Biography of Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

Robert Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462


Margaret Neville Countess Oxford was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462


Ralph Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462


In 1400 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (21)


Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (22) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (15) were married.Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (22) jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337).


In 1423 Joan Neville Countess Arundel 1423-1462 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (23) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (16)


In 1424 Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (24) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (17)


On 21 Oct 1425 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (61) died.He was buried at St Mary's Church, Staindrop, County Durham


In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21)


On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) succeeded as 7th Baron Montagu.Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) by marriage Baroness Montagu.


On Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married (they were second-cousins x 2).Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Countess Cambridge (3C 1414) Countess Ulster. She was the youngest sister of Richard's brother-in-arms Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (29).


Around 1430 Alice Neville Baroness Fitzhugh 1430-1503 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (30) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (23)


Before 1431 Thomas Neville 1430-1460 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (30) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (23)


Around 1431 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (31) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (24)


After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop Exeter, Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Durham, Bishop Winchester 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

In 1432 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (32) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (25)


Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.

In 1438 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (38) was appointed 152nd Knight Garter: Henry VI


On 13 Nov 1440 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (61) died at Howden, Yorkshire. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral


In 1442 Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville, Baroness Hastings 1442-1503 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (42) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (35)


In 1447 Eleanor Neville Baroness Stanley 1447-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (40)


In 1452 Walter Strickland 1411-1467 indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (52) to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.


In 1452 Thomas Strickland -1494 indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (52) to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.


On 27 Mar 1454 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (54) was appointed as Lord Chancellor


On Jan 1455 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) resigned as Lord Chancellor


First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467.
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49), Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455, William Cotton 1410-1455 (45), Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) both fought.


Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.


Battle of Blore Heath

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow to join up with the main Yorkist army; the Battle of Blore Heath.Forewarned by scouts he arranged his troops into battle order.The Yorkist army included John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (48), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, James Harrington 1430-1485, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59), William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495, Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26), John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411-1467 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59).The Lancastrian army included brothers John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 was killed by Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26). John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 fought.
Richard Molyneux of Sefton 1420-1459 (39) was killed.
John Egerton 1404-1459 was killed.
Adam Bostock 1413-1475 (46) was killed.
After the battle James Harrington 1430-1485, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 were captured at Acton Bridge, Tarporley, Cheshire and imprisoned at Chester Castle, Chester, Cheshire having been detached from the main Yorkist force.
William Troutbeck 1436-1459 (23) was killed


Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (39) was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry, Warwickshire.. The primary purpose of the Parliament was to attaint the Yorkist leaders:
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), his sons Edward Earl of March (17),Edmund Earl of Rutland (16) were attainted, as were ...
Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and his sons Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) and John Neville 1431-1471 (28).


Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire.In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present.
The Yorkist Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17), Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) left overnight.
John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) and Thomas Parr 1407-1464 were present.
The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).


Around Nov 1459 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) fled to Calais


Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire.The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".


Before 09 Dec 1462 Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (55) died


Before 1465 John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (53) was retained by Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460.


Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Neville

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Clavering Arms. Quarterly, or and gules, a bend sable.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 1251-1329 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Zouche Arms. Azure, ten bezants 4, 3, 2, 1.


Great GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Audley Arms. Gules, fretty. Source.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Audley Arms. Gules, fretty. Source.


Great x 3 GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1272

Audley Arms. Gules, fretty. Source.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Ela Longespée 1217-1298 Great Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer 1269-1328 Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Mortimer Arms. Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Mortimer Arms. Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Fiennes Arms. Azure, three lions rampant or. Source.


GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Percy Arms. Or, a lion rampant azure.


Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Percy Arms. Or, a lion rampant azure.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

Percy Arms. Or, a lion rampant azure.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

Percy Arms. Or, a lion rampant azure.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

Warenne Arms. Chequy or and azure.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Fitzalan Arms. Gules, a lion rampant or.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Fitzalan Arms. Gules, a lion rampant or.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel -1292 Great x 6 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Saluzzo Arms. Argent, a chief azure.


Great GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Clifford Arms. Chequy or and azure, a Fess gules.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Clifford Arms. Chequy or and azure, a Fess gules.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

Clifford Arms. Chequy or and azure, a Fess gules.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Vipont 1254-1292 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Mother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Beaufort Arms. Plantagenet Arms, a bordure compony.


GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points ermine.


Great GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Plantagenet Arms. Gules, lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Plantagenet Arms. Gules, lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Plantagenet Arms. Gules, lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms. Plantagenet Arms impaled Castile and León Arms.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Capet Arms. Argent, three fleur-de-lys or.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Capet Arms. Argent, three fleur-de-lys or.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Blois Arms. Azure, a bend argent cotised.


Great GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Hainault Arms.


Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Hainault Arms.


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Hainault Arms.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Valois Arms. Capet Arms a bordure gules.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Valois Arms. Capet Arms a bordure gules.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Capet Arms. Argent, three fleur-de-lys or.


GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Roet Arms. Gules, three wheels or.


Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Roet Arms. Gules, three wheels or.