1270-1299-Welsh and Scottish Wars
Death of Henry III
On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England died at Westminster. .
Second Council of Lyons
In 1272 Thomas Cantilupe Bishop Hereford attended the Second Council of Lyons.
Coronation Edward I
Treaty of Aberconwy
In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw. As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw was released from Dolbadarn Castle.
Battle of Llandeilo Fawr
On 17 Jun 1282 the army of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford were ambushed by the Welsh at Llandeilo. William "The Younger" Valence was killed. . Much of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 's army of 1600 men was destroyed.
Battle of Moel-y-don
On 12 Nov 1282 the English forces attempted to cross the Menai Straits to invade Gwynedd without waiting for the arrival of Edward's larger force. The battle was a rout. Roger Clifford drowned. The brothers William Burnell and Philip Burnell were killed. .
Battle of Orewin Bridge
On 11 Dec 1282 an English force including John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield defeated a Welsh force at Builth Wells during the Battle of Orewin Bridge. The Welsh leader Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw killed effectively bringing to an end the independence of Wales.
Battle of Maes Moydog
On 05 Mar 1295 William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick defeated the army of Madog ap Llywelyn during the Battle of Maes Moydog at Llanfair Caereinion. English losses were around 100 dead, Welsh around 700.
First War of Scottish Independence
Capture of Berwick 1296
Battle of Dunbar
On 27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar was fought between John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey and John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland, his son in law. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl and John Comyn 3rd Earl Buchan were captured. The English routed the disorganised Scots in a single charge. Few died; many were captured. .
Battle of Stirling Bridge
On 11 Sep 1297 the combined forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the forces of John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey near Stirling Bridge, Stirling during the Battle of Stirling Bridge. After around half the English had crossed the narrow bridge the Scots attacked subjecting the English to a significant defeat.
Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298
In 1298 Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu attended at York during the Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298.
Battle of Falkirk
On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan
John Capet II Duke Brittany
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell, and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury.
William Scrope was knighted.
John Stewart was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.