Europe, British Isles, South-West England, Wiltshire, Avebury Henge and Stones, Historic Avebury

Historic Avebury is in Avebury Henge and Stones [Map].

Before 1697. John Aubrey (age 70). Ground Plan of Avebury.

Avebury by William Stukeley. 1724. Table I. Frontspiece. The Groundplot of the Brittish Temple now the town of Aubury Wilts. Ao. 1724. [Note. This drawing shows the location of a number of stones that were destroyed and the year in which they were destroyed. Curiously it shows the outer circle and inner north circle as being composed on two rings of stones rather than the one ring we presume today. Also interesting is that there is a note on the east entrance staying 'road to Marlborough' - this being the route to the Ridgeway.]

Colt Hoare 1812. Plate XII represents a ground plan of the Grand Circle at Abury, taken by Dr. Stukeley (age 36) in the year 1724.; but from the inaccuracy of its outline, and the position of the two concentric temples, I doubt whether this plan was taken from actual survey1. It is, however, particularly interesting to the present age, as recording the state the circle at, a distant period, when it appears to have had eighteen stones standing, and twenty-seven fallen of the outward circumvallation; two standing, and nine fallen of the outward circle of the Northern Temple; one standing, and five fallen of the Inner Circle, and two out of three large upright stones that formed the COVE [Map]. Of the adjoining Southern Temple, four stones of the outward circle were standing in their original situation, and seven were fallen down; but one stone alone remained standing of the interior circle.

Druidical Temples in the County of Wilts Chapter V. Chapter V. On The Serpent At Abury.

Druidical Temples in the County of Wilts Chapter VI. Chapter VI. The Temples At Abury.

Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine 1857 V4 Pages 307-363. Aubury is four miles west from Marleborough in Wiltshire, and is peradventure the most eminent and entire monument of this kind in the Isle of Great Britaigne. (I take this old ill-shapened monument to be the greatest, most considerable, and the least ruinated of any of this kind in our British Isle.) It is very strange that so eminent an Antiquitie should lye so long unregarded by our Chorographers: Mr......... only names it.

"It is environed with an extraordinary great vallum [or Rampart] as great, and as high as that at Winchester, [which is the greatest Bulwark that I have seen]: within which is a Graffe [ditch] of a depth and breadth proportionable to it: wherefore it could not be designed for a Fortification, for then the Graffe would have been on the outside of the Rampart.

"From the entrance at a to that at β is sixty perches.

"From the entrance at γ to that at δ the same distance: and the breadth of the rampart is fower perches; and the breadth of the Graff the same distance. (See plate 2, section 1.)

"Round about the Graffe, (sc. on the edge or border of it) are pitched on end huge stones, as big, or rather bigger than those at Stoneheng: but rude and unhewen as they are drawn out of the earth:—whereas those at Stoneheng are roughly-hewen. Most of the stones thus pitched on end, are taken away: only here and there doe still remain some curvilineous segments: but by these one may boldly conclude, that heretofore they stood quite round about, like a Crowne;

'sed longa vetustas

Destruit, et saxo longa senecta nocet.'1

Note 1. but a long age, It destroys, and harms the long old stone.'

Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine 1857 V4 Pages 307-363. Abury By William Long, Esq., M.A.

Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine 1866 V10 Pages 209-216. Excavations at Avebury. Under the Direction of the Secretaries of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, September 29th,— October 5th, 1865.

Note. In preparing the following account, I have had the advantage of comparing the notes which Mr. King and Mr. Cunnington also took of our daily work as it proceeded, and from the three several accounts I have compiled this paper. Alfred Charles Smith.

Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine 1878 V17 Pages 327-335. Abury Notes. By William Long, Esq., M.A., F.S.A.

Archaeologia Volume 84 1935 Section VI. The Avebury Excavations, 1908-1922. By H. St. George Gray (age 62), Esq., F.S.A. Read 15th November 1934.

Keiller's Slides TR000011. 1938. General view of the south west sector of the henge at Avebury, prior to restoration.

Keiller's Slides TR000020. 1938. General view of men working on an excavation around an unidentified stone in the henge at Avebury

Antiquity 1939 Volume 13 Pages 223-233. Avebury. Summary of Excavations, 1937 and 1938 by Alexander Keiller (age 49).

Note 1. See Plate I, facing p. 232. My thanks are expressed to Major Allen for permitting the use of this air-photograph.