Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire

Flintshire, North East Wales is in North East Wales.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Bagillt

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Bagillt, Coleshill [Map]

The Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin through Wales: Book 2 Chapter 10. Many persons in the morning having been persuaded to dedicate themselves to the service of Christ, we proceeded from Ruthlan to the small cathedral church of Lanelwy [Map];167 from whence (the archbishop having celebrated mass) we continued our journey through a country rich in minerals of silver, where money is sought in the bowels of the earth, to the little cell of Basinwerk [Map],168 where we passed the night. The following day we traversed a long quicksand, and not without some degree of apprehension, leaving the woody district of Coleshulle [Map],169 or hill of coal, on our right hand, where Henry II., who in our time, actuated by youthful and indiscreet ardour, made a hostile irruption into Wales, and presuming to pass through that narrow and woody defile, experienced a signal defeat, and a very heavy loss of men.170 The aforesaid king invaded Wales three times with an army; first, North Wales at the above-mentioned place; secondly, South Wales, by the sea-coast of Glamorgan and Goer, penetrating as far as Caermarddin and Pencadair, and returning by Ellennith and Melenith; and thirdly, the country of Powys, near Oswaldestree; but in all these expeditions the king was unsuccessful, because he placed no confidence in the prudent and well-informed chieftains of the country, but was principally advised by people remote from the marches, and ignorant of the manners and customs of the natives. In every expedition, as the artificer is to be trusted in his trade, so the advice of those people should be consulted, who, by a long residence in the country, are become conversant with the manners and customs of the natives; and to whom it is of high importance that the power of the hostile nation, with whom, by a long and continued warfare, they have contracted an implacable enmity and hatred, should be weakened or destroyed, as we have set forth in our Vaticinal History.

Note 167. Saint Asaph, in size, though not in revenues, may deserve the epithet of "paupercula" attached to it by Giraldus. From its situation near the banks of the river Elwy, it derived the name of Llanelwy, or the church upon the Elwy.

Note 168. Leaving Llanelwy, or St. Asaph, the archbishop proceeded to the little cell of Basinwerk, where he and his attendants passed the night. It is situated at a short distance from Holywell, on a gentle eminence above a valley, watered by the copious springs that issue from St. Winefred's well, and on the borders of a marsh, which extends towards the coast of Cheshire.

Note 169. Coleshill is a township in Holywell parish, Flintshire, which gives name to a hundred, and was so called from its abundance of fossil fuel. Pennant, vol. i. p. 42.

Note 170. The three military expeditions of king Henry into Wales, here mentioned, were A.D. 1157, the first expedition into North Wales; A.D. 1162, the second expedition into South Wales; A.D. 1165, the third expedition into North Wales. In the first, the king was obliged to retreat with considerable loss, and the king's standard-bearer, Henry de Essex, was accused of having in a cowardly manner abandoned the royal standard and led to a serious disaster.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Coleshill Bagillt [Map]

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Castell Hen Blas Coleshill Bagillt

Around Mar 1212 Dafydd ap Llewellyn Aberffraw Prince of Wales was born to Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw (age 40) and Joan Plantagenet (age 21) at Castell Hen Blas Coleshill Bagillt. He a grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Basingwerk

In 821 King Coenwulf of Mercia died at Basingwerk, Flintshire. He was buried at Winchcombe Abbey [Map]. His brother Coelwulf King Mercia King East Anglia King of Kent succeeded King Mercia, King East Anglia, King of Kent.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Bettisfield Hall

On 24 Sep 1677 Thomas Hanmer 4th Baronet was born to William Hamner (age 29) and Peregrina North at Bettisfield Hall, Flintshire sometime between 10 and 11PM.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Bretton

Around 1544 Elizabeth Ravenscroft was born to Thomas Ravenscroft of Bretton (age 29) and Katherine Grosvenor (age 25) in Bretton.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Caerwys

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Caerwys, Maes-y-coed

In 1667 Bishop John Wynne was born to Humphrey Wynne and Elizabeth Wynne at Maes-y-coed, Caerwys.

Ewloe Castle

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Flint [Map]

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Holywell

A Tour of Wales by Thomas Pennant. The road from hence is remarkably picturesque, along a little valley, bounded on one side by hanging woods, beneath which the stream hurries towards the sea, unless where interrupted by the frequent manufactories. Its origin is discovered at the foot of a steep hill, beneath the town of Holywell or Treffynnony to which it gave the name. The spring boils with vast impetuosity out of a rock ; and is received into a beautiful polygonal well, covered with a rich arch supported by pillars. The roof is most exquisitely carved in stone. Immediately over the fountain is the legend of St. Wenefrede on a pendent projection, with the arms of England at the bottom. Numbers of fine ribs secure the arch, whose intersections are coupled with sculpture.

Some are mere works of fancy ; grotesque figures of animals: but the rest allude chiefly to the Stanley family. This building, and the chapel over it, rose from the piety of that great house, which left these memorials of its benefactions: there are besides some marks of the illustrious donors ; for example, the profile of Margaret, mother to Henry VII., and that of her husband the earl of Derby cut on the same stone.

The compliments to the Stanlies, are very frequent. The wolf's head is the arms of the earls of Chester: it is inclosed in a garter, in respect to Sir William Stanley, knight of that order, who had been chamberlain of that city, and justiciary of North Wales. The tun with the plant issuing out of it, is a rebus, the arms of his wife Elizabeth Hopton, allusive to her name. This proves, that the building was erected before 1495, in which year Sir William lost his head. The other badges of the same house are the stag's head ; the eagle's leg ; and the three legs, the arms of the isle of Man.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Mold

The Huntingdon Peerage Chapter IX Ferdinando Sixth Earl of Huntingdon. FERDINANDO, sixth Earl of Huntingdon, heir and successor of Henry the fifth Earl (age 21), was born at Ashby [Map], January 11th, 1608. In March, 1627, he was returned to serve in Parliament for the county of Leicester, and two years after was joined with his father in the Lieutenancy of the counties of Leicester and Rutland. By indenture, dated May, 1638, he and his brother Henry, in consideration of the sum of 4,50l. granted, to John Earl of Bridgewater (age 29) and Thomas Davies, a moiety of the rectory of Mould, otherwise Mouldesdale, in Flintshire. On the 13th of November, 1641, his father being then still living, he had summons to Parliament amongst the barons of the realm; and in 1643 he succeeded to the family honours. He married Lucy, daughter and sole heir to Sir John Davys (age 38), of Englefield, Berks, Knt. (Premier Serjeant at Law to James the First, and Charles the First, as also Solicitor, and afterwards Attorney General in Ireland, and finally Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench,) by his wife Lady Eleanor (age 18), youngest daughter of George Lord Audley, Earl of Castlehaven (age 57), and, settling at Donnington Park, had by her four sons; Henry, John, Ferdinando, and Theophilus, born after the decease of his three brothers; and likewise six daughters, Alice, Eleanor, both of whom died young; Elizabeth, married to Sir James Laughan, of Cottesbroke, in Nottinghamshire, Bart, being his second wife, and dying without issue; Lucy, who died unmarried; Mary, espoused to Sir William Joliffe, of Caverswell Castle in Staffordshire, Knt.; and lastly Christiana.

Mold Castle, Flintshire

On 16 Sep 1275 Roger de Montalt 1st Baron Montalt (age 37) died at Mold Castle, Flintshire [Map]. Baron Montalt extinct. His brother inherited Castle Rising Castle [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Penley

Calendars. 03 Sep 1664. Penley. Grant to the kiug's servitor Thomas Witham, chancellor of the Exchequer, of tbe custody of the body of Catharine Metcalf, late the wife of Edmund Metcalf, who has been an idiot from her birth, and of all her lands and tenements in the county of York and in Kingeston on Hull, to hold during her idiotcy without rendering anything to the king but finding a competent sustenance for her and supporting all charges. By K.

Europe, British Isles, North East Wales, Flintshire, Queensferry [Map]