1850-1900 Second Half of the 19th Century

1854 Charge of the Light Brigade

1851 Appointment of Garter Knights

1852 General Election

1854 Battle of Alma

1854 Battle of Balaclava

1854 Battle of Inkerman

1855 Appointment of Garter Knights

1855 Siege of Sevastopol

1856 Appointment of Garter Knights

1857 Appointment of Garter Knights

1857 Relief of Lucknow

1858 Appointment of Garter Knights

1858 Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha

1859 Appointment of Garter Knights

1861 Frederick William IV King Prussia Dies William I King Prussia Succeeds

1868 Death of Lord Cardigan

1850-1900 Second Half of the 19th Century is in 19th Century Events.

1851 Appointment of Garter Knights

1852 General Election

In 1852 Robert Windsor-Clive 1824-1859 (27) was elected MP Ludlow.

Crimean War

Battle of Alma

On 20 Sep 1854 Captain William Monck 1823-1854 (31) was killed at the Battle of Alma.

On 20 Sep 1854 Charles Pierrepont Darcy Lane Fox 1830-1874 (24) was wounded, Poulett George Henry Somerset 1822-1875 (32) fought.

Major-General John Douglas 1817-1888 (37) commanded the 79th Regiment of Foot.

William Frederick Waldegrave 1816-1854 (38) died from wounds received.

Hedworth Joliffe 2nd Baron Hylton 1829-1899 (25) fought.

Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913 (23) fought.

Arthur Williams-Wynn 1819-1854 (35), Captain of the 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, was killed.

Around 1850. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Major-General John Douglas 1817-1888. 1884. John Charlton 1849-1917. Portrait of Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913. Between 1896 and 1897. John Charlton 1849-1917. Portrait of Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913, with His Skye Terrier, 'Peeps'.

Battle of Balaclava

On 25 Oct 1854 Poulett George Henry Somerset 1822-1875 (32) and William Archer Amherst 3rd Earl Amherst 1836-1910 (18) fought.

Major-General John Douglas 1817-1888 (37) commanded the 79th Regiment of Foot.

Around 1850. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Major-General John Douglas 1817-1888.

Charge of the Light Brigade

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. Among those who came to our house at 8 Upper Grosvenor Street, the Earl of Cardigan (50) was my father's (58) particular friend, and in consequence we saw a great deal of him. Lord Cardigan (50) has sometimes been described as a favourite of fortune, for he possessed great wealth, great personal attractions, and he was much liked by the late Queen Victoria (28) and Prince Albert (28). Commanding the 11th Hussars, he was the first person to welcome the Prince (28) at Dover when he arrived to marry the Queen (28), and his regiment was afterwards known as Prince Albert's own Hussars.

His Lordship (50) was a typical soldier, and after the Crimean War there was perhaps no more popular hero in all England. So much has been written about him that it is unnecessary for me to retail matters that are well known. I have often been asked whether he confided to me anything particular about the Charge of the Light Brigade, but the truth is that he never seemed to attach any importance to the part he played. Such matters are the property of the historian, and as his widow I am naturally his greatest admirer.

1841 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797-1868. 1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1833. George Hayter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Arm Garter as worn by Ladies of the Garter. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children. In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861. Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861.

On 25 Oct 1854 Hedworth Joliffe 2nd Baron Hylton 1829-1899 (25) took part in the Charge of the Light Brigade.

Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913 (23) was in command of a section of the Light Brigade. His horse "Sir Briggs" survived, died aged twenty-eight and was buried in the Cedar Garden at Tredegar House where there is a monument to him.

Thomas Hutton took part. He was shot through the right thigh during the advance, and on returning from the guns he was again severely wounded through the left thigh.

George Orby Wombwell 4th Baronet 1832-1913 (21) took part and survived. His horse was killed under him and he was shortly after pulled off and taken prisoner, his sword and pistols being taken from him by some Russian Lancers. He managed to escape, catch another loose horse and ride back to the British lines, pursued by Russians.

1884. John Charlton 1849-1917. Portrait of Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913. Between 1896 and 1897. John Charlton 1849-1917. Portrait of Godfrey Morgan 1st Viscount Tredegar 1831-1913, with His Skye Terrier, 'Peeps'.

On 25 Oct 1854 George Charles Bingham 3rd Earl Lucan 1800-1888 (54) led at Balaclava during the Charge of the Light Brigade.

On 25 Oct 1854 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797-1868 (57) led the Charge of the Light Brigade.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. One fine March morning he told me that he was going to ride and see a gamekeeper who had accidentally shot himself.

He asked me and Sir Henry Edwards (55) to accompany him, but when we reached the keeper's cottage he told us to return to Deene, saying that as he intended to sit an hour with the man he would come on later. We declared our willingness to wait, but Cardigan would not hear of it, and so we somewhat reluctantly rode home without him.

The luncheon hour arrived, but Lord Cardigan did not come; the afternoon dragged on, and still there were no signs of him. I had a horrible presentment that something must have happened, and at once ordered some of the servants to go in search of his Lordship.

My fears were only too well grounded; my husband was found lying insensible on the roadside, nearly lifeless. A roadmender told us afterwards that Lord Cardigan had passed him and spoken a few words and seemed apparently quite well; the horse he was riding shied at a heap of stones and commenced to rear and plunge rather wildly, but my husband kept the animal well under control, for the roadmender saw him ride quietly away. The effort must, however, have afterwards brought on a seizure, for Cardigan fell from his horse, and lay helpless until he was found and brought back to Deene.

For three dreadful days and nights he lay quite unconscious, gasping for breath, and the knowledge that he could not speak to me and did not recognise me intensified my grief a thousandfold. But mercifully his suffering was not prolonged, and on March 28, 1868, my beloved husband passed away.

There are some griefs that are too deep to speak of, even after Time's soothing touch has taken away the first deadly pain of a great sorrow. When I look back and remember the kindness and love which my husband lavished on me, I feel proud to think he often said that the happiest period of his life was after he married me, and that his great possessions and military fame were as nothing compared to the wife he adored.

Lord Cardigan's body lay in state in the ballroom at Deene for twelve days, during which time six thousand people came to look their last at the remains of the leader of the Charge of the Light Brigade. On April 9 he was buried in Deene Church; the whole regiment of the 11th Hussars attended the funeral, and he was carried to his last resting-place by eight of his old officers.

When the will was read, it was found that he had left everything to me.

1905. John Charlton 1849-1917 (56). The Charge of the Light Brigade, the Battle of Balaclava, 15th October 1854, with Godfrey Charles Morgan, 1st Viscount Tredegar (73), Astride His Horse, "Sir Briggs".

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. I believe my husband replaced a great deal of the original furniture at Deene with more modern examples, but many valuable old pieces still remain. The pictures are very beautiful, including a priceless Vandyke representing Queen Henrietta Maria, in the happy days of her early married life, as a regal, gracious figure arrayed in shimmering satin. There is a lovely portrait of Louise de Keroualle and her son, the Duke of Richmond, who married a Brudenell, and there are many examples of Lely, Sir Joshua Reynolds and other eighteenth- and nineteenth-century artists. One painting by Sant represents the Prince Consort and the Royal children listening to the account of the Charge of the Light Brigade by Lord Cardigan, and there are also some interesting pictures of hunting-field incidents, depicting Cardigan and his friends on their favourite mounts.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669. Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. In 1670 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. In 1673 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Copy of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell. Around 1785. James Northcote Painter 1746-1831. Portrait of Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. The White Hall is full of Balaclava relics, including my husband's uniforms, and the head of " Ronald", the horse he rode when he led the Charge of the Light Brigade. I gave one of "Ronald's" hoofs, mounted as an inkstand, to the King, who expressed a great wish to have it as a souvenir. The illuminated addresses received by Lord Cardigan are in the Great Hall, and some of them are really works of art.

1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of King Edward VII. 1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Drawing of King Edward VII on his deathbed. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. After my husband's death I decided to have the parish church of St. Peter restored, and an altar tomb erected to his memory. The church adjoins the park, and was originally a quaint Early English structure of which little now remains.

The restoration cost me £7000, and I built the Brudenell Chapel, which contains my husband's beautiful tomb by Boehm. His recumbent figure is full of dignity and I had my own marble effigy placed by his side. At each end of the tomb are bas-reliefs representing the Charge and the address to the troops, and at the sides are many armorial bearings. The late Mr. G. Bodley, R.A., was responsible for the restoration and redecoration of the church, which was finished in 1869. On the occasion of the inauguration of the church, the Bishop of Peterborough preached, and I afterwards entertained 300 people at a banquet in the ball-room. During the afternoon " Ronald " (who lived for some years after) was led about the grounds, and many of those who saw him sighed as they thought of his gallant master, now sleeping "far from the stress of war's alarms"..

Battle of Inkerman

On 05 Nov 1854 Captain William Kent Allix 1822-1854 (31) was killed in action at the Battle of Inkerman whilst serving with the 1st Royal Regiment.

On 05 Nov 1854 at the Battle of Inkerman ...

Granville Charles Cornwallis Eliot 1828-1854 (26) and Cavendish Hubert Greville 1835-1854 (19) were killed.

Poulett George Henry Somerset 1822-1875 fought; his horse was killed under him by a shell.

William Archer Amherst 3rd Earl Amherst 1836-1910 was wounded.

Hedworth Joliffe 2nd Baron Hylton 1829-1899 and Edwyn Sherard Burnaby 1830-1883 fought.

1855 Appointment of Garter Knights

In 1855 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (35) appointed five Knights of the Garter:

709th George Howard 7th Earl Carlisle 1802-1864 (52).

711th Francis Egerton 1st Earl Ellesmere 1800-1857 (54).

712th George Hamilton-Gordon 4th Earl Aberdeen Prime Minister 1784-1869 (70).

713th Louis Napoléon Bonaparte Emperor France 1808-1873 (46).

714th King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia 1820-1878 (34).

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1833. George Hayter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Arm Garter as worn by Ladies of the Garter. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children. In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria Around 1838. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of George Hamilton-Gordon 4th Earl Aberdeen Prime Minister 1784-1869. 1847. Alexandre Cabanel Painter 1823-1889. Portrait of Louis Napoléon Bonaparte Emperor France 1808-1873.

Siege of Sevastopol

On 23 Jul 1855 Edward Fitzclarence 1837-1855 (18) was killed at the Siege of Sevastopol.

Edwyn Sherard Burnaby 1830-1883 (25) fought.

1856 Appointment of Garter Knights

1857 Appointment of Garter Knights

Relief of Lucknow

In Sep 1857 Edward Adolphus Ferdinand Seymour 1835-1869 (22) was present at Lucknow during the Relief of Lucknow.

1858 Appointment of Garter Knights

In 1858 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (38) appointed five Knights of the Garter:

720th Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (26).

721st Arthur Wellesley 2nd Duke Wellington 1807-1884 (50).

722nd William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire 1808-1891 (49).

723rd King Pedro V of Portugal 1837-1861 (20).

724th The Prince of Wales (16).

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1833. George Hayter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Arm Garter as worn by Ladies of the Garter. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children. In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria Around 1828. George Hayter 1792-1871. Portrait of William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire 1808-1891. 1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Coronation Portrait of King Edward VII. 1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927. Drawing of King Edward VII on his deathbed. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.

Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha

On 25 Jan 1858 Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (26) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (17) were married in the Chapel Royal St James's Palace. He a great x 4 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727. She a daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.

Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901. Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901. Around 1865. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901.

1859 Appointment of Garter Knights

In 1859 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (39) appointed two Knights of the Garter:

725th Dudley Ryder 2nd Earl Harrowby Lincolnshire 1798-1882 (60).

726th Edward Smith Stanley 14th Earl Derby 1799-1869 (59).

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1833. George Hayter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Arm Garter as worn by Ladies of the Garter. Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children. In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. 1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

Frederick William IV King Prussia Dies William I King Prussia Succeeds

On 02 Jan 1861 Frederick William IV King Prussia 1795-1861 (65) died. His brother William I King Prussia 1797-1888 (63) succeeded I King Prussia.