Conisbrough Castle is in Conisbrough.
On 06 Jan 1148 William Warenne 3rd Earl Surrey (age 29) died. His daughter Isabella Warenne Countess Boulogne 4th Countess of Surrey (age 11) succeeded 4th Countess Surrey and inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map].
In Apr 1164 Hamelin Warenne 4th Earl Surrey (age 35) and Isabella Warenne Countess Boulogne 4th Countess of Surrey (age 27) were married by which Conisbrough Castle [Map] came into his posession. He rebuilt the castle in stone. He by marriage Earl Surrey 1C 1088. She the daughter of William Warenne 3rd Earl Surrey and Adela Montgomery Countess of Salisbury and Surrey. He the son of Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy and Mistress Unknown.
Internal staircase between the first and second floors.
The finely made fireplace on the second floor with decorated capitals.
Window opening on the second floor showing the thickness of the walls of the Keep.
Garderobe on the second floor.
Window opening on the third floor.
Chapel in one of the buttresses on the third floor.
View looking east with the Railway Viaduct over the River Don in the distance.
View of the earthworks of the Outer Bailey.
Entrance to the Keep on the first floor.
In 1201 King John "Lackland" of England (age 34) visited the new stone-built Conisbrough Castle [Map] whilst it was held by Hamelin Warenne 4th Earl Surrey (age 72) and Isabella Warenne Countess Boulogne 4th Countess of Surrey (age 64).
On 07 May 1202 Hamelin Warenne 4th Earl Surrey (age 73) died. His son William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey succeeded 5th Earl Surrey 1C 1088 and inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map]. He undertook further building work including the Great Hall and service buildings in the Inner Bailey. Maud Marshal Countess Norfolk and Surrey (age 8) by marriage Countess Surrey.
In 1316 John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (age 29) attempted to divorce his wife Joan of Bar Countess of Surrey (age 20). He blamed Thomas Earl of Lancaster (age 38) for his failure to obtain a divorce so kidnapped Thomas' wife Alice de Lacy (age 34) Thomas retaliated by capturing Conisbrough Castle [Map]; King Edward (age 31) confirmed Thomas as the new owner. Thomas subsequenly rebelled against the King and was executed and King Edward took possession of Conisbrough Castle [Map]. Following the usurption of King Edward the castle was returned to John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (age 29).
On 20 Jul 1385 Richard of Conisbrough 1st Earl Cambridge was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (age 44) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York (age 30) at Conisbrough Castle [Map] although there was speculation the father was John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 33) with whom Isabella of Castile Duchess York (age 30) was suspected of having an affair. He a grandson of King Edward III of England.
On 01 Aug 1402 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (age 61) died at King's Langley [Map]. His son Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 29) succeeded 2nd Duke York 1C 1385, 2nd Earl Cambridge 2C 1362 and inherited his estates which included Conisbrough Castle [Map]. Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York (age 35) by marriage Duchess York.
On 25 Oct 1415 King Henry V of England (age 29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. King Henry V of England (age 29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (age 64) commanded the Rearguard.
Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397, Earl of Rutland 1C 1390 and Earl Cork extinct. Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 4) inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map].
Michael de la Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart (age 25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux (age 26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu (age 41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke (age 51), Edward Courtenay (age 30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell (age 12), Thomas Dutton (age 19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 29), Roger Fiennes (age 31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 57), John Grey (age 28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville (age 31), William Harrington (age 42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford (age 37), Piers Legh (age 26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury (age 27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley (age 22), John Rodney, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 22), Robert Strelley (age 18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley, 2nd Baron Tuchet (age 17), Robert Umfraville (age 52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West (age 35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 30). Thomas Erpingham (age 60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston (age 26) was present. Thomas Strickland (age 48) carried the Banner of St George.
Thomas Tunstall (age 57) was killed.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert (age 35), Walter Sais (age 95), Roger Vaughan (age 70) and his son Roger Vaughan (age 5). Owen Tudor (age 15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret (age 46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers (age 26), John of Bar (age 35), Jacques Chatillon (age 48), David Rambures (age 51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures, Hugues Rambures, Philippe Rambures, Waleran Luxemburg (age 60) and Hector de Chartres were killed.
Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant (age 12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester (age 14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.
Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" (age 49) was captured.
Georges de La Trémoille (age 33) was captured.
The River Don rises at Dunford Bridge [Map] after which it flows broadly east through Penistone [Map] then south through Oughtibridge [Map], Sheffield [Map] then east through Rotherham [Map], past Conisbrough Castle [Map], Doncaster [Map] and Stainforth [Map] before joining the River Ouse at Goole [Map]. Originally the River Don was a tributary of the River Trent forming the northern boundary of the Isle of Axholme [Map] but was re-engineered by Cornelius Vermuyden as the Dutch River in the 1620s.