Biography of John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487

Timeline

Around 07 Feb 1444 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married.The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450.Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date.Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will

Before Feb 1458 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (15) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (13) were married.Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (13) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Around 1462 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (19) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (17)

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25), his uncle.Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467).

Before 1480 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (17) and Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln were married

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1544 and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 were pall-bearers.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III.History doesn't record her reason.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
Richard Guildford 1450-1506
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485
James Harrington 1430-1485
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60)
John Sacheverell 1400-1485, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486.
William Norreys 1441-1507, Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1544 commanded.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 was knighted.
Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
John Conyers -1490
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485, William Brandon 1456-1485, James Harrington 1430-1485, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60), John Sacheverell 1400-1485, William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55), Richard Bagot 1412-1485 and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 were killed.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.
John Iwardby 1449-1485 (35) was killed

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey.Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox, almoner Christopher Urswick, the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms.Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59).Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19)
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
John Mordaunt 1455-1504
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530
William Norreys 1441-1507
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 wounded
John Paston 1444-1504 (43)
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8), knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40).
The Yorksists John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25), Edward Stanhope 1462-1487, Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 (29) and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed. Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

Before 27 Oct 1492 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (50) died.He was buried at Wingfield, Suffolk

After Jan 1503 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (58) died at Wingfield, Suffolk

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514, Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Guy Wolston 1433-1490, John Sapcote 1448-1501, Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500
James Radclyffe 1440-1484
George Browne 1440-1483
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: De La Pole

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415

Great x 2 GrandFather: Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pole 1302-1366

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Norwich 1306-1381

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Wingfield Countess Suffolk

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wingfield 1320-1361

Great GrandMother: Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandMother: Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 Great x 8 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Roet 1346-1387

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Great GrandMother: Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 Great x 7 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Burghesh 1343-1391 Great x 6 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Burghesh 1322-1349 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ismania Hanham

Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Hanham

Mother: Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380