1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses, Warwick Rebels
Execution of Warwick's Supporters
On 17 Jan 1469 Thomas Hungerford and Henry Courtenay were beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England for having supported Warwick The Kingmaker's Rebellion. .
Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville
On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville were married by George Neville Archbishop York at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury. Isabel Neville by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461). .
Battle of Edgecote Moor
On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor. The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke. Thomas Vaughan, John Wogan, Henry Neville, John Conyers and Oliver Dudley were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon, John Conyers and William Parr fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and John Woodville were captured. Richard Herbert was executed.
Capture of Edward IV
After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England was captured by his brother George at Olney after the Battle of Edgecote Moor. .
Execution of the Woodvilles
On 12 Aug 1469 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and his son John Woodville were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle. .
Execution of the Neville Brothers
On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville and Charles Neville were beheaded at York in the presence of Edward IV King England and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisburybringing to and end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited. .
On Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles was executed at Queen's Cross during the Welles' Rebellion.
On 12 Mar 1470 Thomas Dymoke was beheaded at Queen's Cross during the Welles' Rebellion.
On 19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby was beheaded at Doncaster during the Welles' Rebellion.
Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)
On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England fought at Empingham during the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby was captured.
Battle of Nibley Green
On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle at Nibley Green. Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle was killed. .
On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker, Henry VI King England, II King France and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales and Anne Neville Queen Consort England were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.
Edward IV escapes to Flanders
In Sep 1470 Edward IV King England fled from King's Lynn to the court of Charles the Bold who was married to his sister Margaret of Burgundy two years earlier. .
Re-adeption of Henry VI
On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham was released. .
Edward V born in Sanctuary
On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward VI and Elizabeth Woodville in Sanctuary. His father was abroad in Flanders. His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth. .
Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville
On 13 Dec 1470 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales and Anne Neville Queen Consort England were married at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Anne Neville Queen Consort England was appointed as Princess Wales. .
Edward IV lands at Ravenspur
On 14 Mar 1471 Edward IV King England landed at Ravenspur with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings. .
Battle of Barnet
On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys, William Parr, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh and Thomas Strickland.
The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier, Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Parr were killed. Henry Stafford was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford commanded, and John Paston and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont fought. .
Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth
On 14 Apr 1471 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England lands at Weymouth with John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock. .
Battle of Tewkesbury
On 04 May 1471 Edward IV was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard, Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny, John Savage, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh fought. William Brandon, George Browne, Ralph Hastings, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, James Tyrrell, Roger Kynaston were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings commanded.
Margaret of Anjou was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales was killed.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and John Beaufort were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset and Hugh Courtenay were beheaded after the battle.
On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton was beheaded at Tewkesbury after the Battle of Tewkesbury.
Death of Henry VI
On 21 May 1471 Henry VI died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London. Death of Henry VI.
Edward created Prince of Wales
On 26 Jun 1471 Edward, the future Edward V was appointed Prince Wales. Thomas Vaughan Master was knighted. .
Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville
On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England and Anne Neville Queen Consort England were married at St Stephen's Chapel Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 by marriage 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461). .
Anne Neville declared Legally Dead
In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne Neville Queen Consort England respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. !Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England and before Richard III King England acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier. .
Treaty of Picquigny
On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 600. !Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England returned to England.
Death of the Duke of Norfolk
On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died at Framlingham Castle. Suspicious since he was only 32. His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk two years later. .
Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York
Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho
On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was arrested at Keyford and taken to Bath.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho taken to Cirencester.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was hanged at Myton Gallows. John Thursby was executed at Myton Gallows.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho was pardoned by Edward IV King England. .
Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray
On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster. She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary York and Cecily York Viscountess Welles. The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .
Execution of George Duke of Clarence
On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London. William Hussey conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason. .