1360-1369 Black Monday Hailstorm

1360 Creation of Garter Knights

1360 Black Monday Hailstorm

1360 Release of King John II of France

1360 Treaty of Brétigny

1361 Creation of Garter Knights

1361 Death of Henry of Grosmont

1361 Plague Outbreak

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1362 Pleading in English Act 36 Edward III c 15

1362 St Marcellus' Flood

1362 Battle of Brignais

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1364 Death of John II King France

1364 Battle of Auray

1366 Creation of Garter Knights

1367 Battle of Nájera

1368 Creation of Garter Knights

1369 Battle of Montiel

1369 Death of Peter I King Castile

1369 Creation of Garter Knights

1662 Catherine of Braganza's Arrival in London

1360-1369 Black Monday Hailstorm is in 14th Century Events.

1360 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1360 King Edward III England (47) created new Garter Knights:

31st Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred 1292-1365 (68).

32nd Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (50).

33rd Frank Hale.

34th Thomas Ufford 1332-1367 (27).

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of King Edward III England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (50), Henry of Grosmont (50), Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. King Edward III England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Brétigny.

On 28 Apr 1360 Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of King Edward III England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (50), Henry of Grosmont (50), Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. King Edward III England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Brétigny.

On 28 Apr 1360 Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

On 24 Oct 1360, three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, King Edward III England (47) and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41), and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (30) and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380 (22), ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) were given as hostages.

Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (18) was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by King Edward III England (47) including Aquitaine.

John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (40) was present.

Release of King John II of France

Around 30 Jun 1360 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) left the Tower of London and proceeded to Eltham Palace where Queen Philippa (46) had prepared a great farewell entertainment. Passing the night at Dartford, he continued towards Dover, stopping at the Maison Dieu of St Mary at Ospringe, and paying homage at the shrine of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury on 04 Jul 1360. He dined with the Black Prince (30) at Dover Castle, and reached English-held Calais on 08 Jul 1360.

1361 Creation of Garter Knights

1361 Plague Outbreak

On 04 Oct 1361 John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (50) died of plague. His son John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368 (21) succeeded 4th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283.1361 Plague Outbreak

On 05 Oct 1361 Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (66) died of plague at Lingfield. He was buried at Lingfield. His son Reginald Cobham 2nd Baron Cobham Sternborough 1348-1403 (13) succeeded 2nd Baron Cobham Sternborough in Kent 4C 1347.1361 Plague Outbreak

Death of Henry of Grosmont

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married at Windsor Castle. They were half first cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Princess of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

Pleading in English Act 36 Edward III c 15

In 1362 the Pleading in English Act 36 Edward III c 15 required Parliamentary and judicial business to be conducted in English rather than Norman French.

St Marcellus' Flood

Around 16 Jan 1362 St Marcellus' Flood was an intense extratropical cyclone, coinciding with a new moon, which swept across the British Isles, the Netherlands, northern Germany, and Denmark causing at least 25,000 deaths. In England the town of Dunwich was destroyed.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 14 August 1662. 14 Aug 1662. Up early and to look on my works, and find my house to go on apace. So to my office to prepare business, and then we met and sat till noon, and then Commissioner Pett (52) and I being invited, went by Sir John Winter's (62) coach sent for us, to the Mitre, in Fenchurch street, to a venison-pasty; where I found him a very worthy man; and good discourse. Most of which was concerning the Forest of Dean, and the timber there, and iron-workes with their great antiquity, and the vast heaps of cinders which they find, and are now of great value, being necessary for the making of iron at this day; and without which they cannot work: with the age of many trees there left at a great fall in Edward the Third's time, by the name of forbid-trees1, which at this day are called vorbid trees.

Thence to my office about business till late, and so home and to bed.

1. TT. Possibly forbidden trees. Trees that were felled in a great storm of 1362 which miners were forbidden from taking.

Battle of Brignais

On 06 Apr 1362 at the Battle of Brignais ...

James Bourbon Count La Marche 1319-1362 (43) was killed. His son Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (18) succeeded I Count La Marche. His son Pierre Bourbon 1342-1362 (20) was killed.

Catherine of Braganza's Arrival in London

Diary of Samuel Pepys 23 August 1662. 23 Aug 1662. So we parted, and Mr. Creed by appointment being come, he and I went out together, and at an ordinary in Lombard Street dined together, and so walked down to the Styllyard, and so all along Thames-street, but could not get a boat: I offered eight shillings for a boat to attend me this afternoon, and they would not, it being the day of the Queen's (23) coming to town from Hampton Court.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...

Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

Death of John II King France

On 01 Jul 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (45) was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.

On 08 Apr 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) died at Savoy Palace. His son Charles V King France 1338-1380 (25) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

Hundred Years War Breton War of Succession

Battle of Auray

On 29 Sep 1364 Battle of Auray decided the Breton Succession in favour of John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (25). The Breton and English army was commanded by John Chandos 1320-1369 (44) and included William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (34), Miles Stapleton 1320-1364 (44) and Hugh Calverley 1324-1394 (40). Charles "Saint" Chatillon Duke Brittany 1319-1364 (45) was killed. Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (44) surrendered.

1366 Creation of Garter Knights

On 23 Apr 1366 King Edward III England (53) created new Garter Knights:

42nd Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons 1340-1397 (26).

43rd Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (24).

Castillian Civil War

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27), William Scrope 1325-1367 (42), Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21), John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (30), John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (42), Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 (37) and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33).

The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47). The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.

John Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-1367 (36) was killed. His son Robert Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1358-1413 (9) succeeded 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley. Margaret Despencer Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1415 by marriage Baroness Ferrers Chartley.

1368 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1368 King Edward III England (55) created new Garter Knights:

44th Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton 1335-1390 (33).

45th Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (48).

Battle of Montiel

On 14 Mar 1369 the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) defeated that of his half-brother Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) at the Battle of Montiel. Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379's army was commanded by Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (49). Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) escaped to the castle of Montiel, La Mancha.

Death of Peter I King Castile

On 23 Mar 1369 Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) was murdered by his half-brother Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) outside the wall of the castle of Montiel, La Mancha. His brother Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) succeeded II King Castile.

1369 Creation of Garter Knights

On 23 Apr 1369 King Edward III England (56) created new Garter Knights

46th John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 (32).

47th Robert Dampierre 1323-1391 (46).

48th John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (21). Some sources say 1370 but that would be inconsistent with the numbering?

49th Thomas Grandison 4th Baron Grandison 1339-1375 (30).

50th Guy de Bryan 1318-1390 (50). Possibly on 31 Dec 1369?.