried mercy of the duke of Northumberland (47), the [his step-uncle] marquis of Northampton (39), and th’erle of Penbroke (50) for his ill meaning against them, and made suet for his life, wife and children, servauntes and dettes, and so departed without the ax of the Toure. The peple, knowing not the matter, shouted hauf a douzen times, so loud that frome the halle dore it was hard at Chairing crosse plainly, and rumours went that he was quitte of all.

Chronicle of Greyfriars King Edward VI. 08 Dec 1551. Item the viij. day of that monyth was a gret muster at Totehylle of men of armes befor the kynge (14), of dyvers lordes.

Chronicle of Greyfriars King Edward VI. 22 Dec 1551. Item the xxij. day of the same monyth [Note. Other sources say 22 Jan 1552] was be[heddyd] at the Towre hyll before viij. a clocke [his uncle] Edwarde deuke of Somersett (51) [erle of Hertjforde and unkyll unto the kynges (14) grace]. And also there was a commandment thorrow London that alle howsolders with their servantes shulde kepe their howses unto it was ....

Diary of Edward VI 1552. 22 Jan 1552. The [his uncle] duke of Somerset (52) had his head cat of apon Towre hill betwene eight and nine a cloke in the morning.

Around 26 Feb 1552 William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (46) was degraded 321st Knight of the Garter by Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (14).

1552 Creation of Knights of the Garter

Around Apr 1552 Andrew Dudley 1507-1559 (45) was appointed 330th Knight of the Garter by Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (14).

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1552. 26 Apr 1552. The xvj day of Aprell rod thrugh London in a c[ar], a woman with a bannor pentyd with (a) yong damsell and a woman, with a carde in the woman('s) hand cardyng her mayd nakyd pentyd, the wyche she left butt lytyll skyn of her, and a-bowt her masters neke a card hangyng downe; for thys ponyssment her masters had for her; and she was cared unto her owne dore in a care, and the (re) was a proclamasyon by on of the bedylles of her shamful ded-dohyng, [of] the wyche the damsell ys lyke to dee.

The sam day the Kynges (14) grase removyd from Westmynster unto Grenwyche at viij a-cloke in the mornyng.

The sam day was sessyons at Nugatt for theyfes, and a cott-purs spessyally was for one James [Ellys] the grett pykpurs and cuttpurs that ever [was ar-]raynyd, for ther was never a presun and the Towr but he had byne in them, —the vj king Edward vjth.

The sam day was bornyd at the Towre-hylle at after[noon] vij mon and viij maymed and lyke to dee, and alle was by takyng [ill] heyde and by beytyng of gunpowder in a morter, and by stryk[ing] of fyre, that a sparke of fyre fell in-tho the powder, and so alle f[ired] ...

On 07 May 1552 Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (27) was appointed 329th Knight of the Garter by his third cousin Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (14).

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1552. 12 May 1552. The xij day of May the Kynges (14) grace [rode through] Grenwyche Parke unto Blake-heth, with ys ga[rd with bows] and arowes, and in ther jerkenes and dobeletes. [The King's] grase ran at the ryng, and odur lordes and kn [yghts.]

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1552. 16 May 1552. The xvj day of May the Kyngs (14) grace [rode into the said] parke for to se the goodly muster of ys [men] of armes, and every lord('s) men; severall [trumpets] bloghyng a-for ther men, and ther standards, and ther cottes in brodery of yche lords colers, and ther speyres coloryd lyke, and ther fott-men.

The furst the kynges pensyonars, the lord Bray ther captayn, and the kyng's grett baner [of arms] borne of-fore of damaske, blue and red, and the trumpeters blohyng, and the pensyonars in goodly a[rray, and] in harnes from tope to the to, and goodly basses of cotes, and ther men in lyke colers of cloth.

The ij my lord Tresorer's men of armes, a whytt standard with faucon of gold, cotes whyt and red.

The iij my lord Grant Master, with men of armes, ys standard of red damaske, a whyt lyon sylver, crounyd gold, and with ragyd stayffes; cotes alle blake wellevet in-brodery the alff, and th'odur cloth blake in-brodery whyt and red.

The Duke of Soffoke (35), with ys men of armes, and ys standard a unycorne sylver armyn in a sune-beme gold, whyt and morrey, and ys penselles.

[The vth, the lord Privy Seal his men of arms; his standard of three colours, a whyt goat, the standard powdered with escallop shells; his coat white and red in-brodery, and pensils of the same.]

[The vj, the lord] Grett Chamburlayn, [[his step-uncle] marqwes of Northampton (40); his] standard yelow and blakke, a mayden hed [crowned gold; his coats] yelow welvet the alffe ys men, and th'odur [half cloth] and fott men in yelow welvet, and pensels.

The vii, Master of the Horse, Warwyke (25), ys men of [arms; his] gyttun a red damask, whyt lyon, crounyd gold, [and pow] deryd with rag(ged) stayffes of sylver, and pensells.

The viij, the yerlle of Rottland (25) with ysmen of armes; [his] standard of yelow and bluw with pekoke in [pride] gold, and pensells with a pecoke; cottes bluw in-brod [ery].

The ix, the yerlle of Huntyngtun (38), with ys men; hys standard a babyon [baboon], cottes bluw brodered [velvet;] the penselles with bulles hed, crone a-bowt ys neke.

The x, the yerle of Penbroke (51) ys men of armes; ys coler of hys standard of iij collers, red, whyt, and bluw, and a gren dragon with a arme in ys mowth; and penselles.

The xj, the lord Admerall (40) with ys men of armes; hys gytton the crosse of sant Gorge blake, with a ankur of sylver, cottes blake, and brodered with whyt.

The xij, the lord chamburlayn Darcy (45) ys men of armes; ys standard a mayden with a flowre in her hand; cotes red broderd with whytt; and penselles.

The xiij, the lord Cobham (55) with ys men of armes, and ys standard whyt and blake, and a Sarsunhed in [it;] ys cotes blake gardyd with whytt; and penselles.

The xiiij, master treasurer Cheny (67), lord warden of the cinque ports; his guydon a red cross, and half a rose in a sun-beam black; spers and pensells and alle companys.

Read More ...

Diary of Edward VI 1552. 08 Jun 1552. The lordes of the counsel sat at Gildhaul in London, where in the presence of a thousand peple they declared to the maire and bretherne their slouthfulnes in suffering unreasonable prices of thinges, and to craftesmen their wilfulnes etc, telling them that if apon this admonition they did not amende, I was holly determined to call in their liberties as confiscat, and to appoint officers that shold loke to them.

Diary of Henry Machyn June 1552. 27 Jun 1552. The xxvij day of Juin the Kyng's (14) mageste removed from Grenwyche by water unto Pottney, and ther [he] toke ys horsse unto Hamtun cowrte one ys progres, and ther lyvyng ther x days, and so to Ottland, and to Gy[lford].

In Jul 1552 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (14) visited Cowdray House.

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1552. 23 Dec 1552. The xxiij day of Desember the Kynges (15) grace removyd from Westmynster unto Grenwyche to kepe ys Crystymas, and so he begane to kepe Halle, and ys grasse had a lord of myss-rulle, keepyng goodly pastyme, for ys grace('s) plesur, and with alle passtyme as have bene sene.

.... chylderyn of hospetalle to ... chylderyn men-kyns and women in fry[se, and the] boysse red cape skotys, and every boy a pe .. ; and master Maynard the shreyff had a lord of [misrule, and] the mores dansse, with a good compeny.

In 1553 William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (47) was restored 321st Knight of the Garter by Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (15). Anne Preston Baroness Geneville Beaudasert and Parr Kendal -1587 by marriage Baroness Paget Beaudasert.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1553. 10 Feb 1553. The x day of January [Note. Probably February] rod my [his half-sister] lade Mare('s) (36) grasse from Saynt [John's] and thrugh Flettstrett unto the kyng at Westmynster, with a grett nombur of lords and knyghtes, and alle the [great] women lades, the duches of Suffoke (35) and Northumberland (44), my lade marqwes of Northamptun (26), and lade marqwes of Wynchester, and the contes of Bedfford (74), and the contes of Shrowsbere (53), and the contes of Arundelle, my lade Clynton (26), my lade Browne (24) and Browne [sic in manuscript], and many mo lades and gentyllwomen; and at the oter gatt ther mett her my lord of Suffoke (36) and my lord of Northumberland (49), my lord of Wynchester (70), my lord of Bedfford (68), and therle of Shrusbery (53), the therle of Arundell (40), my lord Chamburlayn, my lord Admerolle, and a gret nomber of knyghtes and gentyllmen, and so up unto the chambur of pressens, and ther the Kynges (15) grace mett her and salutyd her.... owyn a-pon payne of presunmentt and a grett [penalty, as ye] shalle fynd in the actes in secund yere of kyng ... the perlementt tyme of the sayd yere, and nott to be ... plasse as taverns, alle-howses, ines, or wher ... for cummers and gestes, and has commandyd unto alle shreyffes and baylles, constabulls, justes of pesse, or any .. thay shall se truthe (and) justys as thay shalle [inform the] kyng and ys consell, and bryng them to pressun of ... sun or poyssuns as be the offenders ther off for ... her of odur.

The sam day was sett on the pelere [pillory] a man that dyd [set on a] man for to kylle a honest man that he myghtt have ys [wife,] and yett dyd he kepe her and spend ys goodes a-ffore, and [could not] be contentt with that, and so ys ere was nayled to the pelore.

Read More ...

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1553. 11 Apr 1553. [The xj day of April the King (15) removed from Westminster by water to Greenwich; and passed by the] Towre, and ther wher a [great shot of guns and] chamburs, and all the shypes shott of gonnes [all the way to] Ratclyff, and ther the iij shypes that was rygyng [there, appointed to go] to the Nuw-fouland, and the ij pennons shott gunnes and chamburs a grett nombur.

Death of Edward VI

06 Jul 1553. KING EDWARD (15) died at Greenwich, on the 6th July 1553, "towards night."a The event was kept perfectly secret during the next day;b but measures were taken to occupy and fortify the Tower of London.c On "the 8. of July the lord maior of London was sent for to the court then at Greenwich, to bring with him sixe aldermen, as many merchants of the staple, and as many merchant adventurers, unto whom by the Councell was secretly declared the death of king Edward, and also how hee did ordaine for the succession of the Crowne by his letters pattents, to the which they were sworne, and charged to keep it secret."d

a. Letter of the council to sir Philip Hoby (48), ambassador with the emperor, printed in Strype's Memorials, 1721, ii. 430. It was not written until the 8th of the month, and is silent regarding the successor to the throne. [his half-sister] Mary (37), in her letter to the lords of the council, dated from Kenynghall on the 9th of July (printed in Foxe's Actes and Monuments), also states that she had learned from some advertisement that the king her brother had died on Thursday (the 6th) at night last past.

b. Northumberland's (49) intention was to keep the death of the king (15) a secret, until he should have obtained possession of the person of the lady [his half-sister] Mary (37), who had been summoned to visit her brother, and was at no further distance from London than the royal manor of Hunsdon in Hertfordshire. But there were not wanting about the court those who from attachment to Mary, or from self-interest, ventured to incur the hazard of conveying to her this momentous intelligence ; whereupon she immediately took alarm, and rode off towards the eastern coast, from which she might have escaped to the continent, had such a step become necessary. Many writers assert that it was the earl of Arundel (41) who made a private communication to her. I have not found any contemporary authority for this statement ; but sir Nicholas Throckmorton (38), in his poetical autobiography (MS. Cole, vol xl. p. 272, verses 111, 112, 113, 114), claims the credit of having been the officious person. He had been a favourite servant of king Edward ; and on his royal master's death,

" Mourning, from Greenwich I didd strayt departe

To London, to an house which bore our name.

My bretheren guessed by my heavie hearte

The King was dead, and I confess'd the same:

The hushing of his death I didd unfolde,

Their meaninge to proclaime queene Jane I tolde.

And, though I lik'd not the religion

Which all her life queene Marye hadd profest,

Yett in my mind that wicked motion

Right heires for to displace I did detest.

Causeless to proffer any injurie,

I meant it not, but sought for remedie.

Wherefore from four of us the newes was sent,

How that her brother hee was dead and gone;

In post her goldsmith then from London went,

By whome the message was dispatcht anon.

Shee asked, ' If wee knewe it certainlie ? '

Whoe said, ' Sir Nicholas knew it verilie.'

The author bred the errand's greate mistrust:

Shee fear'd a traine to leade her to a trapp.

Shee saide, ' If Robert had beene there shee durst

Have gag'd her life, and hazarded the happ.'

Her letters made, shee knewe not what to doe:

Shee sent them oute, butt nott subscrib'd thereto."

By "Robert" the lady Mary meant sir Robert Throckmorton, one of the four brothers.

c. See the Diary of Henry Machyn, p. 35. for 07 July 1553.

d. It appears most probable that this was the first intimation which the citizens had received of the existence of the letters patent : and that it was on this occasion that, being " sworn to them," they affixed their signatures, although the document had been previously executed on the 21st of June. No fewer than thirty-two signatures follow that of the lord mayor, but the parties were perhaps not all citizens, and from the arrangement of their names in the existing transcript (mentioned in the following note b ) it would be difficult to distinguish which were the aldermen, which the merchants of the staple, and which the merchant adventurers.

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Ambassador Philip Hoby 1505-1558. Around 1562 Unknown Painter. Anglo-Netherlandish. Portrait of Nicholas Throckmorton 1515-1571.

Read More ...

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1553. 06 Jul 1553. The vj day of July, as they say, dessessyd the nobull Kyng Edward the vj (15). and the vij yere of ys rayne, and sune and here to the nobull kyng Henry the viij; and he was poyssoned, as evere body says, wher now, thanke be unto God, ther be mony of the false trayturs browt to ther end, and j trust in God that mor shall folow as thay may be spyd owt.

On 06 Jul 1553 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (15) died at Palace of Placentia. Lady Jane Grey (17) succeeded I King England.

Thomas Wendy Physician 1500-1560 (53) attended the King as physician.

Around 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Jane

Funeral of King Edward VI

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1553. 08 Aug 1553. The viij day of August was bered the nobull kyng Edward the vj (15), and vij yere of ys rayne; and at ys bere[ing was] the grettest mone mad for hym of ys deth [as ever] was hard or sene, boyth of all sorts of pepull, wepyng and lamentyng; and furst of alle whent a grett company of chylderyn in ther surples, and clarkes syngyng, and then ys father('s) bedmen, and then ij harolds, and then a standard with a dragon, and then a grett nombur of ys servants in blake, and then anodur standard with a whyt greyhond, and then after a grett nombur of ys of[ficers,] and after them comys mo harolds, and then a standard with the hed offesars of ys howse; and then harolds, Norey bare the elmett and the crest on horsbake, and then ys grett baner of armes in-brobery, and with dyvers odur baners, and then cam rydyng maister Clarensshuws with ys target, with ys garter, and ys sword, gorgyusly and ryche, and after Garter with ys cotte armur in brodery, and then mor [harolds] of armes; and then cam the charett with grett horsses trapyd with velvet to the grond, and hevere horse havyng [a man] on ys bake in blake, and ever on beyryng a banar-roll [of] dyvers kynges armes, and with schochyon(s) on ther horses, and then the charett kovered with cloth of gold, and on the [charett] lay on a pycture lyeng recheussly with a crown of gold, and a grett coler, and ys septur in ys hand, lyheng in ys robes [and the garter about his leg, and a coat in embroidery of gold; about the corps were borne four banners, a banner of the order, another of the red rose, another of queen Jane (Seymour), another of the queen's mother. After him went a goodly horse, covered with cloth of gold unto the ground, and the master of the horse, with a man of arms in armour, which] was offered, boyth the man and the horsse. [There was set up a go]odly hersse in Westmynster abbay with banar [-rolls] and pensells, and honge with velvet a-bowt.

The sam day, the wyche was the viij day of August, cam to London [the go]od yerle of Darbe (44), with iiijxx in cottes of velvet and oder ij C. xviij yomen in a leveray, and so to Westmynster.

Read More ...

On 08 Aug 1553 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (15) was buried at Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Elizabeth I

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1559. 14 Jan 1559. [The xiv day of January the [his half-sister] Queen (25) came in a chariot from] the Towre, with all the lordes and ladies [in crimson] velvet, and and ther horses trapyd with the sam, and [trumpeters in] red gownes blohyng, and all the haroldes in ther cottes armur, and all the strettes stroyd with gravell; and at Grasyus strett a goodly pagantt of kyng [Henry] the viij (67) and quen Ane (58) ys wyff and of ther lenege, and in Cornelle a-nodur goodly pagantt of kyng Henry (67) and kyng Edward the vjth (21); and be-syd Soper lane in [Cheap a]nodur goodly pagantt, and the condyth pentyd; [and] at the lytylle condutt a-nodur goodly pagant of a qwyke tre and a ded, and the quen had a boke gyffyn her ther; and ther the recorder of London and the chamburlayn (38) delevered unto the quen a purse of gold fulle to the waluw of (blank); and so to the Flett strett to the condyt, and ther was a-nodur goodly pagantt of the ij chyrchys; and at Tempylle bare was ij grett gyanttes, the one name was Goott-magott [Gogmagog] a Albaon and the thodur Co(rineus.)

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1561. 16 Apr 1561. The xvj day of Aprell wher all the alters in Westmynster taken downe, [in] the chapell wher the [his grandfather] kyng Henry the vijth was bered, and wher kyng Edward the vjth (23), and the stones cared wher quen Mare (45) was bered.

Great Plague of London

Diary of Samuel Pepys 16 October 1665. 16 Oct 1665. Up about seven o'clock; and, after drinking, and I observing Mr. Povy's (51) being mightily mortifyed in his eating and drinking, and coaches and horses, he desiring to sell his best, and every thing else, his furniture of his house, he walked with me to Syon1, and there I took water, in our way he discoursing of the wantonnesse of the Court, and how it minds nothing else, and I saying that that would leave the King (35) shortly if he did not leave it, he told me "No", for the King (35) do spend most of his time in feeling and kissing them naked... But this lechery will never leave him.

Here I took boat (leaving him there) and down to the Tower, where I hear the Duke of Albemarle (56) is, and I to Lombard Street, but can get no money. So upon the Exchange, which is very empty, God knows! and but mean people there. The newes for certain that the Dutch are come with their fleete before Margett, and some men were endeavouring to come on shore when the post come away, perhaps to steal some sheep.

But, Lord! how Colvill talks of the businesse of publique revenue like a madman, and yet I doubt all true; that nobody minds it, but that the King (35) and Kingdom must speedily be undone, and rails at my Lord about the prizes, but I think knows not my relation to him. Here I endeavoured to satisfy all I could, people about Bills of Exchange from Tangier, but it is only with good words, for money I have not, nor can get. God knows what will become of all the King's matters in a little time, for he runs in debt every day, and nothing to pay them looked after.

Thence I walked to the Tower; but, Lord! how empty the streets are and melancholy, so many poor sick people in the streets full of sores; and so many sad stories overheard as I walk, every body talking of this dead, and that man sick, and so many in this place, and so many in that. And they tell me that, in Westminster, there is never a physician and but one apothecary left, all being dead; but that there are great hopes of a great decrease this week: God send it!

At the Tower found my Lord Duke (56) and Duchesse (46) at dinner; so I sat down. And much good cheer, the Lieutenant (50) and his lady (53), and several officers with the Duke. But, Lord! to hear the silly talk that was there, would make one mad; the Duke having none almost but fools about him. Much of their talke about the Dutch coming on shore, which they believe they may some of them have been and steal sheep, and speak all in reproach of them in whose hands the fleete is; but, Lord helpe him, there is something will hinder him and all the world in going to sea, which is want of victuals; for we have not wherewith to answer our service; and how much better it would have been if the Duke's advice had been taken for the fleete to have gone presently out; but, God helpe the King (35)! while no better counsels are given, and what is given no better taken.

Thence after dinner receiving many commands from the Duke (56), I to our office on the Hill, and there did a little business and to Colvill's again, and so took water at the Tower, and there met with Captain Cocke (48), and he down with me to Greenwich, I having received letters from my Lord Sandwich (40) to-day, speaking very high about the prize goods, that he would have us to fear nobody, but be very confident in what we have done, and not to confess any fault or doubt of what he hath done; for the King (35) hath allowed it, and do now confirm it, and sent orders, as he says, for nothing to be disturbed that his Lordshipp hath ordered therein as to the division of the goods to the fleete; which do comfort us, but my Lord writes to me that both he and I may hence learn by what we see in this business. But that which pleases me best is that Cocke (48) tells me that he now understands that Fisher was set on in this business by the design of some of the Duke of Albemarle's (56) people, Warcupp and others, who lent him money to set him out in it, and he has spent high. Who now curse him for a rogue to take £100 when he might have had as well £1,500, and they are mightily fallen out about it. Which in due time shall be discovered, but that now that troubles me afresh is, after I am got to the office at Greenwich that some new troubles are come, and Captain Cocke's (48) house is beset before and behind with guards, and more, I do fear they may come to my office here to search for Cocke's (48) goods and find some small things of my clerk's. So I assisted them in helping to remove their small trade, but by and by I am told that it is only the Custome House men who came to seize the things that did lie at Mr. Glanville's (47), for which they did never yet see our Transire, nor did know of them till to-day. So that my fear is now over, for a transire is ready for them. Cocke (48) did get a great many of his goods to London to-day.

To the Still Yarde, which place, however, is now shut up of the plague; but I was there, and we now make no bones of it. Much talke there is of the Chancellor's (56) speech and the King's at the Parliament's meeting, which are very well liked; and that we shall certainly, by their speeches, fall out with France at this time, together with the Dutch, which will find us work. Late at the office entering my Journall for 8 days past, the greatness of my business hindering me of late to put it down daily, but I have done it now very true and particularly, and hereafter will, I hope, be able to fall into my old way of doing it daily.

So to my lodging, and there had a good pullet to my supper, and so to bed, it being very cold again, God be thanked for it!

Note 1. Sion House, granted by Edward VI to his uncle, the [his uncle] Duke of Somerset. After his execution, 1552, it was forfeited, and given to John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. The duke being beheaded in 1553, it reverted to the Crown, and was granted in 1604 to Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland. It still belongs to the Duke of Northumberland.

Around 1657 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes. Around 1662 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of John Robinson Lord Mayor of London 1st Baronet 1615-1680. Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland 1532-1585.

Read More ...

Edward VI Appointments

320th [his uncle] Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley 1508-1549.

321st William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563.

John Carey 1491-1552 and Henry Huberthorne Lord Mayor of London -1556 were knighted by Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553.