History of Monmouthshire South East Wales

1233 Battle of Monmouth

1405 Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

1536 Dissolution of the Monasteries

Monmouthshire South East Wales is in South East Wales.

Abergavenny

Caerleon, Monmouthshire South East Wales

The River Usk rises at Fan Brycheiniog after which it flows broadly east through Sennybridge, Brecon, then south-east, under Crickhowell Bridge, Abergavenny, then under the Chain Bridge at Kemeys Commander, south through Usk, under the bridge at Newbridge-on-Usk, past Caerleon to Newport where it joins the Severn Estuary.

Works of Gildas Chapter 2 The History. 10. God, therefore, who wishes all men to be saved, and who calls sinners no less than those who think themselves righteous, magnified his mercy towards us, and, as we know, during the above-named persecution, that Britain might not totally be enveloped in the dark shades of night, he, of his own free gift, kindled up among us bright luminaries of holy martyrs, whose places of burial and of martyrdom, had they not for our manifold crimes been interfered with and destroyed by the barbarians, would have still kindled in the minds of the beholders no small fire of divine charity. Such were St. Alban of Verulam, Aaron and Julius, citizens of Carlisle [Note. Carlisle a mistake. Proably Caerleon, possibly Chester], and the rest, of both sexes, who in different places stood their ground in the Christian contest.

Caldicot Monmouthshire South East Wales

Caldicot Castle, Caldicot Monmouthshire South East Wales

On 06 Dec 1309 William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (33) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (27) at Caldicot Castle. He a grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1310 Edward Bohun 1310-1344 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (34) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (27) at Caldicot Castle. He a grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Around 1669 Mary Russell 1669- was born to William Russell 1st Baronet Russell of Langherne -1714 and Hester Rouse Lady Russell at Caldicot Castle.

Chepstow aka Striguil, Monmouthshire South East Wales

After 1130 Baderon Monmouth Lord Monmouth 1100-1176 and Rohese Clare -1149 were married at Chepstow aka Striguil.

In 1471 Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (61) was beheaded at Chepstow aka Striguil.

Crickhowell, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Crickhowell Bridge, Monmouthshire South East Wales

The River Usk rises at Fan Brycheiniog after which it flows broadly east through Sennybridge, Brecon, then south-east, under Crickhowell Bridge, Abergavenny, then under the Chain Bridge at Kemeys Commander, south through Usk, under the bridge at Newbridge-on-Usk, past Caerleon to Newport where it joins the Severn Estuary.

1538. Crickhowell Bridge is a bridge over the River Usk first constructed in 1538. In 1706 it was completely rebuilt in stone with additional arches, at a cost of £400. The bridge is claimed to be the longest stone bridge in Wales at over 128 metres.

Grosmont Monmouthshire South East Wales

Grosmont Castle, Grosmont Monmouthshire South East Wales

Around 1310 Henry of Grosmont was born to Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (29) and Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 (27) at Grosmont Castle. He a great grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Around 1312 Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray 1312-1349 was born to Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (31) and Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 (29) at Grosmont Castle. She a great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Kemeys Commander, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Chain Bridge Kemeys Commander, Monmouthshire South East Wales

The River Usk rises at Fan Brycheiniog after which it flows broadly east through Sennybridge, Brecon, then south-east, under Crickhowell Bridge, Abergavenny, then under the Chain Bridge at Kemeys Commander, south through Usk, under the bridge at Newbridge-on-Usk, past Caerleon to Newport where it joins the Severn Estuary.

In 1829 the Chain Bridge over the River Usk at Kemeys Commander was built by Brown Lenox of Pontypridd.

Between 1905 and 1906 by George Palmer of Neath, is an iron arch with green-painted girders which is still referred to as Chain Bridge.

Kevelioc Monmouthshire South East Wales

In 1147 Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester 1147-1181 was born to Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester 1099-1153 (48) and Matilda Fitzrobert Countess Chester -1189 at Kevelioc Monmouthshire South East Wales. He a great grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England 1068-1135.

Langstone Monmouthshire, Monmouthshire South East Wales

In 1377 Jenkyn ap Philip 1377-1441 was born to Philip ap Morgan 1350-1382 (27) in Langstone Monmouthshire.

In 1413 Morgan ap Jenkin Lord of Langstone 1413-1472 was born to Jenkyn ap Philip 1377-1441 (36) in Langstone Monmouthshire.

Around 1462 Sybil of Lansgtone Manor 1462-1502 was born to Morgan ap Jenkin Lord of Langstone 1413-1472 (49) in Langstone Monmouthshire.

Llandenny Monmouthshire South East Wales

Llandenny Churchyard Llandenny Monmouthshire South East Wales

Llanfarthin, Monmouthshire South East Wales

In 1624 Robert Morgan 1624-1685 was born at Llanfarthin.

Llanover Monmouthshire South East Wales

Arnold Arnaullt Castle, Llanover Monmouthshire South East Wales

On 12 Apr 1165 Henry Fitzmiles Baron Bergavenny -1165 was killed by Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 at Arnold Arnaullt Castle. He buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory. His sister Bertha Gloucester Baroness Bramber 1130- (35) succeeded 4th Baron Bergavenny Feudal Creation and inherited Abergavenny Castle. William Braose 3rd Baron Bramber 1115-1179 (50) by marriage Baron Bergavenny.

Lower Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales

Ruperra Castle Lower Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales

On 01 Jan 1715 John Morgan 1641-1715 (74) died. John Morgan of Tredegar 1671-1720 (43) inherited Ruperra Castle Lower Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales from his uncle John Morgan 1641-1715 (74).

Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales

In 1498 Morgan Herbert 1498-1577 was born to Richard Herbert 1442-1510 (56) and Margaret Cradock at Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales.

In 1577 Morgan Herbert 1498-1577 (79) died at Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales.

Monmouth, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Around 1182 John Monmouth 1182-1248 was born to Gilbert Monmouth Lord Monmouth -1189 at Monmouth.

On 25 Nov 1233 the Battle of Monmouth was fought between supporters of the King (26), commanded by Baldwin Guines III Count Guînes 1200-1244 (33), and rebels opposed to the influence of Poitevins and Lusignans; the King's step-father's (50) faction. The rebels were commanded by Richard Marshal 3rd Earl Pembroke 1191-1234 (42). Battle is somewhat of an over-statement. Richard Marshal 3rd Earl Pembroke 1191-1234 (42) and his men were riding to to reconnoitre the town. Baldwin Guines III Count Guînes 1200-1244 (33) and his forces, who were in the town, decided attack was the best form defence. Marshal's men appear to have suffered in retreat although Marshal escaped.

John Monmouth 1182-1248 (51) took control of Monmouth following the battle.

Brief Lives: William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520 1598. Cecil, lord Burleigh: Memorandum, the true name is Sitsilt, and is an ancient Monmouthshire family, but now come to be about the size c of yeomanry. In the church at Monmouth, I remember in a south windowe an ancient scutcheon of the family, the same that this family beares. 'Tis strange that they should be so vaine to leave off an old British name for a Romancy one, which beteere Mr Verstegan did putt into their heads, telling his lordship, in his booke, that they were derived from the ancient Roman Cecilii. The first lord Burley (who was Secretary of Estate) was at first but (a) country-schoole-master, and (I thinke Dr. Thomas Fuller sayes, vide Holy State) borne in Wales. I remember (when I was a schooleboy at Blandford) Mr. Basket, a reverend divine, who was wont to beg us play-dayes, would alwayes be uncovered, and sayd that 'twas the lord Burleigh's custome for (said he) here is my Lord Chanceller, my Lord Treasurer, my Lord Chief Justice, &c., predestinated'. 'He made Cicero's Epistles his glasse, his rule, his oracle, and ordinarie pocket-booke ' (Dr. J. Web in preface of his translation of Cicero's Familiar Epistles.

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Newbridge-on-Usk, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Newbridge-on-Usk is the location of a red sandstone three-arched bridge over the River Usk built in 1779 at the Normal Tidal Limit of the River.

The River Usk rises at Fan Brycheiniog after which it flows broadly east through Sennybridge, Brecon, then south-east, under Crickhowell Bridge, Abergavenny, then under the Chain Bridge at Kemeys Commander, south through Usk, under the bridge at Newbridge-on-Usk, past Caerleon to Newport where it joins the Severn Estuary.

Newport, Monmouthshire South East Wales

The River Usk rises at Fan Brycheiniog after which it flows broadly east through Sennybridge, Brecon, then south-east, under Crickhowell Bridge, Abergavenny, then under the Chain Bridge at Kemeys Commander, south through Usk, under the bridge at Newbridge-on-Usk, past Caerleon to Newport where it joins the Severn Estuary.

Bassaleg, Newport, Monmouthshire South East Wales

St Basil's Church Bassaleg, Newport, Monmouthshire South East Wales

On 11 Mar 1913 Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913 (81) died unmarried. He was buried at St Basil's Church Bassaleg. Viscount Tredegar of Tredegar in Monmouthshire extinct. His nephew Courtenay Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1867-1934 (45) succeeded 3rd Baron Tredegar of Tredegar in Monmouthshire, 4th Baronet Morgan of Tredegar.

1884. John Charlton 1849-1917. Portrait of Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913. Between 1896 and 1897. John Charlton 1849-1917. Portrait of Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913, with His Skye Terrier, 'Peeps'.

Coedkernew Monmouthshire South East Wales, Newport

Portskeweth, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1050-1065. 1065. This year, before Lammas, ordered Earl Harold (43) his men to build at Portskeweth in Wales. But when he had begun, and collected many materials, and thought to have King Edward (62) there for the purpose of hunting, even when it was all ready, came Caradoc, son of Griffin, with all the gang that he could get, and slew almost all that were building there; and they seized the materials that were there got ready. Wist we not who first advised the wicked deed. This was done on the mass-day of St. Bartholomew.

Raglan, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Around 1380 William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 was born at Raglan.

Church of St Cadoc Raglan, Monmouthshire South East Wales

On 21 Feb 1589 William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 (63) died at Hackney. He was buried at Church of St Cadoc Raglan. His son Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (39) succeeded 4th Earl Worcester 5C 1514.

Around 1574 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665. Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 Beaufort Arms with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Herbert Arms 3 Woodville Arms. The attribution here possibly incorrect since Charles Somerset was born in 1587 ie before the 1574 date when painted. A possible subject is William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 who has the same armoiral in another In 1569. Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589. In 1621 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628.

Raglan Castle, Monmouthshire South East Wales

In 1394 Henry Ferrers 1394-1425 was born to William Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Groby 1372-1445 (21) and Philippa Clifford 1372-1415 (22) at Raglan Castle.

Around 1464 Katherine Herbert Countess Kent 1464-1500 was born to William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (41) and Anne Devereux 1430-1486 (34) at Raglan Castle.

On 22 Jul 1509 Richard Herbert 1442-1510 (67) was appointed Constable Raglan Castle.

Thornwell, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Tintern Monmouthshire South East Wales

Tintern Abbey, Tintern Monmouthshire South East Wales

On 09 May 1131 Walter Clare -1138 founded at Tintern Abbey.

In 1220 Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220 (48) died. She was buried in the choir of Tintern Abbey.

On 27 Nov 1245 Walter Marshal 5th Earl Pembroke 1199-1245 (46) died at Goodrich Castle. He was buried at Tintern Abbey next to his mother Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220 (73) His brother Anselm Marshal 6th Earl Pembroke 1208-1245 (37) succeeded 6th Earl Pembroke 2C 1199 although he only enjoyed the title for one month dying on 23 Dec 1245.

On 23 Dec 1245 Anselm Marshal 6th Earl Pembroke 1208-1245 (37) died at Chepstow Castle. He was buried at Tintern Abbey next to his brother Walter Marshal 5th Earl Pembroke 1199-1245 (46) and mother Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220 (73).

Usk, Monmouthshire South East Wales

The River Usk rises at Fan Brycheiniog after which it flows broadly east through Sennybridge, Brecon, then south-east, under Crickhowell Bridge, Abergavenny, then under the Chain Bridge at Kemeys Commander, south through Usk, under the bridge at Newbridge-on-Usk, past Caerleon to Newport where it joins the Severn Estuary.

On 12 Feb 1371 Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys 1371-1417 was born to Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (19) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (15) at Usk. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 11 Apr 1374 Roger Mortimer 4th Earl Dunbar aka March 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 was born to Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (22) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (18) at Usk. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

Pwll Melyn Usk, Monmouthshire South East Wales

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 1st or 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418 (34) and Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (25) decisively defeated the Welsh army at the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk. Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 (30) was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern 1357-1405 (48) was killed. The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle. The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain Glyndŵr's (46) revolt

Usk Castle, Monmouthshire South East Wales

In 1138 Usk Castle was captured by the Welsh.

In 1184 Usk Castle was captured by the Welsh.

Vale Ewyas Monmouthshire South East Wales

Llanthony Vale Ewyas Monmouthshire South East Wales

Llanthony Priory, Llanthony Vale Ewyas Monmouthshire South East Wales

Around May 1136 Miles Gloucester 1st Earl Hereford -1143 founded Llanthony Secunda Priory, literally Llanthony Second, as a refuge for the monks of Llanthony Priory who were suffering repeated attacks from the Welsh.

In 1530 the Prior of Llanthony Priory sent cheese, carp and baked lamphreys to Henry VIII (38) at Windsor.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

In 1542 Llanthony Priory was given to Arthur Porter 1505-1559 (37) during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.