Biography of Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355

1301 Edward II Created Prince of Wales

1307 Death of Edward I

1308 Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1327 Death of Edward II

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1328 Marriage of King David II of Scotland and Princess Joan

In 1182 Dietrich Cleves VIII Count Cleves -1198 and [her future sister-in-law] Margaret Guelders Countess Cleves -1333 were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154.

Edward II Created Prince of Wales

On 07 Feb 1301 [her father] King Edward II of England (16) was created Prince of Wales by his father [her grandfather] Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (61); the first English heir to receive the title. He was created Earl Chester 5C 1301 the same day.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 [her grandfather] Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. His son [her father] King Edward II of England (23) succeeded II King England.
[her grandfather] Edward (68) had gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile.

In 1308 Dietrich Cleves VIII Count Cleves 1291-1347 (17) and [her future sister-in-law] Margaret Guelders Countess Cleves -1333 were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154.

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

On 25 Jan 1308 [her father] King Edward II of England (23) and [her mother] Isabella of France Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) were married at Boulogne sur Mer. They were second cousins once removed. He a son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 11 Jan 1311 [her future husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (16) and Sophia BerthoutBerthout were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154.

On 18 Jun 1318 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 was born to [her father] King Edward II of England (34) and [her mother] Isabella of France Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (23) at Woodstock Palace. She was named for her paternal grandmother [her grandmother] Eleanor of Castile (77).

In 1324 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (5) was placed into the care of her cousin Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292-1337 (31). She was subsequently placed into the care of Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325 (54) (he had formerly been married to her aunt [her aunt] Joan of Acre (51) and Isabel Despencer Baroness Hastings and Bergavenny -1334 with her younger sister [her sister] Joan of the Tower (2) at Pleshy Castle.

In 1325 the marriage of Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (6) to Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 (13) was discussed but not pursued.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 11 How the queen of England besieged the king her husband in the town of Bristow. Oct 1326. AND then this tiding spread about the realm so much, that at the last it came to the knowledge of the lords by whom the [her mother] queen (31) was called again into England. And they apparelled them in all haste to come to [her brother] Edward (13) her son, whom they would have to their sovereign lord. And the first that came and gave them most comfort was Henry earl of Lancaster (45) with the wry neck, called Tort Col, who was brother to Thomas earl of Lancaster (48), beheaded as ye have heard herebefore, who was a good knight and greatly recommended, as ye shall hear after in this history. This earl Henry (45) came to the [her mother] queen (31) with great company of men of war, and after him came from one part and other earls, barons, knights and squires, with so much people that they thought them clean out of perils, and always increased their power as they went forward. Then they took counsel among them that they should ride straight to the town of Bristow, whereas the [her father] king (42) was, and with him the Spencers. The which was a good town and a strong, and well closed, standing on a good port of the sea, and a strong castle, the sea beating round about it. And therein was the [her father] king (42) and Sir Hugh Spencer the elder (65), who was about ninety of age, and Sir Hugh Spencer (40) his son, who was chief governour of the [her father] king (42) and counselled him in all his evil deeds. Also there was the earl of Arundel (20), who had wedded the daughter (14) of sir Hugh Spencer (40), and di at Bristow, and besieged the town round about as near as they might: and the [her father] king (42) and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40) held them in the castle, and the old sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) held them in the town. And when the people of the town saw the great power that the [her mother] queen (31) was of (for almost all England was of her accord), and perceived what peril and danger evidently they were in, they took counsel among themselves and determined that they would yield up the town to the [her mother] queen (31), so that their lives and goods might be saved. And so they sent to treat with the queen and her council in this matter; but the queen nor her council would not agree thereto without she might do with sir Hugh Spencer (65) and with the earl of Arundel (20) what it pleased her. When the people of the town saw they could have no peace otherwise, nor save the town nor their goods nor their lives, in that distress they accorded to the [her mother] queen (31) and opened the gates, so that the [her mother] queen (31) and sir John of Hainault (38), and all her barons, knights and squires, entered into the town and took their lodgings within, as many as might, and the residue without. Then sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) were taken and brought before the [her mother] queen (31), to do her pleasure with them. Then there was brought to the queen her own children, [her brother] John her son (10) and her two daughters [Note. Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (8) and [her sister] Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (5)], the which were found there in the keeping of the said sir Hugh Spencer (65), whereof the queen had great joy, for she had not seen them long 'before. Then the [her father] king (42) might have great sorrow and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40), who were fast enclosed in the strong castle, and the most part of all the realm turned to the queen's part and to [her brother] Edwar (13) her eldest son.

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On 09 Oct 1326 Reginald I Count Guelders 1255-1326 (71) died. His son [her future husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (31) succeeded II Count Guelders.

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 [her father] King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England. His son [her brother] King Edward III England (14) succeeded III King England.

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 [her father] King Edward II of England (43) was murdered at Berkeley Castle. There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all. Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 [her brother] King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault (13) were married at York Minster. They were second cousins. He a son of King Edward II of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Marriage of King David II of Scotland and Princess Joan

On 17 Jul 1328 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (4) and [her sister] Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (7) were married at Berwick on Tweed. She a daughter of King Edward II of England.

In 1330 [her brother] John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (13) was created 1st Earl Cornwall 6C 1330.

In 1330 the marriage of Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (11) and her brother [her brother] John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (13) to marry a son and daughter of Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (36).

Before May 1332 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 left Sandwich for her marriage with a trouseau of a wedding gown of Spanish cloth, caps, gloves, shoes, a bed, rare spices and loaves of sugar. She was well received in Guelders.

In May 1332 [her husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (37) and Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (13) were married at Nijmegen. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She a daughter of King Edward II of England. She by marriage Duchess Guelders. His second marriage; he had four daughters from his first marriage. He subsequently sent her from court to Deventer Abbey in 1336 under the pretext that she had leprosy. He subsequently tried to annul the marriage but she contested the annulment by proving she wasn't a leper.

In 1333 [her sister-in-law] Margaret Guelders Countess Cleves -1333 died.

On 13 May 1333 [her son] Reginald III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 was born to [her husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (38) and Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (14). He a grandson of King Edward II of England.

On 12 Mar 1336 [her son] Edward Duke Guelders 1336-1371 was born to [her husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (41) and Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (17). He a grandson of King Edward II of England.

On 30 Sep 1336 [her brother] John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (20) died at Perth. He was buried at the east side of the doorway to the Chapel of St Edmund. His monument comprises a head of the statue encircled by a coronet of large and small leaves, remarkable for being the earliest specimen of the kind. The details of plate-armour, surcoat, gorget, coroneted helmet, with other accessories, give great antiquarian interest to this work. It was formerly surmounted by a canopy, of which, however, no traces are now visible.

In 1339 [her husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (44) was created I Duke Guelders.

In 1342 [her nephew] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers [her nephew] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and [her nephew] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 12 May 1343 [her nephew] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

On 12 Oct 1343 [her husband] Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (48) died from a fall from his horse at Arnhem. His son [her son] Reginald III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 (10) succeeded III Duke Guelders. His wife acted as Regent to her nine year old son for two years.

In 1344 [her former step-daughter] Marguerite Guelders 1320-1344 (24) died.

On 01 Jul 1347 [her son] Reginald III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 (14) and [her daughter-in-law] Marie of Brabant Duchess of Guelders 1325-1399 (22) were married. They were second cousins. He a grandson of King Edward II of England. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Before 1348 Johann Cleves Count Cleves 1293-1368 and [her former step-daughter] Mathilde Guelders Countess Blois and Cleves 1325-1384 were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154.

In 1352 [her nephew] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) and Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (19) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. [her nephew] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) by marriage 4th Earl Ulster. She was the sole heir of her father and brought the de Burgh inheritance of the lands of Ulster to the marriage. As a consequence of their earlier betrothal he had been called Earl Ulster since 1347.

On 22 Apr 1355 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (36) died. She was buried at Deventer Abbey.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 1 Chapter 4 Here mine author maketh mention of the parent of this good king Edward the third. THIS [her father] king Edward the second, father to the noble [her brother] king Edward the third, had two brethren, the one called [the earl] [her uncle] marshal, who was right wild and diverse of conditions, the other called sir [her uncle] Edmund earl of Kent, right wise, amiable, gentle and well beloved with all people. This [her father] king Edward the second was married to [her mother] Isabel, the daughter of [her grandfather] Philip le Beau king of France, who was one of the fairest ladies of the world. The [her father] king had by her two sons and two daughters. The first son was the noble and hardy [her brother] king Edward the third, of whom this history is begun. The second was named [her brother] John, and died young. The first of the daughters was called [her sister] Isabel, married to the young king David of Scotland, son to king Robert de Bruce, married in her tender youth by the accord of both realms of England and Scotland for to make perfect peace. The other daughter was married to the earl Raynold, who after was called duke of Gueldres, and he had by her two sons, [her son] Raynold and [her son] Edward, who after reigned in great puissance.

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