Biography of Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Paternal Family Tree: Avesnes

Maternal Family Tree: Elizabeth Cuman

Descendants Family Tree: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1345 Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1360 Release of King John II of France

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1377 Death of Edward III

On 22 Aug 1304 [her grandfather] John Hainault II Count Hainault II Count Holland (age 57) died. His son [her father] William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 18) succeeded I Count Hainault.

On 19 May 1305 [her father] William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 19) and [her mother] Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 11) were married. She by marriage Countess Zeeland, Countess Holland, Countess Avesnes, Countess Hainault. She the daughter of Charles Valois I Count Valois (age 35) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois. He the son of John Hainault II Count Hainault II Count Holland and Philippa Luxemburg Countess Hainault and Holland (age 53). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 24 Jun 1314 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England was born to William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 28) and Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 20).

In 1320 [her step-father] Robert III Artois (age 33) and [her mother] Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 26) were married. She the daughter of Charles Valois I Count Valois (age 49) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois. They were third cousins. He a great grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Froissart. 1326. When the [her future mother-in-law] Queen (age 31) heard this tidings, she knew not what to say nor what advice to take; for as then the barons of the realm of France were withdrawn from her by the commandment of the king of France, and so she had no comfort nor succour, but all only of her dear cousin [her step-father] Sir Robert de Artois (age 39); for he secretly did counsel and comfort her as much as he might, for otherwise he durst not, for the king had defended him. But he knew well that the Queen (age 31) was chased out of England and also out of France for evil will and by envy, which grieved him greatly. Thus was Sir Robert de Artois (age 39) at the queen's commandment; but be durst not speak nor be known thereof, for he had heard the king and the Earl of Kent (age 24) and Sir Roger Mortimer (age 38), and to put them all in the hands of the king and of Sir Hugh Spencer (age 40). Wherefore he came on a night and declared all this to the queen (age 31), and advised her of the peril that she was in. Then the queen (age 31) was greatly abashed, and required biro all weeping of his good counsel. Then he said: 'Madam, I counsel you that ye depart and go into the Empire, whereas there be many great lords, who may right well aid you, and specially the [her father] earl Guilliam of Hainault (age 40) and [her uncle] sir John of Hainault (age 38) his brother. These two are great lords and wise men, true, drad and redoubted of their enemies.' Then the queen (age 31) caused to be made ready all her purveyance, and paid for everything as secretly as she might, and so she and [her future husband] her son (age 13), the Earl of Kent (age 24) and all her company departed from Paris and rode toward Hainault, and so long she rode that she came to Cambresis; and when she knew she was in the Empire, she was better assured than she was before, and so passed through Cambresis and entered into Ostrevant in Hainault, and lodged at Bugnicourt, in a knight's house who was called sir d'Aubrecicourt, who received her right joyously in the best manner to his power, insomuch that afterward the queen of England (age 31) and her son (age 13) had with them into England for ever the knight and his wife and all his children, and advanced them in divers manners. The coming thus of the queen of England (age 31) and of her son and heir into the country of Hainault was anon well known in the house of the good earl of Hainault, who as then was at Valenciennes; and sir John of Hainault (age 38) was certified of the time when the queen arrived at the place of sir d'Aubrecicourt, the which sir John (age 38) was brother to the said earl Guilliam (age 40), and as he that was young and lusty, desiring all honour, mounted on his horse and departed with a small company from Valenciennes, and came the same night to Bugnicourt, and did to the queen all honour and reverence that he could devise. The queen, who was right sorrowful, began to declare (complaining to him right piteously) her dolours; whereof the said sir John (age 38) had great pity, so that the water dashed in his eyen, and said, ' Certainly, fair lady, behold me here your own knight, who shall you into your estates in England, by the grace of God and with the help of your friends in that parts: and I and such other as I can desire shall put our lives and goods in adventure for your sake, and shall get men of war sufficient, if God be pleased, without the danger of the king of France your brother.' Then the queen would have kneeled down for great joy that she had, and for the good-will he offered her, but this noble knight took her up quickly in his arms and said: 'By the grace of God the noble queen of England shall not kneel to me; but, madam, recomfort yourself and all your company, for I shall keep you faithful promise; and ye shall go see the earl my brother (age 40) and the [her mother] countess his wife (age 32) and all their fair children, who shall receive you with great joy, for so I heard them report they would do.' Then the queen said: 'Sir, I find in you more love and comfort than in all the world, and for this that ye say and affirm me I thank you a thousand times; and if ye will do this ye have promised in all courtesy and honour, I and my son shall be to you for ever bound, and will put all the realm of England in your abandon; for it is right that it so should be.' And after these words, when they were thus accorded, sir John of Hainault (age 38) took leave of the queen (age 31) for that night, and went to Denaing and lay in the abbey; and in the morning after mass he leapt on his horse and came again to the queen (age 31), who received him with great joy. By that time she had dined and was ready to mount on her horse to, depart with him; and so the queen departed from the castle of Bugnicourt, and took leave of the knight and of the lady, and thanked them for their good cheer that they bad made her, and said that she trusted once to see the time that she or her son should well remember their courtesy. Thus departed the queen in the company of the said sir John to the countess his wife, and feasted her right nobly. And as then this earl (age 40) had four fair daughters, [her sister] Margaret (age 14), Philippa (age 11), [her sister] Jane (age 11) and [her sister] Isabel (age 3), among whom the young Edward (age 13) yet most his love and company on Philippa (age 11), and also the young lady in all honour was more conversant with him than any of her sisters. Thus the queen Isabel (age 31) abode at Valenciennes by the space of eight days with the good earl (age 40) and with the countess Jane de Valois. In the meantime the queen apparelled for her needs and business, and the said sir John wrote letters right affectuously unto knights and such companions as he trusted best in all Hainault, in Brabant and in Bohemia, and prayed them for all amities that was between them, that they would go with him in this enterprise into England; and so there were great plenty, what of one country and other, that were content to go with him for his love. But this said sir John of Hainault (age 38) was greatly reproved and counselled the contrary both of the earl his brother (age 40) and of the chief of the council of the country, because it seemed to them that the enterprise was right high and perilous, seeing the great discords and great hates that as then was between the barons of England among themselves, and also considering that these Englishmen most commonly have ever great envy at strangers. Therefore they doubted that the said sir John of Hainault and his company should not return again' with honour. But howsoever they blamed or counselled him, the gentle knight would never change his purpose, but said he had but one death to die, the which was in the will of God; and also said that all knights ought to aid to their powers all ladies and damosels chased out of their own countries, being without counsel or comfort.

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 King Edward II of England (age 42) abdicated II King England. His son [her future husband] King Edward III of England (age 14) succeeded III King England.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

Froissart. 24 Jan 1328. It was not long after but that the [her husband] king (age 15) and the [her mother-in-law] queen (age 33) his mother, the earl of Kent (age 26) his uncle, the earl of Lancaster (age 47), sir Roger Mortimer (age 40) and all the barons of England, and by the advice of the king's council, they sent a bishop1 and two knights bannerets, with two notable clerks, to sir [her uncle] John of Hainault (age 40), praying him to be a mean that their lord the young king of England might have in marriage one of the [her father] earl's (age 42) daughters of Hainault, his brother (age 42), named Philippa (age 13); for the king and all the nobles of the realm had rather have her than any other lady, for the love of him. Sir John of Hainault (age 40) lord Beaumont feasted and honoured greatly these ambassadors, and brought them to Valenciennes to the earl his brother, who honourably received them and made them such cheer, that it were over long here to rehearse. And when they had skewed the content of their message, the earl (age 42) said, 'Sirs, I thank greatly the king (age 15) your prince and the queen (age 33) his mother and all other lords of England, sith they have sent such sufficient personages as ye be to do me such honour as to treat for the marriage; to the which request I am well agreed, if our holy father the pope (age 84) will consent thereto'-. with the which answer these ambassadors were right well content. Then they sent two knights and two clerks incontinent to the pope, to Avignon [Map], to purchase a dispensation for this marriage to be had; for without the pope's licence they might not marry, for [by] the lineage of France they were so near of kin as at the third degree, for the two mothers [Note. Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 33) and [her mother] Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 34)] were cousin-germans issued of two brethren2. And when these ambassadors were come to the pope (age 84), and their requests and considerations well heard, our holy father the pope (age 84) with all the whole college consented to this marriage, and so feasted them. And then they departed and came again to Valenciennes with their bulls. Then this marriage was concluded and affirmed on both parties. Then was there devised and purveyed for their apparel and for all things honourable that belonged to such a lady, who should be queen of England: and there this princess was married by a sufficient procuration brought from the king of England; and after all feasts and triumphs done, then this young queen entered into the sea at Wissant [Map], and arrived with all her company at Dover, Kent [Map]. And sir John of Hainault (age 40) lord Beaumont, her uncle, did conduct her to the city of London, where there was made great feast, and many nobles of England, ... queen was crowned. And there was also great jousts, tourneys, dancing, carolling and great feasts every day, the which endured the, space of three weeks. The English chronicle saith this marriage and coronation of the queen was done at York [Map] with much honour, the Sunday in the even of the Conversion of Saint Paul, in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVII. In the which chronicle is shewed many other things of the ruling of the realm, and of the death of king Edward of Caernarvon, and divers other debates that were within the realm, as in the same chronicle more plainly it appeareth: the which the author of this book speaketh no word of, because peradventure he knew it not; for it was hard for a stranger to know all things. But according to his writing this young queen Philippa (age 13) abode still in England with a small company of any persons of her own country, saving one who was named Watelet of Manny (age 18), who abode still with the queen and was, her carver, and after did so many great prowesses in divers places, that it were hard to make mention of them all.

Note 1. This should be: 'And the other barons of England who had continued to be of the council of the king sent a bishop,' etc. Or according to a better text, ' took advice to marry him. So they sent a bishop,' etc.

Note 2. The meaning is that the kinship came by the relationship of both to the house of France. The mother of Edward was daughter of Philip the Fair and the mother of Philippa was daughter of Charles I of Valois [who were brothers; Edward and Philippa were second cousins].

On 24 Jan 1328 King Edward III of England (age 15) and Philippa of Hainault (age 13) were married at York Minster [Map]. She by marriage Queen Consort England. She was crowned the same day. She the daughter of William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 42) and Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 34). He the son of King Edward II of England and Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 33). They were second cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

The marriage was the quid pro quo for her father William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 42) having supported his mother Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 33) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 40) returning to England to usurp the throne of Edward's father King Edward II of England.

On 15 Jun 1330 [her son] Edward "Black Prince" was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 17) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 15) at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 16 Jun 1332 [her daughter] Isabella Countess Bedford and Soissons was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 19) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 17) at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 19 Dec 1333 [her daughter] Joan Plantagenet was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 21) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 19) at Tower of London [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 16 Feb 1337 [her son] William of Hatfield was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 24) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 22) at Hatfield [Map]. He died shortly afterwards around 03 Mar 1337. He was buried at York Minster [Map] where there is a monument to him in the north aisle. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 07 Jun 1337 [her father] William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 51) died. His son [her brother] William Hainault II Count Hainault (age 30) succeeded II Count Hainault. Joanna Reginar Duchess Brabant (age 15) by marriage Countess Hainault.

Froissart. Nov 1337. When the [her husband] king of England (age 24) and the other lords to him allied were departed from the parliament of Hal, the king went to Louvain [Map] and made ready the castle for his abiding, and sent for the queen (age 23) to come thither, if it pleased her; for he sent her word he would not come thence of an whole year, and sent home certain of his knights to keep his land from the Scots. And the other lords and knights that were there still with the king rode about the realm of Flanders and Hainault, making great dispense, giving great rewards and jewels to the lords, ladies and damosels of the country, to get their good-wills. They did so much that they were greatly praised, and specially of the common people, because of the port and state that they kept.

On 29 Nov 1338 [her son] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 26) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 24) at Antwerp [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

In 1340 [her daughter] Blanche of the Tower was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 27) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 25) at the Tower of London [Map]. she died the same year and was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 06 Mar 1340 [her son] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 27) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 25) at the Prinsenhof Palace [Map] in Ghent aka Gaunt. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 05 Jun 1341 [her son] Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 28) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 26) at King's Langley, Hertfordshire [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 07 Mar 1342 [her mother] Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 48) died.

On 10 Oct 1344 [her daughter] Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 31) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 30) at Bishop Waltham's Palace, Hampshire [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 64) was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark [Map], or possibly the Hospital Chapel, at a ceremony attended by [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 32) and his wife Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 31). His son Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 35) subsequently moved had his remains moved to St Mary de Castro Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

On 20 Jul 1346 [her daughter] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 33) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 32) at Windsor Castle [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

In 1347 [her son] Thomas of Windsor was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 34) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 32). In 1348 he died. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 30 Nov 1347 Ivo Fitzwarin was born to William Fitzwarin (age 31). He was baptised at St Leonards Church, Blunsdon [Map]. His wardship was originally granted to Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 33) but she sold it in the following year for 1100 marks.

In 1348 [her son] William of Windsor was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 35) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 33). In 1348 he died. He was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 01 Jul 1348 [her daughter] Joan Plantagenet (age 14) died.

In 1352 [her son] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence (age 13) and [her daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence (age 19) were married. He by marriage Earl Ulster. She was the sole heir of her father and brought the de Burgh inheritance of the lands of Ulster to the marriage. As a consequence of their earlier betrothal he had been called Earl Ulster since 1347. She the daughter of William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster (age 42). He the son of King Edward III of England (age 39) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 37). They were half second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Letters. 14 May 1354. Letter XXIV. Philippa of Hainault Queen of Edward III (age 39) to Sir John de Edington her Attorney.

Philippa, by the grace of God queen of England, lady of Ireland, and duchess of Aquitaine, to our dear clerk Sir John de Edington, our attorney in the exchequer of our very dear lord the king, sends greeting.

We command you, that you cause all the writs which have been filed from the search lately made by Sir Richard de Cressevill to be postponed until the octaves of Easter next ensuing; to the end that, in the meantime, we and our council may be able to be advised which of the said writs are to be put in execution for our profit, and which of them are to cease to the relief of our people, to save our conscience. And we will that this letter be your warrant therefore.

Given under our privy seal, at Westminster [Map], the 14th day of May, in the year of the reign of our very dear lord the king of England the twenty-eighth.

On 07 Jan 1355 [her son] Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester was born to [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 42) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 40) at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. The following visits, during her [[her mother-in-law] Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 63)] stay in London, are recorded. On the 30th of April, the Countess of Warren to supper (age 62). On the 1st of May, the Countess of Pembroke (age 41) to dinner; and the King after dinner. On the 2nd of May, the Countesses of Warren (age 62) and Pembroke (age 41) to dinner; and the [her husband] King (age 45), the [her son] Prince of Wales (age 27), the Earl of March (age 29), and others, after dinner. On the 3rd of May, the Countess of Pembroke (age 41) and the Maréchal D'Audenham to dinner; and the Earl of Arundel (age 52), "et plures magnates Franciæ1," after dinner. On the 4th, the Count of Tancarville to dinner. On the 5th, the Countesses of Warren and Pembroke and the Maréchal D'Audenham again to dinner; and the Chancellor of England and many French noblemen after dinner. On the 6th the Chief Justice and the Barons of the Exchequer to dinner. On the four following days, the Countesses of Warren, Kent, and Pembroke dine with the Queen; and on the last of the four Sir John de Wynewyk comes to supper. On the 11th, Queen Philippa (age 43) appears to have dined with Isabella, but the entry is partially obliterated; the Earl Marshal and other noblemen came after dinner. On the 12th, the Countess of Pembroke dined, and the Cardinals ( of Périgord and St. Vitalis ), the Archbishop of Sens, and some French noblemen came after dinner. On Sunday the 13th, the Countess of Warren and others from London, as it is expressed, dined; and the King of France, the Chancellor of England, and others, visited the Queen after dinner.

Note 1. and several magnates of France.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey, Berkshire [Map] whereby two children of [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 46) were married:

[her son] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 19) and [her daughter-in-law] Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster (age 14) were married. She by marriage Countess Richmond. She the daughter of Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 49) and Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster (age 39). He the son of King Edward III of England (age 46) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 44). They were half second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

[her son-in-law] John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 11) and [her daughter] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke (age 12) were married. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 11) was a ward of King Edward III of England (age 46) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later in 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague. She the daughter of King Edward III of England (age 46) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 44). He the son of Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke and Agnes Mortimer Countess of Pembroke (age 42). They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

Release of King John II of France

On 30 Jun 1360 King John "The Good" II of France (age 41) left the Tower of London [Map] and proceeded to Eltham Palace, Kent [Map] where Queen Philippa (age 46) had prepared a great farewell entertainment. Passing the night at Dartford, Kent [Map], he continued towards Dover, Kent [Map], stopping at the Maison Dieu of St Mary at Ospringe, and paying homage at the shrine of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury [Map] on 04 Jul 1360. He dined with the [her son] Black Prince (age 30) at Dover Castle [Map], and reached English-held Calais [Map] on 08 Jul 1360.

Around 03 Jul 1361 [her son-in-law] John Montfort V Duke Brittany (age 22) and [her daughter] Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany (age 16) were married. She the daughter of King Edward III of England (age 48) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 47). They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

In Sep 1361 [her daughter] Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany (age 16) died.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 [her son] Edward "Black Prince" (age 31) and [her daughter-in-law] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales (age 33) were married at Windsor Castle [Map]. She by marriage Princess of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children. She the daughter of Edmund of Woodstock 1st Earl Kent and Margaret Wake Countess Kent. He the son of King Edward III of England (age 48) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 47). They were half first cousin once removed. She a granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 25 Dec 1361 [her daughter] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke (age 15) died probably of plague. She was buried at Abingdon Abbey [Map].

On 27 Jul 1365 [her son-in-law] Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons (age 25) and [her daughter] Isabella Countess Bedford and Soissons (age 33) were married at Windsor Castle [Map]. She the daughter of King Edward III of England (age 52) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 51).

In Jun 1368 [her son] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence (age 29) and [her daughter-in-law] Violante Visconti (age 14) were married in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, Milan. The wedding festivities were lavish and ostentatious. The banquet, held outside, included 30 courses of meat and fish presented fully gilded. Between the courses the guests were given gifts such as suits of armor, bolts of cloth, war horses, arms, and hunting dogs. Among the guests were Geoffrey Chaucer (age 25), Petrarch, Jean Froissart and John Hawkwood. He the son of King Edward III of England (age 55) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 53).

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 55) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. Her husband [her husband] King Edward III of England (age 56) and youngest son [her son] Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (age 14) were present. She was given a state funeral six months later on 09 Jan 1370 at which she was interred at on the northeast side of the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map] at Westminster Abbey. Her alabaster effigy was executed by sculptor Jean de Liège.

Monumental Effigies. Philippa of Hainault Queen of King Edward III (age 62) (Died 1369) in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 [her former husband] King Edward III of England (age 64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace [Map]. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His grandson King Richard II of England (age 10) succeeded II King England.

Effigy of William of Hatfield. [her son] William of Hatfield

WAS the second son of Edward III by his Queen Philippa, and was born at Hatfield [Map], in Yorkshire, in 1335. He was christened after his maternal grandfather, William Earl of Hainault, died in his childhood, and was buried in the cathedral at York [Map]. The effigy is nearly four feet six inches in height, and may therefore be supposed that of a child about eleven years of age. This is a good example of the domestic attire of a noble youth of the day. On his head is a circlet surmounted by pearls. A rich juste-au-corps (probably embroidered cloth of golda) covers his figure. A mantle, the edge of which is indented into the form of a running pattern of ornamental foliage, falls over his breast and shoulders, and depends behind to the ancles. His shoes are divided into fretwork compartments, filled up with quatrefoils. His head is supported by angels, and his feet rest on a couchant lion. He wears a rich jewelled girdle round his hips; a characteristic mark of the monuments of this, and of many of the following century. It is not easy to imagine how a cincture thus placed sustained itself.

Details. Plate II. Profile. 1. Portion of the circlet and pearls. 9. Ornament on the juste-au-corps, or body coat. 3. Ornament on the shoes.

Note a. Thus Chaucer, describing the attire of a gallant youth:

"Embrouded was he, as it were a mede.

All full of freshe Bom es white and rede.

--- Short was his goune" ----

William of Hatfield: On 16 Feb 1337 he was born to King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England at Hatfield. He died shortly afterwards around 03 Mar 1337. He was buried at York Minster where there is a monument to him in the north aisle. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

Froissart. And then about the feast of All Saints the marquis of Juliers and his company sent word to the king how they had sped; and the king sent to him that he should be with him about the feast of Saint Martin; and also he sent to the duke of Brabant, to know his mind where he would the parliament should be holden; and he answered at Herck in the county of Loos, near to his country. And then the king sent to all other of his allies that they should be there. And so the hall of the town was apparelled and hanged as though it had been the king's chamber; and there the king sate crowned with gold, five foot higher than any other, and there openly was read the letters of the emperor, by the which the king was made vicar-general and lieutenant for the emperor, and had power given him to make laws and to minister justice to every person in the emperor's name, and to make money of gold and silver. The emperor also there commanded by his letters that all persons of his Empire and all other his subjects should obey to the king of England his vicar, as to himself, and to do him homage. And incontinent there was claim and answer made between parties, as before the emperor, and right and judgment given. Also there was renewed a judgment, and a statute affirmed, that had been made before in the emperor's court; and that was this, that whosoever would any hurt to other should make his defiance three days before his deed, and he that did otherwise should be reputed as an evil-doer and for a villain's deed. And when all this was done, the lords departed and took day that they should all appear before Cambray [Map] three weeks after the feast of Saint John; the which town was become French.

Thus they all departed and every man went to his own. And king Edward, as vicar of the Empire, went then to Louvain to the queen, who was newly come thither out of England with great nobleness and well accompanied with ladies and damosels of England. So there the king and the queen kept their house right honourably all that winter, and caused money, gold and silver, to be made at Antwerp, great plenty. Yet for all this the duke of Brabant left not, but with great diligence sent often messengers to king Philip, as the lord Leon of Crainhem, his chief counsellor, with divers other, ever to excuse him for the which cause this knight was oftentimes sent, and at the last abode still in the French court with the king, to the intent always to excuse him against all informations that might be made of him the which knight did all his devoir in that behalf.

Archaeologia Volume 29 Section III. The volume of Monumental Effigies, drawn and engraved by Mr. Charles Alfred Stothard, F.S.A. the late draughtsman to the Society, is so generally known and so highly appreciated wherever known, that it is only necessary, in order to introduce the subject of the following remarks, to remind the reader that it was left imperfect, in consequence of the author's sudden death, from a lamentable accident which occurred in the pursuit of his congenial profession. It was a part of Mr. Stothard's plan to have included in his work a complete series of the effigies of the Kings and Queens of this country; and for that purpose he visited France, and brought from Fontevraud [Map] his drawings of the statues of Henry the Second and his Queen, of Richard the First, and of Isabella Queen of John; and from the Abbey of L'Espan, near le Mans, the effigy of Berengaria, Queen of Richard I., as well as the figure of Geoffrey, Comte of Anjou, from an enamelled Plate in the church of St. Julien at le Mans [Map]. There were others, however, and those by no means inferior to any in beauty or interest, which had been left, perhaps from the very reason of their being within immediate reach, until some convenient opportunity, which was frustrated by the premature close of the artist's career. I allude particularly to thosea of Queen Philippa, King Richard the Second, and his Queen Anne of Bohemia, all in Westminster Abbey.

Note a. Mr. Stothard also intended to have included in his work all the knightly effigies in the Temple church. Those he omitted will be given by the Messrs. Hollis.

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Royal Ancestors of Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Kings Wessex: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France

Royal Descendants of Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal x 1

King Richard II of England x 1

King Henry IV of England x 1

Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile x 1

Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland x 1

King Edward IV of England x 3

King Richard III of England x 3

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 2

King Henry VII of England and Ireland x 1

Queen Jane Seymour x 1

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 1

Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland x 1

Antoine King Navarre x 1

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 1

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 196

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 69

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 553

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 3

Ancestors of Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Great x 3 Grandfather: James Avesnes

Great x 2 Grandfather: Bouchard Avesnes

Great x 4 Grandfather: Bouchard Guise

Great x 3 Grandmother: Adela Guise

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 4 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret II Countess Flanders 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Blois I Count Champagne Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Marie Blois Countess Flanders 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Marie Capet Countess Champagne

GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault II Count Holland 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Floris Gerulfing III Count Holland

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Gerulfing I Count Holland

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ada Dunkeld Countess Holland

Great x 2 Grandfather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland

Great x 4 Grandfather: Otto I Count Guelders

Great x 3 Grandmother: Adelaide Guelders Countess Holland

Great x 1 Grandmother: Adelaide Gerulfing Countess Hainault 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Mathilde Reginar Countess Holland and Palatine 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud Metz 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Marie Blois I Countess Boulogne Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Father: William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland 6 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Luxemburg II Duke Limburg

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Luxemburg III Duke Limburg

Great x 4 Grandmother: Mathilda Saffenburg Duchess Limburg

Great x 2 Grandfather: Waleran Luxemburg III Duke Limburg

Great x 3 Grandmother: Sophia Saarbrücken Duchess Limburg

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry "Great" Luxemburg V Count Luxemburg III Count Namur

Great x 4 Grandfather: Godfrey Namur I Count Namur

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry "Blind" Namur IV Count Luxemburg I Count Namur

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ermesinde Luxemburg Countess Namur

Great x 2 Grandmother: Erminsende Namur Countess of Bar

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry I Count Guelders

Great x 3 Grandmother: Agnes Guelders Countess Namur and Luxemburg

Great x 4 Grandmother: Agnes Arnstein Countess Guelders

GrandMother: Philippa Luxemburg Countess Hainault and Holland 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Renauld of Bar II Count of Bar

Great x 3 Grandfather: Theobald of Bar I Count of Bar 2 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Agnes Blois Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry of Bar II Count of Bar 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Erminsende of Bar Sur Seine Countess Bar

Great x 1 Grandmother: Margaret of Bar Countess Luxemburg and Namur 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert "Great" Capet I Count Dreux

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Capet II Count Dreux

Great x 4 Grandmother: Agnes Baudemont Countess Dreux

Great x 2 Grandmother: Philippa Capet Countess of Bar

Great x 4 Grandfather: Raoul Coucy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Yolande Coucy Countess Dreux

Great x 4 Grandmother: Agnes Flanders

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Philip II of France 2 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: King Louis IX of France Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

Great x 3 Grandmother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Philip "Bold" III King France 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 3 Grandfather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gersenda II Sabran Countess Provence

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso II King Aragon

Great x 3 Grandfather: Peter II King Aragon

Great x 4 Grandmother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 2 Grandfather: James I King Aragon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Marie Montpellier Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 1 Grandmother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Béla III of Hungary

Great x 3 Grandfather: King Andrew II of Hungary

Great x 2 Grandmother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon

Mother: Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Philip II of France 2 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: King Charles Capet of Sicily Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

Great x 3 Grandmother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Charles II King Naples 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 3 Grandfather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gersenda II Sabran Countess Provence

Great x 2 Grandmother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

GrandMother: Margaret Capet Countess Valois 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Andrew II of Hungary

Great x 3 Grandfather: Béla IV King of Hungary

Great x 2 Grandfather: Stephen V of Hungary

Great x 1 Grandmother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Cuman