Biography of Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke 1678-1751

Paternal Family Tree: St John

Maternal Family Tree: Emma de Dinan 1136-1208

On 11 Jan 1673 [his father] Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 20) and [his mother] Mary Rich (age 35) were married. She the daughter of Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick and Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick.

On 16 Sep 1678 Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke was born to Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 25) and Mary Rich (age 40).

On 30 Sep 1678 [his mother] Mary Rich (age 40) died in childbirth.

On 01 Jan 1687 [his father] Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 34) and [his step-mother] Angelica Magdalena Pellissary Viscountess St John (age 21) were married.

On 22 May 1701 Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 22) and Frances Winchcombe Viscountess Bolingbroke (age 20) were married at St Dunstan's in the East Parish.

On 05 Nov 1702 [his father-in-law] Henry Winchcombe 2nd Baronet (age 43) died. Baronet Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire extinct. His estate Bucklebury Manor, Berkshire were inherited by his daughter [his wife] Frances Winchcombe Viscountess Bolingbroke (age 21) and her husband Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 24).

On 03 Jul 1708 [his grandfather] Walter St John 3rd Baronet (age 86) died. His son [his father] Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 55) succeeded 4th Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire. [his step-mother] Angelica Magdalena Pellissary Viscountess St John (age 42) by marriage Lady St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire.

Before Jun 1712 Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 33) was created 1st Viscount Bolingbroke. [his wife] Frances Winchcombe Viscountess Bolingbroke (age 31) by marriage Viscountess Bolingbroke.

In 1716 [his father] Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 63) was created 1st Viscount St John. [his step-mother] Angelica Magdalena Pellissary Viscountess St John (age 50) by marriage Viscountess St John.

In 1718. Charles D'Agar (age 49). Portrait of Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 39).

On 25 Oct 1718 [his wife] Frances Winchcombe Viscountess Bolingbroke (age 37) died. Her estate Bucklebury Manor, Berkshire were inherited by her sister [his sister-in-law] Mary Winccombe.

In or after 1719 [his former sister-in-law] Mary Winccombe died. She left Bucklebury Manor, Berkshire to her eldest son Winchcombe Howard Packer (age 16).

Before 1731 Robert Packer and [his former sister-in-law] Mary Winccombe were married.

Around 1735 Charles Jervas (age 60). Portrait of Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 56).

On 08 Apr 1742 [his father] Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 89) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Battersea, Surrey. His son [his half-brother] John St John 2nd Viscount St John (age 39) succeeded 2nd Viscount St John, 5th Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire.

Before 28 May 1745 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson (age 78). Portrait of Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 66). Lydiard House.

After 13 Nov 1746. Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. Monument to Theophilus Hastings 9th Earl Huntingdon (deceased). The bust in the roundel of his wife Selina Shirley Countess Huntingdon (age 39) sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 52). The monument was designed by William Kent. The obelisk sculpted by Joseph Pickford. The epitaph was written by Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 68).

On 12 Dec 1751 Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (age 73) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Bucklebury. His nephew Frederick St John 3rd Viscount St John 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke (age 18) succeeded 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke.

Letters of Horace Walpole. 27 Jul 1752. There are great civil wars in the neighbourhood of Strawberry Hill: Princess Emily (age 41), who succeeded my brother in the rangership of Richmond Park, has imitated her brother William's (age 31) unpopularity, and disobliged the whole country, by refusal of tickets and liberties, that had always been allowed. They are at law with her, and have printed in the Evening Post a strong Memorial, which she had refused to receive-.322 The High Sheriff of Surrey, to whom she had denied a ticket, but on better thought had sent one, refused it, and said he had taken his part. Lord Brooke (age 32)323 who had applied for one, was told he could not have one-and to add to the affront, it was signified. that the Princess had refused one to my Lord Chancellor-your old nobility don't understand such comparisons! But the most remarkable event happened to her about three weeks ago. One Mr. Bird, a rich gentleman near the park, was applied to by the late Queen for a piece of ground that lay convenient for a walk she was making: he replied, it was not proper for him to pretend to make a Queen a present; but if she would do what she pleased with the ground, he would be content with the acknowledgment of a key and two bucks a-year. This was religiously observed till the era of her Royal Highness's reign; the bucks were denied, and he himself once shut out, on pretence it was fence-month (the breeding-time, when tickets used to be excluded, keys never.) The Princess soon after was going through his grounds to town; she found a padlock on his gate; she ordered it to be broke open: Mr. Shaw, her deputy, begged a respite, till he could go for the key. He found Mr. Bird at home-"Lord, Sir! here is a strange mistake; the Princess is at the gate, and it is padlocked!" "Mistake! no mistake at all - I made the road: the ground is my own property: her Royal Highness has thought fit to break the agreement which her Royal Mother made with me: nobody goes through my grounds but those I choose should. Translate this to your Florentinese; try if you can make them conceive how pleasant it is to treat blood royal thus!

There are dissensions of more consequence in the same neighbourhood. The tutorhood at Kew is split into factions: the Bishop of Norwich (age 50) and Lord Harcourt (age 38) openly at war with Stone (age 49) and Scott, who are supported by Cresset (age 38), and countenanced by the Princess and Murray-so my Lord Bolinbroke dead, will govern, which he never could living! It is believed that the Bishop (age 50) will be banished into the rich bishopric of Durham, which is just vacant-how pleasant to be punished, after teaching the boys a year, with as much as he could have got if he had taught them twenty! Will they ever expect a peaceable prelate, if untractableness is thus punished?

Note 322. The memorial will be found in the Gentleman's Magazine for this year. In December the park was opened by the King's order.-E.

Note 323. Francis Greville, Earl Brooke (age 32).

Royal Ancestors of Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke 1678-1751

Kings Wessex: Great x 20 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 17 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 23 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 18 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 10 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 15 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 16 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 12 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Ancestors of Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke 1678-1751

Great x 4 Grandfather: John St John 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Nicholas St John 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Carew 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: John St John 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Blount of Mapledurham in Oxfordshire 12 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Blount 13 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 1 Grandfather: John St John 1st Baronet 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford Heytesbury 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Walter Hungerford 10 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Susan Danvers

Great x 2 Grandmother: Lucy Hungerford 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Dormer

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Dormer

Great x 4 Grandmother: Mary Sidney

GrandFather: Walter St John 3rd Baronet 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas Leighton

Great x 1 Grandmother: Anne Leighton

Father: Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alexander St John 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Alexander St John 10 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Oliver St John 11 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Oliver St John 12 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Edward Bulkeley

Great x 2 Grandmother: Sarah Bulkeley

GrandMother: Johanna St John Baroness St John Lydiard Tregoze 13 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Rich 2nd Baron Rich of Leez

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Jenks Baroness Rich

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Rich 1st Earl Warwick

Great x 4 Grandfather: George Baldry

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Baldry Baroness Rich Leez

Great x 1 Grandfather: Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Devereux 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Dorothy Hastings 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Francis Knollys

Great x 3 Grandmother: Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Catherine Carey 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

GrandFather: Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Newport of Hunningham in Warwickshire

Great x 2 Grandfather: William Newport aka Hatton

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Hatton

Great x 3 Grandmother: Dorothy Hatton

Great x 1 Grandmother: Frances Hatton Countess Warwick

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas aka Francis Gawdy

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Gawdy

Great x 4 Grandfather: Christopher Coningsby

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Coningsby

Mother: Mary Rich 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Peter Cheke

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Cheke

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry Cheeke

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Cheeke 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Humphrey Radclyffe 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Stafford Countess Sussex 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Frances Radclyffe 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Edmund Harvey

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Harvey

GrandMother: Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Rich 2nd Baron Rich of Leez

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Jenks Baroness Rich

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Rich 1st Earl Warwick

Great x 4 Grandfather: George Baldry

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Baldry Baroness Rich Leez

Great x 1 Grandmother: Essex Rich 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Devereux 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Dorothy Hastings 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Francis Knollys

Great x 3 Grandmother: Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Catherine Carey 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England