John Evelyn's Diary 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 1675 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1670s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 20 January 1675

20 Jan 1675. Went to see Mr. Streeter (54), that excellent painter of perspective and landscape, to comfort and encourage him to be cut for the stone, with which that honest man was exceedingly afflicted.

John Evelyn's Diary March 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 22 March 1675

22 Mar 1675. Supped at Sir William Petty's (51), with the Bishop of Salisbury (58), and divers honorable persons. We had a noble entertainment in a house gloriously furnished; the master (51) and mistress (39) of it were extraordinary persons. Sir William (51) was the son of a mean man somewhere in Sussex, and sent from school to Oxford, where he studied Philosophy, but was most eminent in Mathematics and Mechanics; proceeded Doctor of Physic, and was grown famous, as for his learning so for his recovering a poor wench that had been hanged for felony; and her body having been begged (as the custom is) for the anatomy lecture, he bled her, put her to bed to a warm woman, and, with spirits and other means, restored her to life. The young scholars joined and made a little portion, and married her to a man who had several children by her, she living fifteen years after, as I have been assured. Sir William (51) came from Oxford to be tutor to a neighbor of mine; thence, when the rebels were dividing their conquests in Ireland, he was employed by them to measure and set out the land, which he did on an easy contract, so much per acre. This he effected so exactly, that it not only furnished him with a great sum of money; but enabled him to purchase an estate worth £4,000 a year. He afterward married the daughter of Sir Hardress Waller; she was an extraordinary wit as well as beauty, and a prudent woman.
Sir William (51), among other inventions, was author of the double-bottomed ship, which perished, and he was censured for rashness, being lost in the Bay of Biscay in a storm, when, I think, fifteen other vessels miscarried. This vessel was flat-bottomed, of exceeding use to put into shallow ports, and ride over small depths of water. It consisted of two distinct keels cramped together with huge timbers, etc., so as that a violent stream ran between; it bore a monstrous broad sail, and he still persists that it is practicable, and of exceeding use; and he has often told me he would adventure himself in such another, could he procure sailors, and his Majesty's (44) permission to make a second Experiment; which name the King (44) gave the vessel at the launching.
The Map of Ireland made by Sir William Petty (51) is believed to be the most exact that ever yet was made of any country. He did promise to publish it; and I am told it has cost him near £1,000 to have it engraved at Amsterdam. There is not a better Latin poet living, when he gives himself that diversion; nor is his excellence less in Council and prudent matters of state; but he is so exceedingly nice in sifting and examining all possible contingencies, that he adventures at nothing which is not demonstration. There was not in the whole world his equal for a superintendent of manufacture and improvement of trade, or to govern a plantation. If I were a Prince, I should make him my second Counsellor, at least. There is nothing difficult to him. He is, besides, courageous; on which account, I cannot but note a true story of him, that when Sir Aleyn Brodrick sent him a challenge upon a difference between them in Ireland, Sir William (51), though exceedingly purblind, accepted the challenge, and it being his part to propound the weapon, desired his antagonist to meet him with a hatchet, or axe, in a dark cellar; which the other, of course, refused.
Sir William (51) was, with all this, facetious and of easy conversation, friendly and courteous, and had such a faculty of imitating others, that he would take a text and preach, now like a grave orthodox divine, then falling into the Presbyterian way, then to the fanatical, the Quaker, the monk and friar, the Popish priest, with such admirable action, and alteration of voice and tone, as it was not possible to abstain from wonder, and one would swear to hear several persons, or forbear to think he was not in good earnest an enthusiast and almost beside himself; then, he would fall out of it into a serious discourse; but it was very rarely he would be prevailed on to oblige the company with this faculty, and that only among most intimate friends. My Lord Duke of Ormond (64) once obtained it of him, and was almost ravished with admiration; but by and by, he fell upon a serious reprimand of the faults and miscarriages of some Princes and Governors, which, though he named none, did so sensibly touch the Duke, who was then Lieutenant of Ireland, that he began to be very uneasy, and wished the spirit laid which he had raised, for he was neither able to endure such truths, nor could he but be delighted. At last, he melted his discourse to a ridiculous subject, and came down from the joint stool on which he had stood; but my lord would not have him preach any more. He never could get favor at Court, because he outwitted all the projectors that came near him. Having never known such another genius, I cannot but mention these particulars, among a multitude of others which I could produce. When I, who knew him in mean circumstances, have been in his splendid palace, he would himself be in admiration how he arrived at it; nor was it his value or inclination for splendid furniture and the curiosities of the age, but his elegant lady could endure nothing mean, or that was not magnificent. He was very negligent himself, and rather so of his person, and of a philosophic temper. "What a to-do is here!" would he say, "I can lie in straw with as much satisfaction"..
He is author of the ingenious deductions from the bills of mortality, which go under the name of Mr. Graunt; also of that useful discourse of the manufacture of wool, and several others in the register of the Royal Society. He was also author of that paraphrase on the 104th Psalm in Latin verse, which goes about in MS., and is inimitable. In a word, there is nothing impenetrable to him.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 March 1675

26 Mar 1675. Dr. Brideoak (62) was elected Bishop of Chichester, on the translation of Dr. Gunning (61) to Ely.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 March 1675

30 Mar 1675. Dr. Allestree (53) preached on Romans, vi. 3, the necessity of those who are baptized to die to sin; a very excellent discourse from an excellent preacher.

John Evelyn's Diary April 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 25 April 1675

25 Apr 1675. Dr. Barrow (44), that excellent, pious, and most learned man, divine, mathematician, poet, traveler, and most humble person, preached at Whitehall Palace to the household, on Luke xx. 27 [Note. This reference should be Luke x. 27], of love and charity to our neighbors.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 April 1675

29 Apr 1675. I read my first discourse, "Of Earth and Vegetation", before the Royal Society as a lecture in course, after Sir Robert Southwell (39) had read his, the week before, "On Water". I was commanded by our President and the suffrage of the Society, to print it.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 16 May 1675

16 May 1675. This day was my dear friend, Mrs. Blagg (22), married at the Temple Church to my friend, Mr. Sidney Godolphin (29), Groom of the Bedchamber to his Majesty (44).

John Evelyn's Diary 18 May 1675

18 May 1675. I went to visit one Mr. Bathurst, a Spanish merchant, my neighbor.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 May 1675

31 May 1675. I went with Lord Ossory (40) to Deptford, where we chose him Master of the Trinity Company.

John Evelyn's Diary June 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 02 June 1675

02 Jun 1675. I was at a conference of the Lords and Commons in the Painted Chamber, on a difference about imprisoning some of their members; and on the 3d, at another conference, when the Lords accused the Commons for their transcendent misbehavior, breach of privilege, Magna Charta, subversion of government, and other high, provoking, and diminishing expressions, showing what duties and subjection they owed to the Lords in Parliament, by record of Henry IV. This was likely to create a notable disturbance.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 June 1675

15 Jun 1675. This afternoon came Monsieur Querouaille (60) and his lady (50), parents to the famous beauty (25) and ... favorite at Court, to see Sir R. Browne, with whom they were intimately acquainted in Bretagne, at the time Sir Richard was sent to Brest to supervise his Majesty's (45) sea affairs, during the latter part of the King's (45) banishment. This gentleman's house was not a mile from Brest; Sir Richard made an acquaintance there, and, being used very civilly, was obliged to return it here, which we did. He seemed a soldierly person and a good fellow, as the Bretons generally are; his lady had been very handsome, and seemed a shrewd understanding woman. Conversing with him in our garden, I found several words of the Breton language the same with our Welsh. His daughter (25) was now made Duchess of Portsmouth, and in the height of favor; but he never made any use of it.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 June 1675

27 Jun 1675. At Ely House, I went to the consecration of my worthy friend, the learned Dr. Barlow (51), Warden of Queen's College, Oxford, now made Bishop of Lincoln. After it succeeded a magnificent feast, where were the Duke of Ormond (64), Earl of Lauderdale (59), the Lord Treasurer (43), Lord Keeper, etc.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1675

08 Jul 1675. I went with Mrs. Howard and her two daughters toward Northampton Assizes, about a trial at law, in which I was concerned for them as a trustee. We lay this night at Henley-on-the-Thames, at our attorney, Mr. Stephens's, who entertained us very handsomely. Next day, dining at Shotover, at Sir Timothy Tyrill's (58), a sweet place, we lay at Oxford, where it was the time of the Act. Mr. Robert Spencer (46), uncle to the Earl of Sunderland (33), and my old acquaintance in France, entertained us at his apartment in Christ Church with exceeding generosity.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 July 1675

10 Jul 1675. The Vice Chancellor Dr. Bathurst (55) (who had formerly taken particular care of my son (20)), President of Trinity College invited me to dinner, and did me great honor all the time of my stay. The next day, he invited me and all my company, though strangers to him, to a very noble feast. I was at all the academic exercises.—Sunday, at St. Mary's, preached a Fellow of Brasen-nose, not a little magnifying the dignity of Churchmen.

John Evelyn's Diary 11 July 1675

11 Jul 1675. We heard the speeches, and saw the ceremony of creating doctors in Divinity, Law and Physic. I had, early in the morning, heard Dr. Morison, Botanic Professor, read on divers plants in the Physic Garden; and saw that rare collection of natural curiosities of Dr. Plot's, of Magdalen Hall, author of "The Natural History of Oxfordshire", all of them collected in that shire, and indeed extraordinary, that in one county there should be found such variety of plants, shells, stones, minerals, marcasites, fowls, insects, models of works, crystals, agates, and marbles. He was now intending to visit Staffordshire, and, as he had of Oxfordshire, to give us the natural, topical, political, and mechanical history. Pity it is that more of this industrious man's genius were not employed so to describe every county of England; it would be one of the most useful and illustrious works that was ever produced in any age or nation.
I visited also the Bodleian Library and my old friend, the learned Obadiah Walker (59), head of University College, which he had now almost rebuilt, or repaired. We then proceeded to Northampton, where we arrived the next day.
In this journey, went part of the way Mr. James Graham (26) (since Privy Purse to the Duke (41)), a young gentleman exceedingly in love with Mrs. Dorothy Howard (24), one of the maids of honor in our company. I could not but pity them both, the mother not much favoring it. This lady was not only a great beauty, but a most virtuous and excellent creature, and worthy to have been wife to the best of men. My advice was required, and I spoke to the advantage of the young gentleman, more out of pity than that she deserved no better match; for, though he was a gentleman of good family, yet there was great inequality.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 July 1675

14 Jul 1675. I went to see my Lord Sunderland's (33) Seat at Althorpe, four miles from the ragged town of Northampton (since burned, and well rebuilt). It is placed in a pretty open bottom, very finely watered and flanked with stately woods and groves in a park, with a canal, but the water is not running, which is a defect. The house, a kind of modern building, of freestone, within most nobly furnished; the apartments very commodious, a gallery and noble hall; but the kitchen being in the body of the house, and chapel too small, were defects. There is an old yet honorable gatehouse standing awry, and out-housing mean, but designed to be taken away. It was moated round, after the old manner, but it is now dry, and turfed with a beautiful carpet. Above all, are admirable and magnificent the several ample gardens furnished with the choicest fruit, and exquisitely kept. Great plenty of oranges, and other curiosities. The park full of fowl, especially herons, and from it a prospect to Holmby House, which being demolished in the late civil wars, shows like a Roman ruin shaded by the trees about it, a stately, solemn, and pleasing view.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 July 1675

15 Jul 1675. Our cause was pleaded in behalf of the mother, Mrs. Howard and her daughters, before Baron Thurland (68), who had formerly been steward of Courts for me; we carried our cause, as there was reason, for here was an impudent as well as disobedient son (26) against his mother, by instigation, doubtless, of his wife, one Mrs. Ogle (23) (an ancient maid), whom he had clandestinely married, and who brought him no fortune, he being heir-apparent to the Earl of Berkshire (60) [Note. The reference to heir apparent is incorrect insofar as Charles Howard 2nd Earl Berkshire 1615-1679 (60) having a younger brother Thomas Howard 3rd Earl Berkshire 1619-1706 (55) who did inherit the Earldom]. Craven in line to inherit in the event the 2nd or 3rd Earl didn't have issue which proved to be the case but Craven had died by that time so his son Henry Bowes Howard 4th Earl Berkshire 11th Earl Suffolk 1686-1757 became the 4th Earl. We lay at Brickhill, in Bedfordshire, and came late the next day to our journey's end.
This was a journey of adventures and knight-errantry. One of the lady's servants being as desperately in love with Mrs. Howard's woman, as Mr. Graham (26) was with her daughter (24), and she riding on horseback behind his rival, the amorous and jealous youth having a little drink in his pate, had here killed himself had he not been prevented; for, alighting from his horse, and drawing his sword, he endeavored twice or thrice to fall on it, but was interrupted by our coachman, and a stranger passing by. After this, running to his rival, and snatching his sword from his side (for we had beaten his own out of his hand), and on the sudden pulling down his mistress, would have run both of them through; we parted them, not without some blood. This miserable creature poisoned himself for her not many days after they came to London.

John Evelyn's Diary 19 July 1675

19 Jul 1675. The Lord Treasurer's (43) Chaplain preached at Wallingford House.

John Evelyn's Diary August 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 09 August 1675

09 Aug 1675. Dr. Sprat (40), prebend of Westminster, and Chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham (47), preached on the 3d Epistle of Jude, showing what the primitive faith was, how near it and how excellent that of the Church of England, also the danger of departing from it.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 August 1675

27 Aug 1675. I visited the Bishop of Rochester (50), at Bromley, and dined at Sir Philip Warwick's (65), at Frogpoole.

John Evelyn's Diary September 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 02 September 1675

02 Sep 1675. I went to see Dulwich College, being the pious foundation of one Alleyn, a famous comedian, in King James's time. The chapel is pretty, the rest of the hospital very ill contrived; it yet maintains divers poor of both sexes. It is in a melancholy part of Camberwell parish. I came back by certain medicinal Spa waters, at a place called Sydenham Wells, in Lewisham parish, much frequented in summer.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 September 1675

10 Sep 1675. I was casually shown the Duchess of Portsmouth's (26) splendid apartment at Whitehall, luxuriously furnished, and with ten times the richness and glory beyond the Queen's (36); such massy pieces of plate, whole tables, and stands of incredible value.

John Evelyn's Diary 29 September 1675

29 Sep 1675. I saw the Italian Scaramuccio (66) act before the King (45) at Whitehall, people giving money to come in, which was very scandalous, and never so before at Court diversions. Having seen him act before in Italy, many years past, I was not averse from seeing the most excellent of that kind of folly.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 14 October 1675

14 Oct 1675. Dined at Kensington with my old acquaintance, Mr. Henshaw (57), newly returned from Denmark, where he had been left resident after the death of the Duke of Richmond, who died there Ambassador.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 October 1675

Treaty of Nimeguen

15 Oct 1675. I got an extreme cold, such as was afterward so epidemical, as not only to afflict us in this island, but was rife over all Europe, like a plague. It was after an exceedingly dry summer and autumn.
I settled affairs, my son (20) being to go into France with my Lord Berkeley (47), designed Ambassador-extraordinary for France and Plenipotentiary for the general treaty of peace at Nimeguen.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 October 1675

24 Oct 1675. Dined at Lord Chamberlain's (57) with the Holland Ambassador L. Duras (34), a valiant gentleman whom his Majesty (45) made an English Baron, of a cadet, and gave him his seat of Holmby, in Northamptonshire.

John Evelyn's Diary 27 October 1675

27 Oct 1675. Lord Berkeley (47) coming into Council, fell down in the gallery at Whitehall, in a fit of apoplexy, and being carried into my Lord Chamberlain's (57) lodgings, several famous doctors were employed all that night, and with much ado he was at last recovered to some sense, by applying hot fire pans and spirit of amber to his head; but nothing was found so effectual as cupping him on the shoulders. It was almost a miraculous restoration. The next day he was carried to Berkeley House. This stopped his journey for the present, and caused my stay in town. He had put all his affairs and his whole estate in England into my hands during his intended absence, which though I was very unfit to undertake, in regard of many businesses which then took me up, yet, upon the great importunity of my lady (23) and Mr. Godolphin (30) (to whom I could refuse nothing) I did take it on me. It seems when he was Deputy in Ireland, not long before, he had been much wronged by one he left in trust with his affairs, and therefore wished for some unmercenary friend who would take that trouble on him; this was to receive his rents, look after his houses and tenants, solicit supplies from the Lord Treasurer (43), and correspond weekly with him, more than enough to employ any drudge in England; but what will not friendship and love make one do?.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 October 1675

31 Oct 1675. Dined at my Lord Chamberlain's (57), with my son (20). There were the learned Isaac Vossius (57), and Spanhemius, son of the famous man of Heidelberg; nor was this gentleman less learned, being a general scholar. Among other pieces, he was author of an excellent treatise on Medals.

John Evelyn's Diary November 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 10 November 1675

10 Nov 1675. Being the day appointed for my Lord Ambassador (47) to set out, I met them with my coach at New Cross. There were with him my Lady his wife, and my dear friend, Mrs. Godolphin (23), who, out of an extraordinary friendship, would needs accompany my lady to Paris, and stay with her some time, which was the chief inducement for permitting my son (20) to travel, but I knew him safe under her inspection, and in regard my Lord (47) himself had promised to take him into his special favor, he having intrusted all he had to my care.
Thus we set out three coaches (besides mine), three wagons, and about forty horses. It being late, and my Lord (47) as yet but valetudinary, we got but to Dartford, the first day, the next to Sittingbourne.
At Rochester, the major, Mr. Cony, then an officer of mine for the sick and wounded of that place, gave the ladies a handsome refreshment as we came by his house.

John Evelyn's Diary 12 November 1675

12 Nov 1675. We came to Canterbury: and, next morning, to Dover.
There was in my Lady Ambassadress's company my Lady Hamilton (70), a sprightly young lady, much in the good graces of the family, wife of that valiant and worthy gentleman, George Hamilton (68), not long after slain in the wars. She had been a maid of honor to the Duchess, and now turned Papist.

John Evelyn's Diary 14 November 1675

14 Nov 1675. Being Sunday, my Lord (47) having before delivered to me his letter of attorney, keys, seal, and his Will, we took a solemn leave of one another upon the beach, the coaches carrying them into the sea to the boats, which delivered them to Captain Gunman's (41) yacht, the "Mary". Being under sail, the castle gave them seventeen guns, which Captain Gunman (41) answered with eleven. Hence, I went to church, to beg a blessing on their voyage.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1675

John Evelyn's Diary 02 December 1675

02 Dec 1675. Being returned home, I visited Baroness Mordaunt (43) at Parson's Green, my Lord, her son, being sick. This pious woman delivered to me £100 to bestow as I thought fit for the release of poor prisoners, and other charitable uses.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 December 1675

21 Dec 1675. Visited her Ladyship (43) again, where I found the Bishop of Winchester (77), whom I had long known in France; he invited me to his house at Chelsea.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 December 1675

23 Dec 1675. Lady Sunderland (34) gave me ten guineas, to bestow in charities.