500-699 Britons and Anglo-Saxons
556-Battle of Beran Burg
Battle of Wibbandun
In 568 Ceawlin King Wessex and Cutha Wessex fought against Aethelberht King Kent at the Battle of Wibbandun and drove him into Kent. The location of the battle is unknown.
Battle of Dyrham
In 577 Coinmail Briton, Condidan Briton and Farinmail Briton were killed during the at Battle of Dyrham at Dyrham.
In 577 Ceawlin King Wessex and his son Cuthwine King Wessex won a major victory over the Britons at the Battle of Dyrham Hinton Hill. The victory of resulted in the capture of Gloucester, Cirencester and Bath.
Battle of Fethan Leag
In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex and his son Cutha Wessex defeated the Britons at the Battle of Fethan Leag which was probably fought at Stoke Lyne.
First Battle of Woden's Barrow
In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex was defeated, probably by the Britons, possibly by Ceol King Wessex at the First Battle of Woden's Barrow which fought at Adam's Grave.
Pope Gregory's First Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
Before 604 Paulinius Italy Archbishop Canterbury arrived during the Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons.
Battle of the River Idle
In 616 Edwin King Bernicia, King Deira, King Northumbria succeeded as King Northumbria following the Battle of the River Idle.
In 616 Raedwald King East Anglia and his son RAegenhere Wuffingas fought at the Battle of the River Idle which took place at the River Idle which forms the western border of the Isle of Lindsey.
In 616 Aethelfrith King Bernicia, King Deira and RAegenhere Wuffingas were killed during the Battle of the River Idle.
Battle of Hatfield Chase
On 12 Oct 633 Penda King Mercia 's alliance of Gwynedd and Mercia defeated the Northumbrians at the Battle of Hatfield Chase at Hatfield Chase.
On 12 Oct 633 Eadfrith Deira was captured during the Battle of Hatfield Chase.
Battle of Heavenfield
Cadwallon Gwynedd was killed at the Battle of Heavenfield.
In 634 Oswald King Northumbria won a decisive victory over the army of the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the Battle of Heavenfield which was fought at Heavenfield around six miles north of Hexham. St Oswald's Church is believed to mark the location where Oswald King Northumbria raised his standard. The battle re-united Deira and Bernicia to form Northumbria and, according to Bede, restored Christianity to Northumbria.
Battle of Maserfield
In 641 Oswiu King Bernicia succeeded as King Bernicia following the Battle of Maserfield. Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.
On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
On 05 Aug 641 (or 642) Oswald King Northumbria killed during the Battle of Maserfield. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles.
On 05 Aug 642 Oswine King Deira succeeded as King Deira following the Battle of Maserfield.
On 05 Aug 642 Eowa King Mercia killed (probably) at the Battle of Maserfield.
In 634 Osric King Deira killed at Heavenfield during the Battle of Maserfield.
Battle of Strath Ethairt
In 654 Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata killed during the Battle of Strath Ethairt the location of which appears not to be known.
In 654 Taloran King Picts defeated the army of Dál Riata at the Battle of Strath Ethairt.
Battle of Bulcamp
In 654 Anna King East Anglia and his son Jurmin Wuffingas were killed during the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp.
In 654 Penda King Mercia defeated the East Anglian army at the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp.
Battle of the Winwaed
On 15 Nov 655 Oswiu King Bernicia defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.
On 15 Nov 655 Penda King Mercia and Aethelhere King East Anglia were killed at (probably) Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed.
On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwold King East Anglia succeeded as King East Anglia after the death of his father at the Battle of the Winwaed.
On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwald King Deira, an ally of Penda King Mercia, withdrew his forces at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening Penda King Mercia 's army.
Battle of the Two Rivers
In 671 Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria and BeornhAeth Sub-King Northern Northumbria aka Lothian defeated Drest VI King Picts at the Battle of the Two Rivers bringing to an end the Pictish rebellion. The location of the battle is not known. Stephen of Ripon described the account in his account of the battle from Vita Sancti Wilfrithi: 'He slew an enormous number of the people, filling two rivers with corpses, so that, marvellous to relate, the slayers, passing over the rivers dry foot, pursued and slew a crowd of fugitives. '.
Battle of the Trent
Around 679 Aethelred King Mercia defeated the Northumbrian army led by Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria at the Battle of the Trent somehere in Lindsey. Aelfwine King Deira was killed.
Battle of Dun Nechtain
On 20 May 685 Bridei III Picts defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Dun Nechtain. Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria was killed at Dunnichen, Angus.