Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey

Anglesey is in Gwynedd.

Battle of Anglesey

In 980 Hywel ap Ieuaf King Gwynedd defeated Custennin ab Iago Aberffraw, son of his former enemy Iago ap Idwal Aberffraw at the Battle of Anglesey, at Anglesey. Custennin ab Iago Aberffraw was killed; he was supported by the Viking Gofraid mac Arailt Ivar.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1000. This year the king (age 34) went into Cumberland, and nearly laid waste the whole of it with his army, whilst his navy sailed about Chester [Map] with the design of co-operating with his land-forces; but, finding it impracticable, they ravaged Anglesey. The hostile fleet was this summer turned towards the kingdom of Richard.

On 27 Nov 1437 John Stanley (age 51) died at Anglesey.

Cassio Dio Roman History Book 62. 7. Having finished an appeal to her people of this general tenor, Buduica led her army against the Romans; for these chanced to be without a leader, inasmuch as Paulinus, their commander, had gone on an expedition to Mona, an island near Britain. This enabled her to sack and plunder two Roman cities, and, as I have said, to wreak indescribable slaughter. Those who were taken captive by the Britons were subjected to every known form of outrage. The worst and most bestial atrocity committed by their captors was the following. They hung up naked the noblest and most distinguished women and then cut off their breasts and sewed them to their mouths, in order to make the victims appear to be eating them; afterwards they impaled the women on sharp skewers run lengthwise through the entire body. All this they did to the accompaniment of sacrifices, banquets, and wanton behaviour, not only in all their other sacred places, but particularly in the grove of Andate. This was their name for Victory, and they regarded her with most exceptional reverence.

Cassio Dio Roman History Book 62. 8. Now it chanced that Paulinus had already brought Mona to terms, and so on learning of the disaster in Britain he at once set sail thither from Mona. However, he was not willing to risk a conflict with the barbarians immediately, as he feared their numbers and their desperation, but was inclined to postpone battle to a more convenient season. But as he grew short of food and the barbarians pressed relentlessly upon him, he was compelled, contrary to his judgment, to engage them. Buduica, at the head of an army of about 230,000 men, rode in a chariot herself and assigned the others to their several stations. Paulinus could not extend his line the whole length of hers, for, even if the men had been drawn up only one deep, they would not have reached far enough, so inferior were they in numbers; nor, on the other hand, did he dare join battle in a single compact force, for fear of being surrounded and cut to pieces. He therefore separated his army into three divisions, in order to fight at several points at one and the same time, and he made each of the divisions so strong that it could not easily be broken through.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Benllech

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Benllech, Glyn Burial Chamber [Map]

Glyn Burial Chamber is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Glyn Burial Chamber [Map]. Limestone capstone, propped in place by other stones. The rise in ground around it may represent a 14m circular mound or cairn that originally covered it. Partial excavation by E.N. Baynes in 1909 found that 'treasure seekers had cleaned out the whole of the chamber'.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Benllech, Pant y Saer Burial Chamber [Map]

Pant y Saer Burial Chamber is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Archaeologia Cambrensis 1933 Pages 185 228. The Chambered Tomb Of Pant-Y-Saer [Map], Anglesey. By W. Lindsay Scott, F,S.A.Scot.

The chambered tomb of Pant-y-saer stands in latitude 530 18' 3" N. , longitude 40 14' 15" W. , on the outskirts Of the village Of Tvnygongl and about a mile distant from the northern end of Red Wharf Bay. This sandy bay on the east coast of Anglesey provides good shelter in westerly winds: and in such conditions is a safe place for hauling up boats. The lower land around it is reasonably fertile and the situation is not unattractive for settlement and distinctly advan- tageous for sea-raiders seeking a base for operations on the north coast of Wales.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Bethel

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Bethel, Din Dryfol Burial Chamber [Map]

Din Dryfol Burial Chamber is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Din Dryfol Burial Chamber [Map] is a Neolithic Passage Grave excavated by F. Lynch in the late 1970s. It has been largely destroyed over time, but the excavations nonetheless revealed that it had been of multi-period construction, like Trefignath burial chamber near Holyhead.

The first chamber to be built was rectangular in shape and located at the western end of the current monument. The entrance stones to this chamber and the stones on its north side are still standing.

A second chamber was constructed to the east of the earliest tomb. All that is left of this now is a fallen side stone, which was once part of a second rectangular chamber. Unusually, there were wooden posts at the entrance to this chamber. The chambers would have been covered by a long, narrow mound (cairn), and there was once a stone facade running up to the wooden portal.

Some time later, the cairn and chambers were extended to the east, with a 3 metre high portal stone at the entrance. It appears that the access between the three chambers was never blocked, unlike Trefignath.

Finds from the site included a number of small flint tools, and some sherds of Neolithic pottery.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Henblas Burial Chamber [Map]

Henblas Burial Chamber is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Henblas Burial Chamber [Map]. A pair of large quartz rich boulders, measuring about 4.1 metres and 3 metres in height with circumferences of 15.3 metres and 16.8 metres respectively, with a large slab lying between them.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Hendrefor Burial Chambers [Map]

Hendrefor Burial Chambers is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Hendrefor Burial Chambers [Map]. Two stone chambers, 7 metres apart, which would once have been buried under a single long mound. One was recorded as intact in 1802, but by 1825 only one upright remained standing, which remains 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) high.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Heneglwys

In 1504 Bishop William Glynne was born at Heneglwys, Anglesey. He was educated at Queen's College, Cambridge University [Map].

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Holyhead

On 28 Oct 1628 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond was drowned whilst travelling between Dublin [Map] and Holyhead, Anglesey.

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Oct 1690. The French General, with Tyrconnel (age 60) and their forces, gone back to France, beaten out by King William. Cork [Map] delivered on discretion. The Duke of Grafton (deceased) was there mortally wounded and dies. Very great storms of wind. The 8th of this month Lord Spencer (age 49) wrote me word from Althorpe [Map], that there happened an earthquake the day before in the morning, which, though short, sensibly shook the house. The "Gazette" acquainted us that the like happened at the same time, half-past seven, at Barnstaple, Devon, Holyhead, Anglesey, and Dublin [Map]. We were not sensible of it here.

On 10 Oct 1918 Alexandra Phyllis Hamilton (age 42) drowned whilst travelling from Dún Laoghaire, County Dublin to Holyhead, Anglesey aboard the mailboat RMS Leinster that was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine UB-123.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Holyhead, St Cybi's Church

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Holyhead, St Cybi's Church, Stanley Chapel [Map]

On 24 Feb 1884 William Owen Stanley (age 81) died. Monument in the Stanley Chapel, St Cybi's Church, Holyhead [Map] sculpted by William Hamo Thornycroft (age 33).

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Llanddaniel Fab

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Llanddaniel Fab, Llanedwen

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Llanfaelog

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Llanfair

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Llanfair, Ty Mawr Burial Chamber [Map]

Ty Mawr Burial Chamber is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Ty Mawr Burial Chamber [Map] has a large capstone now resting on its collapsed support stones. It was a simple passage grave.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Llansadwrn

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Menai Straits

Wales Illustrated. Wales Illustrated in a Series of Views comprising the Pictureesque Scenery, Towns, Castles, Seats of the Nobilty and Gentry, Antiquities, &c. Engraved on Steel from the Original Drawings by Henry Gastineau (age 38). Accompnied by Historical and Topographical Descriptions.

Title Page: Menai Straits, Anglesey.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Perthi-Duon Burial Chamber [Map]

Perthi-Duon Burial Chamber is also in Prehistoric Anglesey Burial Chambers.

Perthi-Duon Burial Chamber [Map]. Possibly just a boulder in a field? Or, a collapsed burial chamber, consisting of a 2.5 metres by 1.8 metres capstone lying on two collapsed stones, which may have been the upright stones. Multiple stones surround the monument. The site was examined as early as 1723, when Henry Rowlands, an antiquarian, visited and drew the tomb, which at the time stood upright.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Plas Newydd

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Porth Trecastell

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Presaddfed

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Skerries

On 15 Dec 1619 Thomas Butler Viscount Thurles (age 38) drowned accidentally at Skerries, Anglesey having been sent to England to answer charges of having garissoned Kilkenny Castle, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny.

Europe, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Anglesey, Trecastell

Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor lived at Trecastell, Anglesey.