Biography of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley

Timeline

In 1426 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was born to James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley and Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley at Berkeley Castle.

On 22 Oct 1463 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley succeeded 2nd Baron Berkeley (2C 1421).

In 1466 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley and Elizabeth West 3rd Baroness Berkeley were married. Elizabeth West 3rd Baroness Berkeley by marriage 3rd Baron Berkeley (2C 1421).

On Nov 1468 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley and Joan Strangeways 3rd Viscountess Berkeley were married. Joan Strangeways 3rd Viscountess Berkeley by marriage 3rd Baron Berkeley (2C 1421).

Battle of Nibley Green

On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle at Nibley Green. Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle was killed. .

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster. She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary York and Cecily York Viscountess Welles. The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

On 21 Apr 1481 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was created 1st Viscount Berkeley. Joan Strangeways 3rd Viscountess Berkeley by marriage 3rd Viscount Berkeley.

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 's father Edward IV King England had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley to their rightful inheritance. .

On 19 Feb 1485 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was appointed as Earl Marshal.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne
Richard Guildford
Walter Hungerford
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
John Wingfield
Edward Woodville
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain
Roger Kynaston
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney
William Brandon
James Harrington
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk
John Sacheverell, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath.
William Norreys, Gilbert Talbot, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford and John Savage commanded.
Robert Poyntz was knighted.

Richard III King England was killed at Ambion Hill during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
John Conyers
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln
Humphrey Stafford
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth was captured.
John Babington, William Brandon, James Harrington, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, John Sacheverell, William Alington, Robert Mortimer, Robert Brackenbury, Richard Ratclyffe, Richard Bagot and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley were killed.
William Catesby was executed at Leicester after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland betrayed Richard III King England by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox, almoner Christopher Urswick, the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby, John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley. Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford, created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk. .

Around 1486 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley and Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley were married.

On 28 Jan 1489 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was created 1st Marquess Berkeley. Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley by marriage Marquess Berkeley.

On 14 Feb 1492 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley died.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle, John Savage, Thomas Wortley, Thomas Molyneux, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Walter Hungerford, Guy Wolston, John Sapcote, Thomas Tyrrell, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr
John Astley
William Stonor
Henry Ferrers
James Radclyffe
George Browne
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells
Edward Story Bishop Chichester
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich
William Dudley Bishop Durham
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln
Cardinal John Morton (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Bourchier
Thomas Bourchier.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Berkeley

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France

Ancestry

Father: James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley

GrandFather: James Berkeley

Great GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley

Great Great GrandFather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley

Great Great Great GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley

Great Great Great GrandMother: Eva Zouche

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley

Great Great Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley

Great Great GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer

Great Great Great GrandFather: Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester

Great Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer

Great Great Great GrandFather: Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford

GrandMother: Elizabeth Bluet

Mother: Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley

GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk

Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave

Great Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray

Great Great Great GrandMother: Aline Braose Baroness Mowbray

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster

Great Great Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray

Great Great GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave

Great Great Great GrandFather: Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk

Great Great Great GrandFather: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk

Great Great Great GrandMother: Alice Hales Countess Norfolk

GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk

Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey

Great Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel

Great Great Great GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster

Great Great Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey

Great Great GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton

Great Great Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

Great Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton

Great Great Great GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere