Henry Machyn's Diary 1554

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 is in Henry Machyn's Diary.

1544 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

1554 Consecration of new Bishops

1554 Creation of Garter Knights

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 January

04 Jan 1554. [The ij day of January the king of Spain's ambassadors landed at Tower wharf. During whose landing there was great shooting of the guns. The lord] Wylliam Haward dyd saff-gard them; and so rod to-gether, and in Fanchyrche stret my lord of Devonshire (age 27) and dyvers odur mett them, and rod with them unto Durram Plasse, and ther they dyd a-lyght.

Note. Ibid. P. 50. The king of Spain's ambassadors. These were ambassadors from the emperor Charles (age 53), father of Philip (age 26), to conclude a treaty for the queen's (age 37) marriage namely, the count d'Egmont, Charles count de Laing, Jehan de Montmorancy sieur de Corriers, Philip Negri, and Simon Renard: see Strype, Mem. iii. 58, and the marriage treaty in Rymer, vol. xv. p. 393. An extract from their Instructions may be seen in Burgon's Life of Gresham, i. 145.

03 Jan 1554. The iij day of January my lord mayre and the chamburlayn of London dyd present unto the enbasadurs gyfts of dyvers thyngs, as (blank)

09 Jan 1554. The iij day of January my lord mayre and the chamburlayn of London dyd present unto the enbasadurs gyfts of dyvers thyngs, as (blank)

10 Jan 1554. The x day of January the enbasadurs rod unto Hamtun Courtt [Map], and ther they had grett chere [as] cold be had, and huntyd, and kyllyd tagc and rage with honds and swords.

13 Jan 1554. The xiij day of January ther was a man drane from the Towre [Map] thrugh London a-pone a sled unto Tyborne [Map], and ther hangyd, dran, and quartered, for conterffeytyng the quen('s) senett [signet].

13 Jan 1554. The sam day was had to the Flett doctur Crom, persun of Aldermare, for [preaching on Christmas-day without licenced]

14 Jan 1554. The xiiij day of January was had to the Towre [Map] master Hadyntun, dwellyng in Bouge-rowe, and all ys goods seysenyd for the quen and in the contrey for proffessyng of serten [heretical doctrines.]

15 Jan 1554. [The xv day of January, the lord mayor, and the] aldermen whent to Westmynster [to the court, and] my lord chanseler mad a protestacyon [to them, and to] othur pepyll, that the quen('s) (age 37) grace ys myndyd [to marry] with the prynche of Spayne (age 26), and the reme [realm] for to have [great] benefett commyng in to the rayme [realm]; and that he not [to meddle with the public affairs of the State] thyngs, butt her consell of thys reame sh ....

16 Jan 1554. The xvj day of January was bered master Wylliam, marchand of the stapull of Callys, with mony mornars [at] sant Androus ondershaft, as ser Rowland Hyll (age 56), ser Hare Hubbellthorne, ser Androu Jude, and dyvers aldermen, with .... stayffes torchys, and ij whyt branchys, and a good sermon; .... powre men and women had good gownes.

22 Jan 1554. The xxij day of January was reynyd at yeld hall [Map] the lord Robart Dudlay (age 21) for tresun, the duke of Northumberland('s) sune, and cast the sam day.

25 Jan 1554. The xxv day of January was bered master Sturley sqwyre, at Rychemond [Map], with cot armur and penon and skochyons of armes, stayffe torchys and ij whyt branchys, and mony mornars.

Note. P. 51. Funeral of master Sturley esquire. There seems to be no memorial of this gentleman remaining in connection with the history of Richmond. In August 1551, it was appointed that Mr. Sturley, captain of Berwick, should leave the Wardenship of the East Marches to the lord Evers; but that person is again mentioned as a knight, sir Nicholas Sturley, in the following October. (King Edward's Diary.)

25 Jan 1554. The xxv day of January was a goodly prosessyon at Powlles with a 1. copes of cloth of gold, with Salve festa dies; yt was sant Powlles day, and ther was a godly masse; and the sam day master Feknam (age 39) was mad a prebendary at evyngsonge.

26 Jan 1554. The xxvj day of January began wachyng at evere gatt in arness, for tydyngs cam the sam tym to the quen and her consell that ser Thomas Wyatt (age 33), ser George Harper, ser Hare Ysseley (age 54), master Cobam, and master Rudston (age 39), and master Knevetts (age 37), and dyvers odur gentyllmen and commons, wher up, and tha say because the prynche of Spayne (age 26) commyng in to have owre quen (age 37), for they kepe Rochaster castell [Map] and the bryge and odur plases.

Note. P. 52. Sir Thomas Wyatt. A copious narrative of Wyatt's rebellion, together with the letters written by the duke of Norfolk, lord Cobham, and others, to the Privy Council, on the occasion, (from the originals in the State Paper Office,) will be found in Cruden's History of Gravesend, 1842, 8vo. pp. 172 et seq.

27 Jan 1554. [The xxvij day of January the city sent into Kent a great number of men in white coats. The captains to command them, and the rest of their forces, were the duke of Norfolk (age 17), earl of Ormond (age 22), sir George Howard (age 29), [Possibly Hayward] and divers others. But many of the guards, and of the white-coats, deserted] them, and captaynes cam hom a-gayn. Wyatt (age 33) had gotten some of the late king's ordenanse; and so, after their removyng, cam towards Dartford [Map] with ys army towards London.

Note. P. 52. Sir George Howard (age 29) was son of lord Edmund Howard, and one of the brothers of queen Katharine Howard. He was knighted by the duke of Somerset in Scotland in 1547; and in March 1550–1 had a warrant for office of Master of the Henchmen for one whole year. He was appointed to attend upon the young lords sent over the sea as hostages, whereof the earl of Hertford was one. Strype, Mem. ii. 539.

28 Jan 1554. The xxviij day of January the Quen('s) (age 37) grace dyd send to master Wyatt (age 33) [and his company the] master of the horsse (age 33) and master Cornwales, to know their intentt; and thay send word that they wold have the Quen and the Towre in kepyng, and odur thynges.

29 Jan 1554. The xxix day of January master Wyatt (age 33), master Harper, master Rudston (age 39), master Knevett (age 37), and the commons, commyng [marched to] Blake-heth [Map], and so forward toward London with [a great] army commyng.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 February

01 Feb 1554. The furst day of Feybruary cam nuw tydyngs that all craftes shuld fynd the dobull [number of men]; non butt hossholders unto the bryge and the gattes, and the drae-bryge, and ther lay grett gones; and the bryge was broken done after; and that evere man to make whyt cotes for evere howsse.

01 Feb 1554. The sam day at after-non was a proclamasyon in Chepesyde, Ledyn-hall, and at sant Magnus [Map] corner, with harold of armes and on of the quen['s] trumpeters blohyng, and my lord mare, and my lord admerall (age 44) Haward, and the ij shreyffs, that ser Thomas Wyatt (age 33) was proclamyd traytur and rebellyous, and all ys fellowes, agaynst the Quen('s) mageste and her consell, and that he wold have the Quen in costody, and the Towre of London in kepyng; and thay convayd unto evere gatt gonnes and the bryge; and so evere gatt with men in harnes nyght and days. And a-bowt iij of the cloke at after-non the Quen('s) (age 37) grace cam rydyng from Westmynster unto yeld-hall with mony lordes, knyghts and lades, and bysshopes and haroldes of armes, and trompeturs blohynge and all the gard in harnes. [Then she declared, in an oration to the mayor and the city, and to her council, her mind concerning her marriage, that she never intended to marry out of her realm but by her council's consent and advice; and that she would never marry but all her true] sogettes [subjects] shall be content, [or else she would live] as her grace has don hederto. [But that her gr]ace wyll call a parlement [as] shortely as [may be, and] as thay shall fynd, and that [the earl of] Penbroke (age 53) shall be cheyffe capten and generall agaynst ser Thomas Wyatt (age 33) and ys felous in the [field,] that my lord admerall (age 44) for to be sosyatt with the [lord mayor] to kepe the cete from all commars therto. [After this] the Quen('s) grace came from yeld-hall [Map] and rod to the iij cranes [Map] in the vyntre, and toke her barge [to] Westmynster to her own place the sam day.

03 Feb 1544. The iij day of Feybruarii was a proclamacyon that who so ever do take ser Thomas Wyatt (age 23), exsept Harper, Ysseley (age 44), and Rudston (age 29), shuld have C. lb. land to ym and ys heirs for ever.

03 Feb 1544. The iij day of Feybruary cam in to Sowthwarke [Map] ser Thomas Wyatt (age 23) and odur captaynes at after-none with ys army; and the morow after thay mayd trenchys in dyvers parts and dyvers placys, with ordenanse.

06 Feb 1544. The vj day of Feybruary was Shroyff-tuwysday in the mornyng master Wyatt (age 23) and ys compeny retorned bake towhard Kyngton apon Temes [Map], and ther the bridge was pluckyd up, and he causyd on of ys men to swym over for to feytche a bott, and so whent at nyght toward Kensyngtun, and so forward.

06 Feb 1544. The sam day was ij hangyd apon a jebett in Powles churche yerd [Map]; the on a spy of Wyatt (age 23), the thodur was under-shreyff of Leseter, for carryng letturs of the duke of Suffoke (age 27) and odur thinges.

06 Feb 1544. The sam day cam rydyng to the Towre the duke of Soffoke (age 27) and ys brodur by the yerle of Huntyngton (age 30) with iij C. horse.

07 Feb 1544. [The vij day of February, in the forenoon, Wyatt (age 23), with his army and ordnance, were at Hyde Park Corner. There the Queen's host met with, with a great number of men at arms on horseback, beside foot. By one of the clock the Quen['s men and Wyatt's had a skirmish;] ther wher mony slayn; butt master Wyatt toke the way don by Sant James with a grett company and so to Charyngcrosse [Map], and so forth, crying 'God save quen Mare!' tyll he cam to Ludgatt and [knocked there; thinking to have entered; but the gate being kept fast against him, he retired,] and bake agayne unto Tempull Bare, and folouyd hym mony man, and ther he yelded unto master Norray the harold of armes in ys cote of armes, and ther he lycted be-hynd a gentleman unto the cowrte; but by the way mony of them wher slayne by the way or thay cam to Charyng-crosse [Map], what with mores pykes and bylls; and mony of Wyatt('s) men, as they whent, wher the quens fryndes and Englys-men under a fallss pretens that he whent a-bowtt to .... way as thay whent, and cam for to make men beleyff that the quen('s) grace had gyffvyn them pardon; and dyvers of ys men toke the quen('s) men by the hand as thay whent toward Ludgatt. Thys was done on As-Wedynsday the furst yere of quen Mare of England; and the sam nyght to the Towre [Map] ser Thomas Wyatt (age 23), master Cobham (age 47), and master Vane, and ij Knewetes and odur captaynes.

08 Feb 1544. The viij day of Feybruarij was commondyd by the quene (age 27) and the bysshope of London (age 44) that Powlles and evere parryche that thay shuld syng Te Deum Laudamus, and ryngyng for the good vyctory that the quen('s) (age 27) grace had aganst Wyatt (age 23) and the rebellyous of Kent, the wyche wher over-come, thankes be unto God, with lytyll blud-shed, and the reseduw taken and had to presun, and after wher dyvers of them putt to deth in dyvers places in Londun and Kent, and prossessyon evere wher that day for joy.

12 Feb 1544. The xij day of February was mad at evere gate in Lundun a newe payre of galaus and set up, ij payre in Chepesyde, ij payr in Fletstrett [Map], one in Smythfyld [Map], one payre in Holborne, on at Ledyn-hall [Map], one at sant Magnus London [-bridge], on at Peper allay gatt, one at sant Gorgeus, on in Barunsay [Bermondsay] strett, on on Towr hylle [Map], one payre at Charyngcrosse [Map], on payre besyd Hyd parke corner.

14 Feb 1544. The xiiij day of Feybruary wher hangyd at evere gatt and plasse: in Chepe-syd vj; Algatt [Map] j, quartered; at Leydynhall [Map] iij; at Bysshope-gatt [Map] on, and quartered; Morgatt one; Crepullgatt [Map] one; Aldersgatt on, quartered; Nuwgat [Map] on, quartered; Ludgatt on; Belyngat iij hangyd; Sant Magnus iij hangyd; Towre hyll [Map] ij. hangyd; Holborne iij hangyd; Flettstret [Map] iij hangyd; at Peper alley gat iij; Barunsaystret iij; Sant Gorgus iij; Charyng crosse [Map] iiij, on Boyth the fottman, and Vekars of the gard, and ij moo; at Hydparke corner iij, on Polard a waterbeyrar; theys iij hanges in chynes; and but vij quartered, and ther bodys and heds set a-pon the gattes of London.

16 Feb 1554. The xvj day of Feybruary was mad a grett skaffold in Westmynster hall for the duke of Suffoke (age 37).

17 Feb 1554. The xvij day of Feybruary was the duke of Suffoke (age 37) rayned at Westmynster halle, and cast for he tresun, and cast to suffer deth.

18 Feb 1544. The xviij day of Feybruary was had in-to Kent serteyn captens, as Bart and xxij mor of the rebellyous, to suffer deth.

18 Feb 1544. The sam day was a proclamasyon in London that all the pre sonars in alle the presuns of the rebellyous of Kent that thai shuld go in-to Sowthwarke, and thay that wher seke that ther names shuld be browth theder.

20 Feb 1544. [The xxth day of February was arraigned] .... lord John Gray (age 20), the duke of Suffoke('s) (age 27) brodur ....

20 Feb 1544. The sam day was bered master Gorge Pargeter, Thomas Pargeter('s) sune late mare of London, with mony mornars, and with armes, and mony gownes gyffyn to pore men and vomen, and with stayff torchus [and] whyt branchys; and in the chyrche wher iiij gylt candellstyks with iiij grett tapurs bornyng and ys armes, and the compeny of the Clarkes.

Note. P. 56. Funeral of George Pargeter. Sir Thomas Pargeter his father was lord mayor in the year 1531, and was buried at Allhallows, Bread-street. Catalogue of Lord Mayors, by W. Smith, Rouge-Dragon.

20 Feb 1554. The sam day was Mans gohyng in-to-Kent, to Canboroke, and fochyd a-gayn, and browth to sant Gorgeus cyrche, and ther he was hangyd by iiij of the cloke at nyght, for he was a ryche man.

Note. P. 56. Execution of Mans. No mention of this "rich man" occurs under Cranbrook in Hasted's History of Kent.

21 Feb 1544. The xxj day of Feybruary ther was a man rydying a-bowt London, ys ffasse [face] toward the horsse taylles, a quarter of velle on a-for and a-nodur behynd hym, and a pyge borne be-for hym skaldyd a-pone a ...

21 Feb 1554. The sam day cam rydyng to the Towre the lord Thomas Gray, the duke of Suffoke('s) (age 37) brodur, and ser James a Croft (age 36) knyght, sum tyme depute of Yrland.

22 Feb 1554. The xxij day of Feybruary was reynyd at Westmynster one (blank) Bowthe, sum tyme of Calles, and cast for tresun.

22 Feb 1554. The sam day alle the Kent men whent to the cowrt with halters a-bowt ther nekes, and bone with cordes, ij and ij to-gether, through London to Westmynster, and be-twyn the ij tyltes the powr presonars knelyd downe in the myre, and ther the Quen('s) (age 38) grace lokyd owt over the gatt and gayff them all pardon, and thay cryd owt 'God save quen Mare!' and so to Westmynster hall, and ther thay cast ther alters a-bowt the hall, and capes, and in the stretes, and cryd owt 'God save quen Mare!' as thay whent.

22 Feb 1554. .... of the qwen('s) garde att .... the man that was kyld was sir John Pr....

26 Feb 1554. The same tyme and day be-twyne iiij [and v of the] cloke at nyght my lade Elssabeth('s) (age 20) grase c[ame riding] to London thrught Smythfeld unto West[minster] with a C. welvett cottes a-for her grace. A[nd her] grace rod in a charett opyn of boyth sydes. [And with] her grace rydyng after her a C. in cotes of [scarlet and] fyne red gardyd with velvett, and so thrught Fletstret unto the cowrt thrught the qu[een's] garden, her grace behyng syke.

24 Feb 1554. The xxiiij day of Marche [read xxiij of February] was heddyd the duke of Suffoke-Dassett (deceased) [Dassett ie Dorset] on the Towre hylle [Map], be-twyn ix and x of the cloke a-for none.

24 Feb 1554. The sam day the qwyn('s) (age 38) grace gaff pardon unto serten of mo men of Kentt, in Sowthwarke [Map]; ther they cryd "God save quen Mare!" and cast ther alters on hed in the stretes and a-bowt, that sum had iiij or v halters.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 March

07 Mar 1554. The vij day of Marche rod a bocher rond a-bowt London, ys face toward the horsse taylle, with ha [lf of] a lame be-fore and a-nodur behynd, and vell and a calff borne a-for hym, a-pon a polle, rawe.

08 Mar 1554. The viij day of Marche cam owt of the Towre of London [Map] the archbysshope of Canturbere Crenmer (age 64), and bysshope of London was Rydley (age 54), and master Lathemer (age 67) condam, [i. e. quondam (bishop of Worcester).] and so to Brenfford and ther ser John Wylliam reseyvyd them, and so to Oxfford.

09 Mar 1554. The ix day of Marche was reynyd at Westmynster my lord Thomas Gray, the duke of Suffoke('s) (deceased) brodur, and cast .... [to lose h]ys hed.

11 Mar 1554. The xj day of Marche was bered ser Wylliam [Goring] (deceased) knyght in Sussex, with a standard, a penon of armes, [with coat] armur, target, sward, and a helmet; and ther was a h[erse of] wax and viij dosen of penselles and viij dosen of sh[ocheons], ij whyt and branchys of wax, and iiij dosen of stay[ff] torchys, and a harold of armes master Chastur; and he ded .... owe, and cared in-to the contrey by water to Kyngstun [Map], [and] after by land to ys on contrey.

Note. P. 57. Funeral of sir William Goring. The name here deficient is supplied by the useful MS. Harl. 897, f. 8: "Sir William Goryng knight dyed at Westmynster the 4th of Marche 1553, and was conveyd to his howse called Burton, and there buryed the xijth of Marche." He was one of the gentlemen of the king's privy chamber, and his monument at Bodecton alias Burton, is described in Dallaway's Rape of Arundel, p. 253 (with an error of viij for iiij). His funeral at length is in Coll. Arm. I. 3, f. 102.

14 Mar 1554. The xiiij day of Marche was in Aldergat-stret a woy[ce heard] in a walle that dyd spyke unto serten pepull, the wyche .... was complenyd unto my lord mayre, and so after yt was [made] knowen by dyvers what ther wher, and after cared unto [prison,] as Nugatt [Map] contur and the Towre [Map].

15 Mar 1554. The xv day of Marche was raynyd at Westmynster ser Thomas Wyatt (age 33) knyght, the captayn cheyffe [of] Kent, and cast to be hedyd and after quartered and sett up.

Note. P. 54. He lycted behind a gentleman into the court. After his surrender sir Thomas Wyatt was taken to the court riding behind sir Maurice Berkeley on horseback. Stowe, p. 621.

18 Mar 1554. The xviij day of Marche was kared to the Towre of London [Map] my lade Elsabeth('s) (age 20) grace, the quen('s) (age 38) syster, a-for none.

24 Mar 1554. The xxiiij day of Marche was delevered owt of the Towre [Map] and had the quen('s) (age 38) pardon the lord marques of Northamtun (age 42), my lord Cobham (age 57), and ij of ys sunes, and dyvers odur mo.

16 Mar 1554. The xvj day of Marche was deprevyd the archebysshope of Yorke (age 72), and the bysshope of Lynkolne doctur Tayller, and the bysshope of Chester, the bysshope of sant Davys.

17 Mar 1554. The xvij day of Marche was deprevyd the bysshope of Harfford and the bysshope of Glosetur (age 59); commyssyonars that dyd depreyffe them my lord chansseler and my lord of Durram, my lord of Londun, my lord of Chechastur, and my lord of sant Asse.

01 Apr 1554. [The first day of April my lord chancellor (age 54) did consecrate six new bishops at St. Mary Overy's [Map], before the high altar; and a goodly mass was said. And when all] was done thay yede unto my lord ch[ancellor's,] for ther was as grett a dener as youe ha[ve seen.] Thes be the bysshopes names that wher consecrated, [doctor] Whyt (age 44), warden of Wynchastur, the bysshope of Ly[ncoln]; doctur Borne, bysshope of Bathe; doctur Morgan, bishop of sant Davys; doctur Brokes (age 41), bysshope of Gloss [ter]; doctur Cottes, bysshope of Westtchastur; bysshope of sant Asse changyd to be bysshope of Arfford; master [Griffith] (age 47) parsun of sant Magnus bysshope of Rochastur.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 April

01 Apr 1554. The sam day at after-non was bered my lade [Ascough] the wyff of Sir Crystofer Askuw,lat mare of London: [she was] bered in sant John the evangelett paryche, in Watlyngstrett, and the stret and chyrche hangyd with blake and armes, and iiij gylt candyllstykes and iiij grett tapurs and armes, and ij goodly whyt branchys, and xx men in frysse gownes bayring of stayf-torchys, and mony vomen, and then the compeny of the Clarkes; and mony mornars, and then came a herald of armes a-for the corsse in ys cot armur; and then the corsse, with iiij banars of hemages borne [about] her, and the mornars; and then the craft of the Drapers; and the parrysonars; and so to the durge and the morowe masse. [Master] doctur Smyth dyd pryche; and when all was done, to [dinner.]

Note. P. 58. Funeral of lady Ascough. Sir Christopher Ascough, draper, who was the son of John Ascough of Edmonton in Middlesex, had been sheriff in 1525–6, lord mayor 1533–4, and was buried at St. John the Evangelist's in Watling-street. Arms, Gules, on a fesse argent, between three ass's heads couped or, as many estoiles azure. (List by Wm. Smith, Rouge-dragon.)

02 Apr 1554. The ij day of Aprell began the parlemente, and the Quen('s) (age 38) grace rod thedur in her robes, and bysshopes and lordes in parlement robes, and ther was a goody masse of the Holy-gost; and [so] to the parlement howsse.

08 Apr 1554. The viij day of Aprell wher creatyd lordes sir John of Brygys (age 62) creatyd lord Shandoys; sir John Wyllyams (age 54) baron of Tame, and lord chamburlayne to the prynche of Spayne; and ser Antony Browne (age 25), master of the prynsse of Spayne('s) horsses. And the sam day my lord Wylliam (age 44), admerall, and ys captayns, wherin whyt and gren velvet and saten and taffata and sarsenett, and trumpeters all in gren and whyt, and all the marenars in whyt and gren cloth for shypes. [On the same day somebody unknown hanged a cat on the gallows beside the cross in Cheap, habited in a garment like to that the priest wore that said mass; she had a shaven crown, and in her fore feet held a piece of paper made round, representing the wafer.]

Note. P. 59. Cat hung on the gallows in Cheapside. The same outrage will be found noticed in Stowe's Chronicle, p. 623, where the consecrated wafer is there termed "a singingcake," and in Foxe's Actes and Monuments, vol. iii. p. 99.

11 Apr 1554. The xj day of Aprell was heddyd ser Thomas [Wyatt of Kentt,] (age 33) the cheyffe captayn of the rebellyous of [Kent, be-] twyn ix and x of the cloke a-for none, on Towre hyll [Map], .... after and by xj of the cloke was he quartered on the skaffold, and hys bowelles and ys members burnt be-syd the skaffold; .... and so ther was a care and a baskett, and the iiij quarters and hed was putt in-to a baskett to nuwgat to be parboyled.

12 Apr 1554. The xij day of Aprell was ser Thomas Wyatt (deceased) sett a-pon the gallaus on Hay-hyll be-syd Hyd Parke; wher dyd hang iij men in chynes a-pon a stake wh .... cam to cum to London, and ther the qweyns men and [Wyatt's] men dyd skryssmys, wher he and ys captayns wher over-cum, thanke be unto God; and on quarter of ys sett a-pon a jubett on Mylle-end [Map] gren, and a-nodur at Nuwyngton be-yonde sant Gorges in Sowthwarke [Map], and [the iij] be-syd sant Thomas of Waterynges, and the iiij quarter at (blank)

13 Apr 1554. The xiij day of Aprell was a proclamasyon was made that what so mever he wher that cold bryng forth hym that dyd hang the catt on the galaus, he shuld have xx marke for ys labur.

16 Apr 1554. The xvj day of Aprell was sett up in sant Androwes Undershafft for master Kyrtun, alderman of London and marchand tayller of London, and marchand of the stapull of Calles, with a cote armur, iij penons of armes, goodly ons, and sett up over ys tombe.

Note. P. 60. Funeral ensigns of alderman Kyrton. Stephen Kirton, member of the Merchant-taylors in 1534. He was never sheriff or lord mayor. He bore four coats quarterly, 1. Argent, a fess and chevronel in chief gules; 2. Argent, a crescent and bordure sable; 3. Paly, argent and gules, a fess between three leopard's heads, all counterchanged; 4. Argent, a fesse between three butterflies gules. (Lord Mayors, &c. by Wm. Smith, Rouge-Dragon.)

17 Apr 1554. The xvij day of Aprell was had to Yeld-hall [Map] ser Necolaus Frogmortun (age 39), ser James a Croft (age 36), master Wynter, master Vaghan; and ther Waghan gaff evedens agaynst ser Necolas Frogmortun (age 39) of tresun, but the qwest dyd qwytt hym.

21 Apr 1554. The xxj day of April were two men set on the pillory in Cheap [Map], for speaking seditious words and false lies against the queen and her council: And one of] them had hys here [ear] naylyd to the pelory.

23 Apr 1554. The xxiij day of Aprell, was sant Gorge day, her grace (age 38) whent unto the chapell and whent a prossessyon with all the kynghtes of the garter that was ther pressent [to St.] James in the Feld; ther wher creatyd the sam day knights of the garter, the prynsse of Spayne (age 26) one, and the yerle of Sussex (age 47).

28 Apr 1544. The xxviij day of Aprell was heddyd on Towre hyll [Map], betwyn ix and x of the cloke a-for none, my lord Thomas Gray, the duke of Suffoke-Dassett brodur, and bered at Allalow's Barkyng [Map], and the hed (unfinished)

29 Apr 1554. The xxix day of Aprell was raynyd at Yeldhall [Map] ser James a Croft (age 36), late depute of Yrland, and cast; and master Wynter whent ther too.

29 Apr 1554. The sam day was bered my lade Dudley lat wyff of barne [baron] of Dudley, in sant Margarett in Westmynster [Map], with iiij baners of emages, and mony gowens, and hon[g with] blake and armes, for my lade was ontt [aunt] unto the [duke] of Suffoke-Dassett, the wyche was hedyd latt.

Note. P. 61. Funeral of the lady baroness Dudley, widow of lord Dudley, noticed in p. 334. She was the lady Cecily Grey, second daughter of Thomas marquess of Dorset, by Cecily, daughter and heir of William lord Bonville and Harington.

30 Apr 1554. The xxx day of Aprell began the postyll-mas [apostle-mass] at Powles at the v of the cloke in the mornyng evere day

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 May

03 May 1554. The iij day of May, at the cowrt of sant James, the quen('s) (age 38) grace whent a prossessyon within sant James with harolds and serjants of armes, and iiij bysshopes mytred, and all iij days thay whent her chapell a-bowt the feldes, first day to sant Gylles and ther song masse; the next day tuwyse-day to sant Martens in the feldes [Map], [and there] a sermon and song masse, and so thay dronke ther; and the iij day to Westmynster, and ther a sermon and then masse, and mad good chere; and after a-bowt the Parke, and so to sant James cowrt ther.

03 May 1554. [The same Rogation Week went out of the Tower, on procession, priests and clerks, and the lieutenant with all his waiters; and the ax of the Tower borne in procession: the waits attended. There joined in this procession the inhabitants of] sant Katheryns, Radclyff [Map], Limehouse [Map], Popular, Sthracfford, Sordyche, with all them [that belonged to] the Towre, with ther halbards, a-bowt the feldes of sant Katheryns and the prevelegys.

Before 08 May 1554. The day of May was raynyd at Yeld-hall [Map] master Wylliam Thomas, clarke to the consell, and cast to suffer deth, to be dran and quartered.

03 May 1554. The (blank) day of May was a proclamasyon that no man shuld not talke of no thynges of the qwen.

Note. P. 62. Proclamation. This was probably the proclamation transcribed in the Society of Antiquaries' collection, vol. ii. p. 124. It is undated, but entitled "A proclamation for suppressing of seditious rumours and libelles."

08 May 1554. The viij day of May war all the craftes warnyd to cum .... in ther leveray, and they wher commondyd that they shuld (unfinished

10 May 1554. The x day of May was durge at Westmynster and at Powles, with torche lyght; and the morow after and at Westmynster was masse, and ther they dyd offer, mony of the quen('s) consell and dyvers lordes, for the solles of kyng Henry the vijth and quen Elsabeth, and for kyng Henry the viijth and qwene Katheryne, and kyng Edward the vjth.

13 May 1554. The xiij day of May was the Fyssmongers and sant Peters in Cornhylle prossessyon, with a goodly qwyre of clarkes syngyng, and a iiijxx of prestes wayryng copes of cloth of gold, and so folohyng my lord mayre and the althemen in skarlet; and then the compeny of Fyssmongers in ther leveray, and they and the offesers beyryng whyt rods in ther handes, and so to Powlles, and ther they dyd the oblassyon after old fassyon.

06 May 1554. The vj day of May was a goodly evyngsong at Yeldhall colege, by the masters of the Clarkes and ther felowshype of Clarkes, with syngyng and playng as youe have hard.

07 May 1554. [The morrow after was a great mass at the same place, by the same fraternity, when every clerk offered a halfpenny. The mass was sung by divers of the queen's chapel and children. And, after mass done, every clerk went their procession two and two together, each having] a surples and a ryche cope, and a garland; [after them] iiijxx standards, stremars, and baners; and evere on that bare them had a nobe or elles a surples; and ij and ij together; [then came] the waytes playng, and then be-twyn xxx clarkes, a qwre syngyng Salve fasta dyes; so ther wher iiij qweres. [Then cam] a canepe borne by iiij of the masters of the Clarkes [over the] sacrament, with a xij stayff-torchys bornyng; [up sa]nt Laurans lane, and so to the farther end of Chep, then back a-gayn up Cornhylle, and so to Ledynhalle; and so down to Byshopegatt unto sant Albrowsse chyrche [Map]; and ther they dyd put off ther copes and so to dener evere man, and ther evere on that bare a stremar had monay, as they wher of bygnes ther.

14 May 1554. The xiiij day of May was creatyd my lord Garrett (age 29) the yerle of Kyldare. [Note. This was a restoration rather than creation.]

Note. P. 63. Lord Garrett created earl of Kildare. Gerald Fitzgerald, reckoned as the eleventh earl in succession of his family. His father [Note. brother?] Thomas was executed at Tyburn, together with his five uncles, on the 2d Feb. 1535; his grandfather [Note. father?] Gerald the ninth earl having died a prisoner in the Tower of London on the 12th Dec. preceding; and was subsequently pronounced attainted by an act of Parliament in Ireland passed in May 1536. The young lord Garrett, or FitzGerald, having been educated abroad, is said to have been introduced to the court of king Edward the Sixth, and knighted by him in 1552 (Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, by Archdall, vol. i. p. 94); but we have seen (p. 334) that the latter statement is erroneous, and it is more probable that he did not return before his kinsman and patron cardinal Pole and other eminent members of the old communion. His patent of restoration was dated May 13, 1554, (Lodge,) and in the following November he returned to Ireland. He was now thirty years of age, and he died in London, Nov. 16, 1585.

15 May 1554. The xv day of May cam Haknay prossessyon to Powlles; and after cam sant Clement('s) prossessyon and the mayre and althermen; and ther wher goodly quersse [choirs] syngyng.

16 May 1554. The xvj day of May cam to Powlles Eslyngton prossessyon.

18 May 1554. The xviij day of May was drane a-pone a sled a proper man namyd Wylliam Thomas from the Towre [Map] unto Tyborne [Map]; the .. he was clarke to the consell; and he was hangyd, and after ys hed stryken of, and then quartered; and the morow after ys hed was sett on London bryge, and iij quarters set over Crepullgate.

20 May 1554. The xx day of May my lade Elsabeth (age 20) the quen('s) (age 38) syster cam owt of the Towre, and toke her barge at Towre warfe [Map], and so to Rychemond [Map], and from thens unto Wyndsor [Map], and so to Wodstoke [Map].

16 May 1554. The xvj day of May, and the furst yere of quen Mare (age 38), was Henry Machun lvj yere old, Anno Domini M. v liiij. [Henry Machun being the author of the diary].

23 May 1554. The xxiij day of May a certain woman was set on the pillory in Cheapside for speaking lies and seditious words against the queen's (age 38) majesty.

24 May 1554. The xxiiij day of May was Corpus Christi day, and .... ther wher mony goodly pr[oss]essyons in mony parryches .. was yll, for mony had long torchys garnyshyd [in the] old fassyouns, and stayffe torchys bornyng, and mony [canopies] borne a-bowt the strett; and sant Pulcurs parryche went a-bowt ther owne parryche, and in Smythfeld; as they wher goohyng, ther cam a man unto the prest [that bare] the sacrament, and began to pluke ytt owt of ys hand, and contenent he druw ys dager (blank), and contenent he was taken and cared to Nuwgate [Map].

Note. P. 64. A man that would have plucked the sacrament out of the priest's hand. Stowe gives his name,—"a joyner that dwelt in Colman streete called John Strete;" and adds that in Newgate he "fayned him selfe madde:" but the latter statement is contradicted by Foxe, who has commemorated Strete more at length.

Note. Pp. 63, 139. Corpus Christi day. After the accession of Mary (says our Diarist, p. 63) this festival was kept with goodly processions, and torches garnished in the old fashion, and staff torches burning, and many canopies. All these particulars are confirmed by the parochial accounts of Saint Margaret's Westminster (still in perfect preservation at this and a still earlier period), from which the following extracts are made:

(In 1 Mariæ) Item, payde for breade, ale, and beere on Corpus Christie day xixd.

Item, payde for a ffrynge of si[l]ke for the canypye, wayenge xviij ounces qarter di. price the ownce xijd. summa xviijs. iiijd.

Item, payde to the brotherer for fasshonyng of the canopie and settyng on of the ffrynge xiiijd.

Item, for iiij knoppes for the canopie staves, alle gilte iiijs.

Item, payde for garnysshyng the iiij torches for Corpus Christye day, and the cariage of them from Londone ijs.

Item, flowres to the same torches vjd.

Item, payde to iiij torche-bearers on Corpus Christye day viijd.

(In 2 Mariæ) Item, payde for flowres for the torches on Corpus Christie day vijd.

Item, payde for v staf torches xs. xd.

Item, payde for the garnyshyng of them xxd.

Item, payde to v men for beryng of the sayde torches xd.

Item, payde for breade, ale, and beere xxd.

(In 3 Mariæ) Item, payde for iiij newe torchis wayeng lxxxxijli. di. at vd. the li. xxxviijs. viijd.

Item, payde for bote-hyre and for cariage of thame torchis vjd.

Item, payde for garnysshyng of the sayde iiij torchis xxd.

Item, payde to iiij men for beryng of the iiij great torchis viijd.

Item, payde to iiij children for bering the iiij staf torchis iiijd.

Item, payde to a man for beryng the great stremer jd.

Item, payde hym that did beare the crosse ijd.

Item, payde for breade, wyne, ale, and beere xxjd.

Item, payde for flowres the same day

25 May 1554. The xxv day of May was ij men set on the pelere in Chepe; one ys ere [ear] was naylyd for horabull lyes and sedyssyous wordes aganst the quen('s) mageste and her consell; and th'odur was sedyssyous slanderous wordes gaynst the quen('s) mageste and her consell and the mages ....

25 May 1554. The xxv day of May, wyche was the sam day, whent owt of the Towre [Map] northwarde the yerle of Devonshyre (age 27), and cared into Northhamtunshyre to a castyll called Fotheringay [Map] with serten of the gard, and dyvers knyghtes, by iij and iiij of the cloke in the mornyng.

26 May 1554. The xxvj day of May was the sam man that had ys her [ear] naylyd a-for, was ys thuder her [other ear] naylyd; and a woman sett on the pelere for spykyng of serten words thuchyng the quens (age 38) prosedynges and the consell.

27 May 1554. The xxvij day of May whent owt of the Towre [Map] unto Westmynster hall by land, and cam my lord John Gray (age 30), the duke of Suffoke['s] brodur latt beheddyd.

29 May 1554. The xxix day of May the Queen (age 38) removed from St. James's, passing through the park, and took her barge at Whitehall, and so to Rychmond [Map], on her progress.

Note. Pp. 64, 69, 74, 75. Removes of king Philip and queen Mary. These are thus recorded in the churchwardens' accounts of St. Margaret's Westminster:

"Allso payde to the ryngers the xij day of August (1553) when the queenes grace wente to Richmonde; and the xxij day of September when she came from Richmonde to Westminster; and the xixth day of December, when her grace wente to Richemont, and the xxx day of December when her grace cam to Westminster xvjd.

"Item, payde to the ryngers when the queenes majestie went from Westminster to Rychmond the xxix of May [1554; see p. 64] iiijd.

"Item, payde the xvij. and xviij. day of August, when the kyng and the quene cam from Richemonde to Sowthwarke, and so from thens to Westmynster, for bread and drynk to the ryngers vjd.

"Item, the xxj. day when they came to the mynster, and allso the xxiij. day when they went to Hampton Coorte viijd.

"Item, payde to the ryngers the xviijti [read 28th] day of September, when the kyng and the queenes majestie cam to Westmynster [see p. 69] iiijd.

"Item, payde to the ryngers of the belles the xij. day of November, when the kyng and the queenes majesties cam to the mynster to the masse of the holy gost [see p. 74] iiijd.

"Item, payde to the ryngers on sayncte Andrewis day, when the kynges majestie came to the mynster iiijd.

See this last mentioned in p. 77, but without noticing that it was the feast of Saint Andrew.

30 May 1544. The xxx day of May was ij sett on the pelere, a [man and a woman]; but the woman had here ere [her ear] nayled to the pelere for spykyng of falles lyes and rumors; the man was for sedyssyous wordes and slanderous wordes.

31 May 1554. The xxxj day of May was a marchand-man of ... slayne by a servyng-man with-in Sant Marten ....

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 June

01 Jun 1554. The furst day of Junii was the sam woman set on the [pillory, that] her ere was nayled a-ffor, was her thuder [other] nayled thys sam day for the sam offense.

04 Jun 1554. The iiij day of Junii wasse all the galus [gallows] in London plokyd done in all plases.

04 Jun 1554. The sam day the mayre of London and the althermen commanded that a skaffold shuld be mad abowt the crosse, for to be gyldyd agaynst the prynse of Spayne (age 27) commyng in.

04 Jun 1554. The sam tyme wher granted by the lord mayre and the aldermen and the common consell a xv and a d. for the commonse, payd forth-with-all toward the commyng of the prynsse of Spayne (age 27).

04 Jun 1554. The sam tym wher commondyd that ij althermen to wache evere nyght, and j or ij constabulls to wache evere nyght, tyll iij or iiij of the cloke in the mornyng.

09 Jun 1554. The ix day of Juin was the crosse [Map] in Chepe covered with canves from the fott to the tope, and endyd, for the prynce's (age 27) coming, and gyldyd.

10 Jun 1554. The x day of Juin dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] master (doctor Pendleton (age 30)); and be-twyn x and a xj of the cloke ther was a gunne shott over the prycher, and yt the wall, and yt was a pellett of tyne.

12 Jun 1554. The xij day of Juin was a gret fray be-twyn the lord Warden('s) servands of Kent and the Ines of ... Gray('s) inn, Lynkolne('s) inn, and sum slayn and hurt.

14 Jun 1554. The xxiiij day of Juin was a goodly masse kept at sant Edmond in Lumbard-strett for the strangers, and the chyrche hangyd with ryche cloth.

25 Jun 1554. The xxv day of Juin anodur masse kept at the Gray-frers for the sextons of London, and after pressessyons with the whetes plahyng, and clarkes syngyng, thrug Chepe-syd unto Soper lane, and agayn thrug Powlles chyrche yerd by master denes [place,] and thrug Warwyke lane unto the Gray-frers, and so to dener unto the Kukes-hall.

25 Jun 1554. The sam day cam to Londun by water the prynche of Pymon (age 25) with a grett compeny of Spaneards; sum had crosses, sum red, and sum gren, and sum whyt, and so to (unfinished).

Note. P. 66. Prince of Piedmont. Though our diarist mentions this prince twice in this page, some mistake may be suspected. The prince really arrived in December, as afterwards mentioned in p. 79. Probably the person who came in June was his ambassador.

29 Jun 1544. The xxix day of Juin, the wyche was sant Peter and Powlles day, was a fayre at Westmynster abbay; and ther was a goodly pressessyon, and after masse; and ther the prynse of Pymon (age 15) and dyvers Spaneards, and hard messe [heard mass] in kyng Henry the vij chapelle [Map].

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 July

06 Jul 1544. The vj day of Julij was a goodly sermon [by] on of the prebendares of Powlles; and ther was a nuw skaffold mayd ther for the mayd that spake in the wall and wystelyd in Althergat stret; and she sayd openly that yt was on John Drakes ser Antony Knevett servand; and she whept petefully, and she knelyd and askyd God mercy, and the quen; and bad all pepull be ware of false thechyng, for she sayd that she shuld have many goodly thynges gyffyn her ....

Note. P. 66. The maid that spake in the wall and whistled in Aldersgate-street. This prototype of the Cock-lane ghost is noticed more fully by Stowe: her name was Elizabeth Croft, "a wenche about the age of eighteene yeares."

21 Jul 1554. The xxj day of July by x of the cloke [was proclaimed] thrug London that the prynche of Spayne (age 27) was [arrived at Southampton] and that evere pere and lord and lade shuld [resort] unto her grace['s] cete of Wynchester [Map] with all spede to her graceus weddyng.

Note. P. 66. Proclamation for attendance of peers, &c. at the queen's marriage. See this in the Soc. of Antiquaries' collection, vol. ii. p. 125.

21 Jul 1554. The sam after non commondyd by my lord mayre that hevere man shuld make bone-fyres in evere strett, so ther was mony plases had tabuls and [ ... ] tyll x at nyght, and ryngyng and plahyng.

23 Jul 1554. The xxiij day of July wher commondyd that evere .. shuld goo a prossessyon and to syng Te Deum laudamus in evere parryche in London, and ryngyng of the belles.

29 Jul 1544. The xxix day of July dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] master Harpfeld and he dyd pray in ys bedes for the kyng and the quen Phelipe (age 17) and Mare (age 28) by the grace of God kyng and quene of England, Franse, Napuls, Jerusalem, Ierland, deffendors of the fayth, prynces of Spayne and Sycylye, archedukes of Austryche, dukes of Mylayne, Burgundye, and Brabant; contes of Haspurge, Flandurs, and Tyrole; whyt thes stylle as ys a-ffor.

Note. P. 67.King and Queen's style. The letters patent directing the lord chancellor to issue writs announcing the king and queen's style, dated at Winchester 27 July, 1554, are printed in Rymer's Fædera, xv. 404.

30 Jul 1554. The xxx day of July was bered at Grenwyche ser Robart Whentworth knyght, with armes and dyvers mornares.

06 Sep 1554. The vj day of September wher creatyd ser Antony Browne (age 25) creatyd vyconte lord Montyguw.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 August

05 Aug 1554. [The j day of August the King (age 27) and Queen (age 38) were proclaimed in London, by the titles as above,] dukes of Melayne, Burgundye and Brabant, contes of Haspurge, Flandurs and Tyrole.

Aug 1554. The ... day of August [Note. Possibly July] was bered master Lambard, altheman and draper, with mony mornars, and they bare stayff torchys, had mantyll fryresse gownes, and the armes of ys craft and the armes (of) the marchant adventorers.

Note. P. 67. Funeral of alderman John Lambard. "Father to William Lambard esquire, well known by sundry learned bookes that he hath published." (Stowe.) He was sheriff in 1552; and was buried in St. Michael's, Wood-street. Arms, Gules, a chevron vaire between three lambs argent. (Wm. Smith, Rouge-Dragon.)

07 Aug 1554. The vij day of August was bered the wyff of master Lambard alderman and draper, with-in the monyth of the sam, with torchys and tapurs.

08 Aug 1554. The viij day of August was bered the jen[tle] master Austyne Hynd altherman, the wych hyt [had] plesyd Almyghty God that he had levyd tyll myghe[lmas,] he shuld had byne the nuw mayre of thys no[ble] cete of London; with a standard and a cote of armur and iiij penons of armes and a C. iiijxx. of mantyll frysse gownes for men and women, and the women havyng raylles, with xxiiij torchys, and ij fayre whyt branchys, and mony mornares, and the compenye of the Clarkes, and with vj dosen of schochyons of ys armes, and a C. of blake gownes, and a-boyffe [above] the nombur, and after a gret dener.

Note. P. 67. Funeral of alderman Austen Hynde. Augustine Hynde, clothworker, sheriff in 1551. Arms, Gules, a chevron between three hinds or. (Wm. Smith, Rouge-dragon.) He was buried at St. Peter's in Cheap, and his epitaph will be found in Stowe: it states his death on the tenth of the month, and MS. Harl. 897, f. 25b. names the xij. whereas our diarist says the viij. His descendants will be found in MS. Harl. 897. His widow was remarried to alderman sir John Lyons, who is noticed in the next page.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 September

07 Sep 1554. The vij day of September was bered in sant Bothulff with-owt Bysshope-gate chyrche, good master James Suttun sqwyre, and clarke of the gren cloth unto kyng Henry the viijth. and unto kyng Edward the vjth. and unto quen Mare, and so buried with a cot armur, and a penon of armes, and ij dosen of schochyons, and ij whyt branchys and xij stayff torchys, and mony mornars, and the compene of the Clarkes; and vj of ys servantes bare hym in blake cotes, and ther dyd pryche master doctur Smyth at ys masse.

07 Sep 1554. [The same day was the funeral of sir Harry Huncotes knight, alderman, and fishmonger.] .... pore men and women of .... mantyll frysse .... Fyssmongers halle hangyd with blake and with armes; [then] came the standard and then mornares; and then [came] ys armes, and then a harold bayryng ys cot armur ... master Clarenshws the kyng at armes in ys ryche cote; then cam the corsse, and a-bowtt the corsse iiij mo penons, and a-bott xxiiij torchys bornyng, and ij goodly whytt branchys, .... and cam mornars the sward-berrer, my lord mayre, and [the alder] men mornars, and the resedue of them in vyolett, and then .... boyth men and women; and so to the chyrche, and then on ha .... prahynge for ys solle, and then began the durge and .. pepull whent to the halle to drynke boyth spysse and wyn; and the morow mass of requiem; and after they offered furst ys cot armur, and after cam the harold and ... offered ys target; and after ij offered ys sword; and after ij morn[ers] ys elmet with the crest; and then the mayre offered, and the altherman, and the mornars, and the craft; and, all done, master doctur Smyth dyd pryche; and when masse was don then offered the standard and the v penonsse of armes; and after to the Fyssmongars hall to dener; and my lord mayre and the althermen and all the mornars; [and] ther was a grett dener as youe have sene now a [days].

Note. P. 68. Funeral of alderman sir Henry Amcotes. Son of William Amcotes, of Astrop, Lincolnshire. He had been lord mayor in 1548, was buried in St. Michael's, Crookedlane [Map], where he had "a goodly ancient tombe within the south grated chappell: Hereunder lyeth the bodies of sir Henry Amcotes knight, alderman and lord maior of London, and dame Joane his wife. Which sir Henry Amcotes deceased the 5. day of September anno 1554. And the said dame Joane deceased the 4. day of September anno Dom. 1573." His arms were quarterly of eight, as blazoned and engraved in The Fishmongers' Pageant, fol. 1844, p. 14. A pedigree of his family will be found in the MS. Harl. 897, f. 52. They were afterwards of long continuance in Lincolnshire.

14 Sep 1554. The xiiij day of September was iij sett in the pelere for playhyng with falsse dysse and deseyffeng honest men in playng; and the same day was ij wypyd a-bowt London, [after] a care-hars [carts tail], for lotheryng, and as wacabondes wher they taken.

17 Sep 1554. The xvij day of September was a proclamasyon that all vacabonds and lotherus, boyth Englys men and all maner of strangers, that have no master, shuld avoyd the cete and the subarbes a-pon gret payn.

Note. P. 69. Proclamation "for avoyding of vagabondes and idle persons from London, Westminster, and places adjoyning,"—this is transcribed in the Society of Antiquaries' collection, vol. ii. p. 126.

20 Sep 1554. The xx day of September was ij men dran of ij hyrdles unto Tyburne [Map] and un-to hangyng, the ij for qwynnyng [coining] of noythy [naughty] money, and deseyvyng of the quen('s) subjects; the one dwelt in London sum tym.

Oct 1554. Item the (blank) day of October was a woman sett on the pelere for sedyssyous wordes.

20 Sep 1554. .... and alle to evere body that wold cum .... money a-way for lake of pepull.

23 Sep 1554. The xxiij day of September dyd pryche doctur Rud at Powlles crosse [Map], and he recantyd and repentyd that he ever was mared, and sayd openly that he cold not mare by God's law.

26 Sep 1554. The xxvj day of September wher ij yonge men sett on the pelere, and ther ere nayled for spykyng sedyssyous wordes and malessyous wordes aganst the commonwelth.

27 Sep 1554. The xxvij day of September wher iiij hangyd, on was a Spaneard, at Tyburne [Map]: ij wher goodly felows.

28 Sep 1554. The xxviij day of September the Kyng (age 27) and the Quen (age 38) removyd from Hamtun court [Map] unto Westmynster tho her grace('s) plasse.

30 Sep 1554. The xxx day of September dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] my lord Chansseler the bysshope of Wynchester (age 71), and he mad a goodly sermon; and ther wher as grett a audyensse as ever I saw in my lyff.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 October

02 Oct 1554. The ij day October whent from Westmynster xx carres with veges [wedges] of gold and sylver to the Towre [Map] to be quennyd [coined].

04 Oct 1554. The iiij day of October was the monyth myn at Waltham Abbay [Map] of master James Suttun sqwyre, and clarke of the grencloth; and ther was a sarmon, and a dolle of money unto evere howsse that ned the charete, and after a grett dener.

02 Oct 1554. The ij day of October was bered the nobull duke of Norffok at a plasse callyd Fremyngham chyrche [Map]; and ther was a goodly hersse of wax as I have sene in thes days, with a dosen of banerrolles of ys progene, and xij dosen penselles, xij dosen of kochyons, and with standard, and iij cotes of armes, and a baner of damaske, and iiij banars of emages, and mony mornars, and a gret dolle, and after gret dener. [For the furnishing of which dinner were killed forty great oxen and a hundred sheep, and sixty calves, besides venison, swans, and cranes, capons, rabbits, pigeons, pikes, and other provisions both flesh and fish. There was also great plenty of wine; and of bread and beer as great plenty as ever had been known, both for] ryche and pore: all the co[untry came thither; and] a grett dolle of money ther wher [bestowed upon the poorer sort;] for he was cared from (unfinished).

Note. P. 70. Funeral of the duke of Norfolk. The MS. Harl. 897 says the duke died at Kenyng hall on Monday the 27. of August, and was buried at Fremyngham on Monday the last of September. His funeral is in Coll. Arm, I. 3, f. 103.

05 Oct 1554. The v day of October was the obsequy of the duke of Northfoke at sant Mare Overes [Map]; a hers [hearse] mad with tymber, and hangyd with blake, and with ys armes, and iiij goodly candlestyks gyldyd, and iiij grett tapurs, and with ys armes, and alle the qwyre hangyd with blake and armes; and durge and masse on the morowe. And my lord chanseler (age 71) cheffe morner, and next master [controller,] and master Gorge Haward; at the durge my lord Montyguw (age 25), my lord admerell (age 44), and my lord Brugys, and divers others; and a xl in gownes and cotes in blake; and after to my lord['s place], and gret ryngyng ij days.

07 Oct 1554. The vij day of October was the monyth myn[d of] ser Hare Huncotes knyght, late mayre and altherman, and Fyssmonger of London, and ther ys hersse bornyd .... durge, and the morow-mas the furst masse of the tr[inity], and with a harold, and after the masse of requiem; and doctur Smyth dyd pryche, the reder of Oxford, and after [a great] dener; and he gayff muche money to evere w[ard] in London and he has fondyd ij prestes to syng, on in London and th'odur in Lynckolneshyre, wher he was borne: thys shall be for ever.

06 Oct 1554. The vi day of October was bered at Westmynster a grett man a Spaneard, with syngyng, boyth Englys and Spaneards, with a hand-belle, a-for ryngyng, and ever[y] Spaneard havyng gren torchys, and gren tapurs to the nombur of a C. bornyng, and ther bered in the Abbay.

09 Oct 1554. The ix of October was bered master Gorge Medley merser, and lat Chamburlayn of this cete of London, with ij whyt branchys and xij pore men with xij stayffes torchys, and xij gomes, and dyvers men and women in blake gownes; and ys armes a-pone ys body, and the compene of the Clarkes, and of the Marsars; and when alle was don, they whent hom to drynke; and the morow after the masse of requiem; and ther dyd pryche doctur Smyth; and after hom to dener.

10 Oct 1554. The x day of October was bered the good lord De la Warr (deceased) in Sussex, with standard, banar of armes, banar-roll, [coat] armur, targat, sword, elmet, with harolds of armes; then cam the corsse with iiij baners borne abowt hym. [He] was the best howssekeper in Sussex in thes days, and the mone (was greater) for ym, for he ded withowt essue; and ther wher mony morners in blake; and ther wher a goodly hersse of wax and pensels, and viij dosen skochyons; and ther was a grett dolle of money, and met and drynke as was (ever known in) that contrey.

Note. P. 71. Funeral of lord de la Warr. Thomas West, ninth lord de la Warr, succeeded his father 1525; K.G. 1549. He was buried at Broadwater, co. Sussex, where his tomb remains, and is described in Cartwright's Rape of Bramber, p. 38.

12 Oct 1554. The xij day of October ther was on of the pelere for spykyng of sedyssyous wordes, a colyar, iij tymes

14 Oct 1554. The xiiij day of October dyd pryche in the shruds [shrouds] the good bysshope of Durram, Donstall (age 80), that was Sonday.

11 Oct 1554. The xj day of October was the obsequy of (blank) a Spaneard at Westmynster; ther wase a praty herse after the fassyon of Spayn, with blake, and a goodly masse of requiem; and the chapell that he was bered in was hong with blake; and ys harmes mony, with a baner of armes and cote of armes, alle in gold, and target and elmett and mony skochyon, and a fere hers-clothe of blake, and a crosse of cremesun velvet, done to the ground-the ij yer of quen Mare.

15 Oct 1554. The xv day of October was kyllyd with-owt Tempall bare almost at stren [Strand] a servand of ser Gorge Gyfford, shamfully slayne by a Spaneard, a-bowt iiij of the (clock) at after-non.

Note. P. 72. Servant of sir George Gifford killed. Stowe says Clifford, but Gifford I believe is right. (See p. 335).

16 Oct 1554. The xvj day of October cam rydyng owt of Northfoke on John Day prynter and ys servand, and a prest, and an-odur prynter, for pryntyng of noythy [naughty] bokes, to the Towre.

Note. P. 72. Imprisonment of Day the printer. John Day, whose great boast was that he had encouraged and supported Foxe in the construction of that gigantic work, the Actes and Monuments. See the memoir of Day by the present writer in the Gentleman's Magazine for Nov. 1832, vol. CII. ii. 417, where Day's monumental brass at Ampton, co. Suffolk, is engraved; also further particulars communicated by the late Francis Douce, esq. and D. E. Davy, esq. in the same volume, pp. 597, 598; and a catalogue of the works printed by Day, and his portrait, in Ames's Typographical Antiquities, by Dibdin, vol. iv. pp. 41–177. One of the companions of Day's imprisonment was John Rogers, who suffered martyrdom soon after, (see p. 81,) and we may suppose that it was very much owing to his own sufferings at this time that he was instigated to "set a Fox to wright how Martyrs runne by death to lyfe." (Epitaph.)

18 Oct 1554. The xviij day of October king Philip (age 27) came down on horseback from Westminster unto Paul's, with many lords, being received under a canopy, at the west end: and the lord Montagu (age 25) bare the sword afore the king. There he heard mass, and] Spaneards song mase; and after masse [he went back to] Westmynster to dener.

21 Oct 1554. The xxj day of October ded the yerle of Warwyke (age 27), the eldest sune of the duke of Northumberland that was heddyd, at ser [Henry] Sydnay (age 25) plasse at Penthurst [Map] at mydnyght he ded.

Note. P. 72. Ibid. Death of the earl of Warwick. John Dudley earl of Warwick, the eldest son of the duke of Northumberland, was one of the knights of the Bath at the coronation of Edward VI. On the 29th April 1552, he was made master of the horse to the king (Pat. 6 Edw. VI. p. 5); but Collins, (Memoirs of the Sidneys, p. 31,) is wrong in saying he was afterwards chosen a Knight of the Garter. Strype, Mem. ii. 500, erroneously inserts the christian name of Ambrose to the patent of master of the horse. On receiving that office the earl of Warwick resigned that of master of the buck-hounds to his brother lord Robert Dudley. (Ibid. 501.)

21 Oct 1554. The xxiiij day of October was bered ... Rechard Townlay (age 34) in sant Austyn parryche syd Powlles with xvj torchys and iiij grett [tapers], and ij whyt branchys, with a harold of armes, with a standard, a penons of armes, cote, helmet, target, sword, the crest a hauke w ..., and vj dosen of skochyons, and prestes and clarkes; a C. of the in(ns) of the cort cam to the berehyng, and the morow masse, and a sermon.

26 Oct 1554. The xxvj day of October was hangyd at Charynge-crosse [Map] a Spaneard that kyld a servant of ser Gorge Gefford, the wyche was slayne with-owt Tempull-bare.

29 Oct 1554. The xxix day of October the nuw lord mayre of London, master Lyons (age 40) groser, toke ys hoathe at Westmynster; and alle the craftes of London in ther barges, and with stremars; and ther was a grett penoys decked with ij topes and stremars and .... gones and drumes and trumpetes, rohyng to Westmynster up and don; and when thay cam hom thay landyd at Powlles warff, and ther mett the mayr lx in rosett gownes and with targetts and gyffelyns and blue hattes; and then a goodly pagant, a gryffen with a chyld lyung in harnes, and sant John Baptyst with a lyon, and ij vodys [woods aka wild men] and a dulle [devil] with squybes bornyng, and trumpetes blohyng, and drum(s) and flute(s), and then the bachelers with cremesun damaske hedes [hoods], and then trumpeters, and the wettes [waists] of the cete; and so to yeld-hall to dener, for ther dynyd my lord chanseler (age 71) and all the nobuls, and the Spaneardes, and the juges and lernyd men.

Note. P. 73. Sir John Lyons lord mayor. Son of Thomas Lyons of Perivale, co. Middlesex; a member of the Grocers' company: and sheriff 1550. "He dwelled in Bucklersbury, and was buried in St. Syth's church, which toucheth on the south syde of his house." Arms, Azure, on a fess engrailed between three plates each charged with an eagle's head erased sable, a lion passant between two cinquefoils gules. (List of Lord Mayors, &c. by Wm. Smith, Rouge-Dragon.) Sir John Lyons bequeathed 100l. towards building a garner for corn at Queen Hithe, which was enlarged at the charges of the city in 1565. (Stowe.) See a notice of his widow hereafter, p. 346.

29 Oct 1554. The same day sir Thomas Audley, a famous captain, was buried in saint Mary Overy's [Map]. There attended his funeral the lord Gray, lord Fitzwalter, and divers other] captaynes and knyghtes and gentyllmen [to the number of] lx. be-syd odur.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 November

01 Nov 1554. The furst day of Novembar was [carried] by the gard into Nuwgatt [Map] serten men.

02 Nov 1544. The ij day of November was bered at sant Peters in chepe on master Pekeryng with ij fayre whyt branchys and viij torchys, iiij grett tapurs, and he gayffe unto xij [pore men] xij gownes that dyd bere them, and eldyd th .... dyvers mornars, and the felowshype of the .... and the morow the masse of requiem.

04 Nov 1554. The iiij day of November dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] master Harpfeld; and ther wher v dyd penance with shetts a-bowt them, and tapurs and rods in ther handes, and the prycher dyd stryke them with a rod, and ther dyd they stand tyll the sermon was all done; and then the sumner toke the shets and the rods, and they whent into Powlles a-gayn, and so up the syd of the quer; on prest, ys nam ys ser Thomas Lawes, odur wysse callyd ser Thomas Gryffyn, sum tyme a chanon at Eyssyng spyttyll; iiij of them wher relegyous men, and the feyth was a temporall man that had ij wyeffes.

Note. Ibid. Public penance at St. Paul's. Stowe, who varies in his account of the culprits, thus describes this ceremony: "The 4. of November, beeing Sunday, three preists that, beeing married, would not leave their wives, and two laymen that had two wives apeece, were punished alike, for they went in procession about Paules churche in white sheetes over them, and either of them a taper of waxe in the one hand and a rod in the other, and so they sate before the preacher at Paules crosse during the sermon, and then were displed on the heads with the same rods."

04 Nov 1554. The iiij day of November be-gane a grett fray at Charyng crosse [Map] at viij of the cloke at nyght be-twyn the Spaneardes and Englysmen, the wyche thrugh wysdom ther wher but a fuwe hort, and after the next day thay wher serten taken that be-gane yt; on was a blake-mor, and was brought a-for the hed offesers by the knyght-marshall('s) servandes.

06 Nov 1544. [The vj day of November the earl of Shrewsbury (age 44) came riding to London with vjxx horse, and of gentlemen in velvet caps thirty, to his place in Coleherber in Thames-street.]

07 Nov 1554. The vij day of November was ij men sett in the pelere in ther fordgownes [furred gowns]; on had the wry [ting over] ys hed for falshood and wylfull perjury; and th'odur for subtyll falshod and crafty desseytt.

07 Nov 1554. The vij day of November was ij men sett in the pelere in ther fordgownes; on had the wry [ting over] ys hed for falshood and wylfull perjury; and th'odur for subtyll falshod and crafty desseytt [deceit].

09 Nov 1554. The ix day of November cam rydyng to London the yerle of Penbroke (age 53) with ij C. horsse, and in velvet cottes and cheynes, the cotes with iij lasses of gold, and lx reseduw in bluw cotes gardyd with velvet, and badge a gren dragon, to the parlement.

11 Nov 1554. The xj day of November dyd pryche master Pendylltun (age 30) at Powlles crosse [Map] and mad a good sermon.

12 Nov 1554. The xij day of November the Kyng (age 27) and the Quen (age 38) rod unto Westmynster chyrche to the masse of the Holy-gost, and after masse to the parlement-howsse; and all the bysshopes and the lordes in ther parlement robes, with trompeters blohyng, and all the harolds in ther cote armurs, and the juges in ther robes; the yerle of Penbroke (age 53) bare the kyng('s) sword, and the yerle of Comberland (age 41) bare the quen('s) sword, and the yerle of Shrowsbery (age 54) bare the kyng('s) cape of mantenance, and the yerle of Arundell (age 42) bare the quen('s) cape of mantenance; and a-for them rod to-gether my lord chansheler (age 71) and my lord tressorer (age 71) in ther parlement robes.

13 Nov 1554. The xiij day of November was commondyd by the bysshope of London (age 54) to all clarkes in the dyoses [dioceses] of London for to have sant Necolas and to go a-brod, as mony as wold have ytt.

14 Nov 1554. [The xiiij day of November, saint Erconwald's day, it was commanded that every priest in the diocess ....]

Note. P. 75. Saint Erconwald's day. This passage may be completed (from Strype) thus—"should go to Paul's in procession in copes."

After 14 Nov 1554. The (blank) day of November cam to the Fleet [Map] [Barlow (age 56)] sumtyme bysshope of (Bath and Wells), and master Kardmaker parsun of sant Brydes in Fletstret was the.... thay wher gohyng over see lyke marchands.

18 Nov 1554. The xviij day of November dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] the nuw bysshope of Lynckolne, doctur White (age 44), late the warden of Wynchaster.

18 Nov 1554. The sam day was consecratyd nuw [bishops], on bysshope of Brystow (age 59), and a-nodur byshope of Lycheffeld and Coventre (age 50).

19 Nov 1554. The xix day of November was bered at sant Martens [Map] at Charyng-crosse with ij crosses a gentyllman a Spaneard, and a iiijxx torchys and tapurs in ther handes, and with syngyng to the cherche, and the morowe-masse boythe Spaneards and Englysmen syngyng.

19 Nov 1554. The sam day whent to met my lord cardenall Polle (age 54) in Kent my lord of Elly, with odur - doctur Thurlbe (age 48) bysshope of Elly.

Note. P. 75. Cardinal Pole. "The 24. of November cardinall Poole came oute of Brabant into England," &c. See Stowe's Chronicle, p. 625.

23 Nov 1554. The xxiij day of November was a man and a woman stode on the pelere for tellyng of falsse lyes thatt kyng Edward the vjth was a-lyffe.

24 Nov 1554. The xxiiij day the sam man (and) woman was sett on the pelere a-gayne that dyd say that kyng Edward was a-lyffe, and for odur thynges.

24 Nov 1554. [The same day cardinal Pole (age 54) came from Gravesend [Map] by water, with the earl of Shrewsbury (age 54), the lord Montagu (age 25), the bishops of Durham (age 80) and Ely (age 48), the lord Paget (age 48), sir Edward Hastings (age 33), the lord Cobham (age 57), and diverse] knyghts and gentyllmen, in barges, and thay all [did shoot the] bryge be-twyn xij and on of the cloke, and a-g[ainst] the steleard [Map] of Temes my lord chanseler (age 71) mett [them in his] barge, and my lord of Shrousbury (age 54) [had his] barge with the [talbot, all] ys men in bluw cotes, red-hosse, skarlett capes, [and white] fethers; and so to the cort gatt, and ther the Kyng('s) (age 27) grace [met him] and inbrasyd hym, and so lad ym thrughe the kyng('s) hall;] and he had borne a-for hym a sylver crosse, and [he was arrayed in] a skarlet gowne and a sqware skarlett cape; and my lord [North] bare the swarde a-for the Kyng; and so they whent up unto the Quens chambur, and ther her grace (age 38) salutyd hym; and after he toke ys leyffe, and toke ys barge to ys plase at Lambeth [Map], that was the bysshope of Cantorberys, Crenmer (age 65), and so to dener.

25 Nov 1554. The xxv day of November dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] master Fecknam (age 39), den of Powlles, and a godly sermon.

25 Nov 1554. The sam day, the wyche was Sonday, at after-non, the Kyngs (age 27) grace and my lord Fuwater [Probably Henry Radclyffe 2nd Earl of Sussex (age 47)] and dyvers Spaneards dyd ryd in dyvers colars, the Kyng in red, and som [in] yellow, sum in gren, sum in whyt, sum in bluw, and with targets and canes in ther hand, herlyng of rods on at a-nodur, and thrumpets in the sam colars, and drumes mad of ketylles, and banars in the sam colars.

27 Nov 1554. The xxvij day of November was the obsequy of sir Hugh Ryche (deceased) knyght, the sune and here to the lord Ryche (age 57), and knyght of the Bathe mad by quen Mare the Furst, in Essex, with a standard, a penon of armes, and a cot armur, elmet, targat, sword, skochyons, and torchys.

Note. P. 76. Funeral of sir Hugh Rich, K.B. Having married Anne, daughter and sole heir of sir John Wentworth (age 60), of Gosfield in Essex, his body was buried in that church. His widow married secondly Henry lord Maltravers (age 16), only son of the earl of Arundel (age 42); he died at Brussels, June 30, 1556. She married thirdly William Deane esquire, her servant, nephew to Alexander Nowell, dean of Saint Paul's. Having had no issue, she died Dec. 5, 1580, and was buried with her first husband at Gosfield.

27 Nov 1554. The xxvij of November the Kynge (age 27) and the lordes of the parlement satt with-in the court, and ther my lord cardenall (age 54) dyd make a orayson to the Kyng and the lords of the parlement what .. .... thankes unto God of the Quen('s) (age 38) grace qwyckenyng.

Note. P. 76. The cardinal's oration. Cardinal Pole returned to England with legatine power to reconcile the kingdom to the church of Rome. He accomplished this mission as related in the Journals of the Commons, vol. i. p. 38; and in Foxe, iii. 110.

29 Nov 1554. The xxix day of November was commondyd by the byshope of London (age 54), thrughe ys dyosesse, that thay shuld say the masse of the Holy-gost (with) prossessyon, and to syng Te Deum, and ryng yng, [and to] pray to God to gyffe hym thankes of owr [gracious] quen (age 38) of her qwyckenyng with chyld, and to pray.

Note. Thanks for the queen's quickening. "The 28. of November the lord maior of London, with the aldermen in scarlet, and the commons in their liveries, assembled in Paul's church at nine of the clocke in the forenoone, where doctor Chadsey one of the prebends preached in the quire in the presence of the bishop of London and nine other bishops, and read a letter from the queen's councel, the tenor wherof was, that the bishop of London should cause Te Deum to bee sung in all the churches of his diocesse, with continual prayers for the queenes majestie, which was quickened with child. The letter being read, he began his sermon with this anthetime, Ne timeas Maria, invenisti enim gratiam apud Deum. His sermon being ended, Te Deum was sung; and solemne procession was made of Salve festa dies all the circuit of the church." (Stowe.) The letter of the privy council to the bishop here mentioned is printed in Fox, and in the Gentleman's Magazine for Dec. 1841, p. 596, taken from the broadside issued at the time by John Cawode the queen's printer. In the same article is also reprinted a ballad circulated on this occasion, accompanied by various other particulars of this disappointment of the unhappy queen. See also sir F. Madden's introduction to her Privy-Purse book.

30 Nov 1554. The xxx day of November the Kyng('s) (age 27) grace and ys [lords] rod to Westmynster abbay to masse, for the Spaneards [sung], and ther mett ym at the cort gate a C. He-Alman [High Almains] in hosse and dobeletes of whyt and red, and yelow welvet cotes [trimmed], with yelow sarsenet, and yelow velvet capes and fethers ... coler, and drumes and flutes in the sam coler, and with gylt [halbards], and C. in yolow hosse, dobelets of welvett, and jerkens of [leather] gardyd with cremesun velvett and whyt, fether yelow and red; and thos be Spaneards; and a C. in yelow gownes of velvett with (blank) And the sam nyght my lord cardenall (age 54) cam to the courte, and whent to the chapell with the Kyng, and ther Te Deum songe.

Henry Machyn's Diary 1554 December

01 Dec 1554. The furst day of Desember was bered in Powlles chyrche-yerd [Map] Recherd Wethers penter [painter], the wyche he ded with-in Ludgat as a presoner, and he was a proper man and a conyng man as any ys now.

02 Dec 1554. The ij day of Desember dyd com to Powlles all prestes and clarkes with ther copes and crosses, and all the craftes in ther leverey, and my lorde mayre and the althermen, agaynst my lord cardenall('s) (age 54) commyng; and at the bysshopes of London plase my lord chansseler and alle the bysshopes tarehyng for my lord cardenall (age 54) commyng, that was at ix of the cloke, for he landyd at Beynard Castell [Map]; and ther my lord mayre reseyvyd hym, and browgth ym to the Powllse, and so my lord chanseler (age 71) and my lord cardenall (age 54) and all the byshopes whent up in-to the[choir] ]with ther meyturs; and at x of the cloke the Kyng('s) (age 27) grace cam to Powlles to her mase with iiij C. of gaard, on C. Englys, on C. HeAlmen, on C. Spaneards, on C. of Swechenars [Switzers], and mony lords and knyghtes, and hard masse. Boyth the quen('s) chapell and the kynges and Powlles qwer [choir] song.

Note. P. 77. The cardinal's coming to St. Paul's. A fuller account of this solemnity will be found in Stowe, p. 625. Like his predecessor Wolsey, Pole went in procession "with a cross, two pillars, and two poleaxes of silver borne before him."

05 Dec 1554. The v day of December, the which was saint Nicholas' eve, at evensong time, came a commandment that saint Nicholas should not go abroad, nor about. But, notwithstanding, there went about these saint Nicholases in divers parishes, as st. Andrew's, Holborn [Map], and st. Nicolas Olyffe [Map] in Bredstret.

08 Dec 1554. The viij day of Desember, the wyche was the Conceptyon of owre blessed lady the Vyrgyn, was a goodly prossessyon at the Save [Map] be the Spaneards, the prest carehyng the sacrement ryally be-twyne ys hands, and on deacon carehyng a senser sensyng, and anodur the ale-water stoke, and a nombur of frers and prestes syngyng, [and every] man and woman, and knyghts and gentylmen, bayryng a gren tapur bornyng, and viij trumpeters blohyng; and when they had don plahyng, and then begane the sagbottes plahyng; and when they had don theyr was on that cared ij drumes on ys bake, and on cam after playng; and, so don, they whent a-bowt the Sawve with-in; and a wyll after playing a-gayn, and so cam in syngyng, and so after they whent to masse, wher the bedes w .. (unfinished).

09 Dec 1554. The ix day of Desember dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] doctur Borne, bysshope of Bathe, and prayd for the pope of Rome (Julius) the thurde, and for alle the solles of purgatory.

09 Dec 1554. The sam day at after-non was a bere-beytyn [bear-baiting] on the Banke syde, and ther the grett blynd bere broke losse, and in ronnyng away he chakt [caught] servyng man by the calff of the lege, and bytt a gret pesse away, and after by the hokyll-bone, that with-in iij days after he ded.

12 Dec 1554. The xij day of Desember dyd ryd in a car a-bowt London for baldre one Kay wyffe dwellyng be-syd sant Mare Spytyll at the corner.

14 Dec 1554. The xiiij day of Desember was sant Donstones in (the) est chyrche [Map] and chyrche-yerde halowyd by a sofferacan [suffragan bishop], the wyche was sospendyd one owr Lade day, the Consepsyon, by a man of the parryche.

Note. P. 78, a sofferacan. "Old Bird, I suppose (says Strype), formerly bishop of Chester, now bishop Bonner's suffragan."

16 Dec 1554. The xvj day of Desember dyd pryche at Powlles crosse [Map] doctur Cottes the bysshope of West Chastur, and h[is] sermon of the blessyd sacrement of the auter .... owt dyvers actours [authors] of the sacrement of dyvers ....

18 Dec 1554. The xviij day of Desember was a grett tryhumph at the court gatte, by the Kyng (age 27) and dyvers lordes boyth English-men and Spaneards, the wyche the Kyng and his compene [were] in goodly harnes, and a-pon ther armes goodly jerkyns of bluw velvett, and hosse in-brodered with sylver and bluw sarsenett; and so thay rane on fott with spayrers [spears] and swerds at the tornay, and with dromes and flutes in whyt velvet [drawn] owt with blu sarsenett, and ther wher x aganst [the King] and ys compene, the wher xviij in odur colers.

26 Dec 1554. The xxvj day of Desember cam by water from ... the prynche of Pymon (age 26) with my lord of preve-sale and my lord Montycute [Probably Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montagu (age 26)], and shut the bryge [shot the bridge], and cam unto (unfinished).

Note. P. 79. Coming of the prince of Piedmont—"by water, from—Gravesend" is the word deficient (as appears in Stowe.) He "landed at the duke of Suffolkes place." The following passage occurs in a letter dated the xijth of October: "It was told me this day the ambassador of Savoy was yesterday to see my lady Elizabethes house at Strand, and that there was order given for the putting of the same in areadines for the duke his master." Francis Yaxley to sir W. Cecill, in Ellis's Letters, III. iii. 314.—Emanuel Philibert, prince of Piedmont and duke of Savoy, was at this time an exile from his dominions, which had been taken from his father Charles by Francis I. of France. Having greatly distinguished himself as an ally of king Philip at the battle of St. Quintin in 1557, he concluded a peace with France in 1559, and married Margaret daughter of Francis I. He died in 1580.

31 Dec 1554. The last day of Desember was bered at Margatt [Map] at Westmynster a Spaneard, a lord, and bered with baner, cott, targett, and skochyons, and with grett lyght, and elmet, and the mantyll, and mony torche lyght.

P. 79. A Spanish lord buried at Saint Margaret's Westminster. From the records of that church this is shown to have been "John de Mendoca, knyght." During the time that the servants of king Philip were about the court at Westminster, several other Spaniards occur in the same register: their names are here extracted:

1554. Sept. The xvij day. Martyne, a spanyard.

— Oct. The xjth day. Martyne, a spanearde.

—,, The xvijth day. Sr Uther, a launce knyght.

—" The xviijth day. Sr Henry, a launce knyght.

— Dec. The xxiij day. Joh'n de mendoca, a knyght spaynearde.

— March 2. Joh'n de bevaunte [Debevaunco in the churchwardens' accounts].

—" The xth day. Philippe, a spaynyshe childe.

—" The xiijth day. Peter, a spaynearde, slayn wt a horsse.

1555. May. The vjth day. Francisco de espilla.

— Auguste. The xxvij day. Peter, a spaynearde.

— September. The xjth day. Agnes, a spaynearde.

— November. The firste day. Fraunces, a spaynyshe childe.

—" The vjth day. Margaret, uxor Ispanie.

— January. The xvth day. Corby, a portyngal.

1556. November. 6to die. Marie spaniard.

1557. March 28. Cornelius, spanyard.

— May. primo die. Peter Angle, spanyard.

— June. 28 die. Alberte, a spanyerd, off syknesse, of the house [ie a servant of the royal household].

The names of most of these are repeated in the churchwardens' accounts, indeed several imes over, in this way:

Item, of Uther, a launceknyght, for iiij tapers xvjd.

Item, of Uther, the launceknyght, for iiij torches viijd.

Item, of Uther, the launceknyght, for his grave vjs. viijd.

Item, of Uther, the launceknyght, for the clothe viijd.

Item, of Mr. Joh'n Demendoca, for knylle and peales xviijd.

Item, at the obsequy of Mr. Mendoca, kept the second and third day of January, for iij. tapers xxd.

Item, at the obsequy of Mr. Joh'n Mendoca, for the belles xviijd.

There is one Spanish marriage recorded in the register, but without names, merely thus: "1555 Nov. the xth day a Spanyeard," and a similar difficulty was felt in christenings, as "1558, Feb. the ixth day Mariana ispanica," and "March the xxj day Franciscus jspanicus." In Oct. that year occurs "The xxijti day, Philippe Ruyz a spaynearde."