Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 800-849

802 Battle of Kempsford

825 Battle of Ellendun

836 Battle of Charmouth

838 Battle of Hingston Down

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 800-849 is in Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

Battle of Kempsford

800. This year was the moon eclipsed, at eight in the evening, on the seventeenth day before the calends of February; and soon after died King Bertric and Alderman Worr. Egbert (27) succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom; and the same day Ethelmund, alderman of the Wiccians, rode over the Thames at Kempsford; where he was met by Alderman Woxtan, with the men of Wiltshire, and a terrible conflict ensued, in which both the commanders were slain, but the men of Wiltshire obtained the victory.

801. Her wæs gehadod Beornmod bisc to Hrofes ceastre2.

801. [Collation]. This year Beornmod was ordained Bishop of Rochester.

2. D. places this entry in this form under the year 801; but repeats it in the form in which it occurs in E. under the year 802.

802 Her aðeostrade se mona on dagunge on xiii kt Iañr. ⁊ Beornmod wæs gehalgod to b to Rofeceastre þy ilcan geare.

802. This year was the moon eclipsed, at dawn, on the thirteenth day before the calends of January; and Bernmod was consecrated Bishop of Rochester.

803. This year died Hibbald, Bishop of Holy-island, on the twenty-fourth of June, and Egbert was consecrated in his stead, on the thirteenth of June following. Archbishop Ethelherd also died in Kent, and Wulfred was chosen archbishop in his stead. Abbot Forthred, in the course of the same year, departed this life.

804. Parker MS. Her Wulfred ærce bisc pallium onfengr

804. Laud MS. Her Wulfred arceb onfeng pallium.

804. This year Archbishop Wulfred received his pall.

805. Parker MS. Her Cuþred cyning forþferde on Cantwarum, ⁊ Ceolburg abbudesse, ⁊ Heabryht aldorman.

805. Laud MS. Her Cuðred cining forðerde on Cantwarum. ⁊ Ceolburh abbe. ⁊ Heard berht.

805. This year died King Cuthred in Kent, and Abbess Colburga, and Alderman Herbert.

806. This year was the moon eclipsed, on the first of September; Erdwulf, king of the Northumbrians, was banished from his dominions; and Eanbert, Bishop of Hexham, departed this life. This year also, on the next day before the nones of June, a cross was seen in the moon, on a Wednesday, at the dawn; and afterwards, during the same year, on the third day before the calends of September, a wonderful circle was displayed about the sun.

807. This year was the sun eclipsed, precisely at eleven in the morning, on the seventeenth day before the calends of August.

812. This year died the Emperor Charlemagne (69), after a reign of five and forty winters; and Archbishop Wulfred, accompanied by Wigbert, Bishop of Wessex, undertook a journey to Rome.

813. This year Archbishop Wulfred returned to his own see, with the blessing of Pope Leo; and King Egbert (40) spread devastation in Cornwall from east to west.

814. This year died Leo, the noble and holy pope; and Stephen succeeded him in the papal government.

816. This year died Pope Stephen; and Paschalis was consecrated pope after him. This same year the school of the English nation at Rome was destroyed by fire.

819. This year died Cenwulf, King of Mercia; and Ceolwulf succeeded him. Alderman Eadbert also departed this life.

821. This year Ceolwulf was deprived of his kingdom.

822. This year two aldermen were slain, whose names were Burhelm and Mucca; and a synod was holden at Cliff's-Hoo.

Battle of Ellendun

823. This year a battle was fought between the Welsh in Cornwall and the people of Devonshire, at Camelford; and in the course of the same year Egbert, king of the West-Saxons (50), and Bernwulf, King of Mercia, fought a battle at Wilton, in which Egbert (50) gained the victory, but there was great slaughter on both sides. Then sent he his son Ethelwulf into Kent, with a large detachment from the main body of the army, accompanied by his bishop, Elstan, and his alderman, Wulfherd; who drove Baldred, the king, northward over the Thames. Whereupon the men of Kent immediately submitted to him; as did also the inhabitants of Surrey, and Sussex, and Essex; who had been unlawfully kept from their allegiance by his relatives. The same year also, the king of the East-Angles, and his subjects besought King Egbert (50) to give them peace and protection against the terror of the Mercians; whose king, Bernwulf, they slew in the course of the same year.

825. This year Ludecan, King of Mercia, was slain, and his five aldermen with him; after which Wiglaf succeeded to the kingdom.

827. This year was the moon eclipsed, on mid-winter's mass-night; and King Egbert (54), in the course of the same year, conquered the Mercian kingdom, and all that is south of the Humber, being the eighth king who was sovereign of all the British dominions. Ella, king of the South-Saxons, was the first who possessed so large a territory; the second was Ceawlin, king of the West-Saxons: the third was Ethelbert, King of Kent; the fourth was Redwald, king of the East-Angles; the fifth was Edwin, king of the Northumbrians; the sixth was Oswald, who succeeded him; the seventh was Oswy, the brother of Oswald; the eighth was Egbert, king of the West-Saxons (54). This same Egbert (54) led an army against the Northumbrians as far as Dore, where they met him, and offered terms of obedience and subjection, on the acceptance of which they returned home.

828. This year Wiglaf recovered his Mercian kingdom, and Bishop Ethelwald departed this life. The same year King Egbert (55) led an army against the people of North-Wales, and compelled them all to peaceful submission.

832. Text 829AD. This year died Archbishop Wulfred; and Abbot Feologild was after him chosen to the see, on the twenty-fifth of April, and consecrated on a Sunday, the eleventh of June. On the thirteenth of August he was dead!

833. Text 830AD. This year Ceolnoth was chosen and consecrated archbishop on the death of Abbot Feologild.

834. Text 831AD. This year Archbishop Ceolnoth received the pall.

835. Text 832AD. This year heathen men overran the Isle of Shepey.

Battle of Charmouth

836. Text 833AD. This year fought King Egbert (63) with thirty-five pirates at Charmouth, where a great slaughter was made, and the Danes remained masters of the field. Two bishops, Hereferth and Wigen, and two aldermen, Dudda and Osmod, died the same year.

Battle of Hingston Down

838. Text 835AD. This year came a great naval armament into West-Wales, where they were joined by the people, who commenced war against Egbert (65), the West-Saxon king. When he heard this, he proceeded with his army against them and fought with them at Hengeston, where he put to flight both the Welsh and the Danes.

839. Text 836AD. This year died King Egbert (66). Him Offa, King of Mercia, and Bertric, the West-Saxon king, drove out of England into France three years before he was king. Bertric assisted Offa because he had married his daughter. Egbert (66) having afterwards returned, reigned thirty-seven winters and seven months. Then Ethelwulf, the son of Egbert, succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom; and he gave his son Athelstan the kingdom of Kent, and of Essex, and of Surrey, and of Sussex.

840. This year Alderman Wulfherd fought at Hamton with thirty-three pirates, and after great slaughter obtained the victory, but he died the same year. Alderman Ethelhelm also, with the men of Dorsetshire, fought with the Danish army in Portland-isle, and for a good while put them to flight; but in the end the Danes became masters of the field, and slew the alderman.

841. Text 838AD. This year Alderman Herbert was slain by the heathens, and many men with him, among the Marshlanders. The same year, afterwards, in Lindsey, East-Anglia, and Kent, were many men slain by the army.

842. Text 839AD. This year there was great slaughter in London, Canterbury, and Rochester.

840. This year King Ethelwulf fought at Charmouth with thirty-five ship's-crews, and the Danes remained masters of the place. The Emperor Louis (62) died this year.

845. This year Alderman Eanwulf, with the men of Somersetshire, and Bishop Ealstan, and Alderman Osric, with the men of Dorsetshire, fought at the mouth of the Parret with the Danish army; and there, after making a great slaughter, obtained the victory.