1175-1189 Abergavenny Massacre
Around 25 Dec 1175, Christmas, William Braose 4th Baron Bramber invited the local Welsh nobles to his Christmas court at Abergavenny Castle as an act of reconciliation. Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent and his elder son Geoffrey Gwent were murdered. William Braose 4th Baron Bramber and his men then rode to Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent 's home. There his younger son Cadwalladr Gwent was murdered and his wife captured. .
Battle of Alnwick
On 11 Jul 1174 a small army commanded by Ranulf Glanville with Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester surprised William "Lion" I King Scotland 's army in a dawn raid known as the Battle of Alnwick near Alnwick. William "Lion" I King Scotland was captured and imprisoned initially in Newcastle on Tyne Castle. He was subsequently moved to the more remote, and secure, Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.
Treaty of Falaise
In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland, imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was overlord of Scotland.
Death of Henry II
On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale was present. .
Coronation of Richard I
On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.