Baron Clifford

1299-Edward I Creates New Barons

1314 Battle of Bannockburn

1322 Despencer War Executions

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1461 Battles of Ferrybridge

Baron Clifford is in Baron.

1299-Edward I Creates New Barons

On 06 Feb 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) created a number of new Barons by writ of summons to Edward's 44th Parliament ...

John Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Chartley 1271-1312 (27) was created 1st Baron Ferrers Chartley.

John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (45) was created 1st Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh. Joan Ros Baroness Lovel 1260-1348 (39) by marriage Baroness Lovel of Titchmarsh.

William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (44) was created 1st Baron Ros Helmsley. Maud Vaux Baroness Ros 1257-1316 (42) by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley.

William Devereux 1st Baron Devereux Lyonshall 1244-1314 (55) was created 1st Baron Devereux Lyonshall. Lucy Burnell Baroness Devereux Lyonshall by marriage Baroness Devereux Lyonshall.

Adam Welles 1st Baron Welles 1249-1311 (50) was created 1st Baron Welles. Joan D'Engayne Baroness Welles and Ughtred -1315 by marriage Baroness Welles.

Robert Clinton 1st Baron Clinton 1258-1310 (41) was created 1st Baron Clinton. Ida Odingsells Baroness Clinton 1265-1321 (34) by marriage Baroness Clinton.

John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (30) was created 1st Baron Moels.

The next baronies may not have been created on 06 Feb 1299 but were created in 1299 possibly for Edward's 45th and 46th Parliaments on 10 Apr 1299 and 21 Sep 1299 respectively.

Edmund Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1250-1327 (49) was created 1st Baron Deincourt 1C 1299.

John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309 (46) was created 1st Baron Strange Knockin 2C 1299. Maud Eiville Baroness Strange Knockin by marriage Baroness Strange Knockin.

John St John Lagenham 1st Baron St John Lagenham 1250-1316 (49) was created 1st Baron St John Lagenham.

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24) was created 1st Baron Clifford. Maud Clare Baroness Clifford Baroness Welles 1276-1327 (23) by marriage Baroness Clifford.

Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (44) was created 1st Baron Grey Codnor. Eleanor Courtenay Baroness Grey Codnor by marriage Baroness Grey Codnor.

John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (30) was created 1st Baron Mohun Dunster.

Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304 was created 1st Baron Scales.

John St John 1st Baron St John Basing 1273-1329 (25) was created 1st Baron St John Basing.

John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336 (24) was created 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset.

Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (31) was created 1st Baron Zouche Ashby.

Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25) was created 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299. Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 1284-1328 (15) by marriage Baroness Percy of Alnwick.

William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335 (37) was created 1st Baron Grandison. Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison by marriage Baroness Grandison.

Otto Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1238-1328 (61) was created 1st Baron Grandison.

Thomas de Multon 1st Baron Multon of Egremont 1276-1322 (22) was created 1st Baron Multon Egremont. Eleanor Burgh Baroness Multon Egremont 1282-1324 (17) by marriage Baroness Multon Egremont.

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Battle of Bannockburn

On 24 Jun 1314 the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39) including, James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (28), heavily defeated the English army led by King Edward II of England (30) at the Battle of Bannockburn.

Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester 7th Earl Hertford -1314, John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 (20), Robert Felton 1st Baron Felton 1270-1314 (44) and William Vesci -1314 were killed.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (36) was killed. On 24 Jun 1314 John Marshal 2nd Baron Marshal 1292-1317 (22) succeeded 2nd Baron Marshal.

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (40) was killed. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (14) succeeded 2nd Baron Clifford.

John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 (25) was killed. John Lovell 3rd Baron Lovel 1314-1347 succeeded 3rd Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh.

Henry Bohun -1314 was killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39).

Walter Fauconberg 2nd Baron Fauconberg 1264-1318 (50) possilby died although his death is also reported as being on 31 Dec 1318.

Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (38), Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (38), Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (39) and Robert Umfraville 8th Earl Angus 1277-1325 (37) fought.

Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot 1279-1314 (34) was killed. John Tiptoft 2nd Baron Tibetot 1313-1367 succeeded 2nd Baron Tibetot.

John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort 1291-1314 (23) was killed. Peter Montfort 3rd Baron Montfort 1291-1370 (23) succeeded 3rd Baron Montfort.

Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (34) undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career.

William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (38) was captured.

Michael Poynings 1270-1314 (44) was killed.

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Despencer War Executions

On 23 Mar 1322 at York ...

Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22) was hanged. Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1305-1344 (16) succeeded 3rd Baron Clifford.

John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) was hanged. He was buried at Fountains Abbey. John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (11) succeeded 3rd Baron Mowbray 1C 1283.

Before 1329 Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1305-1344 and Isabel Berkeley Baroness Clifford Baroness Musgrave 1307-1362 were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a great x 3 granddaughter of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

On 20 May 1344 Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1305-1344 (38) died. Robert Clifford 4th Baron Clifford 1329-1350 (15) succeeded 4th Baron Clifford.

In 1350 Robert Clifford 4th Baron Clifford 1329-1350 (21) died. Roger Clifford 5th Baron Clifford 1333-1389 (16) succeeded 5th Baron Clifford.

Before 1363 Roger Clifford 5th Baron Clifford 1333-1389 and Maud Beauchamp Baroness Clifford 1335-1403 were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great x 5 granddaughter of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

Before 1379 Thomas Clifford 6th Baron Clifford 1363-1391 and Elizabeth Ros Baroness Clifford were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

On 13 Jul 1389 Roger Clifford 5th Baron Clifford 1333-1389 (56) died at Brougham Castle. Thomas Clifford 6th Baron Clifford 1363-1391 (26) succeeded 6th Baron Clifford.

In 1391 Thomas Clifford 6th Baron Clifford 1363-1391 (28) died. In 1391 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford 1389-1422 (2) succeeded 7th Baron Clifford, 7th Lord Skipton. However, given his young age his mother's brother William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 (21) enjoyed the benefit of his warship until he came of age around Sep 1411.

Around 1404 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford 1389-1422 (15) and Elizabeth Percy Countess Westmoreland 1395-1436 (9) were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

On 13 Mar 1422 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford 1389-1422 (33) died. On 13 Mar 1422 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (7) succeeded 8th Baron Clifford, 8th Lord Skipton.

After Mar 1424 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 and Joan Dacre Baroness Clifford -1453 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (26), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).

The Lancastrians ...

Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Somerset 2C 1448. Note his father is frequently incorrectly referred to as the second Duke and Henry as the third Duke. His father's Dukedom, however, was a new creation.

Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 6th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 14th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1434-1493 (21) by marriage Baroness Clifford.

William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.

King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.

Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

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Battles of Ferrybridge

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) fought at Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter 1426-1461 (35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) fought. John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter 1426-1461 (35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51).

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) was killed at Dintingdale during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) fought for York. Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (7) succeeded 10th Baron Clifford, 10th Lord Skipton.

By 1493 Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (39) and Anne St John Baroness Clifford were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

Before 1512 Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 and Margaret Talbot Baroness Clifford -1512 were married. They were half third cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

In or before 1513 Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (20) and Margaret Percy Baroness Clifford 1500-1540 (12) were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Baroness Clifford.

On 23 Apr 1523 Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (69) died. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (30) succeeded 11th Baron Clifford, 11th Lord Skipton and Sheriff of Westmoreland.

On 22 Apr 1542 Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (49) died. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church Skipton. Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (25) succeeded 2nd Earl Cumberland, 12th Baron Clifford, 12th Lord Skipton. Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (23).

1563. Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of either Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 or her daughter Margaret Clifford Countess Derby 1540-1596.

In Jan 1570 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (53) died. George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Cumberland, 13th Baron Clifford, 13th Lord Skipton. Being underage his wardship went to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36) who gave it to Francis Russell 2nd Earl Bedford 1527-1585 (43) whose daughter George subsequently married.

Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605. Around 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Unknown Man. Possibly George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605. Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 30 Oct 1605 George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (47) died. Francis Clifford 4th Earl Cumberland 1559-1641 (46) succeeded 4th Earl Cumberland. Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676 (15) succeeded 14th Baron Clifford.

Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676.

In 1628 Henry Clifford 5th Earl Cumberland 1581-1643 (46) was created 1st Baron Clifford. Frances Cecil Countess Cumberland 1593-1644 (35) by marriage Baroness Clifford.

Before 11 Dec 1643 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Henry Clifford 5th Earl Cumberland 1581-1643.

On 11 Dec 1643 Henry Clifford 5th Earl Cumberland 1581-1643 (62) died. Earl Cumberland extinct. Elizabeth Clifford Countess Burlington 1613-1691 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Clifford.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Elizabeth Clifford Countess Burlington 1613-1691.

On 07 May 1664 John Tufton 2nd Earl Isle Thanet 1608-1664 (55) died. Nicholas Tufton 3rd Earl Isle Thanet 1631-1679 (32) succeeded 3rd Earl Isle Thanet, 3rd Baron Tufton, 15th Baron Clifford.

On 24 Nov 1679 Nicholas Tufton 3rd Earl Isle Thanet 1631-1679 (48) died. John Tufton 4th Earl Isle Thanet 1638-1680 (41) succeeded 4th Earl Isle Thanet, 4th Baron Tufton, 16th Baron Clifford.

In 1680 John Tufton 4th Earl Isle Thanet 1638-1680 (42) died. Richard Tufton 5th Earl Isle Thanet 1640-1684 (39) succeeded 5th Earl Isle Thanet, 5th Baron Tufton, 17th Baron Clifford.

On 08 Mar 1684 Richard Tufton 5th Earl Isle Thanet 1640-1684 (43) died. Thomas Tufton 6th Earl Isle Thanet 1644-1729 (39) succeeded 6th Earl Isle Thanet, 6th Baron Tufton, 18th Baron Clifford.

Before 1710 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Thomas Tufton 6th Earl Isle Thanet 1644-1729.

On 06 Jan 1691 Elizabeth Clifford Countess Burlington 1613-1691 (77) died. Charles Boyle 3rd Baron Clifford 1639-1694 (51) succeeded 3rd Baron Clifford. Jane Seymour Baroness Clifford 1637-1679 (54) by marriage Baroness Clifford.

On 12 Oct 1694 Charles Boyle 3rd Baron Clifford 1639-1694 (54) died. Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704 (26) succeeded 4th Baron Clifford.

Around 1683 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704. Before 1726. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704, Evelyn Pierrepoint 1st Duke Kingston upon Hull 1655-1726 and John Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1663-1697.

On 09 Feb 1704 Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704 (36) died. Richard Boyle 3rd Earl Burlington 1694-1753 (9) succeeded 3rd Earl Burlington 1C 1664, 4th Baron Clifford.

On 30 Jul 1729 Thomas Tufton 6th Earl Isle Thanet 1644-1729 (84) died. Baron Clifford became abeyant. Sackville Tufton 7th Earl Isle Thanet 1688-1753 (41) succeeded 7th Earl Isle Thanet, 7th Baron Tufton. Mary Savile Countess Isle Thanet -1751 by marriage Countess Isle Thanet.

In 1700 Joseph Highmore Painter 1692-1780. Portrait of Sackville Tufton 7th Earl Isle Thanet 1688-1753. Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of Mary Savile Countess Isle Thanet -1751. Around 1728 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731. Portrait of Mary Savile Countess Isle Thanet -1751. Chiswick House. Before 07 Jun 1731 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731. Portrait of Mary Savile Countess Isle Thanet -1751. Before 1710 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary Savile Countess Isle Thanet -1751.

On 03 Aug 1734 Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester 1700-1778 (34) abeyance terminated 19th Baron Clifford when she became the only living descendant of her father.

On 17 Apr 1776 Edward Southwell 20th Baron Clifford 1738-1777 (37) abeyance terminated 20th Baron Clifford.

On 01 Nov 1777 Edward Southwell 20th Baron Clifford 1738-1777 (39) died. Edward Southwell 21st Baron Clifford 1767-1832 (10) succeeded 21st Baron Clifford.

On 28 Feb 1778 Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester 1700-1778 (77) died. Baron Clifford abeyant.

Baron Clifford Feudal

Before 1190 Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1113-1190 was created 1st Baron Clifford Feudal. Margaret Isobel Tosny Baroness Clifford by marriage Baroness Clifford Feudal.

On 23 May 1190 Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1113-1190 (77) died at Godstow Abbey where he was subsequently buried. Walter Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1160-1221 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Clifford Feudal. Agnes Cundy Baroness Clifford by marriage Baroness Clifford Feudal.

On 17 Jan 1221 Walter Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1160-1221 (61) died. He was buried at Godstow Abbey. On 17 Jan 1221 Walter Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1181-1263 (40) succeeded 3rd Baron Clifford Feudal. Margred verch Llewellyn Aberffraw Baroness Clifford -1268 by marriage Baroness Clifford Feudal.

Baron Clifford Chudleigh in Devon